Antigone the First Feminist? Goals • Define two types of literary criticism ... be a statement about feminism.
Antigone the First Feminist?
Goals • Define two types of literary criticism • Analyze Creon and Antigone using feminist criticism • Decide if Sophocles intended this play to be a statement about feminism
In Your Class Notes Today We Will Define… • Literary Criticism • Archetypal Literary Criticism • Feminist Literary Criticism
Literary Criticism • is the study, discussion, evaluation, and interpretation of literature
Review We have studied various narrative and character archetypes in mythology… right? Remember any?
This is a type of literary criticism…
Archetypal Literary Criticism • focuses on recurring archetypes in the narrative, symbols, images, and character types in order to interpret a text.
• Today we are changing it up, and starting with a new critical approach
Feminist Literary Criticism • is a type of criticism that interprets a text by focusing on the politics of women's lives, gender inequality, and gender stereotypes • Gender Stereotypes – Generalizations, or assumptions, that one sex makes about the other
Exploring Gender Stereotypes • Boys – Describe the stereotypical princess in literature
• Ladies – Describe how the stereotypical king would act in literature
Examples of the Two Types of Criticism in Action • Archetypical Criticism – Try to understand how the character and story fit the patterns of myth – (How is Wonder Woman like the classical Greek heroes?)
• Feminist Criticism – Try to understand the inequalities that exist in her life and the stereotypes that may exist in the character – (Why does the female superhero have to show that much skin?)
Partner Assignment • Create a list of quotes in your notes that demonstrates… First Partner • Whether Creon is a dominating or compassionate king (4 quotes that support your stance)
Second Partner • Whether Antigone is a strong or weak female princess (4 quotes that support your stance)
• Use pages 191-226, and we will share
Discussion guidelines 1. Read questions 2. Discuss answers 3. Write the group answer on a sheet of paper with SUPPORTING EVIDENCE 4. I will collect this paper
Discussion in Pairs 1. Is Creon a benevolent or dominating king? 2. Is Antigone a strong or weak female character? 3. Do Creon or Antigone break/follow any gender stereotypes? 4. Is Creon’s anger and frustration toward Antigone caused by the fact she is a woman who is standing up to him? 5. Do you think Sophocles intended for the theme of this play to focus on how women are treated poorly by men?
Whole Group Discussion 3. Do Creon or Antigone break/follow any gender stereotypes? 4. Is Creon’s anger and frustration toward Antigone gender based or is there something more to it? 5. Do you think Sophocles intended for the theme of this play to focus on how women are treated poorly by men?
Whole Group Discussion 6. What is the main theme of this play then?
Okay, One Wrap Up Question. • If Sophocles was not intending to make a feminist play, then why did he choose a girl to stand up to Creon in the play? • Why not pick a boy, a man, or a grown woman? Hint: Think in terms of weakness