BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014 - BP Global

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41 Consumption by fuel ... level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of .... Coal was the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with.
BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2014 bp.com/statisticalreview #BPstats

Introduction 1 Group chief executive’s introduction 2 2013 in review

Oil 6 Reserves 8 Production and consumption 15 Prices 16 Refining 18 Trade movements

Natural gas 20 Reserves 22 Production and consumption 27 Prices 28 Trade movements

Coal 30 Reserves and prices 32 Production and consumption

63rd edition

Nuclear energy 35 Consumption

Hydroelectricity 36 Consumption

Renewable energy 38 Other renewables consumption 39 Biofuels production

Primary energy 40 Consumption 41 Consumption by fuel

Appendices 44 Approximate conversion factors 44 Definitions 45 More information

About this review

For 63 years, the BP Statistical Review of World Energy has provided high-quality objective and globally consistent data on world energy markets. The review is one of the most widely respected and authoritative publications in the field of energy economics, used for reference by the media, academia, world governments and energy companies. A new edition is published every June.

Find more online Key information The website contains all the tables and charts found in the latest printed edition, plus a number of extras, including:

• Historical data from 1965 for many sections. • Additional data for natural gas, coal, hydroelectricity, nuclear energy, electricity and renewables.

• An oil, natural gas and LNG conversion calculator.

• PDF versions and PowerPoint slide packs of The BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014 is available online at bp.com/statisticalreview

the charts, maps and graphs, plus an Excel workbook of the data.

• Regional factsheets. • Videos and speeches.

Other features include: Energy economics blog Regular blogs on energy economics. bp.com/energyeconomics Energy Outlook Watch the BP Energy Outlook 2035 – January 2014 video, containing our projections of long-term energy trends. bp.com/energyoutlook

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Disclaimer The data series for proved oil and gas reserves in BP Statistical Review of World Energy June 2014 does not necessarily meet the definitions, guidelines and practices used for determining proved reserves at company level, for instance, under UK accounting rules contained in the Statement of Recommended Practice, ‘Accounting for Oil and Gas Exploration, Development, Production and Decommissioning Activities’ (UK SORP) or as published by the US Securities and Exchange Commission, nor does it necessarily represent BP’s view of proved reserves by country. Rather, the data series has been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data.

Group chief executive’s introduction Energy in 2013 – energy markets reflect broader themes.

Welcome to the 63rd edition of the BP Statistical Review of World Energy. The world of energy in 2013 echoed broader global themes – such as emerging differences in global economic performance, geopolitical uncertainty and ongoing debates about the proper roles of government and markets. These are important issues, and ones over which opinions vary widely, and legitimately. It has been said that everyone is entitled to their own opinion, but not their own facts. And that is where the Statistical Review comes in: since 1952, its mission has always been to provide objective, global data on energy markets to inform discussion, debate and decision-making. This first snap-shot of the global energy picture in 2013 – together with the historical data that puts today’s information into context – can help us to understand how the world around us is changing. The year 2013 saw an acceleration in the growth of global energy consumption, despite a stagnant global economy. Economic growth remained weak nearly everywhere and relative to recent history it was weaker in the emerging non-OECD economies. In line with that economic pattern, energy consumption growth was below average in the non-OECD, driven by China, and above average in the mature economies of the OECD, driven by the US. Emerging economies nonetheless continue to dominate global energy demand, accounting for 80% of growth last year and nearly 100% of growth over the past decade. While consumption growth accelerated globally, it has remained below average – this is again, consistent with the weak global economic picture. Regionally, energy consumption growth was below average everywhere except North America. EU consumption continued to decline, hitting the lowest level since 1995 (despite economic growth of 35% over this period). Energy production continued to be impacted by geopolitical events. Oil production in Libya suffered the world’s largest decline in the face of renewed civil unrest and the production of oil and gas was disrupted in a number of other countries as well. In the face of these disruptions and heightened risks to supply, average oil prices exceeded $100 per barrel for a third consecutive year, despite massive supply growth in the US. Supply developments also highlighted the importance of our third topic, namely to get the balance right between policy and market forces. Driven by massive investment in shale and other ‘tight’ formations, the US saw the world’s largest increase in oil production last year, offsetting the numerous disruptions seen elsewhere and

keeping prices stable. Indeed, the US increase in 2013 was one of the biggest oil production increases the world has ever seen. Elsewhere, and after global coal prices have fallen for two years in a row, coal is extending its competitive edge in power generation and the competitive balance has begun to shift. Coal was the fastest-growing fossil fuel, with China and India combined accounting for 88% of global growth, while natural gas consumption growth decelerated and grew at a below-average rate. As was the case for total energy, gas consumption growth was below average in all regions except North America, which continues to enjoy the cheapest prices among international markets. The importance of policy is also apparent in the strength of renewable forms of energy, which continued to grow robustly, albeit from a low base. Renewables now account for more than 5% of global power output and nearly 3% of primary energy consumption. The challenge of sustaining expensive subsidy regimes, however, has become visible where penetration rates are highest, namely the below-average growth of Europe’s leading renewable producers, who are grappling with weak economic growth and strained budgets. Once again, the data in this review shows a flexible global energy system adapting to a changing world. It demonstrates how the world’s quest for secure and fairly-priced energy can be met through competitive industries driving innovation and smart government policies that amplify the creative ‘energy’. At BP we remain focused on how to lead this process, delivering the growing energy requirements of our customers, safely and sustainably. We do this by investing in our people and world-leading technology, while exercising the capital discipline sought by our investors. I hope you will find this year’s Statistical Review a useful resource for a global perspective on energy. In concluding, let me thank BP’s economics team and all those around the world who have helped prepare this review – in particular those in governments in many countries who contribute their official data.

Bob Dudley Group Chief Executive June 2014

1

2013 in review Global primary energy consumption accelerated in 2013 despite stagnant global economic growth.

China’s Hong Kong skyline. China was the world’s largest producer and consumer of energy overall in 2013.   The Octavio Frias de Oliveira Bridge in Brazil – 24% of the world’s biofuels were produced in the country in 2013, making it the second largest producer.

+2.3% Growth in global primary energy consumption.

2

Consumption and production increased for all fuels, reaching record levels for every fuel type except nuclear power. For each of the fossil fuels, global consumption rose more rapidly than production. The data suggests that growth in global CO2 emissions from energy use also accelerated in 2013, although it remained below average.

Natural gas prices rose in North America (for the first time since 2010) and the UK, but fell elsewhere. As with Brent – WTI, differentials between North American and international gas prices generally narrowed but remained elevated. Coal prices declined in all regions for a second consecutive year.

Emerging economies dominated global growth again, but the increase was below the ten-year average in these countries, and above average in the OECD. China once again had the largest growth increment, followed by the US. Consumption in the EU and Japan fell to the lowest levels since 1995 and 1993 respectively.

Global primary energy consumption increased by 2.3% in 2013, an acceleration over 2012 (+1.8%). Growth in 2013 accelerated for oil, coal, and nuclear power. But global growth remained below the 10-year average of 2.5%. All fuels except oil, nuclear power and renewables in power generation grew at below-average rates. Growth was below average for all regions except North America. Oil remains the world’s leading fuel, with 32.9% of global energy consumption, but it also continued to lose market share for the fourteenth consecutive year and its current market share is once again the lowest in our data set, which begins in 1965.

Energy price developments in 2013 were mixed, generally rising in North America (except for coal) and falling elsewhere. The annual average price for Brent, the international crude oil benchmark, declined for the first time since 2009 but remained near record levels (in money-of-the-day as well as inflation-adjusted terms). This was the third consecutive year with the Brent average price above $100 per barrel. Crude oil prices weakened in early 2013 amid strong growth of oil production in the US, but rebounded later in the year due to a range of supply disruptions and cold weather that boosted demand growth. The differential between Brent and the US benchmark West Texas Intermediate (WTI) narrowed but remained elevated.

Energy developments

Emerging economies accounted for 80% of the global increase in energy consumption – even though growth in these countries was a below average 3.1%. OECD consumption rose by an above-average 1.2%. Robust US growth (+2.9%) accounted for all of the net increase in the OECD and consumption in the EU and Japan fell by 0.3% and 0.6%, respectively. Spain (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric decline in energy consumption.

Oil

+1.1m b/d Growth of US oil production, the largest in the world.

7m b/d China’s net oil imports, the world’s largest.

Prices

Dated Brent averaged $108.66 per barrel in 2013, a decline of $3.01 per barrel from the 2012 level. WTI continued to trade at a large discount to Brent ($10.67 per barrel), driven by growing US production. Since 2011, the WTI discount has averaged $14.81 per barrel, compared with an average premium of $1.39 per barrel for the preceding decade.

Consumption and production

Global oil consumption grew by 1.4 million barrels per day (b/d), or 1.4% – this is just above the historical average. Countries outside the OECD now account for the majority (51%) of global oil consumption and they once again accounted for all of the net growth in global consumption. OECD consumption declined by 0.4%, the seventh decrease in the past eight years. The US (+400,000 b/d) recorded the largest increment to global oil consumption in 2013, outpacing Chinese growth (+390,000 b/d) for the first time since 1999. Light distillates were the fastest-growing refined product category by volume. Global oil production did not keep pace with the growth in global consumption, rising by just 560,000 b/d or 0.6%. The US (+1.1 million b/d) recorded the largest growth in the world and the largest annual increment in the country’s history for a second consecutive year. The US accounted for nearly all (96%) of the non-OPEC output increase of 1.2 million b/d (the strongest since 2002) to reach a record 50 million b/d. Increases in Canada (+210,000 b/d) and Russia (+150,000 b/d) offset declines in Syria (-120,000 b/d), the

UK and Norway (-80,000 b/d each) and Australia (-70,000 b/d). OPEC output fell by 600,000 b/d, the first decline since 2009. Declines in Libya (-520,000 b/d), Iran (-190,000 b/d), Saudi Arabia (-110,000 b/d) and Nigeria (-100,000 b/d) outweighed an increase in the UAE (+250,000 b/d).

Refining and trade

Global refinery crude runs increased by a below-average 390,000 b/d or 0.5%. Non-OECD countries accounted for all of the net increase, rising by 730,000 b/d. OECD throughputs declined by 340,000 b/d, the seventh decline in the past nine years despite an increase of 320,000 b/d in US refinery runs, as the US continued to ramp up net product exports. Global refinery capacity utilization declined to 80.4%, the lowest since 1987, while global refining capacity increased by a robust 1.4 million b/d, with large capacity additions in China and Saudi Arabia outpacing capacity reductions in the Atlantic Basin and Japan. Global oil trade in 2013 grew by 2.1% or 1.2 million b/d – among importers, growth in Europe and emerging economies more than offset declines in the US and Japan. At 56.5 million b/d, trade accounted for 61.8% of global consumption, up from 58.3% a decade ago. US net imports fell by 1.4 million b/d to 6.5 million b/d – just over half the level of net imports seen in 2005 and the lowest level since 1988. China’s net oil imports reached 7 million b/d, surpassing the US as the world’s largest net oil importer.

The Trans-Alaska Pipeline is more than 800 miles long and transports oil between Prudhoe Bay and Valdez in the US.

3

Natural gas

+2.7% Growth in North American gas consumption, the only region with above-average growth.

+1.1% Growth in global gas production.

Consumption and production

World natural gas consumption grew by 1.4%, below the historical average of 2.6%. And, as was the case for primary energy, consumption growth was above average in the OECD countries (+1.8%) and below average outside the OECD (+1.1%). Growth was below average in every region except North America. China (+10.8%) and the US (+2.4%) recorded the largest growth increments in the world, together accounting for 81% of global growth. India (-12.2%) recorded the largest volumetric decline in the world, while EU gas consumption fell to the lowest level since 1999. Globally, natural gas accounted for 23.7% of primary energy consumption. Global natural gas production grew by 1.1%, which was well below the 10-year average of 2.5%. Growth was below average in all regions except Europe and Eurasia. The US (+1.3%) remained the world’s leading producer, but both Russia (+2.4%) and China (+9.5%) recorded larger growth increments in 2013. Nigeria (-16.4%), India (-16.3%), and Norway (-5%) recorded the largest volumetric declines.

The Min Rong tanker berthed at Tangguh liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Indonesia. Indonesia is the second largest natural gas producer in Asia. The Shah Deniz platform in the Caspian Sea. Natural gas is the leading fuel in Europe and Eurasia.

4

Trade

Global natural gas trade grew by 1.8% in 2013, well below the historical average of 5.2%. Pipeline shipments grew by 2.3%, driven by a 12% increase in net Russian exports, which offset declines in Algeria (-17.9%), Norway (-4.5%) and Canada (-5.5%). Among importers, growth in Germany (+14%) and China (+32.4%) more than offset a continued decline in the US (-10.9%). Global LNG trade rebounded by 0.6% in 2013. Increased imports in South Korea (+10.7%), China (+22.9%), and South and Central American importers (+44.7%) were partially offset by lower imports in Spain (-35.6%), the UK (-31.9%) and France (-19.4%). Qatar remained the largest LNG exporter (32% of global exports), and accounted for the largest growth increment (+2.7%). LNG’s share of global gas trade declined slightly to 31.4% – and international natural gas trade accounted for 30.9% of global consumption.

Other fuels

Goshen Wind Farm in Idaho. Global wind power generation grew by 21% in 2013. Coal ready for shipping. Coal was the fastest growing fossil fuel and its consumption grew by 3% in 2013.

+3.0% Growth in global coal consumption, the fastest growing fossil fuel.

+0.9% Growth in global nuclear output, the first increase since 2010.

5.3% Share of global power generation met by renewables.

Coal

Coal consumption grew by 3% in 2013, well below the 10-year average of 3.9% but it is still the fastest-growing fossil fuel. Coal’s share of global primary energy consumption reached 30.1%, the highest since 1970. Consumption outside the OECD rose by a below-average 3.7%, but still accounted for 89% of global growth. China recorded the weakest absolute growth since 2008 but the country still accounted for 67% of global growth. India experienced its second largest volumetric increase on record and accounted for 21% of global growth. OECD consumption increased by 1.4%, with increases in the US and Japan offsetting declines in the EU. Global coal production grew by 0.8%, the weakest growth since 2002. Indonesia (+9.4%) and Australia (+7.3%) offset a decline in the US (-3.1%), while China (+1.2%) recorded the weakest volumetric growth in production since 2000.

Nuclear and hydroelectric

In detail Additional information – including historical time series for the fuels reported in this review; further detail on renewable forms of energy; electricity generation; and CO2 emissions from energy use – is available at bp.com/statisticalreview

Global nuclear output grew by 0.9%, the first increase since 2010. Increases in the US, China and Canada were partly offset by declines in South Korea, Ukraine, Spain and Russia. Japanese output fell by 18.6% and has fallen by 95% since 2010. Nuclear output accounted for 4.4% of global energy consumption, the smallest share since 1984.

Global hydroelectric output grew by a belowaverage 2.9%. Led by China and India, the Asia-Pacific region accounted for 78% of global growth. Drought conditions reduced output in Brazil by 7% and in Finland, Norway and Sweden by a combined 14.5%. Hydroelectric output accounted for 6.7% of global energy consumption.

Renewables

Renewable energy sources – in power generation as well as transport – continued to increase in 2013, reaching a record 2.7% of global energy consumption, up from 0.8% a decade ago. Renewable energy used in power generation grew by 16.3% and accounted for a record 5.3% of global power generation. China recorded the largest incremental growth in renewables, followed by the US, while growth in Europe’s leading players – Germany, Spain and Italy – was below average. Globally, wind energy (+20.7%) once again accounted for more than half of renewable power generation growth and solar power generation grew even more rapidly (+33%), but from a smaller base. Global biofuels production grew by a below-average 6.1% (80,000 b/doe), driven by increases in the two largest producers: Brazil (+16.8%) and the US (+4.6%).

Acknowledgements We would like to express our sincere gratitude to the many contacts worldwide who provide the publicly available data for this publication, and to the researchers at the Heriot-Watt University Energy Academy who assist in the data compilation.

5

  Oil Proved reserves

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC‡ European Union# Former Soviet Union Canadian oil sands: Total of which: Under active development Venezuela: Orinoco Belt *More than 100 years.

At end 1993 Thousand million barrels

At end 2003 Thousand million barrels

At end 2012 Thousand million barrels

Thousand million tonnes

30.2 39.5 50.8 120.5 2.2 5.0 3.2 3.7 0.8 0.6 64.4 0.9 80.7 n/a 0.7 0.6 n/a 9.6 1.0 n/a n/a 4.5 n/a 61.8 78.3 92.9 100.0 96.5 5.0 3.1 261.4 3.0 98.1 2.0 0.1 661.9 9.2 1.9 – 0.7 3.4 0.3 0.7 22.8 21.0 – 0.3 0.4 0.6 61.2 3.3 1.3 16.4 5.9 5.2 5.0 0.2 0.6 1.1 38.8 1041.4 140.8 900.6 774.9 206.3 8.1 60.1 32.3 2.9 –

29.4 180.4 16.0 225.8 2.7 10.6 1.5 5.1 0.9 0.9 77.2 1.5 100.4 7.0 1.3 0.8 9.0 10.1 0.5 79.0 0.5 4.3 0.6 2.3 115.5 133.3 115.0 99.0 5.6 27.0 262.7 2.4 97.8 2.8 0.1 745.7 11.8 8.8 0.9 1.5 3.5 1.3 2.3 39.1 35.3 – 0.6 0.6 0.6 106.2 3.7 1.0 15.5 5.7 4.7 4.8 0.5 3.0 1.4 40.5 1334.1 247.5 1086.6 912.1 325.2 8.0 96.8 174.4 10.8 –

44.2 174.3 11.4 229.9 2.4 15.3 2.2 8.4 1.4 0.8 297.6 0.5 328.6 7.0 0.7 1.4 30.0 9.2 0.6 92.1 0.6 3.0 0.6 2.1 147.4 157.0 150.0 101.5 5.5 25.2 265.9 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.3 808.7 12.2 12.7 1.5 1.6 4.2 1.7 2.0 48.5 37.1 3.5 1.5 0.4 3.7 130.6 3.9 1.1 18.1 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 42.1 1687.3 249.6 1437.7 1213.8 342.6 6.8 130.9 167.8 25.9 220.0

5.4 28.1 1.5 35.0 0.3 2.3 0.3 1.2 0.2 0.1 46.6 0.1 51.1 1.0 0.1 0.2 3.9 1.0 0.1 12.7 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.3 19.9 21.6 20.2 14.0 0.7 2.6 36.5 0.3 13.0 0.4 † 109.4 1.5 1.7 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.2 0.3 6.3 5.0 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.5 17.3 0.4 0.1 2.5 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.1 0.6 0.1 5.6 238.2 37.3 200.9 170.2 50.1 0.9 17.9 27.3 4.2 35.4

At end 2013 Thousand million Share barrels of total

44.2 174.3 11.1 229.6 2.4 15.6 2.4 8.2 1.4 0.8 298.3 0.5 329.6 7.0 0.7 1.4 30.0 8.7 0.6 93.0 0.6 3.0 0.6 2.2 147.8 157.0 150.0 101.5 5.5 25.1 265.9 2.5 97.8 3.0 0.3 808.5 12.2 12.7 1.5 1.6 3.9 1.7 2.0 48.5 37.1 3.5 1.5 0.4 3.7 130.3 4.0 1.1 18.1 5.7 3.7 3.7 0.4 4.4 1.1 42.1 1687.9 248.8 1439.1 1214.2 341.9 6.8 131.8 167.8 25.9 220.5

2.6% 10.3% 0.7% 13.6% 0.1% 0.9% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% ◆

17.7% ◆

19.5% 0.4% ◆

0.1% 1.8% 0.5% ◆

5.5% ◆

0.2% ◆

0.1% 8.8% 9.3% 8.9% 6.0% 0.3% 1.5% 15.8% 0.1% 5.8% 0.2% ◆

47.9% 0.7% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 2.9% 2.2% 0.2% 0.1% ◆

0.2% 7.7% 0.2% 0.1% 1.1% 0.3% 0.2% 0.2% ◆

0.3% 0.1% 2.5% 100.0% 14.7% 85.3% 71.9% 20.3% 0.4% 7.8%

R/P ratio

12.1 * 10.6 37.4 9.8 20.2 6.5 42.6 37.5 19.2 * 9.6 * 20.6 10.3 32.7 46.0 12.9 19.0 23.6 7.1 9.6 25.9 15.1 23.4 * * 89.0 16.0 34.4 63.2 * 73.5 51.2 3.4 78.1 21.2 19.3 43.5 15.6 15.0 15.0 23.1 * 43.8 96.9 33.7 18.7 47.7 40.5 26.1 22.3 11.9 17.5 11.6 15.3 2.5 34.5 11.2 14.0 53.3 33.2 59.5 90.3 26.0 13.0 25.9

†Less than 0.05. ◆ Less than 0.05%. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. #Excludes Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania in 1993. Notes: Proved reserves of oil – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources, third-party data from the OPEC Secretariat, World Oil, Oil & Gas Journal and an independent estimate of Russian and Chinese reserves based on information in the public domain. Canadian oil sands ‘under active development’ are an official estimate. Venezuelan Orinoco Belt reserves are based on the OPEC Secretariat and government announcements. Reserves include gas condensate and natural gas liquids (NGLs) as well as crude oil. Shares of total and R/P ratios are calculated using thousand million barrels figures.

6

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

History

2013 by region 150

160

North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World

120

150 140 130 120 110 100

90

90 80 70 60

60 50 40

30

30 20 10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

0

83

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

Total world proved oil reserves reached 1687.9 billion barrels at the end of 2013, sufficient to meet 53.3 years of global production. The largest additions to reserves came from Russia, adding 900 million barrels and Venezuela adding 800 million barrels. OPEC members continue to hold the majority of reserves, accounting for 71.9% of the global total. South & Central America continues to hold the highest R/P ratio. Over the past decade, global proved reserves have increased by 27%, or over 350 billion barrels.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1993, 2003 and 2013 Percentage

Middle East S. & Cent. America North America Europe & Eurasia Africa Asia Pacific

2.5

47.9

7.7

3.0

55.9 8.8

8.0

5.9

3.7 63.6

2003 Total 1334.1 thousand million barrels

7.5

11.6

2013 Total 1687.9 thousand million barrels

8.7

1993 Total 1041.4 thousand million barrels

13.6

16.9 7.7 7.5 19.5

7

Production* Thousand barrels daily

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

7362 3003 3795 14160 900 1548 541 420 89 175 2868 149 6691 308 368 116 1111 3264 124 8602 203 2296 151 495 17037 4002 1344 2370 822 949 10141 652 2722 451 48 23501 1826 870 24 208 750 291 274 1485 2233 – 262 68 141 8431 664 214 3406 802 1176 760 244 361 192 7819 77639 21214 56425 31231 35879 3185 10530

7244 3080 3830 14154 868 1537 528 528 86 165 3305 144 7161 309 390 113 1283 3180 120 9335 194 2064 138 482 17608 4201 2030 2523 783 1082 10458 487 2836 424 48 24873 1921 1103 168 217 701 399 273 1623 2430 – 291 71 165 9361 582 210 3486 816 1130 776 241 424 233 7898 81054 20813 60241 34040 35601 2955 11414

6903 3041 3766 13709 839 1699 526 534 92 181 3308 146 7325 445 377 127 1330 2961 114 9598 193 1843 115 454 17557 4184 1833 2668 777 1149 10931 448 2922 421 185 25518 1990 1404 173 239 672 429 270 1745 2502 – 294 73 172 9962 580 206 3642 785 1096 757 297 389 284 8035 82107 19902 62204 35170 35102 2708 11835

6828 3208 3689 13725 838 1804 529 538 97 193 3336 140 7474 646 342 120 1403 2772 105 9818 187 1666 114 445 17619 4260 1999 2737 738 1241 10671 421 3099 387 182 25734 1979 1421 153 271 704 417 242 1816 2392 – 356 70 224 10045 542 221 3711 809 1018 713 325 355 303 7996 82593 19465 63129 35489 34786 2468 12318

6862 3290 3479 13631 813 1833 531 513 96 166 3230 139 7322 856 311 122 1453 2551 100 10044 199 1659 104 442 17840 4303 2143 2663 710 1279 10268 404 3001 341 194 25305 1992 1684 144 221 698 430 246 1820 2265 – 483 97 193 10274 559 194 3742 809 972 742 341 334 318 8011 82383 19151 63233 35161 34420 2425 12803

6783 3207 3165 13156 772 1895 588 507 99 174 3222 138 7394 895 287 108 1526 2466 99 9950 208 1555 102 420 17617 4396 2428 2786 757 1449 10663 406 3026 315 192 26417 1969 1901 127 235 715 412 240 1820 2113 – 457 89 190 10268 547 175 3814 809 1006 741 362 311 338 8103 82955 18440 64515 36279 33852 2264 12824

7263 3202 2978 13444 743 2024 671 488 107 153 3033 129 7348 1014 265 95 1664 2349 94 10139 211 1477 95 409 17812 4249 2452 2511 813 1416 9663 401 2723 306 192 24726 1775 1804 118 269 730 366 241 1652 2211 – 475 83 183 9908 512 168 3805 796 994 701 376 342 330 8025 81262 18445 62818 33978 34016 2127 13269

7552 3332 2959 13843 722 2137 786 488 113 148 2838 134 7367 1023 249 106 1740 2136 90 10365 217 1361 78 394 17759 4356 2490 2536 865 1676 10075 385 2895 291 192 25761 1689 1863 122 294 725 326 255 1658 2523 – 462 80 167 10163 560 172 4077 873 1003 703 388 312 315 8404 83296 18547 64750 35088 34650 1987 13558

7868 3515 2940 14323 687 2193 915 501 110 140 2766 137 7448 919 225 110 1758 2040 89 10510 217 1116 77 394 17452 4358 2801 2880 885 1836 11144 327 3319 228 201 27980 1642 1726 114 302 714 298 254 479 2460 – 291 68 232 8580 500 165 4074 903 952 640 414 317 300 8266 84049 18601 65448 35911 34529 1724 13609

8892 3740 2911 15543 665 2149 944 505 107 120 2643 140 7274 919 204 112 1724 1917 83 10643 222 949 68 390 17231 3751 3116 3165 918 1966 11635 171 3399 180 183 28484 1537 1784 101 289 715 316 245 1509 2417 31 103 67 233 9349 489 159 4155 894 918 670 450 348 285 8370 86251 19492 66759 37427 35122 1528 13702

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

10003 3948 2875 16826 656 2114 1004 527 104 118 2623 146 7293 931 178 116 1785 1837 87 10788 231 866 63 398 17281 3558 3141 3126 942 1995 11525 56 3646 161 208 28358 1575 1801 94 281 714 311 237 988 2322 99 122 62 211 8818 416 135 4180 894 882 657 459 350 260 8232 86808 20523 66285 36829 36062 1437 13917

13.5% 6.0% -1.1% 8.7% -1.5% -1.7% 6.3% 4.5% -4.0% -1.2% -0.8% 3.0% 0.2% 1.2% -12.8% 3.3% 3.5% -4.4% 4.0% 1.3% 4.1% -8.6% -7.1% 2.4% 0.3% -6.0% 0.8% -1.3% 2.7% 1.3% -1.1% -67.3% 7.4% -11.5% 13.5% -0.7% 2.7% 0.8% -6.3% -2.9% -0.3% -1.8% -3.3% -34.5% -4.0% 219.4% 18.3% -7.2% -10.0% -5.7% -16.8% -15.3% 0.6% 0.1% -4.0% -2.2% 1.8% 0.4% -8.5% -1.7% 0.6% 5.6% -0.8% -1.8% 2.7% -5.8% 1.5%

2013 share of total

10.8% 4.7% 3.4% 18.9% 0.7% 2.7% 1.3% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.3% 0.2% 9.1% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.0% 0.1% 12.9% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 20.3% 4.0% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.1% 0.1% 4.0% 0.2% 0.2% 32.2% 1.7% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.8% 0.4% 0.3% 1.1% 2.7% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.1% 0.4% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.5% 100.0% 23.0% 77.0% 42.1% 41.4% 1.7% 16.5%

*Includes crude oil, tight oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and derivatives of coal and natural gas. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

8

Consumption* Thousand barrels daily

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

20033 2228 1909 24170 405 1973 228 222 151 139 24 506 1224 4872 292 84 163 688 95 184 188 235 1952 2648 396 131 175 1900 183 50 946 232 441 311 194 2679 70 1539 367 257 649 110 295 1723 145 567 19888 1508 267 334 95 1780 453 1233 5670 230 540 497 1388 2654 854 83 5771 269 2485 1222 5456 620 146 319 329 688 2340 1012 844 220 304 22962 80216 48934 31282 14866 3814

20732 2309 1983 25023 425 2050 244 225 155 152 25 545 1235 5056 283 88 162 680 92 202 185 221 1963 2619 426 136 181 1850 196 53 983 221 469 315 224 2660 67 1575 362 255 660 112 310 1766 146 600 20063 1548 251 374 106 1913 484 1265 5941 239 556 513 1464 2771 865 86 6740 313 2556 1299 5308 633 147 324 336 761 2294 1056 911 263 309 24202 83055 49713 33342 15002 3840

20802 2288 2030 25119 449 2097 250 230 169 152 26 606 1221 5200 287 106 151 679 102 210 187 229 1946 2592 424 158 191 1798 204 57 1039 224 487 324 218 2679 80 1594 358 260 665 113 296 1806 103 623 20187 1699 257 411 120 2012 493 1343 6335 250 617 518 1535 2920 897 89 6945 285 2606 1285 5391 637 150 311 314 828 2312 1054 943 258 325 24629 84389 50078 34311 15123 3829

20687 2295 2019 25002 471 2134 278 235 180 147 29 633 1235 5340 291 96 176 671 105 207 190 222 1942 2609 442 168 191 1791 210 58 1047 229 512 294 214 2761 72 1592 358 266 698 109 308 1788 103 637 20357 1843 251 378 135 2083 527 1238 6456 258 602 528 1539 2927 930 89 7500 305 2737 1247 5210 660 152 354 284 883 2320 1053 944 254 323 25244 85325 49888 35437 15122 3943

20680 2361 2067 25109 523 2286 358 234 183 153 34 640 1250 5661 276 91 162 676 103 205 191 223 1911 2380 435 168 195 1740 233 58 1065 237 531 296 218 2777 76 1613 357 241 718 115 318 1716 94 660 20082 1874 264 383 153 2201 565 1314 6755 286 642 556 1584 3068 937 86 7860 324 2941 1299 5053 701 153 387 301 961 2399 1111 942 283 342 26080 86754 49690 37064 14802 3993

19490 2315 2054 23860 535 2439 372 233 188 172 37 716 1190 5881 274 74 159 747 102 209 188 222 1889 2502 425 164 187 1661 229 63 991 228 549 278 216 2862 82 1557 350 256 684 119 301 1683 92 670 20013 1959 259 405 173 2376 586 1448 7206 309 687 536 1704 3235 950 86 7994 293 3077 1294 4882 672 154 388 266 1013 2308 1005 944 300 324 25952 86147 48085 38062 14710 4040

18771 2190 1995 22957 525 2467 367 239 191 176 35 727 1186 5913 264 73 183 650 92 204 169 209 1822 2409 405 154 166 1563 188 54 971 236 549 263 195 2772 79 1473 323 260 707 110 282 1610 89 658 19181 2011 244 454 172 2592 566 1468 7508 327 726 510 1744 3306 937 77 8306 334 3237 1334 4422 679 147 414 283 1077 2339 982 1024 313 342 26247 85111 46057 39054 13977 3887

19180 2316 2014 23510 571 2669 329 250 220 187 39 691 1199 6155 276 71 152 672 82 195 171 219 1763 2445 365 146 158 1532 196 55 977 235 576 259 184 2892 82 1394 336 242 694 123 268 1588 77 662 19087 1873 236 487 193 2803 630 1546 7767 327 766 559 1827 3479 953 88 9317 362 3319 1449 4474 689 151 411 285 1190 2370 1011 1043 337 352 27802 87801 46509 41292 13827 3984

18882 2404 2042 23329 585 2730 355 269 226 203 35 689 1212 6306 258 89 175 662 80 193 168 204 1742 2369 347 140 141 1475 256 53 971 240 574 240 191 3089 81 1377 311 235 672 130 279 1532 72 664 19009 1909 249 466 237 2847 718 1577 8004 345 720 577 1733 3374 1000 113 9867 363 3488 1572 4470 718 150 417 281 1242 2394 946 1119 366 406 28912 88934 46040 42894 13455 4293

18490 2394 2063 22948 613 2807 368 285 233 212 35 712 1212 6478 258 92 175 631 82 191 159 190 1689 2356 310 128 134 1346 274 55 926 235 553 226 191 3212 74 1285 309 238 678 134 267 1520 69 649 18636 1927 289 490 248 2989 748 1661 8353 368 746 572 1833 3519 1027 118 10367 347 3685 1597 4709 712 148 402 283 1239 2458 934 1191 371 409 29997 89931 45545 44386 12946 4434

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

18887 2385 2020 23292 636 2973 377 297 248 224 38 777 1206 6775 259 101 177 654 86 184 160 188 1683 2382 287 131 140 1308 287 55 898 241 524 228 188 3313 73 1200 305 249 714 137 260 1503 70 661 18645 2002 231 494 267 3075 773 1683 8526 386 757 570 1911 3624 1026 116 10756 354 3727 1623 4551 725 151 445 298 1259 2460 977 1211 378 412 30470 91331 45558 45773 12770 4559

2.0% -0.5% -2.6% 1.3% 3.6% 5.8% 2.0% 4.0% 6.3% 5.3% 6.3% 10.2% -1.0% 4.4% 0.6% 9.8% 0.7% 2.5% 4.2% -3.9% 0.5% -1.7% -0.6% 0.9% -7.1% 1.6% 4.7% -3.6% 5.9% 1.4% -4.9% 1.0% -6.2% -0.8% -1.7% 3.1% -1.3% -7.3% -2.0% 5.0% 5.7% 2.8% -2.7% -1.4% 2.1% 1.6% -0.4% 4.0% -21.9% 1.2% 7.1% 3.1% 4.2% 1.5% 2.2% 5.0% 1.5% -0.1% 4.6% 3.2% -0.4% -1.7% 3.8% 2.6% 1.2% 1.1% -3.8% 2.0% 2.1% 10.3% 5.5% 1.1% ◆

3.9% 2.0% 2.0% 0.8% 1.5% 1.4% -0.4% 3.1% -1.9% 2.8%

2013 share of total

19.9% 2.5% 2.1% 24.5% 0.7% 3.2% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ♦

0.9% 1.4% 7.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 1.9% 2.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.1% 1.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.0% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.2% 0.9% 1.9% 9.2% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.2% 4.1% 1.1% 0.1% 12.1% 0.4% 4.2% 1.8% 5.0% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.2% 0.4% 0.5% 33.8% 100.0% 49.2% 50.8% 14.5% 5.1%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes per annum figures. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

◆Less

9

Production* Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Italy Kazakhstan Norway Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Angola Chad Republic of Congo (Brazzaville) Egypt Equatorial Guinea Gabon Libya Nigeria South Sudan Sudan Tunisia Other Africa Total Africa Australia Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD OPEC Non-OPEC ‡ European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

332.3 140.2 188.2 660.7 42.8 81.1 28.5 22.5 4.6 8.7 147.5 7.8 343.3 15.4 17.9 5.6 52.4 153.9 5.9 425.7 10.0 106.1 7.1 24.0 823.9 198.5 66.0 115.6 40.7 43.8 486.2 32.4 126.2 21.2 2.3 1133.0 79.0 42.8 1.2 10.7 37.1 14.0 13.7 69.8 109.0 – 12.9 3.2 7.0 400.4 29.7 10.5 169.6 37.3 57.6 35.4 9.5 17.6 8.8 376.2 3737.5 990.8 2746.7 1506.9 1712.8 149.3 517.8

325.1 144.8 190.0 659.9 40.9 80.6 27.9 28.3 4.4 8.2 170.1 7.4 367.8 15.5 19.1 5.5 60.6 150.3 5.7 463.3 9.6 95.4 6.6 23.4 854.8 208.2 99.9 123.4 38.9 50.0 500.4 24.3 132.0 20.0 2.3 1199.4 83.6 54.5 8.8 11.2 34.8 18.9 13.7 76.5 119.0 – 14.4 3.4 8.2 447.0 25.9 10.3 174.1 38.2 55.6 36.3 9.3 20.7 10.4 380.8 3909.6 972.2 2937.5 1645.9 1701.0 138.8 562.7

309.1 142.3 186.5 637.9 39.4 88.7 27.7 28.6 4.5 9.0 169.7 7.4 374.9 22.2 18.4 6.1 62.6 138.7 5.4 474.8 9.5 84.7 5.4 22.0 850.0 206.4 89.9 130.4 38.5 52.6 521.3 22.3 135.8 19.8 9.1 1226.0 86.4 68.9 9.1 12.3 33.2 20.0 13.5 82.2 122.1 – 14.5 3.4 8.6 474.1 25.5 10.1 181.4 36.6 53.7 34.6 11.4 19.0 12.4 384.6 3947.5 926.3 3021.2 1694.2 1671.5 126.7 581.8

304.7 150.6 182.5 637.8 39.1 93.7 27.9 28.8 4.6 9.6 171.0 7.1 381.8 32.3 16.7 5.8 66.1 129.0 5.0 485.6 9.2 76.6 5.4 21.7 853.4 209.2 98.0 133.7 36.5 56.8 508.9 21.0 144.3 18.1 8.9 1235.6 86.2 69.3 8.0 14.0 34.5 19.3 12.1 85.3 116.6 – 17.5 3.3 11.2 477.2 23.7 10.8 184.8 37.8 50.2 32.7 12.5 17.2 13.1 382.8 3968.7 904.2 3064.5 1708.2 1654.9 115.5 605.6

305.2 155.3 172.2 632.7 38.0 95.2 28.0 27.5 4.6 8.2 165.5 7.1 374.1 42.6 15.2 5.9 68.4 118.6 4.7 496.8 9.8 76.6 4.9 21.6 865.1 210.9 105.1 129.9 35.2 57.9 488.9 20.1 139.6 15.9 9.5 1213.0 86.5 82.1 7.5 11.4 33.8 19.9 12.3 85.3 110.2 – 23.8 4.6 9.7 486.9 24.7 9.5 186.3 37.9 47.8 33.8 13.2 16.3 13.9 383.4 3955.3 889.3 3066.0 1689.2 1636.6 113.9 629.4

302.3 152.9 156.9 612.0 36.5 98.8 31.1 27.2 4.7 8.7 165.6 7.1 379.6 44.5 14.0 5.2 72.0 114.7 4.7 493.7 10.3 71.7 4.8 20.6 856.3 214.5 119.3 136.1 37.6 65.0 509.9 20.3 141.4 14.8 9.5 1268.3 85.6 93.1 6.7 12.1 34.7 19.3 12.0 85.5 102.8 – 22.6 4.2 9.5 488.1 24.3 8.6 190.4 37.9 49.4 34.0 14.0 15.2 14.8 388.8 3993.2 857.8 3135.4 1746.0 1615.1 106.3 632.0

322.4 152.8 146.7 621.9 34.9 105.6 35.3 26.1 4.8 7.6 155.7 6.6 376.6 50.4 12.9 4.6 78.2 108.7 4.5 500.8 10.4 68.2 4.5 19.9 863.0 205.5 119.9 121.2 40.2 62.4 456.7 20.0 126.2 14.3 9.4 1175.9 77.2 87.6 6.2 13.9 35.3 17.1 12.0 77.4 106.6 – 23.4 4.0 9.2 469.7 22.5 8.3 189.5 37.2 48.4 32.2 14.6 16.7 14.4 383.7 3890.9 853.6 3037.3 1622.6 1617.3 99.8 651.0

332.9 160.3 145.6 638.8 34.0 111.4 41.4 26.1 5.1 7.4 145.7 6.9 377.8 50.8 12.2 5.1 81.6 98.8 4.3 511.8 10.7 63.0 3.6 19.2 861.1 208.8 121.5 122.5 42.8 72.1 473.8 19.2 133.3 13.5 9.4 1217.1 73.8 90.5 6.4 15.1 35.0 15.2 12.7 77.7 121.3 – 22.8 3.8 8.3 482.7 24.9 8.5 203.0 40.8 48.6 32.0 14.8 15.3 13.8 401.7 3979.3 857.0 3122.2 1667.2 1647.2 93.4 664.8

345.7 169.8 144.5 660.0 32.2 114.2 48.2 26.8 4.9 6.9 141.5 7.0 381.7 45.6 10.9 5.3 82.4 93.8 4.2 518.5 10.7 52.0 3.6 19.2 846.2 208.2 136.7 139.7 43.8 78.2 526.0 16.3 151.3 10.6 9.9 1320.6 71.7 83.8 6.0 15.6 34.6 13.9 12.7 22.5 118.2 – 14.3 3.2 11.5 407.9 22.0 8.1 202.9 42.3 46.3 28.9 15.2 15.5 13.1 394.3 4010.6 858.1 3152.5 1704.4 1639.6 81.6 666.7

394.1 182.6 143.9 720.6 31.1 112.2 49.9 27.1 4.8 6.0 136.6 7.1 374.7 45.7 10.0 5.4 81.2 87.2 4.0 526.2 11.0 44.6 3.2 19.2 837.7 177.1 152.5 153.7 45.0 83.3 549.8 8.5 154.7 8.3 9.0 1342.1 67.2 86.9 5.3 15.0 34.7 14.9 12.3 71.1 116.2 1.5 5.1 3.2 11.6 445.0 21.6 7.8 207.5 42.0 44.6 30.3 16.4 17.0 12.5 399.8 4119.8 903.1 3216.7 1776.3 1670.3 72.9 673.1

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

446.2 193.0 141.8 781.1 30.5 109.9 52.9 28.2 4.6 5.9 135.1 7.3 374.4 46.2 8.7 5.6 83.8 83.2 4.1 531.4 11.4 40.6 2.9 19.6 837.5 166.1 153.2 151.3 46.1 84.2 542.3 2.8 165.7 7.4 10.2 1329.3 68.9 87.4 5.0 14.5 34.5 14.6 11.8 46.5 111.3 4.9 6.0 3.0 10.4 418.6 17.9 6.6 208.1 42.0 42.7 29.6 16.6 17.0 11.4 392.0 4132.9 951.0 3181.9 1740.1 1711.6 68.4 681.3

13.5% 6.0% -1.1% 8.7% -1.5% -1.7% 6.3% 4.5% -4.0% -1.2% -0.8% 3.0% 0.2% 1.2% -12.8% 3.3% 3.5% -4.4% 4.0% 1.3% 4.1% -8.6% -7.1% 2.4% 0.3% -6.0% 0.8% -1.3% 2.7% 1.3% -1.1% -67.3% 7.4% -11.5% 13.5% -0.7% 2.7% 0.8% -6.3% -2.9% -0.3% -1.8% -3.3% -34.5% -4.0% 219.4% 18.3% -7.2% -10.0% -5.7% -16.8% -15.3% 0.6% 0.1% -4.0% -2.2% 1.8% 0.4% -8.5% -1.7% 0.6% 5.6% -0.8% -1.8% 2.7% -5.8% 1.5%

2013 share of total

10.8% 4.7% 3.4% 18.9% 0.7% 2.7% 1.3% 0.7% 0.1% 0.1% 3.3% 0.2% 9.1% 1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 2.0% 2.0% 0.1% 12.9% 0.3% 1.0% 0.1% 0.5% 20.3% 4.0% 3.7% 3.7% 1.1% 2.0% 13.1% 0.1% 4.0% 0.2% 0.2% 32.2% 1.7% 2.1% 0.1% 0.4% 0.8% 0.4% 0.3% 1.1% 2.7% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 10.1% 0.4% 0.2% 5.0% 1.0% 1.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3% 9.5% 100.0% 23.0% 77.0% 42.1% 41.4% 1.7% 16.5%

*Includes crude oil, tight oil, oil sands and NGLs (the liquid content of natural gas where this is recovered separately). Excludes liquid fuels from other sources such as biomass and derivatives of coal and natural gas. ‡Excludes Former Soviet Union. Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

10

Consumption* Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

900.7 97.3 85.0 1083.0 18.5 88.7 10.6 10.0 7.0 6.5 1.1 24.1 60.6 227.3 14.2 4.3 8.1 33.8 4.4 8.7 9.2 11.4 93.1 125.1 19.7 6.1 8.5 92.1 8.9 2.4 45.1 10.4 20.2 15.2 9.4 127.3 3.3 76.2 17.7 12.1 30.8 5.0 13.6 79.0 7.3 28.2 950.7 71.3 12.8 15.6 3.1 81.7 22.1 59.3 265.9 10.1 25.9 23.9 66.0 125.9 38.8 4.0 271.7 13.0 116.5 57.9 251.9 27.6 6.8 15.8 15.5 35.4 106.4 47.5 38.3 10.5 14.6 1072.4 3725.2 2249.4 1475.8 711.8 181.9

936.5 100.8 88.5 1125.9 19.4 92.0 11.5 10.3 7.2 7.3 1.2 26.0 61.4 236.3 13.9 4.5 8.1 33.5 4.3 9.5 9.1 10.6 94.0 124.0 21.3 6.3 8.9 89.7 9.5 2.6 47.1 10.0 21.6 15.4 10.9 126.2 3.2 78.5 17.5 12.0 31.0 5.1 14.3 81.7 7.4 29.7 961.3 73.4 12.0 17.8 3.4 88.3 23.9 60.9 279.6 10.6 26.8 24.7 69.9 132.0 39.6 4.2 318.9 15.4 119.5 61.7 245.5 28.0 6.8 16.0 15.9 39.4 104.6 49.6 41.7 12.5 14.9 1134.1 3869.1 2292.3 1576.8 720.9 183.2

939.8 99.9 90.8 1130.5 20.7 94.2 11.8 10.5 7.9 7.1 1.2 28.3 60.4 242.1 14.0 5.4 7.5 33.5 4.8 9.9 9.2 11.0 93.1 122.4 21.1 7.4 9.3 86.7 9.8 2.8 50.1 10.2 22.4 16.0 10.5 126.1 3.8 79.3 17.2 12.2 31.1 5.1 13.7 83.0 5.1 30.7 964.2 80.5 12.2 19.5 3.9 88.2 24.5 63.9 292.8 11.0 29.8 24.8 73.2 138.9 40.8 4.3 327.8 13.8 121.9 60.7 248.8 28.0 7.0 15.3 14.8 43.1 104.6 49.4 42.6 12.2 15.7 1150.9 3919.3 2306.2 1613.1 725.1 181.2

930.7 99.4 89.7 1119.7 21.7 95.8 13.2 10.7 8.3 6.9 1.4 29.5 61.1 248.6 14.2 4.8 8.8 33.4 5.0 9.8 9.4 10.6 93.0 123.6 22.1 7.8 9.3 86.7 10.3 2.8 50.8 10.5 23.3 14.4 10.3 130.3 3.4 79.3 17.2 12.6 32.8 5.0 14.2 82.3 5.1 31.4 974.3 87.4 11.9 17.7 4.5 92.3 26.3 58.8 298.9 11.5 28.7 25.3 73.2 138.7 42.1 4.3 354.5 15.0 128.3 58.5 239.6 28.9 7.1 17.6 13.3 46.4 104.7 49.2 42.2 12.0 15.5 1179.2 3959.3 2292.7 1666.7 726.4 187.1

928.8 102.3 92.0 1123.1 24.0 101.8 17.0 10.7 8.5 7.1 1.7 29.7 61.6 262.1 13.4 4.5 8.0 33.7 4.8 9.7 9.4 10.6 91.4 112.5 21.7 7.7 9.4 84.0 11.3 2.8 50.7 10.7 24.2 14.4 10.3 130.0 3.6 80.3 16.9 11.3 33.6 5.2 14.7 79.2 4.6 32.4 957.3 89.4 12.4 17.9 5.3 98.0 28.2 62.4 313.7 12.9 30.6 26.6 75.2 145.3 42.5 4.2 370.6 16.1 138.1 60.9 232.6 30.8 7.1 19.3 14.1 50.4 107.6 51.2 41.6 13.3 16.5 1216.9 4018.4 2278.9 1739.5 709.1 188.1

875.4 101.2 91.6 1068.2 24.7 108.6 17.8 10.7 8.7 8.0 1.8 33.8 58.7 272.8 13.4 3.6 7.9 36.8 4.8 9.9 9.3 10.5 90.8 118.9 21.3 7.5 9.0 80.4 11.0 3.1 47.3 10.4 25.3 13.6 10.4 133.9 3.9 77.9 16.7 12.1 32.1 5.4 14.3 77.9 4.5 33.0 956.8 93.3 12.2 19.0 6.1 106.7 29.4 69.4 336.1 14.0 32.6 25.7 80.9 153.3 43.3 4.2 377.6 14.6 144.7 60.4 226.3 29.5 7.2 19.4 12.4 53.6 103.1 45.8 41.2 14.1 15.6 1213.0 4000.2 2211.6 1788.6 707.1 190.5

833.2 95.0 88.5 1016.7 24.1 109.1 17.4 11.0 8.9 8.1 1.7 34.2 58.0 272.5 12.8 3.3 9.3 32.2 4.3 9.7 8.3 9.9 87.5 113.9 20.1 7.1 8.0 75.1 8.9 2.6 45.9 10.6 25.3 12.8 9.2 128.2 3.7 73.5 15.5 12.3 32.5 5.2 13.5 74.4 4.3 32.4 912.4 95.5 11.4 20.4 6.0 115.8 27.7 70.3 347.1 14.9 34.4 24.2 82.6 156.1 42.8 3.7 391.0 16.6 152.6 61.6 201.8 29.2 6.9 20.8 13.2 57.0 103.7 44.0 44.2 14.6 16.4 1219.9 3924.6 2099.5 1825.1 669.4 181.8

850.1 101.3 88.5 1039.9 26.9 118.1 15.4 11.6 10.3 8.5 1.9 32.1 58.4 283.2 13.4 3.2 7.5 33.5 3.9 9.2 8.4 10.4 84.5 115.4 17.9 6.7 7.6 73.1 9.3 2.7 45.9 10.8 26.7 12.5 8.8 134.3 3.9 69.6 16.2 11.4 31.8 5.7 12.6 73.5 3.7 32.6 906.4 86.7 10.9 21.6 6.5 124.2 30.1 74.2 354.3 14.8 36.3 26.6 86.5 164.3 43.6 4.3 440.4 17.9 155.4 66.4 204.1 29.3 7.0 20.6 13.2 62.8 105.0 45.3 44.3 15.6 16.8 1292.0 4040.2 2115.8 1924.4 660.9 186.2

834.9 105.0 90.3 1030.2 26.9 121.9 16.8 12.4 10.5 9.2 1.7 31.9 59.0 290.5 12.5 4.0 8.6 32.3 3.8 9.0 8.3 9.7 83.7 112.0 17.0 6.4 6.7 70.5 12.3 2.6 46.1 10.6 26.6 11.6 9.1 143.5 3.9 68.5 14.8 11.0 31.1 6.0 13.1 71.1 3.5 32.5 902.3 88.2 11.5 20.4 7.8 125.1 33.0 75.2 361.3 15.5 33.7 27.4 81.9 158.5 45.8 5.5 464.1 18.1 163.0 72.3 204.9 31.1 7.0 20.8 12.9 65.5 105.8 42.5 46.6 17.0 19.3 1342.3 4085.1 2093.3 1991.8 643.1 200.7

817.0 104.3 92.3 1013.6 28.5 125.8 17.3 13.4 10.9 9.5 1.7 33.0 59.1 299.2 12.5 4.2 8.6 30.4 3.9 8.9 7.8 9.0 81.0 111.4 15.1 5.9 6.5 64.2 13.1 2.7 43.7 10.5 25.7 10.9 9.2 148.9 3.6 64.2 14.6 11.2 31.4 6.1 12.5 71.0 3.3 32.0 884.2 89.5 13.6 21.6 8.0 131.3 34.3 79.5 377.7 16.7 35.2 27.3 86.8 166.1 47.3 5.8 490.1 17.3 173.6 73.2 217.8 30.7 7.0 20.0 13.0 65.4 108.8 41.9 49.6 17.2 19.5 1398.1 4138.9 2072.9 2066.0 618.8 206.9

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

831.0 103.5 89.7 1024.2 29.4 132.7 17.6 13.9 11.6 10.0 1.8 36.2 58.4 311.6 12.5 4.6 8.7 31.0 4.1 8.6 7.8 8.9 80.3 112.1 14.0 6.0 6.7 61.8 13.8 2.7 41.4 10.6 24.0 10.8 9.0 153.1 3.5 59.3 14.3 11.8 33.1 6.3 12.2 69.8 3.3 32.5 878.6 92.9 10.6 21.8 8.5 135.0 35.6 80.5 384.8 17.5 35.7 27.2 90.5 170.9 47.0 5.7 507.4 17.7 175.2 73.8 208.9 31.2 7.1 22.0 13.7 65.9 108.4 43.4 50.4 17.4 19.6 1415.0 4185.1 2059.9 2125.1 605.2 212.2

2.0% -0.5% -2.6% 1.3% 3.6% 5.8% 2.0% 4.0% 6.3% 5.3% 6.3% 10.2% -1.0% 4.4% 0.6% 9.8% 0.7% 2.5% 4.2% -3.9% 0.5% -1.7% -0.6% 0.9% -7.1% 1.6% 4.7% -3.6% 5.9% 1.4% -4.9% 1.0% -6.2% -0.8% -1.7% 3.1% -1.3% -7.3% -2.0% 5.0% 5.7% 2.8% -2.7% -1.4% 2.1% 1.6% -0.4% 4.0% -21.9% 1.2% 7.1% 3.1% 4.2% 1.5% 2.2% 5.0% 1.5% -0.1% 4.6% 3.2% -0.4% -1.7% 3.8% 2.6% 1.2% 1.1% -3.8% 2.0% 2.1% 10.3% 5.5% 1.1% ◆

3.9% 2.0% 2.0% 0.8% 1.5% 1.4% -0.4% 3.1% -1.9% 2.8%

2013 share of total

19.9% 2.5% 2.1% 24.5% 0.7% 3.2% 0.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.2% ♦

0.9% 1.4% 7.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.7% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 1.9% 2.7% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 1.5% 0.3% 0.1% 1.0% 0.3% 0.6% 0.3% 0.2% 3.7% 0.1% 1.4% 0.3% 0.3% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 1.7% 0.1% 0.8% 21.0% 2.2% 0.3% 0.5% 0.2% 3.2% 0.9% 1.9% 9.2% 0.4% 0.9% 0.7% 2.2% 4.1% 1.1% 0.1% 12.1% 0.4% 4.2% 1.8% 5.0% 0.7% 0.2% 0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 2.6% 1.0% 1.2% 0.4% 0.5% 33.8% 100.0% 49.2% 50.8% 14.5% 5.1%

*Inland demand plus international aviation and marine bunkers and refinery fuel and loss. Consumption of biogasoline (such as ethanol), biodiesel and derivatives of coal and natural gas are also included. than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, consumption of non-petroleum additives and substitute fuels, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of oil supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

◆Less

11

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million barrels daily

Million barrels daily

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

88

93

98

03

08

13

100

100

90

90

80

80

70

70

60

60

50

50

40

40

30

30

20

20

10

10

0

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

World oil production increased by just 560,000 b/d in 2013, less than half the growth of global consumption. Global consumption grew by an above-average 1.4 million b/d, with emerging economies accounting for all of the net increase. Even so, the US had the biggest increase in the world for consumption, as well as production, which grew by 400,000 b/d and 1.1 million b/d respectively. OPEC output fell by 600,000 b/d, driven by a decline of 520,000 b/d in Libya.

Consumption per capita 2013 Tonnes

0-0.75 0.75-1.5 1.5-2.25 2.25-3.0 > 3.0

12

Regional consumption by product group Thousand barrels daily

North America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total North America of which: US Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total US S. & Cent. America Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total S. & Cent. America Europe Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Europe Former Soviet Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Former Soviet Union Middle East Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Middle East Africa Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Africa Asia Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Asia Pacific of which: China Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total China of which: Japan Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Japan World Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total World OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total OECD Non-OECD Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total Non-OECD European Union Light distillates Middle distillates Fuel oil Others Total European Union

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

2013 share of total

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

10666 6860 1253 5392 24170

10978 7133 1340 5572 25023

11019 7249 1396 5455 25119

11131 7297 1055 5519 25002

11200 7318 1081 5509 25109

10859 6934 941 5126 23860

10839 6281 801 5035 22957

10943 6567 810 5190 23510

10697 6694 745 5193 23329

10574 6408 660 5306 22948

10709 6531 578 5473 23292

1.3% 1.9% -12.5% 3.2% 1.5%

46.0% 28.0% 2.5% 23.5% 100.0%

9275 5886 763 4109 20033

9518 6116 859 4239 20732

9548 6198 914 4143 20802

9599 6226 683 4178 20687

9597 6199 718 4166 20680

9253 5801 609 3827 19490

9257 5241 508 3766 18771

9263 5464 532 3921 19180

9022 5518 459 3883 18882

8932 5278 367 3913 18490

9056 5365 320 4146 18887

1.4% 1.7% -12.9% 6.0% 2.1%

47.9% 28.4% 1.7% 22.0% 100.0%

1382 1729 708 1052 4872

1400 1872 713 1071 5056

1465 1884 714 1136 5200

1498 1912 732 1198 5340

1588 2100 746 1227 5661

1667 2161 747 1307 5881

1768 2137 725 1283 5913

1846 2343 699 1267 6155

1877 2471 659 1299 6306

1938 2587 664 1289 6478

2039 2712 678 1345 6775

5.2% 4.9% 2.1% 4.4% 4.6%

30.1% 40.0% 10.0% 19.9% 100.0%

4033 7129 1831 3080 16073

3993 7338 1751 3141 16222

3890 7527 1746 3194 16358

3757 7703 1711 3241 16414

3683 7583 1611 3212 16089

3481 7802 1545 3144 15973

3405 7532 1378 2978 15294

3350 7548 1256 2950 15104

3125 7524 1189 2878 14716

3002 7413 1060 2728 14203

2941 7439 957 2749 14086

-2.0% 0.3% -9.7% 0.8% -0.8%

20.9% 52.8% 6.8% 19.5% 100.0%

1079 1089 605 1040 3814

1081 1124 542 1094 3840

1097 1152 521 1059 3829

1138 1203 573 1029 3943

1206 1285 461 1042 3993

1264 1345 436 996 4040

1234 1221 408 1024 3887

1292 1334 380 977 3984

1297 1481 384 1131 4293

1338 1540 376 1180 4434

1362 1573 391 1233 4559

1.8% 2.2% 4.0% 4.4% 2.8%

29.9% 34.5% 8.6% 27.0% 100.0%

1258 1804 1392 1216 5670

1318 1908 1447 1267 5941

1404 2046 1478 1407 6335

1478 2092 1482 1403 6456

1505 2240 1590 1420 6755

1612 2287 1760 1548 7206

1643 2390 1894 1581 7508

1706 2425 1927 1709 7767

1784 2544 1957 1719 8004

1866 2667 2036 1785 8353

1915 2662 2106 1843 8526

2.6% -0.2% 3.5% 3.3% 2.1%

22.5% 31.2% 24.7% 21.6% 100.0%

643 1168 395 448 2654

678 1201 403 490 2771

705 1256 457 502 2920

689 1312 422 503 2927

710 1413 421 524 3068

766 1498 432 540 3235

799 1519 431 557 3306

840 1616 453 570 3479

824 1621 383 548 3374

872 1663 415 570 3519

872 1734 442 577 3624



4.2% 6.5% 1.2% 3.0%

24.1% 47.8% 12.2% 15.9% 100.0%

6460 8356 3473 4673 22962

6810 8799 3492 5101 24202

6968 9045 3473 5143 24629

7202 9129 3622 5291 25244

7553 9288 3626 5613 26080

7625 9394 3458 5475 25952

7998 9453 3124 5672 26247

8610 9916 3131 6145 27802

8875 10321 3251 6464 28912

9237 10717 3425 6619 29997

9604 10829 3253 6783 30470

4.0% 1.1% -5.0% 2.5% 1.6%

31.5% 35.5% 10.7% 22.3% 100.0%

1498 1938 869 1467 5771

1681 2277 943 1838 6740

1787 2518 893 1746 6945

1938 2713 989 1860 7500

2048 2869 923 2020 7860

2202 3079 804 1909 7994

2377 3178 713 2038 8306

2767 3430 715 2404 9317

2970 3660 662 2574 9867

3130 3951 694 2592 10367

3329 4001 751 2676 10756

6.4% 1.2% 8.3% 3.2% 3.8%

30.9% 37.2% 7.0% 24.9% 100.0%

1755 1913 749 1039 5456

1766 1869 653 1019 5308

1817 1878 676 1021 5391

1794 1760 657 999 5210

1770 1621 657 1005 5053

1650 1502 707 1024 4882

1669 1381 450 922 4422

1728 1391 442 913 4474

1664 1343 577 887 4470

1636 1360 811 901 4709

1663 1352 639 895 4551

1.7% -0.5% -21.2% -0.6% -3.4%

36.6% 29.7% 14.0% 19.7% 100.0%

25522 28135 9658 16902 80216

26258 29375 9688 17734 83055

26549 30159 9786 17896 84389

26893 30649 9599 18185 85325

27444 31227 9536 18547 86754

27273 31420 9318 18137 86147

27685 30534 8761 18131 85111

28588 31749 8657 18807 87801

28480 32656 8567 19231 88934

28826 32994 8636 19476 89931

29442 33480 8405 20003 91331

2.1% 1.5% -2.7% 2.7% 1.6%

32.2% 36.7% 9.2% 21.9% 100.0%

17741 16906 4230 10057 48934

17984 17329 4138 10262 49713

18021 17669 4203 10185 50078

18009 17783 3799 10297 49888

18098 17609 3717 10266 49690

17412 17303 3508 9862 48085

17390 16226 2908 9533 46057

17548 16576 2768 9617 46509

17080 16668 2745 9546 46040

16911 16344 2773 9517 45545

17014 16480 2370 9693 45558

0.6% 0.8% -14.5% 1.8%

37.3% 36.2% 5.2% 21.3% 100.0%

7782 11228 5427 6845 31282

8273 12046 5550 7473 33342

8528 12490 5583 7711 34311

8883 12866 5800 7888 35437

9346 13618 5819 8281 37064

9861 14117 5810 8275 38062

10295 14308 5853 8598 39054

11040 15173 5889 9189 41292

11400 15988 5821 9684 42894

11915 16649 5863 9959 44386

12428 16999 6035 10311 45773

4.3% 2.1% 2.9% 3.5% 3.1%

27.2% 37.1% 13.2% 22.5% 100.0%

3805 6621 1649 2793 14866

3755 6810 1601 2835 15002

3665 6981 1603 2874 15123

3528 7114 1587 2895 15122

3476 6978 1502 2846 14802

3290 7160 1451 2810 14710

3185 6892 1289 2611 13977

3142 6920 1190 2575 13827

2933 6885 1118 2520 13455

2816 6750 992 2389 12946

2753 6735 889 2393 12770

-2.2% -0.2% -10.4% 0.2% -1.4%

21.6% 52.7% 7.0% 18.7% 100.0%



◆Less

than 0.05%. Notes: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures. ‘Light distillates’ consists of aviation and motor gasolines and light distillate feedstock (LDF). ‘Middle distillates’ consists of jet and heating kerosenes, and gas and diesel oils (including marine bunkers). ‘Fuel oil’ includes marine bunkers and crude oil used directly as fuel. ‘Others’ consists of refinery gas, liquefied petroleum gas (LPG), solvents, petroleum coke, lubricants, bitumen, wax, other refined products and refinery fuel and loss.

13

Product consumption by region Million barrels daily

Middle distillates

Light distillates Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Former Soviet Union

03

04

05

Europe S. & Cent. America North America

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

35

35

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

05

06

07

08

11

12

13

0

30

30

25

25

20

20

15

15

10

10

5

5

0

03

04

05

06

07

08

US Gulf Coast product prices US dollars per barrel

97

10

35

US dollars per barrel

96

09

35

Rotterdam product prices 160

Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil

98

99

140

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12 13

09

10

11

12

13

0

160

Gasoline Gas oil Heavy fuel oil

140

120

120

100

100

80

80

60

60

40

40

20

20

0

Source: Platts.

14

04

Others

Fuel oil

03

03

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

0

Source: Platts.

Spot crude prices US dollars per barrel

1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Dubai $/bbl*

Brent $/bbl†

Nigerian Forcados $/bbl

West Texas Intermediate $/bbl‡

11.63 12.38 13.03 29.75 35.69 34.32 31.80 28.78 28.06 27.53 13.10 16.95 13.27 15.62 20.45 16.63 17.17 14.93 14.74 16.10 18.52 18.23 12.21 17.25 26.20 22.81 23.74 26.78 33.64 49.35 61.50 68.19 94.34 61.39 78.06 106.18 109.08 105.47

12.80 13.92 14.02 31.61 36.83 35.93 32.97 29.55 28.78 27.56 14.43 18.44 14.92 18.23 23.73 20.00 19.32 16.97 15.82 17.02 20.67 19.09 12.72 17.97 28.50 24.44 25.02 28.83 38.27 54.52 65.14 72.39 97.26 61.67 79.50 111.26 111.67 108.66

12.87 14.21 13.65 29.25 36.98 36.18 33.29 29.54 28.14 27.75 14.46 18.39 15.00 18.30 23.85 20.11 19.61 17.41 16.25 17.26 21.16 19.33 12.62 18.00 28.42 24.23 25.04 28.66 38.13 55.69 67.07 74.48 101.43 63.35 81.05 113.65 114.21 111.95

12.23 14.22 14.55 25.08 37.96 36.08 33.65 30.30 29.39 27.98 15.10 19.18 15.97 19.68 24.50 21.54 20.57 18.45 17.21 18.42 22.16 20.61 14.39 19.31 30.37 25.93 26.16 31.07 41.49 56.59 66.02 72.20 100.06 61.92 79.45 95.04 94.13 97.99

*1976-1985 Arabian Light, 1986-2013 Dubai dated. †1976-1983 Forties, 1984-2013 Brent dated. ‡1976-1983 Posted WTI prices, 1984-2013 Spot WTI (Cushing) prices.

Source: Platts.

Crude oil prices 1861-2013 US dollars per barrel World events Yom Kippur war Post-war reconstruction

Fears of shortage in US Growth of Venezuelan production

Pennsylvanian oil boom

Russian oil exports began

East Texas field discovered

Sumatra Discovery of production Spindletop, began Texas

Iranian revolution

Loss of Iranian supplies

Netback pricing introduced

Suez crisis

Iraq invaded Kuwait

Asian financial crisis Invasion of Iraq

‘Arab Spring’

120 110 100 90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 1861-69

1870-79

$ 2013 $ money of the day

1880-89

1890-99

1900-09

1910-19

1920-29

1930-39

1940-49

1950-59

1960-69

1970-79

1980-89

1990-99

2000-09

2010-19

0

1861-1944 US average. 1945-1983 Arabian Light posted at Ras Tanura. 1984-2013 Brent dated.

15

Refinery capacities Thousand barrels daily*

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Netherlands Antilles Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Belgium France Germany Greece Italy Netherlands Norway Russian Federation Spain Sweden Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Iraq Kuwait Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

16894 1959 1463 20316 614 1915 320 1269 2229 6347 805 1967 2304 412 2485 1282 310 5320 1347 422 713 1813 5600 24780 1607 750 914 1894 645 1248 7058 3141 756 6295 2293 1057 4645 1255 2598 1159 1068 1416 22541 84182 44986 39196 15911 7702

17125 1915 1463 20503 617 1915 320 1284 2235 6371 782 1982 2320 412 2497 1284 310 5328 1372 422 693 1848 5576 24826 1642 750 936 2079 620 1248 7275 3058 763 6603 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1068 1408 22999 85033 45133 39900 15985 7690

17339 1896 1463 20698 621 1916 320 1291 2254 6402 778 1978 2322 418 2515 1274 316 5400 1377 422 613 1819 5539 24772 1642 753 936 2107 620 1248 7306 3154 711 7165 2558 1057 4531 1255 2598 1159 1078 1431 23543 85875 45210 40665 15993 7702

17443 1914 1463 20821 617 1916 320 1294 2263 6410 774 1959 2390 425 2526 1274 316 5484 1362 422 613 1836 5427 24807 1727 758 936 2107 620 1298 7446 3017 694 7865 2872 1127 4588 1255 2633 1140 1125 1440 24739 87240 45459 41781 16023 7726

17594 1907 1463 20964 628 1935 320 1303 2313 6499 745 1962 2390 425 2497 1236 316 5498 1362 422 613 1819 5464 24750 1772 765 936 2107 625 1381 7586 3034 733 8399 2983 1150 4650 1255 2671 1197 1125 1452 25615 88447 45679 42768 15951 7741

17672 1951 1463 21086 628 2045 320 1303 2359 6655 745 1971 2366 425 2396 1280 316 5419 1362 422 613 1827 5450 24592 1805 754 936 2107 680 1390 7672 3148 734 8722 2992 1052 4650 1385 2712 1197 1195 1471 26110 89262 45780 43482 15825 7712

17584 1976 1463 21023 630 2093 320 1303 2328 6674 823 1873 2362 425 2396 1280 316 5401 1362 422 613 1757 5492 24521 1860 786 936 2107 700 1536 7925 3009 734 9479 3574 1085 4630 1385 2712 1197 1255 1634 27684 90836 45634 45202 15724 7720

17736 1951 1463 21151 633 2093 320 1303 2298 6647 813 1702 2091 440 2396 1274 316 5511 1416 422 613 1757 5606 24358 1860 907 936 2107 700 1541 8051 3203 740 10302 3703 1139 4291 1385 2712 1197 1260 1678 28407 91816 45115 46701 15425 7856

17322 2046 1606 20974 640 2010 320 1303 2195 6468 823 1610 2077 495 2311 1276 316 5589 1416 434 613 1787 5513 24262 1860 996 936 2117 705 1553 8167 3152 742 10834 3795 1116 4274 1395 2860 1197 1260 1697 29169 92192 45013 47178 15343 7840

17824 2063 1606 21492 645 2000 320 1303 1626 5894 786 1639 2097 498 2200 1274 316 5785 1537 434 613 1526 5220 23926 1892 1042 936 2122 710 1553 8255 3350 663 11933 4279 1041 4254 1395 2887 1197 1260 1704 30612 93529 45179 48350 15021 7856

*Atmospheric distillation capacity on a calendar-day basis. ◆Less than 0.05%. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

17818 1965 1606 21389 663 2093 320 1353 1600 6029 810 1520 2061 498 2062 1274 316 6027 1537 434 613 1526 5208 23887 1970 1129 936 2522 710 1555 8822 3517 662 12598 4319 1072 4123 1395 2887 1197 1267 1765 31284 94929 44704 50225 14736 8068



-4.7% – -0.5% 2.8% 4.6% – 3.8% -1.6% 2.3% 3.1% -7.2% -1.7% – -6.3% – – 4.2% – – – – -0.2% -0.2% 4.1% 8.3% – 18.9% – 0.1% 6.9% 5.0% -0.2% 5.6% 0.9% 3.0% -3.1% – – – 0.6% 3.6% 2.2% 1.5% -1.1% 3.9% -1.9% 2.7%

2013 share of total

18.8% 2.1% 1.7% 22.5% 0.7% 2.2% 0.3% 1.4% 1.7% 6.4% 0.9% 1.6% 2.2% 0.5% 2.2% 1.3% 0.3% 6.3% 1.6% 0.5% 0.6% 1.6% 5.5% 25.2% 2.1% 1.2% 1.0% 2.7% 0.7% 1.6% 9.3% 3.7% 0.7% 13.3% 4.5% 1.1% 4.3% 1.5% 3.0% 1.3% 1.3% 1.9% 33.0% 100.0% 47.1% 52.9% 15.5% 8.5%

Source: Includes data from ICIS ATEC.

Refinery throughputs Thousand barrels daily*

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Australasia China India Japan Other Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

Change 2013 over 2012

2013 share of total

15304 1880 1436 5009 19920 5602 2301 823 4823 2380 4118 6938 70534 39814 30720 13784 5276

15475 1957 1436 5401 20371 5796 2304 820 5382 2559 4038 7364 72903 40368 32535 14131 5417

15220 1883 1415 5380 20736 6008 2491 757 5916 2561 4136 7491 73995 40166 33828 14203 5713

15242 1835 1407 5334 20783 6300 2372 749 6155 2860 4026 7482 74545 39980 34566 14038 5873

15156 1908 1395 5456 20716 6397 2372 767 6563 3107 3995 7521 75354 39720 35634 13805 6017

14648 1839 1392 5369 20635 6396 2457 756 6953 3213 3946 7387 74992 38791 36201 13682 6188

14336 1773 1392 4900 19509 6241 2292 762 7488 3641 3627 7288 73249 36975 36275 12681 6170

14724 1832 1184 4850 19627 6338 2449 756 8571 3899 3619 7397 75245 37242 38003 12597 6401

14806 1734 1166 5053 19491 6517 2169 789 9059 4085 3410 7390 75668 36904 38764 12245 6592

14999 1795 1199 4657 19538 6388 2206 779 9199 4302 3400 7436 75899 37196 38702 12206 6683

15315 1762 1224 4786 19142 6353 2177 735 9648 4462 3453 7227 76284 36856 39428 11620 6832

2.1% -1.8% 2.1% 2.8% -2.0% -0.5% -1.3% -5.7% 4.9% 3.7% 1.5% -2.8% 0.5% -0.9% 1.9% -4.8% 2.2%

20.1% 2.3% 1.6% 6.3% 25.1% 8.3% 2.9% 1.0% 12.6% 5.8% 4.5% 9.5% 100.0% 48.3% 51.7% 15.2% 9.0%

*Input to primary distillation units only. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

16

Source: Includes data from Energy Security Analysis, Inc. (ESAI).

Refinery utilization Percentage 100

90

80

70

60

North America S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East Africa Asia Pacific World 03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

50

13

40

Global crude runs grew by 0.4 million b/d in 2013, with increases in China, India and the US more than offsetting declines in Europe and Other Asia Pacific. Global refining capacity grew by 1.4 million b/d, led by additions in China and the Middle East. Global average refinery utilization slipped to 80.4%, the lowest since 1987.

Regional refining margins US dollars per barrel

25

USGC Heavy Sour Coking NWE Light Sweet Cracking Singapore Medium Sour Hydrocracking

20

15

10

5

0

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

-5

Note: The refining margins presented are benchmark margins for three major global refining centres: US Gulf Coast (USGC), North West Europe (NWE – Rotterdam) and Singapore. In each case they are based on a single crude oil appropriate for that region and have optimized product yields based on a generic refinery configuration (cracking, hydrocracking or coking), again appropriate for that region. The margins are on a semi-variable basis, i.e. the margin after all variable costs and fixed energy costs.

17

Trade movements Thousand barrels daily

Imports US Europe Japan Rest of World Total World Exports US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa Asia Pacific† Rest of World Total World

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

2013 share of total

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

12254 11993 5314 17191 46752

12898 12538 5203 18651 49290

13525 13261 5225 19172 51182

13612 13461 5201 20287 52561

13632 13953 5032 22937 55554

12872 13751 4925 23078 54626

11453 12486 4263 24132 52333

11689 12094 4567 25160 53510

11338 12208 4494 26570 54610

10587 12488 4743 27496 55314

9792 12637 4530 29516 56475

-7.5% 1.2% -4.5% 7.3% 2.1%

17.3% 22.4% 8.0% 52.3% 100.0%

921 2096 2115 2942 2066 6003 18943 2715 3612 3978 1361 46752

991 2148 2070 3233 1993 6440 19630 2917 4048 4189 1631 49290

1129 2201 2065 3528 2149 7076 19821 3070 4358 4243 1542 51182

1317 2330 2102 3681 2173 7155 20204 3225 4704 4312 1359 52561

1439 2457 1975 3570 2273 8334 19680 3336 4830 6004 1656 55554

1967 2498 1609 3616 2023 8184 20128 3260 4587 5392 1363 54626

1947 2518 1449 3748 2034 7972 18409 2938 4364 5631 1323 52333

2154 2599 1539 3568 1888 8544 18883 2871 4601 6226 637 53510

2497 2798 1487 3764 2053 8791 19753 1949 4654 6217 646 54610

2680 3056 1366 3834 2174 8597 19699 2604 4564 6419 322 55314

3271 3276 1335 3710 2400 9048 19603 2217 4462 6680 473 56475

22.0% 7.2% -2.3% -3.2% 10.4% 5.2% -0.5% -14.9% -2.2% 4.1% 47.2% 2.1%

5.8% 5.8% 2.4% 6.6% 4.3% 16.0% 34.7% 3.9% 7.9% 11.8% 0.8% 100.0%

Japan Singapore

Other Asia Pacific

Total

†Excludes Japan. Excludes trade between other Asia Pacific countries and India prior to 2007. North and West African exports excludes intra-Africa trade. Note: Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using thousand barrels daily figures.

Inter-area movements 2013 To Million tonnes From

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total imports

US

Canada

Mexico

S. & Cent. America

Europe

Former Soviet Union

– 154.5 45.6 83.8 23.8 25.0 100.1 9.0 31.5 † 0.1 0.3 2.9 0.8 0.7 5.4 483.5

14.5 – 1.4 0.6 7.9 0.3 6.3 3.1 4.2 † – 0.1 0.1 † † † 38.4

24.7 † – 0.3 3.5 – 0.3 – – † – – – – – † 28.9

52.6 1.1 2.0 – 9.3 0.7 6.5 4.5 14.3 0.1 0.6 4.5 4.5 0.2 0.3 1.9 103.1

32.3 3.6 9.5 18.2 – 295.0 102.6 74.1 72.9 0.1 0.1 0.6 8.3 0.2 1.2 4.1 622.8

0.1 † – 0.1 5.0 – 0.4 0.1 † † † 0.5 † † † † 6.3

3.6 0.1 † 0.1 12.3 13.4 – 1.2 – † † 1.1 17.4 † 1.4 1.2 51.9

6.5 † – 0.3 28.7 1.8 16.5 – – – † 1.1 8.5 0.1 2.9 2.0 68.4

– 3125 919 1690 496 519 2011 185 635 1 2 7 60 17 15 111 9792

298 – 28 12 160 5 127 63 84

517

75 2

– – – – – 1 603

674 74 191 368 – 5989 2074 1497 1466 3 2 13 173 5 25 85 12637

2

– 1 2

1100 22 40 – 193 15 133 93 287 2 11 94 93 5 7 39 2134

Middle East

Africa Australasia

China

India

0.3 † – † 0.1 1.9 7.7 1.0 5.9 † – 0.1 † 3.5 10.5 19.5 50.6

7.1 1.6 1.3 30.7 1.3 63.3 161.8 6.5 53.5 5.9 6.8 – 0.6 1.7 6.5 29.4 378.2

1.9 0.1 4.8 31.5 0.6 2.1 124.6 4.7 26.8 0.3 0.1 0.6 – † 0.4 4.6 203.3

5.7 0.6 – 2.3 1.3 14.4 164.2 1.2 3.5 0.5 2.0 0.5 3.0 – 0.1 24.4 223.7

5.9 † 1.6 13.4 8.2 7.7 53.0 0.2 0.8 0.4 1.6 4.3 7.1 3.3 – 38.5 146.1

1.5 0.1 † 2.3 13.5 19.1 227.2 3.6 8.5 0.1 6.8 18.7 6.7 5.4 56.9 – 370.5

156.7 161.9 66.2 183.4 115.6 444.7 971.4 109.4 221.9 7.5 18.1 32.2 59.1 15.4 81.0 131.0 2775.5

136

7

– 6 598 36 334 – – – 1 23 177 2 60 42 1416

– 1 2 38 155 21 118

148 34 26 620 27 1294 3262 131 1074 118 141 – 13 36 136 612 7673

40 2 97 632 13 42 2509 96 539 7 3 12 – 1 8 93 4094

118 13 – 47 28 290 3310 25 70 11 40 9 64 – 2 502 4530

123 1 33 279 171 160 1076 5 17 7 32 89 149 70 – 803 3017

32 3

3271 3276 1335 3710 2400 9048 19603 2217 4462 152 368 672 1236 322 1694 2710 56475

Thousand barrels daily From

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total imports †Less than 0.05. ‡Less than 0.5.

18





1



781



– 6 73 – 6 – –





– 2 104 – 9 3 ‡ ‡ ‡

10

‡ ‡ ‡

1 131



2 258 273 – 25 – 1



22 364 1 29 24 1076







– 1



74 220 397 1033



46 279 386 4596 74 171 3 137 390 141 112 1189 – 7559

Major trade movements 2013 Trade flows worldwide (million tonnes)

32.3

295.0 0 23.8

63.3

25.0

154 1 54.5 4

16 164.2 10 02.6

72.9 31.5

24.7

74.1 74 41

161.8 16

28.7 28 28.7 7

45.6

19.1

5 0 53.0 100.1 52.6

17.4 7.4 7.4 4 16. 6..5 6.5

83.8

29.4

124. 4. 4.6

24.4

18.7

56.9 6

227.2 38.5 18.2

19.5

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific

26.8 53.5

31.5 30.7

Imports and exports 2013 Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe Former Soviet Union Middle East North Africa West Africa East & Southern Africa Australasia China India Japan Singapore Other Asia Pacific Total World

Thousand barrels daily

Crude imports

Product imports

Crude exports

Product exports

Crude imports

Product imports

Crude exports

Product exports

384.4 27.6 † 25.1 463.8 0.2 10.8 2.7 † 13.4 28.4 282.6 190.5 178.2 44.4 226.4 1878.3

99.2 10.8 28.9 78.0 159.0 6.0 41.1 19.1 13.2 20.0 22.2 95.6 12.9 45.5 101.7 144.1 897.2

5.6 132.2 60.3 151.3 18.9 300.1 855.3 85.2 214.9 6.8 11.5 0.9 † 0.6 0.1 34.4 1878.3

151.1 29.7 5.9 32.1 96.6 144.5 116.1 24.2 7.0 0.7 6.5 31.3 59.1 14.8 80.9 96.6 897.2

7719 554

2074 226 603 1631 3324 126 860 399 276 417 464 1998 269 951 2125 3012 18755

112 2655 1212 3039 380 6027 17176 1712 4316 137 231 19

3158 621 123 671 2020 3021 2427 505 146 15 136 653 1236 309 1692 2020 18755



503 9313 4 216 54 ‡

269 569 5675 3825 3579 892 4547 37720



13 2 690 37720

†Less than 0.05. ‡Less than 0.5. Note: Bunkers are not included as exports. Intra-area movements (for example, between countries in Europe) are excluded.

19

  Natural gas Proved reserves

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Papua New Guinea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union *More than 100 years.

At end 1993 Trillion cubic metres

At end 2003 Trillion cubic metres

At end 2012 Trillion cubic metres

Trillion cubic feet

4.6 2.2 2.0 8.8 0.5 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.2 3.7 0.2 5.4 n/a 0.1 0.2 0.3 n/a 1.7 1.4 0.2 0.4 n/a n/a n/a 0.6 n/a 35.6 40.5 0.2 20.7 3.1 1.5 0.2 7.1 5.2 0.2 5.8 0.4 † 44.4 3.7 0.6 1.3 3.7 0.7 10.0 1.0 0.3 0.4 1.7 0.7 1.8 1.8 0.3 0.7 † 0.2 0.1 0.3 9.3 118.4 14.6 103.8 3.7 35.3

5.4 1.6 0.4 7.4 0.6 0.8 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.5 4.2 0.1 6.8 0.9 0.1 0.2 0.1 1.3 1.4 2.5 0.1 0.3 30.4 2.3 0.7 0.9 1.2 0.4 42.7 0.1 27.6 3.2 1.6 1.0 25.3 6.8 0.3 6.0 0.5 0.1 72.4 4.5 1.7 1.5 5.1 1.0 13.9 2.4 0.4 0.3 1.3 0.9 2.6 2.5 0.4 0.8 † 0.4 0.2 0.5 12.7 155.7 15.3 140.4 3.2 36.9

8.7 2.0 0.4 11.1 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.6 0.1 7.7 0.9 † 0.1 0.1 1.5 0.9 2.1 0.1 0.1 31.0 17.5 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.3 56.5 0.2 33.6 3.6 1.8 0.9 24.9 8.2 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.2 80.3 4.5 2.0 1.5 5.1 1.2 14.4 3.8 0.3 0.3 3.3 1.3 2.9 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.3 15.2 185.3 18.7 166.6 1.6 52.8

330.0 71.4 12.3 413.7 11.1 11.2 15.9 5.7 15.4 12.4 196.8 2.2 270.9 31.0 1.2 1.7 1.8 53.9 30.1 72.4 4.1 4.1 1103.6 617.3 22.7 8.6 38.3 8.8 1999.5 6.7 1192.9 126.7 63.0 33.5 871.5 290.8 10.1 215.1 16.9 8.1 2835.4 159.1 65.2 54.7 179.4 43.3 501.7 129.9 9.7 10.2 115.6 47.8 103.3 38.5 10.0 22.7 5.5 10.1 21.8 11.5 536.6 6557.8 678.3 5879.5 55.6 1869.5

At end 2013 Trillion cubic Share of metres total

9.3 2.0 0.3 11.7 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.4 0.4 5.6 0.1 7.7 0.9 † † 0.1 1.5 0.9 2.0 0.1 0.1 31.3 17.5 0.6 0.2 1.1 0.2 56.6 0.2 33.8 3.6 1.8 0.9 24.7 8.2 0.3 6.1 0.5 0.2 80.3 4.5 1.8 1.5 5.1 1.2 14.2 3.7 0.3 0.3 3.3 1.4 2.9 1.1 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.3 0.6 0.3 15.2 185.7 19.2 166.5 1.6 52.9

5.0% 1.1% 0.2% 6.3% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 3.0% ◆

4.1% 0.5% ◆ ◆ ◆

0.8% 0.5% 1.1% 0.1% 0.1% 16.8% 9.4% 0.3% 0.1% 0.6% 0.1% 30.5% 0.1% 18.2% 1.9% 1.0% 0.5% 13.3% 4.4% 0.2% 3.3% 0.3% 0.1% 43.2% 2.4% 1.0% 0.8% 2.7% 0.7% 7.6% 2.0% 0.1% 0.2% 1.8% 0.7% 1.6% 0.6% 0.2% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 8.2% 100.0% 10.3% 89.7% 0.8% 28.5%

R/P ratio

13.6 13.1 6.1 13.0 8.9 15.2 21.2 12.8 35.7 8.2 * 24.9 43.5 54.3 7.0 5.9 7.3 82.5 12.4 18.8 27.5 10.6 51.7 * 33.4 6.7 19.7 33.4 54.8 12.1 * * * 30.7 * 79.9 63.9 * 46.3 35.3 * 57.3 32.9 * * 56.9 69.5 85.8 12.6 23.6 28.0 40.2 41.6 15.8 21.6 16.7 * 6.8 63.3 17.5 31.1 55.1 16.0 76.7 10.7 68.2

†Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. n/a not available. Notes: Proved reserves of natural gas – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known reservoirs under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of any year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate. Source of data – The estimates in this table have been compiled using a combination of primary official sources and third-party data from Cedigaz and the OPEC Secretariat.

20

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

History

2013 by region 200

North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Africa

800

Middle East Asia Pacific World

160

600

120

400

80

200 40

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

0

83

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

World proved natural gas reserves at end-2013 stood at 185.7 trillion cubic metres (tcm), sufficient to meet 55.1 years of global production. Proved reserves grew by 0.2% relative to end-2012 data. An increase in the US (+7.1%) accounted for all of the net growth in global proved reserves in 2013. Iran (33.8 tcm) and Russia (31.3 tcm) hold the largest proved reserves.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1993, 2003 and 2013 Percentage

Middle East Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific Africa North America S. & Cent. America

4.1

43.2

6.3

4.4

46.5

7.6

4.7

4.6

8.9

37.5

7.4

8.2

8.5

7.8

8.1

1993 Total 118.4 trillion cubic metres

2003 Total 155.7 trillion cubic metres

2013 Total 185.7 trillion cubic metres

34.2 27.4

30.5

21

Production* Billion cubic metres

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

540.8 184.7 41.7 767.2 41.0 6.4 10.0 6.1 0.5 27.0 25.2 3.1 119.4 4.6 8.0 17.7 12.7 11.1 58.1 73.1 4.0 13.0 561.6 53.5 17.6 102.9 52.0 10.6 1000.5 9.6 82.7 1.6 11.0 16.5 31.4 60.1 6.2 44.8 – 0.3 264.1 82.8 30.1 5.5 22.6 7.2 148.2 33.2 12.3 12.4 35.0 29.5 73.2 51.8 9.6 30.4 21.5 2.4 10.6 322.0 2621.3 1093.9 1527.4 225.8 700.7

526.4 183.7 43.4 753.6 44.9 9.8 11.0 6.4 0.9 30.2 28.4 3.1 134.7 4.5 9.4 16.4 11.9 12.3 68.5 79.2 4.4 12.8 573.3 52.8 18.4 96.4 54.2 11.0 1025.3 9.8 96.4 1.0 11.9 18.5 39.2 65.7 6.4 46.3 – 1.5 296.6 82.0 33.0 8.1 24.4 8.9 156.4 35.3 12.8 12.2 41.5 29.2 70.3 53.9 10.2 34.5 22.4 4.2 10.0 336.4 2702.8 1092.8 1610.0 229.5 715.8

511.1 187.1 52.3 750.6 45.6 11.9 10.9 6.7 1.5 33.0 27.4 3.4 140.5 5.2 10.4 15.8 11.1 12.7 62.5 85.8 4.3 12.4 580.1 57.0 18.6 88.2 54.0 10.7 1028.8 10.7 102.3 1.5 12.2 19.8 45.8 71.2 5.5 47.8 – 1.9 318.7 88.2 42.5 11.3 25.1 9.9 177.0 37.1 13.8 12.0 49.3 29.6 71.2 61.1 12.2 35.5 23.7 6.4 11.0 363.0 2778.6 1084.3 1694.3 214.1 727.9

524.0 188.4 57.3 769.7 46.1 12.9 11.2 7.0 1.8 40.1 31.5 3.8 154.3 6.1 10.4 15.6 10.1 13.0 61.6 88.7 4.3 11.9 595.2 60.4 18.7 80.0 54.5 10.5 1040.9 11.3 111.5 1.5 12.5 23.7 50.7 73.5 5.6 49.0 – 2.6 341.9 84.5 54.7 13.2 29.6 10.4 192.4 38.9 15.1 12.6 58.6 29.3 70.3 63.3 12.6 36.1 24.3 7.0 14.6 382.6 2881.8 1097.4 1784.4 203.0 748.2

545.6 182.7 53.7 781.9 44.8 13.8 11.2 7.5 2.7 42.2 36.1 3.9 162.3 9.8 9.2 14.3 8.9 15.1 60.5 90.3 4.3 11.5 592.1 65.4 18.7 72.1 59.1 10.7 1042.1 11.8 125.0 1.5 12.1 24.0 63.2 74.4 5.6 50.3 – 3.0 370.9 84.8 55.7 15.3 36.9 12.3 205.0 40.0 15.9 12.3 69.2 30.1 67.6 64.6 13.5 36.8 26.0 7.1 17.4 400.5 2962.7 1101.2 1861.5 190.2 760.5

570.8 176.6 53.4 800.8 44.1 14.3 14.0 9.1 3.4 42.0 32.8 3.7 163.2 14.8 10.1 13.0 8.5 16.9 66.6 100.1 4.1 11.4 601.8 66.1 19.0 69.6 62.2 10.2 1074.4 12.7 132.4 1.9 12.8 24.1 77.0 80.4 5.3 50.2 – 3.6 400.3 85.8 59.0 15.9 36.2 15.8 212.6 38.3 17.0 12.2 80.3 30.5 69.7 64.7 12.4 37.5 28.8 7.5 18.3 417.1 3068.5 1131.0 1937.5 192.1 781.0

584.0 164.0 59.4 807.4 41.4 12.3 11.9 10.5 3.5 43.6 31.0 4.2 158.5 14.8 8.4 12.2 7.3 16.4 62.7 104.4 4.1 11.3 527.7 36.4 19.3 59.7 60.0 10.2 954.8 12.8 144.2 1.2 11.5 24.8 89.3 78.5 5.6 48.8 0.8 3.0 420.3 79.6 62.7 15.9 26.0 16.3 200.4 42.3 18.5 11.4 85.3 39.2 71.9 63.4 11.6 38.4 30.9 8.0 18.6 439.6 2981.0 1128.7 1852.3 174.7 674.8

603.6 159.9 57.6 821.1 40.1 14.2 14.6 11.3 7.2 44.8 27.4 3.6 163.2 15.1 8.2 10.6 7.7 15.9 70.5 107.3 4.1 10.9 588.9 42.4 18.5 57.1 59.6 10.1 1026.9 13.1 152.4 1.3 11.7 27.1 116.7 87.7 8.0 51.3 6.2 3.4 478.9 80.4 61.3 16.8 37.3 18.4 214.3 45.2 19.9 12.3 94.8 50.8 82.0 65.3 12.4 39.6 36.3 9.4 18.2 486.4 3190.8 1151.9 2038.9 178.0 740.7

648.5 159.7 58.3 866.5 38.8 16.0 16.7 11.0 11.3 42.9 27.6 3.1 167.4 14.8 6.6 10.0 7.7 17.5 64.2 101.3 4.3 10.9 607.0 59.5 18.7 45.2 57.0 9.5 1034.2 13.3 159.9 0.9 13.5 26.5 145.3 92.3 7.1 52.3 9.4 4.4 524.8 82.7 61.4 7.9 40.6 18.6 211.2 44.9 20.1 12.8 102.7 46.1 75.9 65.3 12.8 39.2 37.0 8.5 18.4 483.5 3287.7 1170.0 2117.7 157.0 774.8

681.2 156.0 56.9 894.2 37.7 18.3 19.3 12.0 11.9 42.7 29.5 2.9 174.3 15.6 5.8 9.0 7.9 18.4 63.9 114.7 4.3 10.9 592.3 62.3 18.6 38.9 56.9 8.7 1028.1 13.7 165.6 0.7 15.5 30.0 150.8 99.3 5.3 54.3 7.6 2.6 545.5 81.5 60.9 12.2 43.3 18.5 216.3 43.4 21.1 12.6 107.2 40.3 71.1 66.5 12.7 41.2 41.4 9.4 18.2 484.9 3343.3 1199.3 2144.0 147.9 764.3

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

687.6 154.8 56.6 899.1 35.5 20.8 21.3 12.6 12.2 42.8 28.4 2.5 176.4 16.2 4.8 8.2 7.1 18.5 68.7 108.7 4.2 11.0 604.8 62.3 19.3 36.5 55.2 7.5 1032.9 15.8 166.6 0.6 15.6 30.9 158.5 103.0 4.5 56.0 10.3 6.5 568.2 78.6 56.1 12.0 36.1 21.6 204.3 42.9 21.9 12.2 117.1 33.7 70.4 69.1 13.1 38.6 41.8 9.8 18.7 489.0 3369.9 1200.0 2169.8 146.8 776.5

1.3% -0.5% -0.2% 0.9% -5.6% 14.4% 11.0% 5.8% 3.1% 0.5% -3.2% -13.4% 1.5% 3.8% -15.6% -8.8% -9.9% 0.8% 7.9% -5.0% -1.4% 0.6% 2.4% 0.4% 4.0% -5.9% -2.8% -13.8% 0.7% 15.2% 0.8% -4.4% 0.7% 3.3% 5.4% 4.0% -15.2% 3.3% 36.5% 148.5% 4.5% -3.3% -7.7% -1.5% -16.4% 17.2% -5.3% -0.9% 4.2% -2.6% 9.5% -16.3% -0.7% 4.2% 3.1% -6.2% 1.2% 4.5% 3.3% 1.1% 1.1% 0.4% 1.5% -0.5% 1.9%

2013 share of total

20.6% 4.6% 1.7% 26.9% 1.1% 0.6% 0.6% 0.4% 0.4% 1.3% 0.8% 0.1% 5.2% 0.5% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5% 2.0% 3.2% 0.1% 0.3% 17.9% 1.8% 0.6% 1.1% 1.6% 0.2% 30.6% 0.5% 4.9% ♦

0.5% 0.9% 4.7% 3.0% 0.1% 1.7% 0.3% 0.2% 16.8% 2.3% 1.7% 0.4% 1.1% 0.6% 6.0% 1.3% 0.6% 0.4% 3.5% 1.0% 2.1% 2.0% 0.4% 1.1% 1.2% 0.3% 0.6% 14.5% 100.0% 35.8% 64.2% 4.3% 23.0%

*E xcluding gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for Gas-to-Liquids transformation. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures. Natural gas production data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

22

Consumption* Billion cubic metres

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

630.8 97.7 51.4 779.9 34.6 15.8 8.0 6.0 0.3 0.5 13.4 25.2 3.1 106.8 9.4 7.7 15.8 16.0 2.8 8.7 5.2 4.5 43.2 85.5 2.4 13.2 4.1 71.2 8.8 3.1 40.0 4.3 12.5 3.0 18.3 379.5 6.3 23.6 0.8 2.9 20.9 14.2 69.0 95.3 45.8 15.3 1053.6 85.0 † 11.0 12.2 60.1 37.9 25.0 231.1 21.4 29.7 1.0 22.7 74.8 22.4 12.3 33.9 1.8 29.5 35.0 79.8 27.3 4.3 30.4 2.5 4.0 24.2 7.7 28.6 2.4 4.2 350.3 2596.6 1394.8 1201.8 476.7 551.7

634.4 95.1 54.3 783.8 37.9 18.8 8.7 6.3 0.3 0.9 14.8 28.4 3.0 119.0 9.5 8.3 17.9 16.2 2.8 9.1 5.2 4.3 45.1 85.9 2.7 13.1 4.1 73.9 6.7 3.1 40.9 4.6 13.2 3.7 17.5 389.3 6.1 27.4 0.8 3.0 22.1 15.0 68.5 97.4 43.4 16.9 1077.6 98.7 1.2 11.9 15.0 65.7 40.2 26.5 259.3 22.0 31.7 2.1 25.4 81.2 22.8 12.8 39.7 2.7 31.9 32.2 77.0 24.7 3.9 34.5 2.4 5.0 28.4 9.3 29.9 4.2 4.5 365.7 2686.7 1417.1 1269.6 489.7 560.8

623.4 97.8 61.0 782.2 40.4 19.6 8.4 6.7 0.3 1.5 16.3 27.4 3.3 123.9 10.0 8.6 18.4 16.4 3.1 9.5 5.0 4.0 44.8 86.2 2.7 12.2 3.9 79.1 8.5 3.3 39.3 4.5 13.6 4.2 17.6 394.1 6.6 32.4 0.8 3.1 26.9 16.1 69.0 94.9 42.7 17.1 1098.2 102.8 1.7 12.2 18.7 71.2 42.1 28.4 277.0 23.2 31.6 3.1 27.7 85.6 22.2 13.8 46.8 2.7 35.7 33.2 78.6 31.4 3.6 35.5 3.2 6.8 30.4 9.4 32.5 6.4 5.2 397.3 2764.3 1430.0 1334.3 497.1 569.8

614.4 96.9 66.6 778.0 41.8 20.6 7.8 7.0 0.4 1.8 21.2 31.5 3.9 136.0 9.4 9.1 19.0 16.7 3.2 9.3 5.1 4.2 43.7 87.2 3.1 10.8 4.4 77.4 9.0 3.2 38.1 4.4 13.7 4.1 18.1 415.0 6.0 33.7 0.9 3.0 30.5 18.4 67.0 90.0 41.9 17.8 1117.4 112.0 2.3 12.5 19.6 73.5 43.4 31.5 294.8 23.7 36.5 3.5 25.6 89.3 24.4 15.1 56.1 2.9 37.3 33.2 83.7 33.7 3.7 36.1 3.0 7.1 32.0 10.1 33.3 7.0 5.5 424.2 2839.6 1430.9 1408.7 490.1 592.3

654.2 96.2 63.5 813.9 43.9 21.2 4.6 7.4 0.5 2.7 21.9 36.2 4.5 142.8 8.9 8.0 18.8 16.6 3.2 8.7 4.6 3.9 42.4 82.9 3.7 13.1 4.8 77.8 9.3 3.6 37.0 4.3 13.8 4.3 16.1 422.0 5.7 35.1 1.0 2.9 36.1 21.3 63.2 91.0 45.9 18.2 1128.0 125.5 2.8 12.1 19.3 74.4 49.2 32.4 315.7 24.3 38.4 3.5 30.1 96.2 26.6 15.9 70.5 2.7 40.1 31.3 90.2 33.4 4.0 36.8 3.6 8.6 34.7 10.7 35.4 7.1 6.0 457.6 2954.4 1478.5 1475.8 486.3 601.7

659.1 96.1 66.3 821.5 44.4 24.9 2.7 7.6 0.4 3.4 21.3 34.3 4.7 143.7 9.5 9.2 19.2 16.5 3.2 8.7 4.6 4.0 43.8 81.2 3.9 14.0 5.0 77.8 8.9 3.2 38.6 4.3 14.9 4.7 15.9 416.0 5.7 38.6 0.9 3.1 37.5 20.5 60.0 93.4 48.7 17.6 1133.5 134.8 4.1 12.8 19.3 80.4 59.5 36.5 347.4 25.4 40.8 3.7 31.4 101.3 25.5 17.0 81.3 3.2 41.3 33.3 93.7 33.8 3.8 37.5 3.7 8.2 35.7 11.6 37.4 7.5 5.7 480.3 3027.7 1501.2 1526.5 496.3 595.0

648.7 94.9 72.5 816.1 43.2 20.1 3.1 8.7 0.5 3.5 22.2 32.3 5.0 138.6 9.3 7.8 16.1 16.8 2.3 8.2 4.4 3.6 41.8 78.0 3.3 12.7 4.7 71.5 8.6 2.7 38.9 4.1 14.4 4.7 13.3 389.7 4.9 34.6 1.1 3.0 35.7 19.9 46.8 87.0 43.5 14.7 1048.2 143.2 4.5 12.4 20.0 78.5 59.1 38.9 356.5 27.2 42.5 3.4 26.9 100.1 25.2 18.5 89.5 3.1 51.9 37.4 87.4 33.0 4.0 38.4 3.8 8.1 33.9 11.4 39.2 8.0 5.2 497.9 2957.4 1459.9 1497.5 465.4 542.6

682.1 95.0 72.5 849.6 43.3 26.8 5.3 9.1 0.6 5.4 23.2 29.0 5.4 148.0 10.1 7.4 19.7 18.8 2.6 9.3 5.0 3.9 46.9 83.3 3.6 12.6 5.2 76.2 9.0 3.1 43.6 4.1 15.5 5.1 13.6 414.2 5.6 34.6 1.6 3.3 39.0 22.6 52.2 94.2 45.5 16.0 1127.4 152.9 5.3 14.5 20.4 87.7 60.8 44.2 385.8 26.3 45.1 3.9 32.5 107.9 25.4 19.9 106.9 3.8 63.0 40.3 94.5 35.1 4.3 39.6 3.5 8.4 43.0 14.1 45.1 9.4 5.8 562.2 3180.8 1551.8 1629.0 502.2 581.5

693.1 100.9 76.6 870.6 45.7 26.7 5.4 8.8 0.5 6.1 23.1 29.7 5.8 151.9 9.5 8.1 18.3 16.6 2.9 8.4 4.2 3.5 40.5 74.5 4.4 10.3 4.6 71.4 9.6 3.4 38.1 4.3 15.7 5.2 13.9 424.6 5.2 32.2 1.3 3.0 44.7 23.4 53.7 78.1 49.1 16.6 1099.3 162.4 5.0 17.0 23.1 92.3 62.5 40.6 402.8 27.8 49.6 3.9 33.4 114.8 25.2 20.1 130.5 3.1 61.4 37.3 105.5 31.8 3.9 39.2 3.9 8.8 46.3 15.5 46.6 8.5 6.2 593.5 3233.0 1539.9 1693.0 451.0 598.9

723.0 100.3 79.6 902.9 47.3 31.7 5.4 9.8 0.7 6.8 22.2 31.4 7.1 162.3 9.0 8.5 18.3 16.9 2.7 8.2 3.9 3.1 42.2 78.4 4.1 10.2 4.5 68.7 10.4 3.3 36.4 4.4 16.6 4.5 13.5 416.3 4.9 31.3 1.1 3.3 45.3 26.4 49.5 73.7 46.9 16.1 1082.6 161.5 2.6 18.2 23.5 99.3 65.6 42.3 412.9 31.0 52.6 4.0 35.4 123.0 18.6 21.1 146.3 2.8 58.8 35.8 116.9 34.7 4.2 41.2 3.7 9.4 50.2 16.3 51.2 9.4 6.6 627.1 3310.8 1573.9 1736.8 444.1 588.4

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

737.2 103.5 82.7 923.5 48.0 37.6 4.3 10.7 0.6 6.6 22.4 30.5 7.8 168.6 8.5 8.6 18.3 16.8 2.6 8.4 3.7 2.8 42.8 83.6 3.6 8.6 4.5 64.2 11.4 2.7 37.1 4.4 16.7 4.1 12.5 413.5 5.4 29.0 1.1 3.6 45.6 22.3 45.0 73.1 45.2 14.9 1064.7 162.2 6.9 17.8 25.9 103.0 68.3 44.3 428.3 32.3 51.4 3.9 35.7 123.3 17.9 21.9 161.6 2.6 51.4 38.4 116.9 34.0 4.4 38.6 3.4 10.5 52.5 16.3 52.2 9.8 6.7 639.2 3347.6 1596.5 1751.1 438.1 575.5

2.4% 3.5% 4.2% 2.7% 1.7% 19.2% -19.4% 9.1% -8.7% -2.7% 1.1% -2.5% 11.4% 4.2% -5.9% 1.5% 0.3% -0.4% -3.1% 3.2% -4.1% -6.7% 1.7% 7.0% -11.5% -16.2% -0.1% -6.2% 9.6% -18.3% 2.0% 1.4% 1.1% -9.6% -7.5% -0.4% 11.5% -7.2% -1.8% 12.4% 1.1% -15.5% -8.9% -0.6% -3.3% -6.9% -1.4% 0.7% 168.7% -1.9% 10.3% 4.0% 4.5% 5.1% 4.0% 4.3% -2.0% -1.0% 1.3% 0.6% -3.5% 4.2% 10.8% -5.5% -12.2% 7.6% 0.2% -1.8% 5.6% -6.2% -8.2% 12.3% 4.9% 0.6% 2.2% 4.5% 1.7% 2.2% 1.4% 1.8% 1.1% -1.1% -1.9%

2013 share of total

22.2% 3.1% 2.5% 27.8% 1.4% 1.1% 0.1% 0.3%



0.2% 0.7% 0.9% 0.2% 5.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 0.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 1.3% 2.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 1.9% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 12.3% 0.2% 0.9%



0.1% 1.4% 0.7% 1.3% 2.2% 1.3% 0.4% 31.7% 4.8% 0.2% 0.5% 0.8% 3.1% 2.0% 1.3% 12.8% 1.0% 1.5% 0.1% 1.1% 3.7% 0.5% 0.7% 4.8% 0.1% 1.5% 1.1% 3.5% 1.0% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.3% 1.6% 0.5% 1.6% 0.3% 0.2% 19.0% 100.0% 47.8% 52.2% 13.1% 17.1%

*Excludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in Gas-to-Liquids transformation. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: As far as possible, the data above represents standard cubic metres (measured at 15ºC and 1013 mbar); as they are derived directly from tonnes of oil equivalent using an average conversion factor, they do not necessarily equate with gas volumes expressed in specific national terms. The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data. Annual changes and shares of total are calculated using million tonnes of oil equivalent figures. Natural gas consumption data expressed in billion cubic feet per day is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

23

Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Bolivia Brazil Colombia Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Azerbaijan Denmark Germany Italy Kazakhstan Netherlands Norway Poland Romania Russian Federation Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Bahrain Iran Iraq Kuwait Oman Qatar Saudi Arabia Syria United Arab Emirates Yemen Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt Libya Nigeria Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh Brunei China India Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Pakistan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

494.8 166.2 37.5 698.5 36.9 5.7 9.0 5.5 0.5 24.3 22.7 2.8 107.4 4.2 7.2 15.9 11.5 10.0 52.2 65.8 3.6 11.7 505.4 48.1 15.8 92.6 46.8 9.5 900.5 8.7 74.4 1.4 9.9 14.9 28.3 54.1 5.6 40.3 – 0.2 237.7 74.5 27.1 5.0 20.3 6.5 133.4 29.9 11.1 11.1 31.5 26.6 65.9 46.6 8.6 27.4 19.3 2.1 9.6 289.8 2367.2 992.5 1374.7 203.2 630.6

480.7 165.3 39.1 685.1 40.4 8.8 9.9 5.7 0.8 27.2 25.6 2.8 121.2 4.1 8.5 14.7 10.7 11.1 61.6 71.3 3.9 11.5 516.0 47.5 16.5 86.7 48.8 9.9 922.8 8.8 86.8 0.9 10.7 16.7 35.3 59.1 5.8 41.7 – 1.3 266.9 73.8 29.7 7.3 22.0 8.0 140.7 31.7 11.5 11.0 37.3 26.3 63.3 48.5 9.2 31.0 20.1 3.7 9.0 302.7 2439.4 990.4 1449.0 206.5 644.2

467.6 168.4 47.1 683.1 41.1 10.7 9.8 6.0 1.4 29.7 24.7 3.1 126.5 4.7 9.4 14.2 10.0 11.4 56.3 77.3 3.9 11.2 522.1 51.3 16.7 79.4 48.6 9.6 926.0 9.6 92.1 1.3 11.0 17.8 41.2 64.1 4.9 43.0 – 1.7 286.8 79.4 38.3 10.2 22.5 8.9 159.3 33.4 12.4 10.8 44.4 26.7 64.1 55.0 11.0 32.0 21.3 5.8 9.9 326.7 2508.3 983.5 1524.9 192.7 655.1

479.3 169.6 51.6 700.5 41.5 11.6 10.0 6.3 1.6 36.1 28.3 3.4 138.9 5.5 9.4 14.1 9.1 11.7 55.4 79.8 3.9 10.7 535.7 54.3 16.9 72.0 49.0 9.4 936.8 10.2 100.3 1.3 11.3 21.3 45.6 66.2 5.1 44.1 – 2.3 307.7 76.0 49.2 11.9 26.6 9.4 173.1 35.0 13.6 11.3 52.7 26.4 63.2 57.0 11.3 32.5 21.9 6.3 13.1 344.3 2601.3 995.4 1605.9 182.7 673.4

498.6 164.4 48.3 711.3 40.3 12.4 10.1 6.8 2.4 38.0 32.5 3.5 146.1 8.8 8.3 12.9 8.0 13.6 54.5 81.3 3.9 10.4 532.9 58.9 16.9 64.9 53.2 9.6 937.9 10.6 112.5 1.3 10.9 21.6 56.9 67.0 5.0 45.3 – 2.7 333.8 76.3 50.1 13.8 33.2 11.1 184.5 36.0 14.3 11.0 62.3 27.1 60.9 58.1 12.2 33.1 23.4 6.4 15.6 360.4 2674.0 998.6 1675.3 171.2 684.4

521.7 158.9 48.0 728.6 39.7 12.9 12.6 8.2 3.1 37.8 29.5 3.3 146.9 13.3 9.1 11.7 7.6 15.2 60.0 90.1 3.7 10.3 541.6 59.5 17.1 62.7 56.0 9.2 967.0 11.4 119.2 1.7 11.5 21.7 69.3 72.4 4.8 45.2 – 3.3 360.3 77.2 53.1 14.3 32.6 14.2 191.4 34.4 15.3 10.9 72.3 27.5 62.7 58.2 11.2 33.8 25.9 6.7 16.5 375.4 2769.6 1025.9 1743.7 172.9 702.9

532.7 147.6 53.4 733.7 37.3 11.1 10.7 9.5 3.1 39.3 27.9 3.8 142.7 13.3 7.6 11.0 6.6 14.8 56.4 94.0 3.7 10.1 474.9 32.7 17.3 53.7 54.0 9.1 859.3 11.5 129.8 1.0 10.3 22.3 80.4 70.6 5.0 43.9 0.7 2.7 378.3 71.6 56.4 14.3 23.4 14.7 180.4 38.1 16.7 10.3 76.7 35.3 64.7 57.0 10.4 34.6 27.8 7.2 16.7 395.6 2690.0 1022.9 1667.1 157.2 607.3

549.5 143.9 51.8 745.2 36.1 12.8 13.1 10.1 6.5 40.3 24.7 3.2 146.9 13.6 7.4 9.6 6.9 14.3 63.5 96.5 3.7 9.8 530.0 38.1 16.7 51.4 53.7 9.1 924.2 11.8 137.1 1.2 10.6 24.4 105.0 78.9 7.2 46.2 5.6 3.0 431.0 72.4 55.2 15.1 33.6 16.6 192.8 40.7 17.9 11.1 85.4 45.8 73.8 58.8 11.2 35.7 32.7 8.5 16.4 437.8 2878.0 1043.0 1835.0 160.2 666.6

589.8 143.7 52.4 786.0 34.9 14.4 15.1 9.9 10.2 38.6 24.8 2.8 150.7 13.3 5.9 9.0 7.0 15.7 57.8 91.1 3.8 9.8 546.3 53.6 16.8 40.7 51.3 8.5 930.8 12.0 143.9 0.8 12.2 23.9 130.7 83.0 6.4 47.1 8.5 4.0 472.4 74.4 55.3 7.1 36.5 16.8 190.1 40.4 18.1 11.5 92.4 41.5 68.3 58.7 11.5 35.2 33.3 7.6 16.5 435.2 2965.1 1059.2 1905.9 141.3 697.3

620.8 140.4 51.2 812.4 34.0 16.5 17.3 10.8 10.7 38.5 26.5 2.6 156.8 14.0 5.2 8.1 7.1 16.5 57.5 103.3 3.8 9.8 533.1 56.1 16.7 35.0 51.2 7.8 925.3 12.4 149.1 0.6 14.0 27.0 135.7 89.4 4.8 48.9 6.8 2.4 490.9 73.4 54.8 11.0 39.0 16.6 194.7 39.0 19.0 11.3 96.4 36.3 64.0 59.8 11.5 37.1 37.3 8.4 16.4 436.4 3016.6 1087.0 1929.6 133.1 687.9

*Excluding gas flared or recycled. Includes natural gas produced for Gas-to-Liquids transformation. ◆Less than 0.05%. Note: Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

24

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

627.2 139.3 51.0 817.5 32.0 18.8 19.2 11.4 11.0 38.6 25.6 2.3 158.7 14.5 4.4 7.4 6.4 16.6 61.8 97.9 3.8 9.9 544.3 56.1 17.3 32.8 49.7 6.7 929.6 14.2 149.9 0.6 14.0 27.8 142.7 92.7 4.0 50.4 9.3 5.9 511.4 70.7 50.5 10.8 32.5 19.4 183.9 38.6 19.7 11.0 105.3 30.3 63.4 62.1 11.8 34.7 37.6 8.8 16.9 440.1 3041.3 1088.4 1952.9 132.1 698.8

1.3% -0.5% -0.2% 0.9% -5.6% 14.4% 11.0% 5.8% 3.1% 0.5% -3.2% -13.4% 1.5% 3.8% -15.6% -8.8% -9.9% 0.8% 7.9% -5.0% -1.4% 0.6% 2.4% 0.4% 4.0% -5.9% -2.8% -13.8% 0.7% 15.2% 0.8% -4.4% 0.7% 3.3% 5.4% 4.0% -15.2% 3.3% 36.5% 148.5% 4.5% -3.3% -7.7% -1.5% -16.4% 17.2% -5.3% -0.9% 4.2% -2.6% 9.5% -16.3% -0.7% 4.2% 3.1% -6.2% 1.2% 4.5% 3.3% 1.1% 1.1% 0.4% 1.5% -0.5% 1.9%

2013 share of total

20.6% 4.6% 1.7% 26.9% 1.1% 0.6% 0.6% 0.4% 0.4% 1.3% 0.8% 0.1% 5.2% 0.5% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.5% 2.0% 3.2% 0.1% 0.3% 17.9% 1.8% 0.6% 1.1% 1.6% 0.2% 30.6% 0.5% 4.9% ♦

0.5% 0.9% 4.7% 3.0% 0.1% 1.7% 0.3% 0.2% 16.8% 2.3% 1.7% 0.4% 1.1% 0.6% 6.0% 1.3% 0.6% 0.4% 3.5% 1.0% 2.1% 2.0% 0.4% 1.1% 1.2% 0.3% 0.6% 14.5% 100.0% 35.8% 64.2% 4.3% 23.0%

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

575.3 87.9 46.3 709.5 31.1 14.2 7.2 5.4 0.2 0.5 12.0 22.7 2.8 96.1 8.5 7.0 14.3 14.4 2.5 7.8 4.7 4.0 38.9 77.0 2.2 11.9 3.7 64.1 7.9 2.8 36.0 3.9 11.3 2.7 16.5 341.5 5.7 21.3 0.7 2.6 18.8 12.8 62.1 85.8 41.2 13.8 948.2 76.5 † 9.9 11.0 54.1 34.1 22.5 208.0 19.3 26.7 0.9 20.4 67.3 20.2 11.1 30.5 1.7 26.6 31.5 71.8 24.6 3.9 27.4 2.2 3.6 21.8 6.9 25.7 2.1 3.8 315.3 2344.5 1262.9 1081.6 429.0 496.6

577.7 85.6 48.9 712.1 34.1 16.9 7.8 5.7 0.3 0.8 13.3 25.6 2.7 107.1 8.5 7.5 16.1 14.6 2.5 8.2 4.7 3.9 40.6 77.3 2.4 11.8 3.7 66.5 6.0 2.8 36.8 4.1 11.9 3.4 15.7 350.4 5.5 24.7 0.7 2.7 19.9 13.5 61.7 87.6 39.1 15.2 969.9 88.9 1.1 10.7 13.5 59.1 36.2 23.9 233.4 19.8 28.5 1.9 22.8 73.1 20.5 11.5 35.7 2.4 28.7 29.0 69.3 22.2 3.5 31.0 2.1 4.5 25.5 8.4 26.9 3.7 4.1 329.2 2424.7 1282.1 1142.6 440.7 504.7

568.6 88.0 54.9 711.6 36.4 17.6 7.5 6.0 0.3 1.4 14.7 24.7 2.9 111.5 9.0 7.7 16.5 14.7 2.8 8.5 4.5 3.6 40.3 77.6 2.4 11.0 3.5 71.2 7.6 2.9 35.4 4.0 12.2 3.8 15.8 354.6 5.9 29.1 0.7 2.8 24.2 14.5 62.1 85.4 38.4 15.4 988.4 92.5 1.5 11.0 16.8 64.1 37.8 25.5 249.3 20.9 28.4 2.8 24.9 77.1 19.9 12.4 42.1 2.4 32.1 29.9 70.7 28.3 3.2 32.0 2.9 6.2 27.3 8.5 29.3 5.8 4.7 357.6 2495.5 1294.6 1200.9 447.4 512.8

560.4 87.3 60.0 707.6 37.6 18.5 7.0 6.3 0.4 1.6 19.1 28.3 3.5 122.4 8.5 8.2 17.1 15.0 2.9 8.4 4.6 3.8 39.3 78.5 2.8 9.7 3.9 69.7 8.1 2.9 34.3 4.0 12.4 3.7 16.3 373.5 5.4 30.3 0.8 2.7 27.4 16.5 60.3 81.0 37.7 16.0 1005.6 100.8 2.1 11.3 17.6 66.2 39.0 28.3 265.3 21.4 32.9 3.1 23.0 80.4 22.0 13.6 50.5 2.6 33.5 29.9 75.4 30.4 3.3 32.5 2.7 6.3 28.8 9.1 30.0 6.3 4.9 381.8 2563.1 1295.2 1267.9 441.1 533.0

596.3 86.6 57.1 740.0 39.5 19.1 4.1 6.7 0.4 2.4 19.7 32.5 4.0 128.6 8.0 7.2 17.0 14.9 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.5 38.2 74.6 3.3 11.8 4.3 70.0 8.3 3.3 33.3 3.8 12.4 3.9 14.5 379.8 5.1 31.6 0.9 2.6 32.5 19.1 56.9 81.9 41.3 16.4 1015.2 113.0 2.5 10.9 17.4 67.0 44.3 29.1 284.1 21.9 34.5 3.1 27.1 86.6 23.9 14.3 63.5 2.5 36.1 28.2 81.2 30.1 3.6 33.1 3.2 7.8 31.2 9.6 31.8 6.4 5.4 411.9 2666.4 1338.2 1328.3 437.7 541.6

600.8 86.5 59.6 746.9 40.0 22.4 2.4 6.8 0.4 3.1 19.2 30.9 4.3 129.3 8.6 8.2 17.3 14.8 2.9 7.8 4.1 3.6 39.4 73.1 3.5 12.6 4.5 70.0 8.0 2.9 34.7 3.9 13.5 4.3 14.3 374.4 5.2 34.8 0.8 2.8 33.8 18.5 54.0 84.1 43.8 15.8 1020.2 121.3 3.7 11.5 17.4 72.4 53.5 32.9 312.7 22.8 36.8 3.4 28.2 91.2 23.0 15.3 73.2 2.9 37.2 30.0 84.4 30.4 3.4 33.8 3.4 7.4 32.1 10.5 33.6 6.7 5.1 432.2 2732.5 1358.7 1373.9 446.7 535.5

590.1 85.4 65.2 740.7 38.9 18.1 2.8 7.8 0.5 3.1 19.9 29.0 4.5 124.8 8.4 7.0 14.5 15.1 2.1 7.4 4.0 3.2 37.6 70.2 2.9 11.5 4.3 64.4 7.7 2.5 35.0 3.7 13.0 4.2 11.9 350.7 4.4 31.1 1.0 2.7 32.1 17.9 42.1 78.3 39.2 13.3 943.4 128.9 4.1 11.1 18.0 70.6 53.2 35.0 320.8 24.5 38.3 3.0 24.3 90.1 22.7 16.7 80.6 2.8 46.7 33.6 78.7 29.7 3.6 34.6 3.4 7.3 30.5 10.2 35.3 7.2 4.6 448.1 2667.9 1320.1 1347.8 418.9 488.4

619.3 85.5 65.2 770.0 39.0 24.1 4.8 8.2 0.5 4.9 20.9 26.1 4.8 133.2 9.1 6.7 17.7 17.0 2.3 8.4 4.5 3.6 42.2 75.0 3.2 11.3 4.7 68.6 8.1 2.8 39.2 3.7 14.0 4.6 12.2 372.8 5.0 31.2 1.4 3.0 35.1 20.4 47.0 84.8 41.0 14.4 1014.7 137.6 4.8 13.1 18.4 78.9 54.7 39.8 347.2 23.7 40.6 3.5 29.3 97.1 22.8 17.9 96.2 3.4 56.7 36.3 85.1 31.6 3.9 35.7 3.2 7.6 38.7 12.7 40.6 8.5 5.2 506.0 2868.2 1402.1 1466.1 452.0 523.4

628.8 90.8 69.0 788.6 41.1 24.0 4.8 8.0 0.5 5.5 20.8 26.8 5.2 136.7 8.5 7.3 16.5 14.9 2.6 7.6 3.8 3.1 36.4 67.1 4.0 9.3 4.1 64.3 8.6 3.1 34.3 3.9 14.1 4.7 12.5 382.1 4.6 29.0 1.1 2.7 40.2 21.1 48.4 70.3 44.2 14.9 989.3 146.2 4.5 15.3 20.7 83.0 56.2 36.6 362.6 25.1 44.7 3.5 30.1 103.4 22.6 18.1 117.5 2.7 55.3 33.5 95.0 28.6 3.5 35.2 3.5 7.9 41.7 14.0 41.9 7.6 5.6 534.2 2914.7 1391.0 1523.7 405.9 539.0

657.3 90.2 71.6 819.2 42.6 28.5 4.9 8.9 0.6 6.1 20.0 28.3 6.4 146.1 8.1 7.7 16.5 15.2 2.5 7.4 3.5 2.7 38.0 70.5 3.7 9.2 4.0 61.8 9.4 3.0 32.8 3.9 14.9 4.0 12.2 374.6 4.4 28.2 1.0 2.9 40.7 23.8 44.6 66.3 42.2 14.5 974.3 145.4 2.3 16.3 21.1 89.4 59.0 38.0 371.6 27.9 47.3 3.6 31.8 110.7 16.7 19.0 131.7 2.5 52.9 32.2 105.3 31.2 3.8 37.1 3.3 8.5 45.2 14.7 46.1 8.4 5.9 564.4 2986.3 1423.1 1563.1 399.7 529.6

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

671.0 93.1 74.5 838.6 43.2 33.9 3.9 9.6 0.5 5.9 20.2 27.5 7.1 151.8 7.6 7.8 16.5 15.1 2.4 7.6 3.4 2.6 38.6 75.3 3.2 7.7 4.0 57.8 10.3 2.4 33.4 4.0 15.0 3.7 11.2 372.1 4.9 26.1 1.0 3.3 41.1 20.0 40.5 65.8 40.7 13.4 958.3 146.0 6.2 16.0 23.3 92.7 61.5 39.9 385.5 29.1 46.3 3.5 32.1 111.0 16.1 19.7 145.5 2.4 46.3 34.6 105.2 30.6 4.0 34.7 3.0 9.5 47.3 14.7 47.0 8.8 6.0 575.2 3020.4 1444.4 1576.0 394.3 517.9

2.4% 3.5% 4.2% 2.7% 1.7% 19.2% -19.4% 9.1% -8.7% -2.7% 1.1% -2.5% 11.4% 4.2% -5.9% 1.5% 0.3% -0.4% -3.1% 3.2% -4.1% -6.7% 1.7% 7.0% -11.5% -16.2% -0.1% -6.2% 9.6% -18.3% 2.0% 1.4% 1.1% -9.6% -7.5% -0.4% 11.5% -7.2% -1.8% 12.4% 1.1% -15.5% -8.9% -0.6% -3.3% -6.9% -1.4% 0.7% 168.7% -1.9% 10.3% 4.0% 4.5% 5.1% 4.0% 4.3% -2.0% -1.0% 1.3% 0.6% -3.5% 4.2% 10.8% -5.5% -12.2% 7.6% 0.2% -1.8% 5.6% -6.2% -8.2% 12.3% 4.9% 0.6% 2.2% 4.5% 1.7% 2.2% 1.4% 1.8% 1.1% -1.1% -1.9%

2013 share of total

22.2% 3.1% 2.5% 27.8% 1.4% 1.1% 0.1% 0.3%



0.2% 0.7% 0.9% 0.2% 5.0% 0.3% 0.3% 0.5% 0.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.1% 1.3% 2.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 1.9% 0.3% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.5% 0.1% 0.4% 12.3% 0.2% 0.9%



0.1% 1.4% 0.7% 1.3% 2.2% 1.3% 0.4% 31.7% 4.8% 0.2% 0.5% 0.8% 3.1% 2.0% 1.3% 12.8% 1.0% 1.5% 0.1% 1.1% 3.7% 0.5% 0.7% 4.8% 0.1% 1.5% 1.1% 3.5% 1.0% 0.1% 1.1% 0.1% 0.3% 1.6% 0.5% 1.6% 0.3% 0.2% 19.0% 100.0% 47.8% 52.2% 13.1% 17.1%

*E xcludes natural gas converted to liquid fuels but includes derivatives of coal as well as natural gas consumed in Gas-to-Liquids transformation. Source: Includes data from Cedigaz. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: The difference between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics is due to variations in stocks at storage facilities and liquefaction plants, together with unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of gas supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

25

Production by region

Consumption by region

Billion cubic metres

Billion cubic metres 3500

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

88

93

98

03

08

13

3500

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

0

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

World natural gas production increased by 1.1% in 2013, slightly below the growth rate of global consumption (+1.4%). Production growth was below average in all regions except Europe & Eurasia. Russia (+2.4%) and China (+9.5%) recorded the largest growth increments. Consumption growth was below average in all regions except North America. China (+10.8%) and the US (+2.4%) recorded the largest growth increments.

Consumption per capita 2013 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 1.5-2.0 > 2.0

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz.

26

Prices $/Mmbtu 18

US Henry Hub Average German Import Price cif UK NBP Japan LNG cif

15

12

9

6

3

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

13

0

Prices US dollars per million Btu

LNG Japan cif

Average German Import Price*

1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

5.10 5.23 4.10 3.35 3.34 3.28 3.64 3.99 3.62 3.52 3.18 3.46 3.66 3.91 3.05 3.14 4.72 4.64 4.27 4.77 5.18 6.05 7.14 7.73 12.55 9.06 10.91 14.73 16.75 16.17

4.00 4.25 3.93 2.55 2.22 2.00 2.78 3.19 2.69 2.50 2.35 2.39 2.46 2.64 2.32 1.88 2.89 3.66 3.23 4.06 4.32 5.88 7.85 8.03 11.56 8.52 8.01 10.48 11.03 10.72

Natural gas UK (Heren NBP Index)†

US Henry Hub‡

Canada (Alberta)‡

Crude oil OECD countries cif

– – – – – 1.70 1.64 1.49 1.77 2.12 1.92 1.69 2.76 2.53 2.08 2.27 4.23 4.07 3.33 5.63 5.85 8.79 6.76 6.95 8.85 3.89 4.39 4.01 2.76 3.71

– – – – – – 1.05 0.89 0.98 1.69 1.45 0.89 1.12 1.36 1.42 2.00 3.75 3.61 2.57 4.83 5.03 7.25 5.83 6.17 7.99 3.38 3.69 3.47 2.27 2.93

5.00 4.75 2.57 3.09 2.56 3.01 3.82 3.33 3.19 2.82 2.70 2.96 3.54 3.29 2.16 2.98 4.83 4.08 4.17 4.89 6.27 8.74 10.66 11.95 16.76 10.41 13.47 18.55 18.82 18.25

– – – – – – – – – – – – 1.87 1.96 1.86 1.58 2.71 3.17 2.37 3.33 4.46 7.38 7.87 6.01 10.79 4.85 6.56 9.04 9.46 10.63

*Source: 1984-1990 German Federal Statistical Office, 1991-2013 German Federal Office of Economics and Export Control (BAFA). †Source: ICIS Heren Energy Ltd. ‡Source: Energy Intelligence Group, Natural Gas Week. Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices).

27

a

ar

O th

anm My

– – – – – – – – – 2.5 – – – – – – 4.9 – 1.6 – – – – – † 8.9 – – – –

– – – – – – – – 0.5 – – – 0.4 † 0.6 – – 0.3 13.0 1.8 – 1.3 – 3.3 6.8 28.1 – – 1.8 –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.5 – 0.2

– – – – – – – – 5.1 12.3 7.2 3.5 8.1 39.8 2.4 5.9 – 24.9 2.1 9.6 5.3 – 26.2 – 10.0 162.4 18.1 – 25.1 5.6

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.9 – 1.1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.3 – – 3.3 – 6.4 – 3.8

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.7 – – 8.7 – – – 0.7

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.4 – – – 11.4 – – 2.0 24.8 – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5.2 – – – – – – – 5.2 – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

78.9 25.8 18.6 123.3 5.2 10.8 2.7 18.6 6.8 29.6 11.0 3.5 30.5 95.8 3.0 5.9 4.9 51.6 21.5 11.4 5.3 15.3 38.2 41.9 20.7 397.1 18.1 27.8 26.9 11.4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 44.4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 78.9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – †

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 15.9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 2.7

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 53.2

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 102.4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.9

1.8 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 29.9

11.7 – – – – – – – – 0.1 – – – – 0.1 11.8

48.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 211.3

11.0 4.7 – – 4.7 – – – – 24.4 – – – – 24.4 40.1

10.1 0.4 – – 0.4 – – – – 2.9 – – – – 2.9 16.7

0.7 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 9.4

– 17.8 2.1 19.9 – – – – – – – – – – 19.9

– – – – – – 3.2 3.2 – – – – – – – 28.0

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 5.2

– – – 0.2 0.2 2.9 0.3 3.2 – – – – – – – 3.4

– – – – – – – – – – – 1.2 7.6 – 8.9 8.9

– – – – – – – – – – – – – 8.5 8.5 8.5

– – – – – – – – 6.8 † 2.8 – 1.6 – 11.1 11.1

84.2 5.0 17.8 2.2 25.1 2.9 3.5 6.4 6.8 27.4 2.8 1.2 9.2 8.5 55.9 710.6

A lg

K az

O th

N et

Me

O th

– – – – – – – – 1.2 9.4 3.8 – 15.5 33.5 – – – 1.1 4.8 – – 2.7 – 29.1 1.2 102.4 – – – –

Liby

– – – – – – – – – 5.4 – – 6.5 22.4 – – – 8.6 – – – – – 9.5 0.8 53.2 – – – –

Q at

– – – – – 0.1 2.7 2.7 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Iran

– – – – 5.2 10.7 – 15.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Unit

† – – † – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

N or

78.9 – – 78.9 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

Boli

– 25.8 18.6 44.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – –

C an

Indo

nes

ia

fric er A

a

eria

ar

Rus Fed sian er at ion Turk me nist a

ak h

er E

u ro

st an

pe

om ingd ed K

w ay

s land her

via

O th e Am r S. & eric a C e nt .

xico

ad a

US Canada Mexico North America Argentina Brazil Other S. & Cent. America S. & Cent. America Austria Belgium Czech Republic Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Ireland Italy Netherlands Poland Slovakia Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe Europe Belarus Russian Federation Ukraine Other Former Soviet Union Former Soviet Union Iran United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Middle East South Africa Other Africa Africa Australia China China Hong Kong SAR Malaysia Singapore Thailand Asia Pacific Total exports

US

To

n O th e S ov r F o r m iet U er nion

From

Billion cubic metres

er A sia Pac Tot ific impal or t s

Trade movements 2013 by pipeline

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, IHS CERA, PIRA Energy Group.

†Less than 0.05.

Trade movements 2013 as liquefied natural gas

†Less than 0.05. *Includes re-exports.

28

– – 2.5 2.5 – – – – – – – – 1.5 – – – 1.5 – – – 1.0 0.7 – – – 1.7 5.6

– – 0.4 0.4 1.6 1.0 – – 2.6 – 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.1 – 0.2 1.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1 0.1 – 0.8 5.1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 11.6 2.5 0.1 – – 14.2 14.2

– – – – – – – – – – – – 0.2 – – – 0.2 – – – 5.5 5.9 – – – 11.4 11.5

0.2 0.8 1.6 2.6 0.9 0.3 0.2 – 1.3 3.2 1.8 5.2 3.5 0.4 8.6 0.8 23.4 3.3 9.2 15.3 21.8 18.3 8.5 1.4 0.3 75.0 105.6

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 7.4 – – – – 7.4 7.4

0.3 – 0.5 0.8 – – 0.4 – 0.4 – 0.1 – – 0.1 – – 0.2 – 1.5 0.7 0.7 4.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 8.2 9.6

– – – – – 0.1 – – 0.1 – 5.3 † 3.2 3.8 0.4 0.7 13.5 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.2 – – 0.3 1.3 14.9

– – – – – 0.1 – – 0.1 – – – – – – – – – 0.1 – 0.2 0.1 – – – 0.3 0.4

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.5 – 3.0 0.2 0.4 0.1 0.8 5.1 5.1

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 4.8 – 24.4 0.8 0.1 – – 30.1 30.2

– – 0.4 0.4 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.3 – 8.5 7.7 2.6 – – 22.1 22.4

ia Tot impal or t s

lays Ma

nes

ia

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1 6.9 1.6 0.2 – 0.8 9.5 9.5

Indo

nei Bru

trali

a

0.1 – 1.6 1.6 0.5 0.9 – 0.1 1.5 – 1.2 – 3.1 1.3 – 1.3 6.9 0.3 0.5 0.9 5.2 3.8 0.9 0.3 0.5 12.1 22.4

Aus

eria Nig

pt

– – – – 0.2 0.1 – – 0.2 – – – † 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.8 0.2 † 0.1 3.0 3.7

Eq u Guinatorial ea

Eg y

ola A ng

eria A lg

Yem

Unit Em e d A r a irate b s

ar Q at

an Om

Rus Fed sian er at ion

w ay

0.2 – 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.3 – – 0.3 † 0.3 – 1.1 0.2 0.1 0.6 2.3 – – 0.1 0.4 0.1 – – 0.1 0.7 3.8

O th Eu r e r ope *

N or

u

2.0 0.2 0.4 2.6 3.6 2.5 3.5 3.4 13.0 – – – 2.0 – 0.1 0.1 2.2 0.3 0.1 – 0.4 0.7 0.1 – 0.3 1.6 19.8

Per

– – – – † – – – † – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – †

zil*

Trin & T idad oba go

– † 0.1 0.1 – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.1

Bra

US Canada Mexico North America Argentina Brazil Chile Other S. & Cent. America S. & Cent. America Belgium France Italy Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Europe & Eurasia Middle East China India Japan South Korea Taiwan Thailand Other Asia Pacific Asia Pacific Total exports

U S*

To

en

From

Billion cubic metres

– – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 3.6 – 20.3 5.9 4.0 – – 33.8 33.8

2.7 1.1 7.8 11.6 6.9 5.1 4.1 3.4 19.6 3.2 8.7 5.5 14.9 6.1 9.3 3.7 51.5 4.5 24.5 17.8 119.0 54.2 17.2 2.0 3.4 238.1 325.3

Source: Includes data from GIIGNL, Poten, Waterborne.

Major trade movements 2013 Trade flows worldwide (billion cubic metres)

136.2

48.9 27.8 26.2 78.9

25.8

5.6

2.2 5.6

23.8

30.0 13.4

12.0

11.6

35.4

4.7

29.1 27.4

18.6 19.9 2.0 16.1

35.8 6.7

8.6

4.0

8.5

7.6

10.7

US Canada Mexico S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East Africa Asia Pacific

Pipeline gas

24.4

15.1

3.6

6.8

4.8



Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, IHS CERA, PIRA Energy Group.

LNG

Gas trade in 2012 and 2013 Billion cubic metres

US Canada Mexico Trinidad & Tobago Other S. & Cent. America France Germany Italy Netherlands Norway Spain Turkey United Kingdom Other Europe Russian Federation Ukraine Other Former Soviet Union Qatar Other Middle East Algeria Other Africa China Japan Indonesia South Korea Other Asia Pacific Total World †Less than 0.05.

Pipeline imports

83.8 27.5 17.6 – 15.8 32.3 83.5 55.4 20.9 – 13.3 37.4 37.7 101.9 29.8 29.4 29.3 – 24.4 – 6.3 21.4 – – – 28.8 696.6

2012 LNG imports

4.9 1.8 4.8 – 15.2 10.3 – 7.1 0.8 – 20.4 7.7 13.7 8.2 – – – – 4.6 – – 20.0 118.8 – 49.1 36.7 324.2

Pipeline exports

LNG exports

Pipeline imports

45.1 83.8 † – 15.8 1.2 12.5 0.1 48.6 107.6 0.7 0.6 12.0 10.5 194.2 – 63.3 19.2 8.8 34.2 9.7 2.8 – 10.2 – 15.8 696.6

0.9 – – 18.9 5.5 0.2 – – – 4.8 1.2 – – 1.6 14.8 – – 103.1 25.7 15.3 38.5 – – 24.8 – 68.9 324.2

78.9 25.8 18.6 – 18.6 30.5 95.8 51.6 21.5 † 15.3 38.2 41.9 102.2 27.8 26.9 29.5 – 25.1 – 6.4 27.4 – – – 28.5 710.6

2013 LNG imports

2.7 1.1 7.8 – 19.6 8.7 – 5.5 0.8 – 14.9 6.1 9.3 6.1 – – – – 4.5 – – 24.5 119.0 – 54.2 40.4 325.3

Pipeline exports

LNG exports

44.4 78.9 † – 18.6 1.1 15.1 0.2 53.2 102.4 0.9 0.6 8.9 11.9 211.3 – 68.5 19.9 9.4 28.0 8.6 2.8 – 8.9 – 16.9 710.6

0.1 – – 19.8 5.7 0.6 – – 0.2 3.8 2.6 – – 1.6 14.2 – – 105.6 28.5 14.9 31.6 – – 22.4 – 73.5 325.3

Source: Includes data from Cedigaz, CISStat, FGE MENAgas service, GIIGNL, IHS CERA, PIRA Energy Group, Poten, Waterborne.

29

  Coal Proved reserves at end 2013 Million tonnes

US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Middle East Total Middle East & Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand North Korea Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

Anthracite and bituminous

Subbituminous and lignite

Total

108501 3474 860 112835 – 6746 479 57 7282 2 181 48 – 13 21500 4178 10 49088 200 322 15351 228 1436 92557 30156 502 942 1122 32722 37100 62200 56100 – 337 33 300 – – – 150 1583 157803 403199 155494 247705 4883 86725

128794 3108 351 132253 6630 – – 729 7359 2364 871 40500 3020 1647 12100 1287 281 107922 330 8380 18522 – 20757 217981 – – 214 – 214 39300 52300 4500 28017 10 538 300 2070 126 1239 – 2125 130525 488332 229321 259011 51199 141309

237295 6582 1211 245088 6630 6746 479 786 14641 2366 1052 40548 3020 1660 33600 5465 291 157010 530 8702 33873 228 22193 310538 30156 502 1156 1122 32936 76400 114500 60600 28017 347 571 600 2070 126 1239 150 3708 288328 891531 384815 506716 56082 228034

Share of total

R/P ratio

26.6% 0.7% 0.1% 27.5% 0.7% 0.8% 0.1% 0.1% 1.6% 0.3% 0.1% 4.5% 0.3% 0.2% 3.8% 0.6%

266 95 73 250 * 79 206 278 149 83 21 213 56 174 293 38 12 452 120 141 384 18 236 254 117 315 466 * 126 160 31 100 67 288 126 15 * 69 69 4 87 54 113 191 86 103 396



17.6% 0.1% 1.0% 3.8%



2.5% 34.8% 3.4% 0.1% 0.1% 0.1% 3.7% 8.6% 12.8% 6.8% 3.1%



0.1% 0.1% 0.2%



0.1%



0.4% 32.3% 100.0% 43.2% 56.8% 6.3% 25.6%

*More than 500 years.

Source of reserves data: World Energy Resources 2013 Survey, World Energy Council. than 0.05%. Notes: Proved reserves of coal – Generally taken to be those quantities that geological and engineering information indicates with reasonable certainty can be recovered in the future from known deposits under existing economic and operating conditions. Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratio – If the reserves remaining at the end of the year are divided by the production in that year, the result is the length of time that those remaining reserves would last if production were to continue at that rate.

◆Less

Prices US dollars per tonne

1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013

Northwest Europe marker price†

US Central Appalachian coal spot price index‡

Japan coking coal import cif price

Japan steam coal import cif price

Asian marker price†

33.68 37.18 44.50 41.25 38.92 32.00 28.79 35.99 39.03 31.65 43.60 72.08 60.54 64.11 88.79 147.67 70.66 92.50 121.52 92.50 81.69

29.85 31.72 27.01 29.86 29.76 31.00 31.29 29.90 50.15 33.20 38.52 64.90 70.12 62.96 51.16 118.79 68.08 71.63 87.38 72.06 71.39

55.26 51.77 54.47 56.68 55.51 50.76 42.83 39.69 41.33 42.01 41.57 60.96 89.33 93.46 88.24 179.03 167.82 158.95 229.12 191.46 140.45

45.71 43.66 47.58 49.54 45.53 40.51 35.74 34.58 37.96 36.90 34.74 51.34 62.91 63.04 69.86 122.81 110.11 105.19 136.21 133.61 111.16

– – – – – 29.48 27.82 31.76 36.89 30.41 36.53 72.42 61.84 56.47 84.57 148.06 78.81 105.43 125.74 105.50 90.90

†Source: IHS McCloskey Northwest Europe prices for 1993-2000 are the average of the monthly marker, 2001-2013 the average of weekly prices. The Asian prices are the average of the monthly marker. ‡Source: Platts. Prices are for Central Appalachian 12,500 BTU, 1.2 SO2 coal, fob. Prices for 1990-2000 are by coal price publication date, 2001-2013 by coal price assessment date. Note: cif = cost+insurance+freight (average prices); fob = free on board.

30

Reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios Years

History

2013 by region 300

700

North America S. & Cent. America Europe & Eurasia Middle East & Africa Asia Pacific World

250

600

500

200

400

150 300

100 200

50

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East & Africa

0

Asia Pacific

100

93

98

03

08

13

0

World proved coal reserves in 2013 were sufficient to meet 113 years of global production, by far the largest R/P ratio for any fossil fuel. The US, Russia and China hold the largest proved reserves. By region, Europe & Eurasia holds the largest proved reserves and has the highest R/P ratio – 254 years, compared with 250 for North America.

Distribution of proved reserves in 1993, 2003 and 2013 Percentage

Europe & Eurasia Asia Pacific North America Middle East & Africa S. & Cent. America

6.0

0.9 39.7 5.8

2.2 36.1 3.7 1.6 34.8

1993 Total 1039181 million tonnes

2003 Total 984453 million tonnes

2013 Total 891531 million tonnes

24.1 27.5

26.2 29.7

32.3

29.2

Source: World Energy Resources 2013 Survey, World Energy Council.

31

Production* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Brazil Colombia Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Bulgaria Czech Republic France Germany Greece Hungary Kazakhstan Poland Romania Russian Federation Spain Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East South Africa Zimbabwe Other Africa Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia Japan New Zealand Pakistan South Korea Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

553.6 31.8 4.4 589.8 1.8 32.5 5.1 0.5 39.9 4.5 24.2 1.3 54.1 8.8 2.8 43.3 71.4 7.0 127.1 6.8 10.4 41.6 17.2 19.0 439.5 0.7 134.1 1.8 1.6 137.5 189.4 917.4 144.4 70.3 0.7 3.2 1.5 1.5 5.3 10.8 20.3 1364.9 2572.3 989.6 1582.7 203.6 215.8

572.4 33.9 5.9 612.2 2.0 34.9 5.9 0.2 43.0 4.4 23.5 0.4 54.7 9.0 2.4 44.4 70.5 6.7 131.7 6.7 10.1 42.2 15.3 18.5 440.5 0.8 137.2 2.4 1.3 140.9 196.8 1061.3 155.7 81.4 0.7 3.3 1.5 1.4 5.6 14.7 22.1 1544.5 2781.9 1013.9 1767.9 198.5 222.2

580.2 35.3 6.1 621.6 2.4 38.4 5.3 0.3 46.3 4.1 23.5 0.2 53.2 8.9 2.0 44.2 68.7 6.6 139.2 6.4 12.6 41.0 12.5 17.7 440.7 1.0 137.7 2.2 1.2 141.1 205.7 1174.8 162.1 93.9 0.6 3.3 1.6 1.3 5.8 18.3 24.9 1692.2 2942.9 1026.6 1916.3 190.9 228.5

595.1 34.8 6.8 636.7 2.2 42.6 5.7 0.6 51.2 4.2 23.8 0.2 50.3 8.3 2.1 49.1 67.0 6.5 145.1 6.1 13.7 41.7 11.3 18.5 448.0 1.0 138.0 1.4 1.3 140.6 210.8 1264.3 170.2 119.2 0.7 3.6 1.7 1.3 5.3 21.8 25.3 1824.2 3101.7 1042.4 2059.3 184.4 239.9

587.7 35.7 7.3 630.7 2.3 45.4 4.5 0.3 52.5 4.7 23.6 0.2 51.5 8.5 2.0 50.0 62.3 6.7 148.0 5.7 16.0 39.9 10.3 20.6 450.2 1.0 139.6 1.3 1.0 141.9 217.5 1345.8 181.0 133.4 0.8 3.0 1.6 1.3 5.1 22.4 24.0 1936.0 3212.3 1041.5 2170.8 180.8 242.5

596.7 35.6 6.9 639.2 2.5 47.8 3.6 0.4 54.3 4.8 22.8 0.1 47.7 8.5 1.9 56.8 60.5 6.7 153.4 4.1 16.8 41.3 11.0 21.0 457.5 1.0 142.4 1.0 1.0 144.4 224.9 1401.0 195.6 147.8 0.7 3.0 1.8 1.2 5.1 23.0 25.8 2029.8 3326.2 1050.0 2276.2 173.1 256.2

540.8 33.1 6.1 580.0 1.9 47.3 2.4 0.5 52.2 4.5 21.0 † 44.4 8.4 1.9 51.5 56.4 6.4 142.1 3.8 17.1 38.4 10.9 20.3 426.9 0.7 141.2 1.1 0.9 143.2 232.9 1486.5 210.8 157.6 0.7 2.8 1.6 1.1 4.9 25.2 28.8 2153.0 3356.0 988.4 2367.6 162.5 236.5

551.2 35.4 7.3 594.0 2.0 48.3 2.0 0.4 52.7 4.9 20.8 0.1 43.7 7.3 1.9 54.0 55.5 5.8 151.1 3.4 15.8 39.9 11.2 20.0 435.3 0.6 145.0 1.7 1.2 147.9 239.9 1617.5 217.5 169.2 0.5 3.3 1.6 0.9 5.1 24.6 36.9 2317.2 3547.8 1005.1 2542.7 159.9 250.0

556.1 35.5 9.4 600.9 2.1 55.8 1.5 0.4 59.8 6.1 21.6 0.1 44.6 7.6 2.0 56.2 56.6 6.7 158.5 2.5 16.3 44.0 11.3 21.3 455.4 0.6 141.8 1.7 1.1 144.6 232.5 1758.0 215.7 217.3 0.7 3.1 1.6 0.9 6.0 24.9 45.8 2506.4 3767.8 1007.5 2760.3 164.6 264.1

517.8 35.5 7.8 561.2 2.5 57.9 2.3 0.6 63.2 5.5 20.7 † 45.7 8.1 1.9 58.6 58.8 6.4 168.7 2.4 15.3 45.9 10.4 20.5 469.0 0.7 145.6 1.0 1.5 148.1 251.4 1822.5 229.1 237.4 0.7 3.0 1.5 0.9 5.1 23.5 44.9 2620.0 3862.2 987.3 2874.9 165.4 278.7

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

500.5 36.8 8.3 545.6 2.8 55.6 1.7 1.9 62.0 4.7 18.0 † 43.0 6.9 2.0 58.4 57.6 4.6 165.1 1.6 13.2 45.9 7.8 21.3 450.2 0.7 144.7 1.0 1.5 147.2 269.1 1840.0 228.8 258.9 0.7 2.8 1.5 0.8 5.0 23.1 45.0 2675.7 3881.4 977.8 2903.7 151.9 275.3

-3.1% 3.9% 6.0% -2.5% 11.7% -3.7% -25.2% 233.0% -1.7% -14.2% -13.2% 0.3% -5.5% -14.4% 3.0% -0.1% -1.9% -26.9% -1.9% -32.5% -13.5% 0.3% -24.5% 4.3% -3.8% 0.3% -0.3% 0.3% 0.5% -0.3% 7.3% 1.2% 0.1% 9.4% -8.6% -6.6% 1.9% -13.1% -0.2% -1.4% 0.7% 2.4% 0.8% -0.7% 1.3% -7.9% -0.9%

2013 share of total

12.9% 0.9% 0.2% 14.1% 0.1% 1.4% ♦ ♦

1.6% 0.1% 0.5% ♦

1.1% 0.2% 0.1% 1.5% 1.5% 0.1% 4.3% ♦

0.3% 1.2% 0.2% 0.5% 11.6% ♦

3.7% ♦ ♦

3.8% 6.9% 47.4% 5.9% 6.7% ♦

0.1% ♦ ♦

0.1% 0.6% 1.2% 68.9% 100.0% 25.2% 74.8% 3.9% 7.1%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. Includes coal produced for Coal-to-Liquids and Coal-to-Gas transformations. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Coal production data expressed in million tonnes is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

32

Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

562.5 31.7 8.1 602.3 0.7 11.1 2.3 2.4 – 0.7 – † 2.0 19.2 4.0 † 0.1 5.9 7.3 20.8 5.7 5.9 14.4 87.2 8.9 3.7 1.7 14.9 25.2 0.2 8.7 0.7 57.7 3.8 7.8 104.0 4.2 20.1 2.2 0.1 20.7 – 40.3 38.1 0.7 23.1 538.1 1.1 7.9 – – – – 0.1 9.1 0.6 1.2 81.4 6.4 89.5 49.4 0.4 868.2 6.8 156.8 24.2 112.2 5.3 2.0 2.9 4.7 – 51.1 35.1 9.4 5.5 19.5 1353.5 2611.8 1161.5 1450.3 328.7 174.5

566.1 29.8 9.2 605.1 0.8 12.0 2.6 2.0 – 0.7 – – 1.8 20.0 4.0 † 0.1 5.8 7.2 21.0 4.6 5.4 13.9 85.4 9.1 3.4 1.8 16.6 26.5 0.2 8.6 0.8 57.3 3.7 7.4 99.5 4.1 20.9 2.3 0.1 21.8 – 39.1 36.6 1.2 23.8 532.2 1.2 8.0 – – – – 0.1 9.2 0.6 1.2 85.2 7.1 94.2 50.8 0.4 1019.9 6.3 172.3 22.2 120.8 6.6 2.1 3.8 5.0 – 53.1 36.6 10.4 8.2 19.6 1537.8 2798.5 1174.6 1624.0 324.8 170.8

574.2 30.9 11.0 616.0 0.9 11.9 2.6 2.7 – 0.8 – † 1.6 20.5 4.0 † 0.1 5.1 6.9 20.2 3.7 3.3 14.3 82.1 8.9 3.0 1.9 16.5 27.2 0.2 8.2 0.7 55.7 3.8 7.6 94.2 3.9 20.6 2.2 0.1 21.8 – 37.4 37.4 1.2 22.2 514.6 1.3 7.9 – – – – 0.1 9.3 0.6 1.2 84.4 7.3 93.5 53.5 0.4 1128.3 6.9 184.4 25.4 121.3 6.9 2.3 4.1 5.7 – 54.8 38.1 11.2 8.0 21.0 1672.4 2926.3 1180.8 1745.5 315.1 164.2

565.7 29.9 11.7 607.3 0.3 11.8 3.2 2.4 – 0.6 – † 1.8 20.2 4.1 † 0.1 4.9 7.0 21.0 5.6 5.1 13.2 83.5 8.4 3.1 1.6 16.7 29.8 0.2 7.9 0.6 58.0 3.8 8.5 96.7 3.8 18.4 2.3 0.1 25.9 – 39.7 40.9 1.7 19.2 532.0 1.2 7.8 – – – – 0.1 9.2 0.6 1.3 85.4 6.8 94.1 56.0 0.6 1250.4 6.9 195.4 30.1 119.1 7.3 2.2 4.2 5.5 – 54.8 39.6 12.4 9.5 22.6 1816.8 3079.5 1184.3 1895.2 323.5 171.9

573.3 31.3 12.2 616.7 0.4 12.6 3.8 2.4 – 0.8 – 0.1 1.9 22.0 3.9 † † 4.3 7.9 21.4 4.7 4.8 13.6 85.7 8.8 3.1 1.6 16.8 31.7 0.2 8.5 0.7 57.9 3.3 7.4 93.4 3.8 19.7 2.2 0.2 28.9 – 39.7 38.4 1.4 20.6 534.6 1.3 8.0 – – – – 0.2 9.5 0.6 1.4 90.1 6.2 98.2 54.6 0.8 1320.3 7.5 210.3 37.8 125.3 8.8 1.7 5.1 5.9 – 59.7 41.8 14.2 10.1 19.3 1923.1 3204.2 1207.7 1996.5 324.3 170.9

564.2 29.6 10.1 603.8 1.1 12.7 4.1 2.8 – 0.8 – 0.1 2.0 23.5 3.7 † † 4.4 7.6 19.7 4.1 3.4 12.9 80.1 8.3 3.1 1.4 16.3 33.4 0.2 8.1 0.7 56.0 2.5 7.4 100.4 3.7 14.0 2.0 0.1 29.2 – 41.8 35.6 1.4 21.0 522.6 0.9 7.9 – – – – 0.2 9.0 0.6 1.3 96.9 6.2 105.0 55.4 0.8 1369.2 6.9 230.4 30.1 128.7 9.8 2.1 5.3 7.0 – 66.1 40.2 15.3 10.0 21.2 1998.4 3262.3 1182.5 2079.8 300.3 181.6

496.2 24.4 8.7 529.3 1.2 10.8 3.7 3.5 – 0.8 – 0.2 1.9 22.0 2.8 † † 3.0 6.4 17.6 4.0 3.5 11.2 71.7 8.4 2.6 1.2 12.8 32.6 0.1 7.5 0.5 51.9 2.9 6.6 91.9 3.5 10.6 1.6 0.1 30.4 – 35.9 29.9 1.1 19.7 472.2 1.0 7.7 – – – – 0.1 8.9 0.2 1.2 92.9 5.3 99.6 53.5 0.9 1470.7 7.2 250.3 34.6 108.8 10.6 1.6 4.7 6.7 – 68.6 38.7 15.4 14.0 20.7 2106.9 3239.0 1055.6 2183.4 264.9 165.6

525.0 25.0 12.1 562.1 1.0 13.3 4.2 4.0 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 25.4 3.4 † † 3.7 6.9 18.5 3.8 4.6 12.1 76.6 7.9 2.7 1.2 14.2 31.6 0.2 7.6 0.6 56.4 1.7 6.1 90.2 3.4 7.9 2.3 0.1 30.9 – 38.3 31.0 1.1 21.1 485.9 0.9 7.7 – – – – 0.2 8.8 – 1.5 91.5 6.4 99.4 50.7 0.9 1609.7 6.2 260.2 41.2 123.7 14.8 1.4 4.5 7.7 – 75.9 40.3 15.8 13.9 20.7 2287.6 3469.1 1121.7 2347.5 278.2 166.3

495.4 21.8 14.3 531.4 0.9 13.9 5.3 4.2 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 27.4 3.5 † 0.1 3.4 8.1 18.4 3.2 3.7 10.2 76.0 7.9 2.8 1.3 15.9 34.0 0.2 7.5 0.7 56.1 2.2 7.3 93.7 3.3 12.3 2.0 0.1 33.1 – 41.5 31.5 1.1 23.2 504.1 0.8 7.9 – – – – 0.2 8.9 – 1.4 88.4 6.5 96.3 50.3 0.9 1760.8 7.4 270.1 48.9 117.7 14.8 1.4 4.3 8.3 – 83.6 41.5 16.0 15.0 21.1 2462.1 3630.3 1098.4 2531.9 283.1 175.7

436.7 20.5 13.3 470.5 0.7 14.0 6.2 3.7 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 27.6 3.2 † 0.1 3.0 6.9 17.3 2.5 3.0 11.5 80.1 8.1 2.7 1.5 16.3 36.6 0.2 8.2 0.7 54.3 2.9 6.9 98.1 3.2 15.1 1.5 0.1 35.7 – 42.7 39.1 1.2 21.6 524.3 0.7 8.8 – – – – 0.2 9.7 – 1.4 88.5 6.0 95.9 47.3 1.0 1856.4 7.3 302.3 50.4 124.4 15.9 1.7 4.3 9.4 – 81.0 41.1 16.8 14.9 21.6 2595.7 3723.7 1055.2 2668.5 293.4 183.8

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

455.7 20.3 12.4 488.4 0.7 13.7 7.4 4.3 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.1 29.2 3.6 † 0.1 2.9 5.9 16.5 3.2 3.7 12.2 81.3 7.1 2.7 1.3 14.6 36.1 0.2 8.3 0.7 56.1 2.7 5.6 93.5 3.1 10.3 1.7 0.1 33.0 – 42.6 36.5 1.2 21.8 508.7 0.7 7.3 – – – – 0.2 8.2 – 1.5 88.2 5.9 95.6 45.0 1.0 1925.3 7.8 324.3 54.4 128.6 17.0 1.5 4.4 10.5 – 81.9 41.0 16.0 15.9 22.1 2696.5 3826.7 1066.9 2759.8 285.4 178.8

2013 share of total

4.6% -0.9% -6.1% 4.1% 0.6% -1.8% 19.6% 16.6% – 5.3% – 1.0% 1.9% 6.0% 11.0% 0.3% 0.9% -0.9% -14.6% -4.3% 28.8% 23.5% 7.0% 1.8% -12.3% -1.1% -10.5% -10.3% -1.0% 2.4% 1.9%

11.9% 0.5% 0.3% 12.8%

3.6% -8.4% -18.8% -4.4% -2.1% -31.5% 13.2% 3.0% -7.5% –

1.5% 0.1% 0.1% 2.4% 0.1% 0.3%





-6.2% 0.3% 1.6% -2.7% -1.7% -16.1% – – – – -3.4% -14.8% – 2.1%



-0.6% ♦

-4.7% 5.8% 4.0% 6.9% 7.6% 8.2% 3.6% 7.1% -13.0% 3.4% 12.4% – 1.4%



-4.7% 6.7% 2.7% 4.2% 3.0% 1.4% 3.7% -2.5% -2.5%



0.4% 0.2% 0.1% –







0.1% 0.8% 0.1%

♦ ♦

0.1% 0.2% 0.4% 0.1% 0.1% 0.3% 2.1% 0.2% 0.1%



0.4% 0.9%



0.2%



♦ ♦

0.9% – 1.1% 1.0% ♦

0.6% 13.3% ♦

0.2% – – – –



0.2% – ♦

2.3% 0.2% 2.5% 1.2% ♦

50.3% 0.2% 8.5% 1.4% 3.4% 0.4%



0.1% 0.3% – 2.1% 1.1% 0.4% 0.4% 0.6% 70.5% 100.0% 27.9% 72.1% 7.5% 4.7%

*Commercial solid fuels only, i.e. bituminous coal and anthracite (hard coal), and lignite and brown (sub-bituminous) coal. Excludes coal converted to liquid or gaseous fuels, but includes coal

consumed in transformation processes. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Differences between these world consumption figures and the world production statistics are accounted for by stock changes, and unavoidable disparities in the definition, measurement or conversion of coal supply and demand data. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

33

Production by region

Consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent 4000

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

88

93

3500

98

03

08

13

4000

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

3500

3000

3000

2500

2500

2000

2000

1500

1500

1000

1000

500

500

0

88

93

98

03

08

13

World coal production increased by 0.8% in 2013, well below the 3% increase in global consumption. Indonesia (+9.4%) recorded the largest production increment – the first time since 1998 that China did not have the largest growth increment. Global consumption growth was below average but was once again the fastest among fossil fuels. China and India accounted for 88% of global growth.

Consumption per capita 2013 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-0.25 0.25-0.5 0.5-1.0 1.0-1.5 > 1.5

34

0

  Nuclear energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non–OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

181.9 16.8 2.4 201.1 1.7 3.0 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 4.5 5.9 – 5.2 99.8 37.4 – 2.5 – – – 3.5 0.9 – – – 1.1 33.6 4.0 14.0 15.3 6.2 – – 18.4 20.1 – 1.6 284.8 – – – – – – – – – – 3.0 – 3.0 – – 9.8 – 4.1 – 52.1 – – 0.4 – – 29.3 8.8 – – – 104.6 598.3 505.7 92.6 226.0 56.0

187.8 20.3 2.1 210.2 1.8 2.6 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.7 4.4 6.0 – 5.2 101.7 37.8 – 2.7 – – – 3.4 0.9 – – – 1.3 32.7 3.9 14.4 17.3 6.1 – – 19.7 18.1 – 1.8 287.9 – – – – – – – – – – 3.2 – 3.2 – – 11.4 – 3.8 – 64.7 – – 0.5 – – 29.6 8.9 – – – 119.0 624.7 530.4 94.3 228.9 56.4

186.3 20.7 2.4 209.4 1.6 2.2 – – – – – – – 3.8 – – – 10.8 4.2 5.6 – 5.3 102.4 36.9 – 3.1 – – – 2.3 0.9 – – – 1.3 33.4 4.0 13.0 16.4 5.2 – – 20.1 18.5 – 1.9 285.4 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 12.0 – 4.0 – 66.3 – – 0.6 – – 33.2 9.0 – – – 125.2 626.4 532.4 94.0 226.0 56.4

187.5 22.0 2.5 212.0 1.7 3.1 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.6 4.4 5.9 – 5.2 102.1 37.9 – 3.0 – – – 2.0 0.8 – – – 1.3 35.4 4.1 13.6 15.2 6.3 – – 20.4 17.1 – 1.9 287.0 – – – – – – – – – – 2.4 – 2.4 – – 12.4 – 4.0 – 69.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.7 9.0 – – – 128.7 634.9 537.6 97.3 224.3 58.4

192.1 21.0 2.4 215.4 1.6 2.8 – – – – – – – 4.4 – – – 10.9 3.3 5.9 – 5.4 99.7 31.8 – 3.3 – – – 2.2 1.0 – – – 1.7 36.2 3.5 12.5 15.2 6.3 – – 20.9 14.3 – 1.9 275.9 – – – – – – – – – – 2.7 – 2.7 – – 14.1 – 4.0 – 63.1 – – 0.6 – – 32.3 9.2 – – – 123.3 621.7 521.8 99.9 211.9 60.0

192.0 21.1 2.2 215.4 1.6 3.2 – – – – – – – 4.8 – – – 10.3 3.6 6.0 – 5.3 99.6 33.7 – 3.4 – – – 2.2 0.9 – – – 2.5 36.9 3.8 13.3 14.5 6.2 – – 20.3 11.9 – 2.0 276.5 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 15.5 – 3.4 – 57.0 – – 0.4 – – 34.2 9.2 – – – 119.7 619.4 516.8 102.6 212.5 60.0

190.3 20.3 2.4 213.0 1.8 2.9 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 10.7 3.5 6.2 – 5.4 92.8 30.5 – 3.5 – – – 2.5 1.0 – – – 2.7 37.0 3.2 11.9 11.9 6.2 – – 18.8 15.6 – 1.9 265.1 – – – – – – – – – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 15.9 – 3.8 – 65.0 – – 0.6 – – 33.4 9.4 – – – 128.2 614.0 511.6 102.4 202.5 58.8

192.2 20.3 1.3 213.8 1.6 3.3 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.8 3.5 6.3 – 5.2 96.9 31.8 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 38.6 3.3 14.0 13.2 6.0 – – 20.2 14.1 – 1.8 272.9 – – – – – – – – – – 2.9 – 2.9 – – 16.7 – 5.2 – 66.2 – – 0.6 – – 33.6 9.4 – – – 131.7 626.2 521.1 105.1 207.6 59.3

188.2 21.4 2.3 211.9 1.3 3.5 – – – – – – – 4.9 – – – 10.9 3.7 6.4 – 5.3 100.0 24.4 – 3.5 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.7 39.1 3.5 13.1 13.8 6.1 – – 20.4 15.6 – 2.0 271.5 † – – – – – – † – – 3.2 – 3.2 – – 19.5 – 7.3 – 36.9 – – 0.9 – – 35.0 9.5 – – – 109.1 600.7 488.9 111.8 205.3 60.1

183.2 21.7 2.0 206.9 1.4 3.6 – – – – – – – 5.0 – – – 9.1 3.6 6.9 – 5.3 96.3 22.5 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 40.2 3.5 13.9 14.6 5.8 – – 20.4 15.9 – 1.8 266.7 0.3 – – – – – – 0.3 – – 2.8 – 2.8 – – 22.0 – 7.5 – 4.1 – – 1.3 – – 34.0 9.1 – – – 78.1 559.9 444.5 115.4 199.9 61.1

187.9 2.8% 23.1 6.9% 2.7 34.9% 213.7 3.6% 1.4 -2.7% 3.3 -8.4% – – – – – – – – – – – – – – 4.7 -6.8% – – – – – – 9.6 6.1% 3.2 -10.0% 7.0 1.7% – – 5.4 3.2% 95.9 -0.1% 22.0 -1.9% – – 3.5 -2.4% – – – – – – – – 0.6 -30.6% – – – – – – 2.6 1.6% 39.1 -2.3% 3.6 1.7% 12.8 -7.5% 15.1 3.9% 5.9 2.4% – – – – 18.8 -7.4% 16.0 0.6% – – 1.7 -2.0% 263.0 -1.1% 0.9 193.9% – – – – – – – – – – – – 0.9 193.9% – – – – 3.1 10.4% – – 3.1 10.4% – – – – 25.0 13.9% – – 7.5 0.8% – – 3.3 -18.6% – – – – 1.1 -16.2% – – – – 31.4 -7.4% 9.4 3.3% – – – – – – 77.8 –0.1% 563.2 0.9% 447.0 0.9% 116.1 0.9% 198.5 -0.4% 58.5 -4.0%

2013 share of total

33.4% 4.1% 0.5% 37.9% 0.2% 0.6% – – – – – – – 0.8% – – – 1.7% 0.6% 1.2% – 1.0% 17.0% 3.9% – 0.6% – – – – 0.1% – – – 0.5% 6.9% 0.6% 2.3% 2.7% 1.1% – – 3.3% 2.8% – 0.3% 46.7% 0.2% – – – – – – 0.2% – – 0.6% – 0.6% – – 4.4% – 1.3% – 0.6% – – 0.2% – – 5.6% 1.7% – – – 13.8% 100.0% 79.4% 20.6% 35.3% 10.4%

*Based on gross generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. Notes: Nuclear energy data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

35

  Hydroelectricity Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

63.0 76.1 4.5 143.6 8.8 69.2 5.6 8.2 1.6 4.2 – 13.7 18.1 129.4 7.5 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.4 † 2.1 13.5 4.0 1.2 † 0.1 8.3 2.0 0.1 † 24.0 0.7 3.6 3.0 35.7 0.8 9.3 12.1 7.9 8.0 † 2.1 0.7 1.7 17.7 168.0 2.2 † – – – – 1.0 3.2 0.1 2.9 0.2 14.9 18.1 3.7 0.2 64.2 – 15.7 2.1 21.1 1.3 5.3 5.8 1.8 – 1.1 0.7 1.7 4.3 6.0 134.9 597.2 287.3 309.9 70.7 51.2

61.3 76.6 5.7 143.6 8.0 72.6 4.9 8.7 1.6 4.0 – 15.9 17.7 133.4 8.3 0.6 † 0.1 0.7 0.6 † 3.4 13.5 4.5 1.2 † 0.1 9.6 1.8 0.1 † 24.7 0.5 2.2 3.7 40.2 1.0 7.2 13.7 7.6 10.4 † 2.7 1.1 1.6 18.9 180.2 2.7 † – – – – 1.3 4.0 0.1 2.9 0.2 16.5 19.6 3.6 0.2 80.0 – 19.0 2.2 21.1 1.3 6.1 5.5 1.9 – 1.0 0.7 1.4 4.3 6.1 154.2 635.1 292.6 342.4 74.8 56.2

61.8 82.1 6.2 150.1 9.0 76.4 6.0 8.9 1.5 4.1 – 17.4 18.3 141.6 8.3 0.7 † 0.1 1.0 0.7 † 3.1 11.8 4.4 1.3 † 0.1 8.2 1.8 0.1 † 30.9 0.5 1.0 4.6 39.5 1.1 4.0 16.5 7.1 9.0 † 2.8 1.1 1.4 19.1 180.1 3.0 † – – – – 2.2 5.1 0.1 2.9 0.3 17.2 20.5 3.6 0.2 89.8 – 22.0 2.4 17.9 1.2 5.3 6.9 1.9 – 0.8 0.9 1.3 3.7 6.5 164.4 661.8 295.3 366.5 70.9 55.8

66.1 80.2 6.9 153.2 9.8 78.9 7.0 9.2 1.6 4.4 – 18.4 18.4 147.8 8.1 0.6 † 0.1 0.9 0.7 † 2.6 12.7 4.5 1.5 † 0.2 8.4 1.8 0.1 † 27.1 0.5 2.5 4.2 39.6 1.0 5.8 14.0 7.0 10.0 † 2.9 1.0 1.4 18.4 177.5 4.2 † – – – – 2.5 6.6 † 2.9 0.7 18.2 21.8 3.6 0.2 98.6 – 25.4 2.2 20.4 1.6 5.3 6.8 2.2 – 0.8 0.9 1.8 4.5 7.3 181.7 688.7 300.6 388.2 71.6 55.5

56.6 83.6 6.1 146.3 8.5 84.6 5.2 9.5 2.0 4.4 – 18.8 19.4 152.4 8.4 0.5 † 0.1 0.7 0.6 † 3.2 13.2 4.8 0.8 † 0.2 7.4 1.8 0.1 † 30.6 0.5 2.3 3.6 40.5 1.0 6.2 15.0 8.0 8.1 † 2.3 1.1 1.4 17.7 180.1 4.1 † – – – – 2.2 6.3 0.1 3.5 0.2 17.8 21.5 3.3 0.2 109.8 – 27.7 2.6 17.5 1.5 5.3 7.1 1.9 – 0.8 1.0 1.8 5.1 7.9 193.6 700.3 292.6 407.7 71.5 56.4

58.2 85.2 8.8 152.2 8.4 83.6 5.7 9.9 2.5 4.3 – 19.6 19.4 153.5 8.7 0.5 † 0.1 0.7 0.5 † 3.9 13.6 4.6 0.9 † 0.2 9.4 1.7 0.1 † 31.8 0.5 1.5 3.9 37.7 1.0 5.3 15.7 8.2 7.5 † 2.6 1.2 2.6 18.5 182.8 1.7 † – – – – 1.5 3.2 0.1 3.3 0.3 18.3 22.0 2.7 0.2 132.4 – 26.0 2.6 17.5 2.0 5.1 6.1 2.2 – 0.7 0.9 1.6 5.9 8.4 214.4 728.1 302.3 425.8 74.6 53.9

62.5 82.9 6.0 151.4 9.2 88.5 5.9 9.3 2.1 4.5 – 19.4 19.2 158.1 9.2 0.5 † 0.1 0.8 0.7 † 2.9 13.0 4.3 1.3 0.1 0.2 11.1 1.6 0.1 † 28.8 0.5 1.8 3.6 39.9 1.0 6.0 14.9 8.1 8.1 † 2.7 1.2 2.1 20.2 184.6 1.5 † – – – – 1.3 2.8 0.1 2.9 0.3 19.1 22.4 2.5 0.1 139.3 – 24.0 2.6 16.4 1.6 5.5 6.4 2.2 – 0.6 0.8 1.6 6.8 8.0 218.5 737.8 299.5 438.3 76.3 55.6

59.5 79.4 8.3 147.2 9.2 91.2 5.0 9.1 2.0 4.5 – 17.3 20.3 158.7 8.7 0.8 † 0.1 1.1 0.8 † 2.9 14.3 4.8 1.7 † 0.1 11.6 1.8 0.1 † 26.7 0.7 3.6 4.6 38.1 1.3 9.6 15.1 8.2 11.7 † 2.9 0.8 2.3 23.4 197.7 2.2 † – – – – 1.9 4.0 † 3.0 0.5 21.0 24.5 3.8 0.2 163.4 – 25.0 3.9 20.6 1.6 5.6 6.7 1.8 – 0.8 0.9 1.3 6.2 10.0 251.8 783.9 309.5 474.4 85.7 55.8

73.0 85.2 8.1 166.3 9.0 96.9 4.7 10.9 2.5 4.9 – 18.8 20.3 168.1 7.7 0.6 † † 0.7 0.6 † 2.8 10.3 4.0 1.0 0.1 0.2 10.4 1.8 0.1 † 27.6 0.5 2.5 3.4 37.3 0.9 6.9 15.1 7.2 11.8 † 2.4 1.3 2.3 19.4 179.0 2.4 † – – – – 1.9 4.3 0.1 2.9 0.5 20.6 24.1 3.2 0.2 158.2 – 29.8 2.8 19.3 1.9 5.7 6.9 2.2 – 1.0 0.9 1.8 9.3 11.1 254.1 795.8 314.9 481.0 71.2 54.5

63.1 86.0 7.1 156.2 8.4 94.0 4.6 10.8 2.8 5.0 – 18.5 20.4 164.3 9.9 0.4 † 0.1 0.7 0.7 † 3.8 13.1 4.9 1.0 † 0.2 9.5 1.8 0.1 † 32.3 0.5 1.2 2.8 37.3 1.0 4.6 17.8 8.6 13.1 † 2.4 1.2 2.3 19.9 191.2 2.7 † – – – – 2.1 4.9 0.1 3.2 0.3 21.9 25.5 3.9 0.2 197.3 – 26.2 2.9 18.3 2.1 5.2 6.4 2.3 – 1.1 1.2 2.0 11.9 10.4 291.5 833.6 316.6 517.0 76.1 54.5

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

61.5 88.6 6.2 156.3 9.2 87.2 4.4 10.0 2.5 4.8 – 19.0 20.9 158.1 8.4 0.3 † 0.1 0.9 0.9 † 2.9 15.5 4.6 1.5 † 0.1 11.6 1.8 0.1 † 29.2 0.6 3.1 3.4 41.0 1.2 8.3 13.9 8.6 13.4 † 3.1 1.1 2.6 23.0 201.3 3.4 † – – – – 2.3 5.7 † 2.9 0.3 22.5 25.7 4.5 0.2 206.3 – 29.8 3.5 18.6 2.1 5.2 7.4 2.2 – 1.3 1.2 1.3 12.2 12.8 308.7 855.8 319.3 536.5 81.9 59.3

2013 share of total

-2.3% 3.3% -11.9% 0.3% 10.3% -7.0% -2.8% -6.6% -9.5% -4.0% – 2.8% 3.2% -3.5% -14.9% -18.0% -15.8% 2.0% 26.6% 27.2% -22.9% -23.5% 18.6% -5.7% 40.5% 0.3% -27.3% 23.3% 1.8% 22.6% 8.8% -9.5% 20.1% 150.3% 24.2% 10.2% 15.8% 79.5% -21.8% 0.1% 2.7%

7.2% 10.4% 0.7% 18.3% 1.1% 10.2% 0.5% 1.2% 0.3% 0.6% – 2.2% 2.4% 18.5% 1.0%

32.8% -10.4% 13.8% 16.2% 5.5% 22.8% – – – – – 10.9% 17.6% -74.5% -7.9% -2.7% 2.9% 1.2% 18.1% 4.2% 4.8% – 14.3% 23.9% 1.8% -2.2% 0.9% 15.6% -5.7% – 16.8% -4.1% -35.6% 2.7% 23.4% 6.2% 2.9% 1.1% 4.0% 8.0% 9.2%

0.4% 0.1% 0.3% 2.7% 23.5% 0.4%



♦ ♦ ♦

0.1% 0.1%



0.3% 1.8% 0.5% 0.2%

♦ ♦

1.4% 0.2%

♦ ♦

3.4% 0.1% 0.4% 0.4% 4.8% 0.1% 1.0% 1.6% 1.0% 1.6%





– – – – 0.3% 0.7% ♦

0.3%



2.6% 3.0% 0.5%



24.1% – 3.5% 0.4% 2.2% 0.2% 0.6% 0.9% 0.3% – 0.2% 0.1% 0.1% 1.4% 1.5% 36.1% 100.0% 37.3% 62.7% 9.6% 6.9%

*Based on gross primary generation and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal

power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Hydroelectricity data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

36

Nuclear energy consumption by region

Hydroelectricity consumption by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Million tonnes oil equivalent 700

Rest of World Asia Pacific Europe & Eurasia North America

900

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

600

800

700 500

600

400

500

400

300

300 200

200 100

100

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

88

93

98

03

08

13

0

World nuclear power generation increased by 0.9%, the first increase since 2010. Gains in the US, China, and Canada more than offset declines in South Korea, Ukraine, Spain and Russia. Global hydroelectric output grew by a below-average 2.9%. Growth in China, Russia, Spain and India was partly offset by large declines in Brazil and the Nordic countries.

Other renewables consumption by region

Other renewables share of power generation by region

Million tonnes oil equivalent

Percentage 300

Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

93

95

97

270

240

99

01

03

05

07

09

11

13

10

World Asia Pacific Africa Middle East Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

9

8

210

7

180

6

150

5

120

4

90

3

60

2

30

1

0

93

95

97

99

01

03

05

07

09

11

13

0

Renewable energy in power generation grew by an above-average 16.3% in 2013. Europe & Eurasia once again contributed the largest growth increment, even though growth in Europe’s leading players – Germany, Spain, and Italy – was below average. China contributed the largest national increment. Renewable energy accounted for more than 5% of global electricity production for the first time, and 15% of EU power generation.

37

  Renewable energy Other renewables consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

18.8 2.3 2.0 23.1 0.3 3.5 0.4 0.1 – 0.1 † – 1.4 5.7 0.5 – – 0.4 – 0.1 1.8 2.1 0.9 6.3 0.3 † 0.1 2.6 – † 0.9 0.2 0.1 0.5 † 0.1 † 3.6 1.2 0.2 0.1 – † 1.7 – 0.4 24.1 – † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.6 0.6 † 0.8 – 1.2 1.4 5.2 – 0.7 – 2.1 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 – † 13.4 66.9 54.1 12.8 23.2 0.1

19.6 2.3 2.1 24.0 0.3 3.7 0.5 0.1 † † † – 1.4 6.1 0.7 – † 0.5 † 0.2 2.2 2.4 1.0 8.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 2.9 – † 1.2 0.2 0.2 0.6 † 0.1 † 4.4 1.8 0.2 0.1 – † 2.1 – 0.4 30.0 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.5 0.7 0.8 † 0.9 – 1.9 1.5 5.4 – 0.8 – 2.3 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.3 – † 15.1 76.0 61.6 14.4 29.1 0.1

20.6 2.5 2.4 25.5 0.3 4.2 0.4 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.3 6.4 0.9 – † 0.6 † 0.2 2.2 2.2 1.1 9.7 0.3 0.4 0.3 3.1 – † 1.7 0.2 0.4 0.8 † 0.1 † 5.6 1.9 0.2 0.1 – † 2.7 – 0.5 35.2 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 1.2 † 1.1 – 2.3 1.5 6.5 – 1.0 – 2.2 0.2 0.1 0.7 0.4 † 0.1 17.2 85.1 69.7 15.4 34.2 0.2

22.7 2.6 2.1 27.4 0.7 4.3 0.3 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.3 6.9 1.2 – † 0.8 † 0.2 2.1 2.5 1.4 11.7 0.4 0.3 0.4 3.5 † † 1.8 0.3 0.5 1.1 † 0.1 0.1 6.2 2.1 0.3 0.1 – † 3.1 – 0.7 40.7 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.9 1.4 † 1.5 † 3.3 1.5 6.6 – 1.0 – 2.4 0.2 0.1 0.8 0.3 † 0.1 19.3 95.3 77.5 17.9 39.4 0.2

24.7 2.7 2.3 29.7 0.7 5.0 0.6 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.5 8.2 1.4 – † 1.0 † 0.3 2.3 2.3 1.9 15.2 0.5 0.3 0.5 3.8 † † 1.7 0.3 0.7 1.4 † 0.1 0.1 7.2 2.5 0.3 0.2 – † 3.3 – 1.0 48.3 † † – – – – † † – 0.1 0.1 0.6 0.8 1.6 † 1.9 † 4.0 1.6 6.9 † 1.1 – 2.3 0.2 0.2 0.9 0.4 † 0.1 21.4 108.4 88.3 20.1 46.6 0.2

29.5 2.6 2.2 34.3 0.7 5.5 0.7 0.1 † 0.1 † – 1.7 9.0 1.4 – † 1.2 † 0.4 2.3 2.4 2.3 16.5 0.6 0.5 0.6 4.1 † † 2.1 0.3 1.0 1.8 † 0.1 0.1 8.7 2.8 0.3 0.3 – † 3.8 – 1.1 54.7 † † – – – – † † – 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 1.7 † 3.6 † 4.8 1.9 6.8 † 1.3 – 2.4 0.2 0.3 0.9 0.6 † 0.1 24.7 123.7 99.6 24.1 52.8 0.2

33.6 3.4 2.3 39.3 0.7 5.9 1.0 0.1 † 0.1 † – 2.1 10.0 1.4 † † 1.5 0.1 0.5 2.3 2.0 2.8 17.2 0.6 0.6 0.7 4.6 † 0.1 2.4 0.3 1.4 2.3 † 0.1 0.1 10.7 3.1 0.3 0.5 – † 4.5 – 1.2 61.4 0.1 † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.2 0.1 0.8 1.1 1.7 † 6.9 † 6.3 2.1 6.8 0.3 1.6 † 2.4 0.3 0.5 0.9 0.7 † 0.1 30.7 142.5 112.0 30.5 59.1 0.3

38.9 4.1 2.4 45.4 0.5 7.3 0.6 0.1 0.1 0.2 † † 2.1 11.0 1.5 † 0.1 1.8 0.2 0.7 2.8 2.5 3.4 19.0 0.7 0.6 0.7 5.8 † 0.1 2.5 0.3 1.8 2.8 0.1 0.1 0.2 12.5 3.5 0.3 0.9 – † 5.0 – 1.3 71.2 † † – – – † † 0.1 – 0.3 0.1 0.9 1.3 1.9 † 13.1 † 7.6 2.1 7.2 0.3 1.8 † 2.3 0.3 0.6 1.0 0.8 † 0.1 39.1 168.0 128.1 39.9 68.5 0.4

45.0 3.9 2.4 51.3 0.5 9.0 0.9 0.1 0.1 0.2 † † 2.1 12.9 1.5 – 0.1 2.2 0.2 1.2 3.2 2.6 4.3 24.0 0.9 0.6 1.1 8.4 † 0.1 2.8 0.4 2.4 2.8 0.3 0.1 0.2 12.6 4.0 0.4 1.3 – † 6.6 – 1.4 85.9 0.1 0.1 – – – † † 0.1 † 0.3 0.1 0.9 1.3 2.1 † 24.7 † 9.2 2.2 7.5 0.3 2.0 † 2.3 0.3 0.7 1.2 0.8 † 0.1 53.3 204.9 149.4 55.5 82.5 0.5

50.6 4.2 2.3 57.0 0.6 10.0 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 † † 2.4 14.7 1.7 – 0.1 2.5 0.5 1.3 3.4 2.6 5.5 27.5 1.3 0.6 1.0 11.4 † 0.2 2.8 0.5 3.4 3.1 0.6 0.1 0.3 15.0 4.4 0.4 1.7 – 0.1 8.1 – 1.7 101.8 0.1 0.1 – – – † † 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 0.9 1.4 2.8 † 33.5 † 10.9 2.2 8.2 0.3 2.0 † 2.4 0.3 0.8 1.2 0.9 † 0.1 65.7 240.8 172.1 68.7 97.7 0.7

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

58.6 4.3 2.5 65.4 0.7 13.2 1.4 0.1 0.1 0.2 † † 2.5 18.3 1.9 – 0.1 2.8 0.6 1.5 3.7 2.7 5.9 29.7 1.4 0.5 1.1 13.0 † 0.2 3.0 0.5 4.2 3.6 1.1 0.1 0.3 16.8 5.0 0.5 2.2 – 0.3 10.9 – 1.8 115.5 0.1 0.1 – – – † † 0.2 0.1 0.4 0.1 1.2 1.7 3.4 † 42.9 † 11.7 2.3 9.4 0.3 2.0 † 2.4 0.3 1.0 1.2 1.0 † 0.1 78.2 279.3 195.6 83.7 110.6 0.9

2013 share of total

16.2% 3.4% 10.3% 15.0% 3.9% 32.2% 20.9% 0.4% 18.8% 20.2% – 48.6% 3.2% 24.7% 12.6% –

21.0% 1.5% 0.9% 23.4% 0.2% 4.7% 0.5% 0.1%

14.1% 32.8% 11.3% 8.8% 2.5% 8.4% 8.1% 8.8% -2.1% 12.3% 14.3%

1.0% 0.2% 0.5% 1.3% 1.0% 2.1% 10.6% 0.5% 0.2% 0.4% 4.6%

22.4% 7.9% 16.6% 25.5% 16.0% 75.7% 1.5% 2.1% 12.0% 14.3% 11.0% 30.2% – 89.6% 34.1% – 6.5% 13.7% – 41.4% – – – – 8.8% 24.0% -0.2% 14.4% – 24.6% 19.8% 21.7% 35.1% 28.3% 2.4% 8.3% 5.3% 15.9%

0.1% 1.1% 0.2% 1.5% 1.3% 0.4%







2.2% – -0.7% – 18.1% 5.6% 10.5% – -0.1% 19.4% 16.3% 14.0% 22.1% 13.5% 27.4%



0.1%

♦ ♦

0.9% 6.5% 0.7% –







0.1% 6.0% 1.8% 0.2% 0.8% – 0.1% 3.9% – 0.6% 41.3% ♦ ♦

– – –

♦ ♦

0.1% ♦

0.1%



0.4% 0.6% 1.2%



15.4%



4.2% 0.8% 3.4% 0.1% 0.7% ♦

0.8% 0.1% 0.4% 0.4% 0.3%

♦ ♦

28.0% 100.0% 70.0% 30.0% 39.6% 0.3%

*Based on gross generation from renewable sources including, wind, geothermal, solar, biomass and waste, and not accounting for cross-border electricity supply. Converted on the basis of thermal equivalence assuming 38% conversion efficiency in a modern thermal power station. †Less than 0.05. ◆Less than 0.05%. Notes: Other renewables data expressed in terawatt-hours is available at bp.com/statisticalreview Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

38

Biofuels production Thousand tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Colombia Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Belgium Finland France Germany Italy Netherlands Poland Portugal Spain Sweden United Kingdom Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Total Middle East Total Africa Australia China India Indonesia South Korea Thailand Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

2010

2011

2012

2013

5226 113 – 5339 9 7068 – 151 7227 26 – – 368 613 232 – 28 – 173 32 9 138 1619 – 6 – 396 94 – 2 – – 491 14682 6960 7722 1619 –

6374 114 – 6488 9 7154 – 148 7311 48 – 1 387 890 272 6 6 – 210 43 9 165 2037 – 6 4 493 99 – 4 3 – 604 16446 8522 7924 2028 11

7478 133 – 7612 9 7835 14 235 8093 70 1 6 439 1525 340 3 109 1 282 48 39 293 3157 – 6 20 622 114 9 9 52 10 834 19701 10779 8922 3133 22

9746 160 – 9906 29 8729 131 515 9405 105 21 11 665 2488 585 22 144 70 251 81 219 395 5058 – 6 54 846 134 44 39 80 106 1304 25678 15021 10657 5007 28

13456 461 4 13922 272 11323 141 610 12347 220 140 51 1121 3181 443 80 96 153 352 139 359 491 6826 – 6 70 901 136 216 74 138 196 1732 34832 20780 14052 6748 50

19149 501 4 19654 632 14093 143 787 15655 263 278 96 2012 2720 617 77 278 145 359 171 276 931 8223 – 11 111 1096 155 528 141 494 385 2910 46453 27899 18553 8077 130

21697 721 4 22422 1048 13962 295 606 15911 354 473 267 2312 2728 758 241 393 202 958 238 180 1175 10280 – 15 174 1124 174 464 343 618 422 3320 51949 32897 19051 10096 210

25568 746 13 26327 1656 15575 428 314 17973 375 536 363 2269 2888 670 385 421 275 1267 214 304 1231 11200 4 30 238 1441 155 718 491 661 317 4021 59555 37946 21609 11051 182

28518 875 12 29405 2218 13197 536 457 16408 370 611 363 1859 2825 456 627 398 293 809 212 253 1241 10318 4 23 335 1597 192 1104 308 721 267 4525 60684 40014 20670 10173 159

27270 998 14 28282 2283 13547 616 458 16904 370 476 363 2071 2888 292 1255 631 338 586 244 299 1320 11133 4 23 409 1729 227 1388 272 994 387 5406 61752 39737 22015 10925 184

28440 1011 53 29505 1884 15783 634 457 18757 378 660 363 1936 2615 292 1182 664 208 674 271 449 1295 10988 4 23 416 1680 321 1608 302 1251 492 6071 65348 40813 24535 10747 193

◆Less

than 0.05%. Notes: Consumption of fuel ethanol and biodiesel is included in oil consumption tables. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

Change 2013 over 2012

2013 share of total

4.6% 1.6% 276.9% 4.6% -17.3% 16.8% 3.3%

43.5% 1.5% 0.1% 45.1% 2.9% 24.2% 1.0% 0.7% 28.7% 0.6% 1.0% 0.6% 3.0% 4.0% 0.4% 1.8% 1.0% 0.3% 1.0% 0.4% 0.7% 2.0% 16.8%



11.3% 2.5% 39.0% 0.3% -6.2% -9.2% 0.3% -5.6% 5.6% -38.3% 15.4% 11.3% 50.5% -1.6% -1.0% – – 1.8% -2.6% 42.2% 16.2% 11.4% 26.2% 27.6% 12.6% 6.1% 3.0% 11.7% -1.4% 5.4%

♦ ♦

0.6% 2.6% 0.5% 2.5% 0.5% 1.9% 0.8% 9.3% 100.0% 62.5% 37.5% 16.4% 0.3%

Source: Includes data from F.O. Lichts; US Energy Information Administration.

World biofuels production Million tonnes oil equivalent 80

Rest of World Europe & Eurasia S. & Cent. America North America

Ethanol 2003 Ethanol 2013 Biodiesel 2003 Biodiesel 2013

30

60 20

40

10

20

03

05

07

09

11

13

0

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Rest of World

0

World biofuels production increased by 6.1% in 2013. Increased biofuels output in North America, South and Central America and Asia Pacific outweighed declines in Europe and Eurasia. Global ethanol production increased 6.1%, the first increase in two years. Biodiesel production increased 6.2%, despite declines in South and Central America and Europe and Eurasia.

39

  Primary energy Consumption* Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non-OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

2008

2009

than 0.05%. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent. Growth rates are adjusted for leap years.

40

2011

2012

2302.3 2349.1 2351.3 2333.1 2371.7 2320.1 2205.9 2284.9 2265.4 2208.0 2265.8 332.9 312.1 315.5 324.1 321.4 327.5 326.1 311.5 315.6 328.1 326.9 188.0 148.2 156.4 167.8 172.7 172.1 174.6 173.0 177.9 186.2 188.5 2762.7 2821.0 2843.2 2827.2 2871.3 2820.8 2690.4 2778.4 2779.7 2723.4 2786.7 84.5 61.1 64.4 68.8 71.8 74.7 76.6 75.8 78.1 79.8 82.2 284.0 189.7 199.9 206.5 212.4 225.9 236.0 235.2 257.4 269.3 276.0 34.6 26.1 27.3 28.3 30.8 30.8 30.6 30.9 30.0 32.6 34.0 38.0 26.2 26.7 28.2 28.8 29.4 30.3 31.8 33.0 35.7 36.8 14.7 8.9 9.2 9.7 10.3 10.9 11.6 11.5 12.8 13.6 14.3 21.8 12.0 12.8 13.4 13.6 14.9 16.2 16.6 18.9 20.6 21.6 22.0 13.2 14.5 15.9 20.5 21.4 21.0 21.7 22.8 22.5 21.7 82.9 60.5 67.5 70.4 76.3 81.1 84.4 82.9 75.8 77.7 79.9 91.0 84.9 85.1 84.5 86.2 88.5 86.1 85.7 87.6 88.7 90.3 673.5 482.6 507.3 525.9 550.7 577.6 592.9 592.0 616.4 640.5 656.9 34.0 34.7 35.4 36.2 36.0 35.1 35.8 34.7 36.0 33.7 35.4 12.7 11.8 12.6 13.8 13.6 12.3 12.3 10.9 10.7 11.9 12.3 25.3 22.5 24.4 24.2 26.0 25.1 25.3 23.9 25.4 25.2 25.2 61.7 65.3 65.1 64.7 64.8 65.0 67.7 62.6 66.8 63.8 60.3 17.1 19.4 19.1 19.6 20.1 19.6 19.5 17.1 17.8 19.1 18.1 41.9 43.7 45.4 45.2 46.1 45.7 44.4 42.0 43.8 43.2 42.4 18.1 21.4 20.5 19.6 21.7 20.6 19.8 18.5 19.5 18.5 17.2 26.1 30.7 30.8 28.4 29.8 29.8 29.0 27.0 29.2 27.2 26.5 248.4 260.6 264.7 262.9 261.7 258.0 258.8 244.9 253.3 245.0 245.3 325.0 337.0 337.2 333.2 339.6 324.6 326.9 307.8 322.5 307.5 317.1 27.2 32.2 34.3 34.0 35.2 35.1 34.6 33.4 31.4 30.7 29.3 20.4 24.3 24.4 24.9 23.9 26.3 27.0 25.2 25.0 22.6 22.0 13.3 14.2 14.6 15.1 15.4 15.9 15.7 14.4 14.4 13.3 13.2 158.8 181.9 185.3 185.6 184.9 182.0 180.2 167.9 173.2 169.5 163.2 62.0 44.0 43.9 46.5 49.9 53.2 54.1 50.8 50.8 56.7 60.9 5.7 8.9 9.0 8.3 8.0 8.6 8.6 7.8 5.9 6.1 6.1 86.8 91.6 94.5 96.2 95.6 95.1 93.2 91.8 96.1 91.5 88.4 45.0 39.2 39.9 46.0 42.4 46.1 47.1 43.9 42.1 43.2 47.9 99.9 90.1 91.4 91.2 94.7 95.7 96.2 92.1 99.5 99.8 98.7 23.8 25.7 25.3 25.5 25.4 25.3 23.7 24.0 25.1 23.8 22.2 33.0 37.8 39.0 39.8 40.6 37.5 38.5 33.9 34.3 35.4 34.3 699.0 642.2 649.2 648.0 675.7 680.1 683.5 647.8 674.1 695.9 699.3 16.6 18.1 17.6 18.8 17.9 17.2 17.7 16.0 17.0 16.5 16.0 133.7 144.4 150.1 151.7 153.6 157.5 154.0 143.9 144.7 142.4 141.1 51.0 49.2 53.4 54.8 51.5 52.6 52.4 48.1 51.8 50.9 54.0 30.2 29.1 28.8 27.7 28.9 28.6 29.7 29.7 29.0 27.5 29.1 122.8 78.4 83.2 86.1 96.2 103.1 102.8 103.7 110.4 117.6 122.7 26.3 17.7 18.6 19.6 21.5 24.4 23.9 23.1 26.1 27.0 29.9 117.5 136.6 137.5 136.1 137.5 134.5 133.0 112.9 120.9 125.8 122.7 200.0 225.4 227.3 228.2 225.4 218.2 214.5 203.9 209.2 196.3 201.6 47.8 50.9 49.4 46.2 46.0 48.8 52.3 46.7 48.0 51.1 48.9 94.3 84.8 89.8 89.8 87.6 89.8 91.4 88.6 94.5 93.5 91.4 2913.8 2961.5 2967.8 3017.1 3011.5 3013.6 2839.1 2948.8 2932.3 2942.6 2925.3 243.9 151.1 166.1 177.3 193.7 207.8 217.2 227.0 227.4 237.6 238.8 24.2 20.7 21.0 21.6 21.8 22.9 23.8 23.1 23.4 24.0 24.8 37.8 25.5 28.5 30.5 28.9 28.8 30.5 31.5 34.7 35.7 38.0 31.8 14.1 16.9 20.7 22.2 22.8 23.6 24.0 24.9 28.6 29.1 227.7 135.8 147.4 152.3 158.5 165.0 179.1 186.4 203.1 208.1 220.6 97.1 56.2 60.1 62.3 65.3 72.5 82.9 80.9 84.9 89.2 93.3 122.9 82.9 86.2 91.7 89.7 94.0 104.1 106.7 116.1 113.9 119.9 785.3 486.2 526.2 556.5 580.1 613.7 661.0 679.7 714.4 737.1 764.4 46.6 30.0 31.1 32.6 33.5 35.4 37.5 39.6 38.6 40.7 44.8 86.8 56.9 59.6 62.5 65.9 70.1 74.3 77.0 81.6 83.0 87.6 122.4 109.4 115.3 115.1 116.9 122.8 129.4 123.6 125.1 123.0 122.6 152.3 108.2 116.9 123.2 122.0 126.9 134.4 132.1 144.2 140.0 147.5 408.1 304.5 322.8 333.4 338.3 355.1 375.5 372.4 389.4 386.7 402.4 116.0 112.6 115.3 119.0 125.1 125.8 126.1 123.1 122.8 124.1 118.0 26.7 15.6 16.2 17.4 18.7 19.4 20.6 21.4 23.3 24.7 26.0 1245.3 1466.8 1601.1 1767.9 1880.1 1971.4 2104.3 2339.6 2544.8 2731.1 2852.4 27.9 21.4 24.1 23.1 24.5 26.1 24.3 26.5 27.6 28.3 27.2 595.0 320.8 345.1 366.8 390.0 420.1 446.5 483.8 510.2 534.6 573.3 168.7 117.1 116.6 120.0 122.2 131.0 125.0 134.5 150.0 159.8 161.0 474.0 514.4 526.8 531.4 530.1 526.7 520.7 477.5 506.8 481.2 478.0 81.1 58.8 58.2 64.4 68.1 71.2 71.6 71.5 77.5 76.6 80.2 19.8 18.7 19.3 18.7 19.0 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.7 19.6 19.7 69.6 52.4 56.8 58.9 61.8 65.2 64.9 67.0 68.0 68.1 69.1 31.8 26.4 27.3 27.5 26.2 27.5 27.4 27.8 28.1 29.2 30.4 75.7 39.3 44.1 49.5 53.0 58.4 61.2 64.5 70.6 73.7 74.1 271.3 209.8 213.8 220.8 222.9 231.9 236.4 237.4 254.6 267.8 270.9 110.9 99.7 104.9 106.5 108.6 113.7 107.6 104.1 109.7 109.5 109.2 115.6 75.4 80.6 84.8 86.7 89.9 92.4 97.2 102.7 107.1 115.3 54.4 22.5 28.7 29.8 32.3 34.9 36.7 42.6 44.2 48.9 52.5 60.7 44.0 44.7 47.9 50.5 49.2 50.4 49.9 52.8 57.2 57.6 2994.0 3289.3 3487.7 3707.5 3890.3 4002.4 4152.3 4508.2 4755.1 4993.5 5151.5 9943.8 10428.2 10714.4 11020.8 11319.5 11466.2 11325.9 11955.6 12231.5 12483.2 12730.4 5520.9 5633.6 5679.0 5687.8 5727.5 5671.5 5398.3 5598.2 5535.8 5484.4 5533.1 4423.0 4794.6 5035.4 5333.0 5592.0 5794.7 5927.5 6357.3 6695.7 6998.9 7197.3 1789.6 1819.2 1818.7 1826.3 1801.1 1794.0 1691.2 1752.8 1691.2 1685.5 1675.9 960.3 971.5 970.7 1006.1 1017.1 1021.7 950.5 991.4 1030.5 1036.6 1027.7

*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially-traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. ◆Less

2010

Change 2013 over 2012 2013

2.9% 2.1% ♦

2.6% 3.2% 3.2% 2.1% 3.4% 2.7% 1.0% 1.5% 4.0% 1.0% 2.8% -3.7% 3.7% 0.4% 2.6% -5.2% -1.0% 5.3% -1.1% 1.5% 2.8% -6.7% -6.9% 1.7% -2.4% 2.2% -7.2% -1.6% -5.9% 1.5% 7.3% -3.4% 0.2% 3.8% -5.0% -5.2% 3.9% 0.4% -11.7% -4.0% -0.5% -2.1% 3.4% -0.3% 2.4% -1.8% -0.1% 9.5% 3.5% 4.4% 2.8% 3.0% 4.4% -0.7% 0.2% 3.5% 1.7% -1.4% 3.0% 4.7% 3.0% 4.1% 5.1% -0.6% 1.4% 1.1% 1.0% 4.8% 2.4% 0.4% 1.8% 0.5% 3.9% 5.7% 3.4% 2.3% 1.2% 3.1% -0.3% -0.6%

2013 share of total

17.8% 2.6% 1.5% 21.9% 0.7% 2.2% 0.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.2% 0.7% 0.7% 5.3% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 0.5% 0.1% 0.3% 0.1% 0.2% 2.0% 2.6% 0.2% 0.2% 0.1% 1.2% 0.5% ♦

0.7% 0.4% 0.8% 0.2% 0.3% 5.5% 0.1% 1.1% 0.4% 0.2% 1.0% 0.2% 0.9% 1.6% 0.4% 0.7% 23.0% 1.9% 0.2% 0.3% 0.2% 1.8% 0.8% 1.0% 6.2% 0.4% 0.7% 1.0% 1.2% 3.2% 0.9% 0.2% 22.4% 0.2% 4.7% 1.3% 3.7% 0.6% 0.2% 0.5% 0.2% 0.6% 2.1% 0.9% 0.9% 0.4% 0.5% 40.5% 100.0% 43.5% 56.5% 13.2% 8.1%

Consumption by fuel* 2012 Million tonnes oil equivalent

US Canada Mexico Total North America Argentina Brazil Chile Colombia Ecuador Peru Trinidad & Tobago Venezuela Other S. & Cent. America Total S. & Cent. America Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bulgaria Czech Republic Denmark Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Republic of Ireland Italy Kazakhstan Lithuania Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russian Federation Slovakia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Turkmenistan Ukraine United Kingdom Uzbekistan Other Europe & Eurasia Total Europe & Eurasia Iran Israel Kuwait Qatar Saudi Arabia United Arab Emirates Other Middle East Total Middle East Algeria Egypt South Africa Other Africa Total Africa Australia Bangladesh China China Hong Kong SAR India Indonesia Japan Malaysia New Zealand Pakistan Philippines Singapore South Korea Taiwan Thailand Vietnam Other Asia Pacific Total Asia Pacific Total World of which: OECD Non–OECD European Union Former Soviet Union

Oil

Natural gas

Coal

817.0 104.3 92.3 1013.6 28.5 125.8 17.3 13.4 10.9 9.5 1.7 33.0 59.1 299.2 12.5 4.2 8.6 30.4 3.9 8.9 7.8 9.0 81.0 111.4 15.1 5.9 6.5 64.2 13.1 2.7 43.7 10.5 25.7 10.9 9.2 148.9 3.6 64.2 14.6 11.2 31.4 6.1 12.5 71.0 3.3 32.0 884.2 89.5 13.6 21.6 8.0 131.3 34.3 79.5 377.7 16.7 35.2 27.3 86.8 166.1 47.3 5.8 490.1 17.3 173.6 73.2 217.8 30.7 7.0 20.0 13.0 65.4 108.8 41.9 49.6 17.2 19.5 1398.1 4138.9 2072.9 2066.0 618.8 206.9

657.3 90.2 71.6 819.2 42.6 28.5 4.9 8.9 0.6 6.1 20.0 28.3 6.4 146.1 8.1 7.7 16.5 15.2 2.5 7.4 3.5 2.7 38.0 70.5 3.7 9.2 4.0 61.8 9.4 3.0 32.8 3.9 14.9 4.0 12.2 374.6 4.4 28.2 1.0 2.9 40.7 23.8 44.6 66.3 42.2 14.5 974.3 145.4 2.3 16.3 21.1 89.4 59.0 38.0 371.6 27.9 47.3 3.6 31.8 110.7 16.7 19.0 131.7 2.5 52.9 32.2 105.3 31.2 3.8 37.1 3.3 8.5 45.2 14.7 46.1 8.4 5.9 564.4 2986.3 1423.1 1563.1 399.7 529.6

436.7 20.5 13.3 470.5 0.7 14.0 6.2 3.7 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.0 27.6 3.2 † 0.1 3.0 6.9 17.3 2.5 3.0 11.5 80.1 8.1 2.7 1.5 16.3 36.6 0.2 8.2 0.7 54.3 2.9 6.9 98.1 3.2 15.1 1.5 0.1 35.7 – 42.7 39.1 1.2 21.6 524.3 0.7 8.8 – – – – 0.2 9.7 – 1.4 88.5 6.0 95.9 47.3 1.0 1856.4 7.3 302.3 50.4 124.4 15.9 1.7 4.3 9.4 – 81.0 41.1 16.8 14.9 21.6 2595.7 3723.7 1055.2 2668.5 293.4 183.8

2013

Nuclear Hydro– energy electricity

183.2 21.7 2.0 206.9 1.4 3.6 – – – – – – – 5.0 – – – 9.1 3.6 6.9 – 5.3 96.3 22.5 – 3.6 – – – – 0.9 – – – 2.6 40.2 3.5 13.9 14.6 5.8 – – 20.4 15.9 – 1.8 266.7 0.3 – – – – – – 0.3 – – 2.8 – 2.8 – – 22.0 – 7.5 – 4.1 – – 1.3 – – 34.0 9.1 – – – 78.1 559.9 444.5 115.4 199.9 61.1

63.1 86.0 7.1 156.2 8.4 94.0 4.6 10.8 2.8 5.0 – 18.5 20.4 164.3 9.9 0.4 † 0.1 0.7 0.7 † 3.8 13.1 4.9 1.0 † 0.2 9.5 1.8 0.1 † 32.3 0.5 1.2 2.8 37.3 1.0 4.6 17.8 8.6 13.1 † 2.4 1.2 2.3 19.9 191.2 2.7 † – – – – 2.1 4.9 0.1 3.2 0.3 21.9 25.5 3.9 0.2 197.3 – 26.2 2.9 18.3 2.1 5.2 6.4 2.3 – 1.1 1.2 2.0 11.9 10.4 291.5 833.6 316.6 517.0 76.1 54.5

Renew– ables

Total

Oil

Natural gas

50.6 2208.0 4.2 326.9 2.3 188.5 57.0 2723.4 0.6 82.2 10.0 276.0 1.2 34.0 0.1 36.8 0.1 14.3 0.2 21.6 † 21.7 † 79.9 2.4 90.3 14.7 656.9 1.7 35.4 – 12.3 0.1 25.2 2.5 60.3 0.5 18.1 1.3 42.4 3.4 17.2 2.6 26.5 5.5 245.3 27.5 317.1 1.3 29.3 0.6 22.0 1.0 13.2 11.4 163.2 † 60.9 0.2 6.1 2.8 88.4 0.5 47.9 3.4 98.7 3.1 22.2 0.6 34.3 0.1 699.3 0.3 16.0 15.0 141.1 4.4 54.0 0.4 29.1 1.7 122.7 – 29.9 0.1 122.7 8.1 201.6 – 48.9 1.7 91.4 101.8 2942.6 0.1 238.8 0.1 24.8 – 38.0 – 29.1 – 220.6 † 93.3 † 119.9 0.2 764.4 0.1 44.8 0.4 87.6 0.1 122.6 0.9 147.5 1.4 402.4 2.8 118.0 † 26.0 33.5 2731.1 † 27.2 10.9 573.3 2.2 161.0 8.2 478.0 0.3 80.2 2.0 19.7 † 69.1 2.4 30.4 0.3 74.1 0.8 270.9 1.2 109.2 0.9 115.3 † 52.5 0.1 57.6 65.7 4993.5 240.8 12483.2 172.1 5484.4 68.7 6998.9 97.7 1685.5 0.7 1036.6

831.0 103.5 89.7 1024.2 29.4 132.7 17.6 13.9 11.6 10.0 1.8 36.2 58.4 311.6 12.5 4.6 8.7 31.0 4.1 8.6 7.8 8.9 80.3 112.1 14.0 6.0 6.7 61.8 13.8 2.7 41.4 10.6 24.0 10.8 9.0 153.1 3.5 59.3 14.3 11.8 33.1 6.3 12.2 69.8 3.3 32.5 878.6 92.9 10.6 21.8 8.5 135.0 35.6 80.5 384.8 17.5 35.7 27.2 90.5 170.9 47.0 5.7 507.4 17.7 175.2 73.8 208.9 31.2 7.1 22.0 13.7 65.9 108.4 43.4 50.4 17.4 19.6 1415.0 4185.1 2059.9 2125.1 605.2 212.2

671.0 93.1 74.5 838.6 43.2 33.9 3.9 9.6 0.5 5.9 20.2 27.5 7.1 151.8 7.6 7.8 16.5 15.1 2.4 7.6 3.4 2.6 38.6 75.3 3.2 7.7 4.0 57.8 10.3 2.4 33.4 4.0 15.0 3.7 11.2 372.1 4.9 26.1 1.0 3.3 41.1 20.0 40.5 65.8 40.7 13.4 958.3 146.0 6.2 16.0 23.3 92.7 61.5 39.9 385.5 29.1 46.3 3.5 32.1 111.0 16.1 19.7 145.5 2.4 46.3 34.6 105.2 30.6 4.0 34.7 3.0 9.5 47.3 14.7 47.0 8.8 6.0 575.2 3020.4 1444.4 1576.0 394.3 517.9

Coal

455.7 20.3 12.4 488.4 0.7 13.7 7.4 4.3 – 0.8 – 0.2 2.1 29.2 3.6 † 0.1 2.9 5.9 16.5 3.2 3.7 12.2 81.3 7.1 2.7 1.3 14.6 36.1 0.2 8.3 0.7 56.1 2.7 5.6 93.5 3.1 10.3 1.7 0.1 33.0 – 42.6 36.5 1.2 21.8 508.7 0.7 7.3 – – – – 0.2 8.2 – 1.5 88.2 5.9 95.6 45.0 1.0 1925.3 7.8 324.3 54.4 128.6 17.0 1.5 4.4 10.5 – 81.9 41.0 16.0 15.9 22.1 2696.5 3826.7 1066.9 2759.8 285.4 178.8

Nuclear Hydro– energy electricity

187.9 23.1 2.7 213.7 1.4 3.3 – – – – – – – 4.7 – – – 9.6 3.2 7.0 – 5.4 95.9 22.0 – 3.5 – – – – 0.6 – – – 2.6 39.1 3.6 12.8 15.1 5.9 – – 18.8 16.0 – 1.7 263.0 0.9 – – – – – – 0.9 – – 3.1 – 3.1 – – 25.0 – 7.5 – 3.3 – – 1.1 – – 31.4 9.4 – – – 77.8 563.2 447.0 116.1 198.5 58.5

61.5 88.6 6.2 156.3 9.2 87.2 4.4 10.0 2.5 4.8 – 19.0 20.9 158.1 8.4 0.3 † 0.1 0.9 0.9 † 2.9 15.5 4.6 1.5 † 0.1 11.6 1.8 0.1 † 29.2 0.6 3.1 3.4 41.0 1.2 8.3 13.9 8.6 13.4 † 3.1 1.1 2.6 23.0 201.3 3.4 † – – – – 2.3 5.7 † 2.9 0.3 22.5 25.7 4.5 0.2 206.3 – 29.8 3.5 18.6 2.1 5.2 7.4 2.2 – 1.3 1.2 1.3 12.2 12.8 308.7 855.8 319.3 536.5 81.9 59.3

Renew– ables

Total

58.6 2265.8 332.9 4.3 188.0 2.5 65.4 2786.7 84.5 0.7 284.0 13.2 34.6 1.4 38.0 0.1 14.7 0.1 21.8 0.2 22.0 † 82.9 † 91.0 2.5 673.5 18.3 34.0 1.9 12.7 – 25.3 0.1 61.7 2.8 17.1 0.6 41.9 1.5 18.1 3.7 26.1 2.7 248.4 5.9 325.0 29.7 27.2 1.4 20.4 0.5 13.3 1.1 158.8 13.0 62.0 † 5.7 0.2 86.8 3.0 45.0 0.5 99.9 4.2 23.8 3.6 33.0 1.1 699.0 0.1 16.6 0.3 133.7 16.8 51.0 5.0 30.2 0.5 122.8 2.2 26.3 – 117.5 0.3 200.0 10.9 47.8 – 94.3 1.8 115.5 2925.3 243.9 0.1 24.2 0.1 37.8 – 31.8 – 227.7 – 97.1 † 122.9 † 785.3 0.2 46.6 0.1 86.8 0.4 122.4 0.1 152.3 1.2 408.1 1.7 116.0 3.4 26.7 † 42.9 2852.4 27.9 † 595.0 11.7 168.7 2.3 474.0 9.4 81.1 0.3 19.8 2.0 69.6 † 31.8 2.4 75.7 0.3 271.3 1.0 110.9 1.2 115.6 1.0 54.4 † 60.7 0.1 78.2 5151.5 279.3 12730.4 195.6 5533.1 83.7 7197.3 110.6 1675.9 0.9 1027.7

*In this review, primary energy comprises commercially-traded fuels, including modern renewables used to generate electricity. †Less than 0.05. Note: Oil consumption is measured in million tonnes; other fuels in million tonnes of oil equivalent.

41

World consumption Million tonnes oil equivalent 13000

Coal Renewables Hydroelectricity Nuclear energy Natural gas Oil

12000 11000 10000 9000 8000 7000 6000 5000 4000 3000 2000 1000

88

89

90

91

92

93

94

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

05

06

07

08

09

10

11

12

0

13

World primary energy consumption grew by a below-average 2.3% in 2013, a third consecutive below-average increase. Growth was below average in all regions except North America. All fuels except oil, nuclear and renewables grew at below-average rates. Oil remains the world’s dominant fuel, but has lost market share for 14 years in a row. Hydroelectric and other renewables in power generation both reached record shares of global primary energy consumption (6.7% and 2.2%, respectively).

Regional consumption pattern 2013 Percentage 100

90

80

70

60

50

40

30

20

10

North America

S. & Cent. America

Europe & Eurasia

Middle East

Africa

Asia Pacific

The Asia Pacific region once again accounted for the largest increment to global primary energy consumption and continues to account for the largest share (40.5% of the global total). The region accounted for over 70% of global coal consumption for the first time in 2013, and coal remains the region’s dominant fuel. Oil is the dominant fuel in all other regions except Europe & Eurasia and the Middle East where gas is dominant. In the Middle East, gas surpassed oil as the dominant fuel in 2013.

42

0

Consumption per capita 2013 Tonnes oil equivalent

0-1.5 1.5-3.0 3.0-4.5 4.5-6.0 > 6.0

Fossil fuel reserves-to-production (R/P) ratios at end 2013 Years 500

Oil Natural gas Coal

400

300

200

100

OECD

Non-OECD

European Union

Former Soviet Union

World

0

Coal remains – by far – the most abundant fossil fuel by R/P ratio. Non-OECD countries hold the majority of proved reserves for all fossil fuels, and the highest R/P ratios for oil and natural gas. By region, the Middle East holds the largest reserves for oil and natural gas, and the highest R/P ratio for natural gas; South and Central America hold the highest R/P ratio for oil. Europe & Eurasia holds the largest coal reserves, and the highest R/P ratio.

43

Appendices Approximate conversion factors Crude oil*

Units

From

To

Tonnes (metric) Kilolitres Barrels US gallons Barrels per day

tonnes (metric)

US gallons

tonnes per year

kilolitres

barrels Multiply by

1 0.8581 0.1364 0.00325 –

1.165 1 0.159 0.0038 –

7.33 6.2898 1 0.0238 –

307.86 264.17 42 1 –

– – – – 49.8

tonnes kilolitres to barrels to tonnes Multiply by

tonnes to kilolitres

*Based on worldwide average gravity.

Products To convert barrels to tonnes

Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) Gasoline Kerosene Gas oil/diesel Residual fuel oil Product basket

0.086 0.118 0.128 0.133 0.149 0.125

11.6 8.5 7.8 7.5 6.7 8.0

0.542 0.740 0.806 0.839 0.939 0.786

1.844 1.351 1.240 1.192 1.065 1.272

Natural gas (NG) and liquefied natural gas (LNG) From

To billion cubic metres NG

1 billion cubic metres NG 1 billion cubic feet NG 1 million tonnes oil equivalent 1 million tonnes LNG 1 trillion British thermal units 1 million barrels oil equivalent

billion cubic million tonnes million tonnes feet NG oil equivalent LNG Multiply by

1 0.028 1.11 1.36 0.028 0.15

35.3 1 39.2 48.0 0.99 5.35

0.90 0.025 1 1.22 0.025 0.14

0.74 0.021 0.82 1 0.021 0.11

trillion British million barrels thermal units oil equivalent

35.7 1.01 39.7 48.6 1 5.41

6.60 0.19 7.33 8.97 0.18 1

1 metric tonne = 2204.62lb = 1.1023 short tons 1 kilolitre = 6.2898 barrels = 1 cubic metre 1 kilocalorie (kcal) = 4.187kJ = 3.968Btu 1 kilojoule (kJ) = 0.239kcal = 0.948Btu = 0.252kcal 1 British thermal = 1.055kJ unit (Btu) 1 kilowatt-hour (kWh) = 860kcal = 3600kJ = 3412Btu

Calorific equivalents

One tonne of oil equivalent equals approximately: Heat units 10 million kilocalories 42 gigajoules 40 million British thermal units 1.5 tonnes of hard coal Solid fuels 3 tonnes of lignite Gaseous fuels See Natural gas and liquefied natural gas table 12 megawatt-hours Electricity One million tonnes of oil or oil equivalent produces about 4400 gigawatt-hours (= 4.4 terawatt-hours) of electricity in a modern power station. 1 barrel of ethanol = 0.57 barrel of oil 1 barrel of biodiesel = 0.88 barrel of oil

Definitions Statistics published in this review are taken from government sources and published data. No use is made of confidential information obtained by BP in the course of its business. Country and geographic groupings are made purely for statistical purposes and are not intended to imply any judgement about political or economic standings. North America US (excluding Puerto Rico), Canada, Mexico. South & Central America Caribbean (including Puerto Rico), Central and South America. Europe European members of the OECD plus Albania, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Gibraltar, Malta, Romania, Serbia and Montenegro. Former Soviet Union Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Estonia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Latvia, Lithuania, Moldova, Russian Federation, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, Uzbekistan. Europe & Eurasia All countries listed above under the headings Europe and Former Soviet Union. Middle East Arabian Peninsula, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria. North Africa Territories on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to western Sahara.

44

West Africa Territories on the west coast of Africa from Mauritania to Angola, including Cape Verde, Chad. East and Southern Africa Territories on the east coast of Africa from Sudan to Republic of South Africa. Also Botswana, Madagascar, Malawi, Namibia, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe. Asia Pacific Brunei, Cambodia, China, China Hong Kong SAR*, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Macau, Malaysia, Mongolia, North Korea, Philippines, Singapore, South Asia (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka), South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Vietnam, Australia, New Zealand, Papua New  Guinea, Oceania. *Special Administrative Region. Australasia Australia, New Zealand. OECD members Europe: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, UK. Other member countries: Australia, Canada, Chile, Israel, Japan, Mexico, New Zealand, South Korea, US. OPEC members Middle East: Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. North Africa: Algeria, Libya. West Africa: Angola, Nigeria. South America: Ecuador, Venezuela.

European Union members Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Republic of Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, UK. Non-OECD All countries that are not members of the OECD. Methodology The primary energy values of nuclear and hydroelectric power generation, as well as electricity from renewable sources, have been derived by calculating the equivalent amount of fossil fuel required to generate the same volume of electricity in a thermal power station, assuming a conversion efficiency of 38% (the average for OECD thermal power generation). Fuels used as inputs for conversion technologies (gas-to-liquids, coal-to-liquids and coal-to-gas) are counted as production for the source fuel and the outputs are counted as consumption for the converted fuel. Percentages Calculated before rounding of actuals. All annual changes and shares of totals are on a weight basis except on pages 6, 13, 16, 18 and 20. Rounding differences Because of rounding, some totals may not agree exactly with the sum of their component parts. Tonnes Metric equivalent of tons.

More information Questions on data BP regrets it is unable to deal with enquiries about the data in BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014. Quoting from the review Publishers are welcome to quote from this review provided that they attribute the source to BP Statistical Review of World Energy 2014. However, where extensive reproduction of tables and/or charts is planned, permission must first be obtained from: The Editor BP Statistical Review of World Energy BP p.l.c. 1 St James’s Square London SW1Y 4PD UK [email protected] The redistribution or reproduction of data whose source is Platts is strictly prohibited without prior authorization from Platts. Ordering copies You can order BP’s printed publications, free of charge from bp.com/papercopies US and Canada Precision IR Toll-free +1 888 301 2505 Fax +1 804 327 7549 [email protected] UK and Rest of World BP Distribution Services Tel +44 (0)870 241 3269 Fax +44 (0)870 240 5753 [email protected]

45

Acknowledgements Data compilation Energy Academy, Heriot-Watt University, www.energy.hw.ac.uk Design Salterbaxter Typesetting Orb Solutions, London Printing Pureprint Group Limited, UK ISO 14001, FSC® certified and CarbonNeutral® Paper This document is printed on Oxygen paper and board. Oxygen is made using 100% recycled pulp, a large percentage of which is de-inked. It is manufactured at a mill with ISO 9001 and 14001 accreditation and is FSC® (Forest Stewardship Council) certified. This document has been printed using vegetable inks. Printed in the UK by Pureprint Group using their and printing technology.

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