Chapter 14 Directed Reading - iroquoiscsd.org

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Chapter 14 Directed Reading. ... Collections of similar cells are called _____. 27. A group of tissues that carry out a special function ... A group of lions is ...
Name: _______________________ Class: _________ Date: _________

Chapter 14 Directed Reading Animals and Behavior

Section: What Is an Animal?

____1. Natural bath sponges are the remains of a. plants. c. volcanic rocks. b. animals. d. sea grass.

ANIMAL DIVERSITY _____2. Which list contains organisms that are NOT animals? a. feather stars, corals, sea fans b. fish, spiders, birds c. slugs, kangaroos, monkeys d. giraffes, grizzly bears, cactuses

_____3. Of the known animal species, how many are vertebrates? a. about 10% c. about 25% b. less than 5% d. more than 30%

______4. Of all animal species, how many are beetles? a. about 10% c. about 25% b. less than 5% d. more than 30%

5. An animal with a backbone is called a(n) _____________________.

6. Animals without backbones are called ______________________.

Directions: Look at the flowing list of animals. Decide if each animal is a vertebrate or an invertebrate. Write “I” if it is an invertebrate. Write “V” if it is a vertebrate.

|______7. fish |_____12. bird | | | | |______8. amphibian |_____13. worm | | | | |______9. jellyfish |_____14. mammal | | | | |_____10. reptile |_____15. insect | | | | |_____11. snail | |

ANIMAL CHARACTERISTICS

16. Until about 200 years ago, most people thought sponges were __________.

17. All animals are ____________, which means they are made of may cells.

18. Animal cells are ____________, which means they have a nucleus.

19. Unlike plant cells, animal cells do not have ________ __________.

20. Animal cells are surrounded only by ________ _______________.

21. Almost all animals reproduce __________________.

22. Animals produce sex cells, which are called ___________ and _________.

23. An organism at an early stage of development is called a(n)__________.

24. In ______________, part of an organism breaks off and develops into different kinds of cells.

25. Through the process of ____________, cells develop into different kinds of cells.

26. Collections of similar cells are called _____________.

27. A group of tissues that carry out a special function of the body is called a(n) ________________.

28. What are three things that animals use movement for?

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29. An organism that eats other organism is called a(n) _________________.







SECTION: ANIMAL BEHAVIOR

_____1. Behavior that doesn’t depend on learning or experience is called a. migration behavior. b. territory behavior. c. innate behavior. d. learned behavior.

_____2. Innate behaviors are inherited through a. learning. b. gens. c. colorful objects. d. predators.

_____3. A newborn whale’s ability to swim is an example of an innate behavior that a. is not present at birth. b. develops months or years after birth. c. is learned. d. is present at birth.

_____4. A one-year-old baby’s first steps are an example of an innate behavior that a. develops some time after birth. b. is present at birth. c. is learned. d. is tied to learning language.

5. Behavior that has been learned from experience or from observing other animals is called ______________ behavior.

SURVIVAL BEHAVIOR

6. Name four behaviors that animals must use to survive.

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7. Animals that eat other animals are called ___________________.

8. The animals that are eaten are called _______________________.

9. Give an example of an animal that can be both predator and prey. Explain how this works.

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10. A(n) ___________________ is an area that is occupied by one animal or by a group of animals that do not allow other members of the species to enter

11. Claiming a territory allows animals to save _______________ by avoiding _____________________.

12. What are three activities animals use their territory for?

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13. Name three things animals defend from other animals.

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14. Describe three defensive behaviors animals may use against other animals.

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15. The special behaviors that animals use to help them find mates are referred to as ___________________.

16. Many young animals depend on their ____________ for survival.

17. Some adult birds bring _____________ to their young.

18. Adult killer whales spend years teaching their young how to ____________.

SEASONAL BEHAVIOR

Directions: Match the correct description with the correct term. Write the letter in the space provided.

|_____19. hide from the cold by burrowing in |birds in the Northern | |the mud |Hemisphere | | | | |_____20. store food to prepare for the |mice, squirrels, and | |winter |skunks | | | | |_____21. migrate to central Mexico to wait |frogs | |for spring | | | |monarch butterflies | |_____22. fly south thousands of kilometers | | |for the winter |desert squirrels and | | |desert mice | |_____23. hibernate to deal with winter food | | |and water shortages |squirrels | | | | |_____24. estivate to deal with summer food | | |and water shortages | |

25. To ____________ is to travel from one place to another.

26. What are four reasons animals may migrate?

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27. Fixed objects that animals use to find their way along migration paths are called ________________.

28. Hibernation is a period of _________________ and decreased _____________________ that some animals experience in winter.

29. Hibernating animals survive on stored _________ ____________.

30. Describe what happens to an animal’s body during hibernation.

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31. Do bears hibernate? Explain your answer.

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32. A period of reduced activity that some animals undergo in the summer is called _______________________.

33. Give two reasons why animals need to keep track of time.

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34. The internal control of an animals natural cycles is called a(n) ______________ _______________.

35. What are two clues animals may use to set their internal clocks?

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36. Some animals have biological clocks that keep track of daily cycles called _______________ __________________.

37. Describe two behaviors that are controlled by seasonal cycles.

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Section: SOCIAL RELATIONSHIPS

1. When animals of the same species interact with each other, this behavior is called _______________ ________________.

2. Animals depend of _______________________ for their social interactions.

COMMUNICATION

3. Humans use _______________ to communicate.

4. In communication, a(n) ______________ travels from one animal to another.

5. Describe six reasons why animals may communicate.

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WAYS TO COMMUNICATE

6. Animals communicate specific information to other animals through ___________, _____________, _______________, and

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Directions: Match the animal with the way it uses sound to communicate.

|_____7. sing songs in the spring to claim their |wolves | |territory or to attract mates | | | |dolphins | |_____8. sing songs to tell other members of | | |their species where they are |male birds | | | | |_____9. use whistles and complex clicking noises|elephants | |to communicate with other members of their | | |species. |humpback whales | | | | |______10. howl to defend their territory from | | |other members of their species | | | | | |_____11. use low frequency rumbles to tell other| | |members of their species where they are | |

12. What is one advantage of using sound to communicate?

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13. Why do chimpanzees groom each other?

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14. The chemicals that animals use to communicate are called _____________.

15. Ants ___________ a variety of pheromones, such as __________________ that can warn other ants of danger and __________________________ that announce which colony an ant belongs to.

16. Many animals use pheromones to find a(n) _________________.

17. When we smile at someone, we are using _______________________ to send a visual message.



18. List three ways animals may use body language to communicate a message.

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LIVING TOGETHER

19. A group of lions is called a(n) ______________________.

20. What are three advantages animals have when they live in a group?

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21. Animals living in a group must compete with each other for _____________ and __________________.

22. How do animals that live in a group deal with an insufficient supply of food in a particular area?

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23. Animals that live in groups often attract ___________________.

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