Checklist of Wisconsin Butterflies - Wisconsin Entomological Society

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Olympia Marble. Statewide. Dry sandy areas. May. Widespread. Pieris oleracea ( Harris). Mustard White. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5. Forest openings. May & July. Widespread.
Wisconsin Entomological Society Special Publication No. 5 February 2002 (revised April 2011)

CHECKLIST OF WISCONSIN BUTTERFLIES

Leslie A. Ferge 1

This is an update of the previous Wisconsin checklist by Ferge (1990). Its purpose is to provide a compact reference on Wisconsin’s butterfly fauna, including a general account of distribution, occurrence, habitat and flight time. The nomenclature and arrangement of this checklist follows Pelham (2008).

Hole and Germain (1994) delineated six major natural divisions of Wisconsin, based on characteristics of geology, soils and vegetation. These are described below and their location indicated in Figure 1. Although it appears that butterfly distribution correlates well with these natural divisions, this is not exact; the intent being to summarize the available data as briefly as possible. The range given for each species reflects the areas of most frequent and typical occurrence.

1. Lake Superior Lowland: A level to undulating glaciated plain formerly dominated by boreal forest of white spruce, balsam fir, white cedar, aspen and paper birch, but presently second growth forest similar to much of northern Wisconsin, with large peat bog and wetland areas.

2. Northern Highland: A rolling glaciated plain with mixed deciduous and coniferous forest. Maple, aspen, red pine and white pine are the major tree species. The region contains an abundance of lakes, extensive conifer swamps and peat bogs, and limited areas of pine barrens on dry, sandy soils.

3. Lake Michigan Shoreland: A level to rolling glaciated region with forests composed of sugar maple, basswood, elm, hemlock and beech at its western limit, with interspersed wetland communities.

4. Central Plains: A nearly level sand plain on a former glacial lake bottom on which the original open jack pine barrens and oak savanna have largely succeeded to closed forests. This is a rich transitional area, with a mixture of western prairie and northern forest elements. Extensive wetlands, ranging from sedge meadows to tamarack bogs occur. Although not indicated on the map, western Burnett County is closely similar to the Central Plains, with most characteristic butterfly species also found there.

5. Southeastern Ridges and Lowlands: A glaciated region of ridges, lowlands and moraines, now largely utilized for farmland, with forested areas containing maple, basswood, ash, elm and oak. Many wetland types are present, including sedge meadows and relic bogs. Limited prairie remnants also occur.

6. Southwestern Upland: A hilly, unglaciated region also known as the Driftless Area, dissected by river valleys. Once extensive areas of prairie and oak savanna are now farmland, with prairie remnants found mostly on steep, rocky sites and on sand plains along the Wisconsin River. The forested areas are composed of oak, hickory, basswood, maple, elm and walnut. Large areas of wet riverbottom forest occur in the lower Wisconsin and Mississippi River Valleys.

[pic] | Species |Range |Habitat |Flight Time |Status | |Family HESPERIIDAE (Skippers) | |Subfamily Eudaminae (Eudamine Skippers) | |Eparygyreus clarus (Cramer) |Statewide |Open areas |June & August |Widespread | |Silver-spotted Skipper | | | | | |Achalarus lyciades (Geyer) |6 |Open woods |mid June-July |Stray | |Hoary Edge | | | | | |Thorybes bathyllus (J.E. Smith) |5, 6 |Open areas |mid June-July |Local | |Southern Cloudywing | | | | | |Thorybes pylades (Scudder) |Statewide |Forest trails|June |Widespread | |Northern Cloudywing | | | | | |Subfamily Pyrginae (Pyrgine Skippers) | |Staphylus hayhurstii (Edwards) |6 |Open areas |August |Stray | |Hayhurst’s Scallopwing | | | | | |Pholisora catullus (Fabricius) |4, 5, 6 |Weedy |June-September |Widespread | |Common Sootywing | |openings | | | |Erynnis icelus (Scudder & |Statewide |Forest trails|May-early June |Common | |Burgess) | | | | | |Dreamy Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis brizo (Boisduval & |Statewide |Forest trails|May-early June |Common | |LeConte) | | | | | |Sleepy Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis juvenalis (Fabricius) |Statewide |Forest trails|May-early June |Common | |Juvenal’s Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis horatius (Scudder & |5 |Forest trails|May & August |Stray | |Burgess) | | | | | |Horace’s Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis martialis (Scudder) |2, 4, 6 |Barrens |May & late July |Local | |Mottled Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis funeralis (Scudder & |5,6 |Open areas |July-October |Stray | |Burgess) Funereal Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis lucilius (Scudder & |6 |Rocky |May-September |Local | |Burgess) Columbine Duskywing | |hillsides | | | |Erynnis baptisiae (Forbes) |4, 6 |Open areas |May, August |Local | |Wild Indigo Duskywing | | | | | |Erynnis persius (Scudder) |4 |Barrens |May |Local | |Persius Duskywing | | | | | |Pyrgus communis (Grote) |4, 5, 6 |Weedy |July-September |Migrant | |Common Checkered Skipper | |openings | | | |Subfamily Heteropterinae (Intermediate Skippers) | |Carterocephalus palaemon mandan |1, 2, 3, 4 |Moist woods |early June |Widespread | |(Edwards) Arctic Skipper | | | | | |Subfamily Hesperiinae (Branded Skippers) | |Ancyloxypha numitor (Fabricius) |Statewide |Wetlands |mid June-September |Widespread | |Least Skipper | | | | | |Oarisma powesheik (Parker) |5 |Wet prairies |early July |ENDANGERED | |Powesheik Skipperling | | | | |

|Thymelicus lineola (Ochsenheimer)|Statewide |Grassy |mid June |Common | | | |openings | | | |European Skipper | | | | | |Amblyscirtes hegon (Scudder) |1, 2, 3, 5 |Forest trails|early June |Local | |Pepper and Salt Skipper | | | | | |Amblyscirtes vialis (Edwards) |2, 4, 6 |Dry openings |May & July |Widespread | |Roadside Skipper | | | | | |Nastra Iherminier (Latreille) |6 |Dry Prairies |late August |Stray | |Swarthy Skipper | | | | | |Lerodea eufala (Edwards) |5 |Dry openings |August-September |Stray | |Eufala Skipper | | | | | |Hylephila phyleus (Drury) |4, 5, 6 |Grassy |late July-Septmeber|Migrant | |Fiery Skipper | |openings | | | |Hesperia comma laurentina (Lyman)|1, 2 |Open areas |late July |Local | |Laurentian Skipper | | | | | |Hesperia ottoe (Edwards) |6 |Dry prairies |July |Local | |Ottoe Skipper | | | | | |Hesperia leonardus leonardus |2, 4, 6 |Sand prairie,|late August |Local | |(Harris) Leonard’s Skipper | |barrens | | | |Hesperia metea (Scudder) |2, 4 |Barrens |May |Local | |Cobweb Skipper | | | | | |Hesperia sassacus (Harris) |Statewide |Open areas |early June |Widespread | |Indian Skipper | | | | | |Polites peckius (Kirby) |Statewide |Open areas |June & August |Common | |Peck’s Skipper | | | | | |Polites themistocles (Latreille) |Statewide |Open areas |June & August |Common | |Tawny-edged Skipper | | | | | |Polites origenes (Fabricius) |4, 5, 6 |Prairies |late June-July |Local | |Crossline Skipper | | | | | |Polites mystic (Edwards) |Statewide |Open areas |late June-July |Common | |Long Dash | | | | | |Wallengrenia egeremet (Scudder) |4, 5, 6 |Moist |July |Common | |Northern Broken Dash | |openings | | | |Pompeius verna (Edwards) |5, 6 |Moist |late June |Local | |Little Glassywing | |openings | | | |Atalopedes campestris (Boisduval)|Statewide |Open areas |early June |Migrant | | | | | | | |Satchem | | | | | |Atrytone arogos (Boisduval & |5 |Dry prairie |early July |Historic | |LeConte) | | | |record | |Arogos Skipper | | | | | |Problema byssus (Edwards) |6 |Dry to mesic |early July |Local | |Byssus Skipper | |prairie | | | |Poanes hobomok (Harris) |Statewide |Forest trails|early June |Common | |Hobomok Skipper | | | | | |Poanes massasoit (Scudder) |3, 4, 5, 6 |Sedge meadows|mid July |Local | |Mulberry Wing | | | | | |Poanes viator (Edwards) |4, 5 |Sedge meadows|mid July |Local | |Broad-winged Skipper | | | | | |Anatrytone logan (Edwards) |Statewide |Open areas |July |Widespread | |Delaware Skipper | | | | | |Euphyes conspicua (Edwards) |3, 4, 5, 6 |Sedge meadows|mid July |Local | |Black Dash | | | | | |Euphyes dion (Edwards) |Statewide |Sedge meadows|mid July |Local | |Dion Skipper | | | | | |Euphyes bimacula (Grote & |Statewide |Wetlands |mid July |Local | |Robinson) | | | | | |Two-spotted Skipper | | | | | |Euphyes vestris metacomet |Statewide |Open areas |July |Common | |(Harris) | | | | | |Dun Skipper | | | | | |Atrytonopsis hianna (Scudder) |4, 6 |Sand prairie,|May-early June |Local | |Dusted Skipper | |barrens | | | |Family PAPILIONIDAE (Swallowtails) | |Battus philenor (Linnaeus) |3, 5 |Open areas |July |Stray | |Pipevine Swallowtail | | | | | |Eurytides marcellus (Cramer) |4, 5 |Open areas |June-August |Stray | |Zebra Swallowtail | | | | | |Papilio polyxenes asterias Stoll |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Widespread | |Black Swallowtail | | | | | |Papilio cresphontes (Cramer) |5, 6 |Open areas |May, August |Widespread | |Giant Swallowtail | | | | | |Papilio glaucus (Linnaeus) |4, 5, 6 |Forest trails|May, August |Widespread | |Eastern Tiger Swallowtail | | | | | |Papilio canadensis (Rothschild & |1, 2, 3 |Forest trails|early June |Common | |Jordan) Canadian Tiger | | | | | |Swallowtail | | | | | |Papilio troilus (Linnaeus) |5, 6 |Forest trails|June-July |Stray | |Spicebush Swallowtail | | | | | |Family PIERIDAE (Whites and Sulphurs) | |Subfamily Coliadinae (Sulphurs) | |Nathalis iole (Boisduval) |Statewide |Weedy |June-September |Migrant | |Dainty Sulphur | |openings | | | |Eurema mexicana (Boisduval) |6 |Open areas |late June-August |Stray | |Mexican Yellow | | | | | |Abaeis nicippe (Cramer) |5, 6 |Open areas |June-August |Stray | |leepy Orange | | | | | |Pyrisitia lisa (Boisduval & |Statewide |Open areas |July-September |Migrant | |LeConte) | | | | | |Little Yellow | | | | | |Colias philodice (Godart) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Common | |Clouded Sulphur | | | | | |Colias eurytheme (Boisduval) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Common | |Orange Sulphur | | | | | |Colias interior (Scudder) |1, 2, 4 |Barrens, bogs|mid June & August |Widespread | |Pink-edged Sulphur | | | | | |Zerene cesonia (Stoll) |5, 6 |Dry prairies |late June-September|Migrant | |Southern Dogface | | | | |

|Phoebis sennae (Linnaeus) |5, 6 |Open areas |July-September |Migrant | |Cloudless Sulphur | | | | | |Phoebis agarithe (Boisduval) |6 |Open areas |August |Stray | |Large Orange Sulphur | | | | | |Phoebis philea (Linnaeus) |5 |Open areas |July-September |Stray | |Orange-barred Sulphur | | | | | |Subfamily Pierinae (Whites, Marbles and Orangetips) | |Anthocharis midea (Hubner) |5 |Dry open |mid May |Stray | |Falcate Orangetip | |areas | | | |Euchloe olympia (Edwards) |Statewide |Dry sandy |May |Widespread | |Olympia Marble | |areas | | | |Pieris oleracea (Harris) |1, 2, 3, 4, |Forest |May & July |Widespread | |Mustard White |5 |openings | | | |Pieris virginiensis (Edwards) |2, 3 |Damp forests |early May |Local | |West Virginia White | | | | | |Pieris rapae (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Open areas |late |Common | |Cabbage White | | |April-September | | |Pontia protodice (Boisduval & |Statewide |Weedy |June-September |Migrant | |LeConte) Checkered White | |openings | | | |Pontia occidentalis (Reakirt) |2 |Open areas |September |Stray | |Western Checkered White | | | | | |Family LYCAENIDAE (Harvesters, Coppers, Hairtreaks and Blues) | |Subfamily Miletinae (Harvesters) | |Feniseca tarquinius (Fabricius) |Statewide |Wet woods |late May-August |Local | |Harvester | | | | | |Subfamily Lycaeninae (Coppers) | |Lycaena phlaeas (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Dry open |may-August |Widespread | |American Copper | |areas | | | |Lycaena dione (Scudder) |4, 5, 6 |Open areas |late June |Local | |Gray Copper | | | | | |Lycaena hyllus (Cramer) |Statewide |Damp open |June, August |Local | |Bronze Copper | |areas | | | |Lycaena epixanthe michiganensis |1, 2, 3, 4 |Open bogs |early July |Local | |Rawson Bog Copper | | | | | |Lycaena dorcas (Kirby) |1, 2, 3 |Open bogs |early July |Local | |Dorcas Copper | | | | | |Lycaena helloides (Boisduval) |Statewide |Wetlands |July |Local | |Purplish Copper | | | | | |Subfamily Theclinae (Hairstreaks and Elfins) | |Satyrium titus (Fabricius) |Statewide |Open areas |July |Widespread | |Coral Hairstreak | | | | | |Satyrium acadica (Edwards) |Statewide |Wetlands |early July |Local | |Acadian Hairstreak | | | | |

|Satyrium edwardsii (Grote & |Statewide |Open oak |early July |Widespread | |Robinson) Edwards’ Hairstreak | |woods | | | |Satyrium calanus falacer (Godart)|Statewide |Open oak |early July |Common | | | |woods | | | |Banded Hairstreak | | | | | |Satyrium caryaevorus (McDunnough)|5, 6 |Forest edges |early July |Local | | | | | | | |Hickory Hairstreak | | | | | |Satyrium liparops strigosa |Statewide |Forest edges |early July |Local | |(Harris) | | | | | |Striped Hairstreak | | | | | |Callophrys gryneus (Hubner) |4, 6 |Red cedar |mid May & July |Local | |Juniper Hairstreak | |areas | | | |Callophrys augustinus (Westwood) |1, 2, 3, 4 |Barrens, bogs|May-early June |Common | |Brown Elfin | | | | | |Callophrys polios (Cook & Watson)|2, 4 |Barrens |May |Local | | | | | | | |Hoary Elfin | | | | | |Callophrys irus (Godart) |4 |Barrens |May |ENDANGERED | |Frosted Elfin | | | | | |Callophrys henrici (Grote & |2, 4 |Barrens, bogs|May |Local | |Robinson) | | | | | |Henry’s Elfin | | | | | |Callophrys niphon clarki |2, 4, 6 |Jack pine |May |Local | |(Freeman) | |areas | | | |Eastern Pine Elfin | | | | | |Strymon melinus (Hubner) |Statewide |Open areas |May-August |Migrant | |Gray Hairstreak | | | | | |Strymon istapa (Reakirt) |6 |Open areas |late August |Stray | |Mallow Hairstreak | | | | | |Parrhasius m-album (Boisduval & |3 |Open areas |August |Stray | |LeConte) White M Hairstreak | | | | | |Erora laeta (Edwards) |3 |Beech forests|mid May |unknown | |Early Hairstreak | | | | | |Subfamily Polyommatinae (Blues) | |Leptotes marina (Reakirt) |5, 6 |Dry prairies |July |Stray | |Marine Blue | | | | | |Cupido comyntas (Godart) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Common | |Eastern Tailed Blue | | | | | |Cupido amyntula (Boisduval) |2 |NW dry areas |late May |Local | |Western Tailed Blue | | | | | |Celastrina lucia (Kirby) |Statewide |Forests |May, July |Widespread | |Spring Azure | | | | | |Celastrina serotina Paavulan & D.|2 |Open forests |early June |possibly | |Wright Cherry Gall Azure | | | |widespread | |Celastrina neglecta (Edwards) |Statewide |Forests |May, July |Widespread | |Summer Azure | | | | | |Glaucopsyche lygdamus couperi |Statewide |Dry openings |May |Widespread | |Grote | | | | | |Silvery Blue | | | | | |Echinargus isola (Reakirt) |4, 5, 6 |Dry prairies |late June-August |Migrant | |Reakirt’s Blue | | | | | |Plebejus idas nabokovi (Masters) |2 |NE barrens |early July |ENDANGERED | |Northern Blue | | | | | |Plebejus melissa melissa |2 |Open areas |late May & August |Local | |(Edwards) | |St. Croix | | | |Melissa Blue | |County | | | |Plebejus melissa samuelis |4 |Barrens |late May & August |ENDANGERED | |(Nabokov) | | | | | |Karner Blue | | | | | |Plebejus saepiolus (Boisduval) |1, 2 |Open areas |mid June |Local | |Greenish Blue | | | | | |Family RIODINIDAE (Metalmarks) | |Calephelis muticum McAlpine |5 |Fens, |mid July |ENDANGERED | |Swamp Metalmark | |wetlands | | | |Family NYMPHALIDAE (Brush-Footed Butterflies) | |Subfamily Libytheinae (Snout Butterflies) | |Libytheana carinenta (Cramer) |5, 6 |Low forests |August-September |Migrant | |American Snout | | | | | |Subfamily Danaidae (Milkweed Butterflies) | |Danaus plexippus (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Open areas |mid May-September |Migrant | |Monarch | | | | | |Subfamily Limentidinae (Admirals) | |Limenitis arthemis arthemis |2, 3, 4 |Forest trials|June & August |Common | |(Drury) | | | | | |Banded Purple | | | | | |Limenitis arthemis astyanax |4, 5, 6 |Forest trails|June & August |Widespread | |(Fabricius) | | | | | |Red-spotted Purple | | | | | |Limenitis archippus (Cramer) |Statewide |Wetlands |June & August |Widespread | |Viceroy | | | | | |Subfamily Heliconiinae (Heliconians and Fritillaries) | |Agraulis vanillae (Linnaeus) |4, 5 |Open areas |June-September |Migrant | |Gulf Fritillary | | | | | |Euptoieta claudia (Cramer) |Statewide |Open areas |June-September |Migrant | |Variegated Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria eunomia dawsoni (Barnes &|1, 2 |Open bogs |mid June |Local | |McD.) | | | | | |Bog Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria selene (Schiffermuller) |Statewide |Wetlands |late May & August |Widespread | |Silver-bordered Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria bellona (Fabricius) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Widespread | |Meadow Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria frigga saga (Staudinger) |1, 2 |Open bogs |late May |Local | |Frigga Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria freija (Thunberg) |1, 2 |Open bogs |mid to late May |Local | |Freija Fritillary | | | | | |Boloria characlea grandis (Barnes|1 |Open bogs |early August |Local | |& McD.) Arctic Fritillary | | | | | |Speyeria cybele (Fabricius) |Statewide |Moist |mid June-August |Widespread | |Great Spangled Fritillary | |openings | | |

|Speyeria aphrodite (Fabricius) |Statewide |Prairie, |late June-August |Widespread | |Aphrodite Fritillary | |barrens | | | |Speyeria idalia (Drury) |4, 5, 6 |Dry prairies |July-September |ENDANGERED | |Regal Fritillary | | | | | |Speyeria atlantis (Edwards) |1, 2, 3, 4 |Forest trails|mid June-July |Widespread | |Atlantis Fritillary | | | | | |Subfamily Apaturinae (Emperors) | |Asterocampa celtis (Boisduval & |4, 5, 6 |Low forests |June & August |Local | |LeConte) Hackberry Butterfly | | | | | |Asterocampa clyton (Boisducal & |4, 5, 6 |Low forests |late June-July |Local | |LeConte) Tawny Emperor | | | | | |Subfamily Nymphalinae (Thistle Butterflies, Tortoise Shells, Anglewings, Buckeyes, | |Checkerspots and Crescents) | |Vanessa virginiensis (Drury) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Widespread | |American Lady | | | | | |Vanessa cardui (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Migrant | |Painted Lady | | | | | |Vanessa atalanta (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Migrant | |Red Admiral | | | | | |Vanessa virginiensis (Drury) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Widespread | |American Lady | | | | | |Aglais milberti (Godart) |Statewide |Open areas |July-May |Widespread | |Milbert’s Tortoise Shell | | | | | |Nymphalis l-album j-album (Bdv. &|Statewide |Forest trials|July-May |Widespread | |LeConte) Compton Tortoise | | | | | |Shell | | | | | |Nymphalis californica (Boisduval)|3 |Open forest |July-May |Stray | | | | | | | |California Tortoise Shell | | | | | |Nymphalis antiopa (Linnaeus) |Statewide |Forest trials|July-May |Widespread | |Mourning Cloak | | | | | |Polygonia interrogationis |Statewide |Forest trials|July-May |Widespread | |(Fabricius) | | | | | |Question Mark | | | | | |Polygonia comma (Harris) |Statewide |Forest trails|July-May |Widespread | |Eastern Comma | | | | | |Polygonia satyrus (Edwards) |1, 2 |Forest trails|July-May |Sporadic | |Satyr Comma | | | | | |Polygonia progne (Cramer) |Statewide |Forest trails|July-May |Widespread | |Gray Comma | | | | | |Polygonia faunus (Edwards) |1, 2 |Forest trails|July-May |Local | |Green Comma | | | | | |Junonia coenia (Hubner) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Migrant | |Common Buckeye | | | | | |Euphydryas phaeton (Drury) |Statewide |Welands |July |Local | |Baltimore | | | | | |Chlosyne nycteis (Doubleday) |Statewide |Open areas |May-September |Common | |Silvery Checkerspot | | | | |

|Chlosyne gorgone carlota |4, 5, 6 |Prairie, |May-September |Local | |(Reakirt) | |barrens | | | |Gorgone Checkerspot | | | | | |Chlosyne harrisii (Scudder) |1, 2, 3, 4 |Wetlands |June |Local | |Harris’ Checkerspot | | | | | |Phyciodes tharos (Drury) |4, 5, 6 |Open areas |June; |Common | |Pearl Crescent | | |August-September | | |Phyciodes cocyta (Cramer) |1, 2, 3, 4 |Open areas |June-mid July |Common | |Northern Pearl Crescent | | | | | |Phyciodes batesii (Reakirt) |1, 2, 3, 4 |Dry sandy |June |Local | |Tawny Crescent | |areas | | | |Subfamily Charaxinae (Leaf Butterflies) | |Anaea andria (Scudder) |5 |Forest trails|August |Stray | |Goatweed Butterfly | | | | | |Subfamily Satyrinae (Satyrs and Wood Nymphs) | |Enodia anthedon (A. H. Clark) |Statewide |Forests |July |Common | |Northern Pearly Eye | | | | | |Lethe eurydice eurydice |Statewide |Wetlands |July |Widespread | |(Linnaeus) | | | | | |Eyed Brown | | | | | |Lethe eurydice fumosa (Leussler) |4, 5, 6 |Prairie |July |Local | |Smoky Eyed Brown | |wetlands | | | |Lethe appalachia R. Chermock |Statewide |Swamp forests|July |Widespread | |Appalachian Eyed Brown | | | | | |Coenonympha tullia inornata |1, 2, 3, 4, |Grassy |mid June |Common | |(Edwards) Common Ringlet |6 |openings | | | |Megisto cymela (Cramer) |Statewide |Forest |June |Common | |Little Wood Satyr | |openings | | | |Cercyonis pegala nephele (Kirby) |Statewide |Open areas |late June-August |Common | |Common Wood Nymph | | | | | |Erebia discoidalis (Kirby) |1, 2 |Open bogs |late May |Local | |Red-disked Alpine | | | | | |Oeneis jutta ascerta (Masters & |1, 2, 4 |Bog conifer |early June |Widespread | |Sorenson) Jutta Arctic | |forest | | | |Oeneis chryxus strigulosa |2 |Barrens |late May |Local | |(McDunnough) Chryxus Arctic | | | | |

LITERATURE CITED

Ferge, Leslie A. 1990. Checklist of Wisconsin Butterflies. Wisconsin Entomological Society Special Publication No. 1.

Hole, Francis D. and Clifford E. Germain. 1994. Natural Divisions of Wisconsin. Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources.

Pelham, Jonathan P. 2008. A Catalogue of the Butterflies of the United States and Canada. Journal of Reasearch on the Lepidoptera, Volume 40. _______________

1 7119 Hubbard Avenue, Middleton, Wisconsin 53562-3231 email: [email protected]



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