figwort - Angelfire

120kB Size 4 Downloads 69 Views

This property is due to two anti-iii/10 n-;uutorr iridoids that also found in Devils claw. Harpugophrtum procumbens, and several other plants such as Mullein (all  ...


FIGWORT Scrophularia nodosa Family: Scrophulariaceae

|Common names: Throatwort, |[pic] | |Carpenters Square, scrofula | | |plant | | |(Irish) Rose Noble | | |(Welsh) Deilen Ddu (`good | | |leaf’) | | |(French) Herb du Siege | | | | | |[pic] | |

The flowers are especially visited by wasps. (Grieves) Carried around the neck or on person by Divers for health.

The whole fresh herb is collected and dried. A decoction for external use Used also as an Ointment

Constituents: harpagophytum iridoid glycosides, cardioactive glycosides, saponins (diosmin, hesperidin), flavonoids (incl. aucubin), alkaloid, organic acids, pectin aucubin (iridoid glycoside), diosmin (flavonoid glycoside), glycosides - cardiac, hesperidin

Parts used: above ground parts

Energetics:

• Mild remedy minimal chronic toxicity • Bitter, a bit pungent, cool, dry • Dissolving, decongesting • Ground: all krases, constitutions and biotypes. • Tropism: Kidneys, Liver, intestines, heart, pancreas, fluids, blood, lymph • Fluid Air Bodies • Meridians: Liver, heart, large intestine





NOTES FROM HOLMES: Energetics of Western Herbs.

NOTES

Figwort root and herb is another example of a iletoxicant remedy that operates by altering the fluid environment in tissues. lymph and skin. The remedy qualifies as one of the finest systemic detoxicuut and may safely be used in many types of toxicosis conditions. This property is due to two anti-iii/10 n-;uutorr iridoids that also found in Devils claw. Harpugophrtum procumbens, and several other plants such as Mullein (all of which belong to the same plant family). The two saponins also contribute a major skin-specific dctovicant action. From the vitalistic viewpoint, Figwort releases wind, damp and heat from the skin and meridians, and clears damp heat from the liver.

Like any remedy. Figwort herb excels at certain functions more than others. It is a prime agent for the glandular system as a whole, and should be used in any disorder involving it. The lymphatic system especially is .stimulated, decongested and cleansed. Through a combination of lymphatic detoriticution, capillary stimulation and liver stimulation, Figwort addresses a variety of eczemas. especially with redness and itching present. Figwort's many names (in European languages) allude to its reliable detumescent action on lumps and tumors, including lymph node swelling from lymphadenitis. Because it works at the ground level of the fluid body and connective tissue, Figwort excels at altering disharmonies at the chronic and degenerative stage of disease. As with the similar Chinese remedy, Trachelospermum Luo Shi Teng, inflammation of any kind also calls for Figwort, whether due to chronic conditions such as lymphangitis and arthritis, or due to acute ones from injury.

There are some similarities between this species of Figwort, used in Western phytotherapy, and the Black figwort, Scrophularia Xuan Shen (Scrophularia nodosa), commonly used in China. Both remedies are given in formulas for their refrigerant, anti-inflammatory and detoxicant properties. These address heat toxin such as low-grade, chronic infectious sores and boils. Their uses also divide, however. Black figwort possesses sedative and hypotensive properties used in Yin deficiency syndromes; Figwort does not. This effectively shifts the overall therapeutic emphasis of Black figwort from a detoxicant, alterant type remedy to a draining one.

As a cardiotonic for heart Qi deficiency (note the glycosides), Figwort root and herb is also very useful for chronic weak heart conditions. Finally, this botanical is superlative for symptom relief and first-aid use. Burns, injuries, sprains, irritations and swellings of many kinds can quickly be relieved with it.











Actions: • Called the Scophular plant – due to its value in all cutaneous eruptions. • Abscesses, wounds, etc. • Diuretic • Anodyne • Alterative

Promotes Detoxification and Clears Damp Heat.

• Reduces Liver Congestion, • Resolves accumulation • Relieves constipation and Eczema • Reduces lymph congestion and Tumours • In conditions of metabolic toxicosis and damp heat: prone to skin rashes swellings and malaise. • Liver and Intestinal Qi stagnation and damp heat: constipation (chronic), distension, indigestion, skin rashes

➢ Skin Damp Heat: Wet, red skin rashes, vesicles, itching ➢ Eczema, hives, scrofula, lymphadenitis (chronic), psoriasis ➢ Tumours (incl. lymphoma)

Promotes Detoxification and clears Toxic Heat.

• Reduces inflammation • Promotes urination • Drains fluids • Relieves Oedema

➢ Microbial toxicosis with heat: chronic low grade sores, swollen boils, abscesses, low grade fever. ➢ Inflammatory supparative lesions and swellings (esp. dermatitis, mastitis, orchitis, lymphangitis) ➢ Fungal/Parasitic Skin Infections: incl. tinea, ringworm, scabies, lice, scurf ➢ Haemorrhoids: hot and painful ➢ Kidney inflammation: including Nephritis ➢ Goiter (struma) ➢ Fluid congestion: liver and kidney: general or local water retention, fatigue ➢ Oedema ➢ Rheumatic: arthritis, gouty conditions, hyperuricemia







Promotes Menstruation and Expels Afterbirth

• Delayed, scanty, clotted period, palpitations : Uterus Qi stagnation • Dysmenorrhoea • Retained Placenta

Tonifies Heart Qi and Restores the Pancreas

• Chest oppression, palpitations • Pancreatic insufficiency • Diabetes (supportive)

Promotes tissue repair and reduces inflammation, swelling and clotting

• Wounds and Ulcers (esp. atonic/chronic, with redness, swelling and pain; around eyes/ears/nose/face) • Burns, scalds, erysipelas, stings, nappy rash and other skin inflammations/infections/irritations • Contusion (bruising) from injury, PMS breast pain, menstrual clots

Indications:

• Sprains • Swelling • Inflammation, oedemqa, fluid congestion • Wounds and diseased parts… especially scrophulous and gangrene. • Supparative lesions • Bruised leaves have been used on burns. • Dysmenorrhoea, retained placenta, • Eczema, Psoriasis, pruritis

Grieves: Hydrophobia: powdered knots of the root are spread on bread and butter in the morning. “Then let the patient be well clad in woolen garments and made to take a long, fast walk until in a profuse perspiration. The treatment being continued for seven days”

Animals: For Scab in Swine: Decoction

Contra Indications Tachycardia

Dosage

Extract: 20 to 40 mL per week (1:2) (Phytotherapieis.com)

STUDIES: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>. 1: Phytother Res. 2002 Feb;16(1):33-5. Wound healing activity of acylated iridoid glycosides from Scrophularia nodosa.

Stevenson PC, Simmonds MS, Sampson J, Houghton PJ, Grice P.

Jodrell Laboratory, Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Richmond, TW9 3DS, UK.

Three acylated iridoid glycosides (E)-6-O-(2", 4"-diacetyl-3" -O-p- methoxycinnamoyl)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl catalpol (scopolioside A) (1), (E)-6-O-(2"-acetyl-3", 4"-di-O,O-p-methoxycinnamoyl)-alpha-L- rhamnopyranosyl catalpol (scrophuloside A(4)) (2) and (E)-6-O-(2",3"- diacetyl-4"-O-p-methoxycinnamoyl)-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl catalpol (scrovalentinoside) (3) have been isolated from the dried seed pods of Scrophularia nodosa by HPLC. Their structures were determined by 1D and 2D NMR, UV/Vis and mass spectroscopy and by comparison with published data. All three compounds were shown in vitro to stimulate the growth of human dermal fibroblasts. The effect was negatively dose-dependent for 2 and 3 for which fibroblast growth stimulation was highest at 0.78 microg/mL but was not significantly different from the control at 100 microg/mL. The presence of these compounds in the mature seed pods may explain the ethnobotanical use of this plant in Europe for healing wounds. Copyright 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

PMID: 11807962 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

1: Plant Cell Rep. 2003 Aug;21(12):1194-8. Epub 2003 May 13.

Genetic transformation of the figwort, Scrophularia buergeriana Miq., an Oriental medicinal plant.

Park SU, Chae YA, Facchini PJ.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Calgary, T2N 1N4, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.

Scrophularia buergeriana Miq. (figwort) contains a diverse group of bioactive natural products and is used to treat a variety of ailments, including fever, constipation, neuritis, and laryngitis. A transformation protocol was established for S. buergeriana using Agrobacterium tumefaciens. Kanamycin-resistant plants were regenerated from leaf explants co-cultivated with A. tumefaciens strain GV3101. The shoot regeneration medium was supplemented with 2 mg l(-1) 6-benzylaminopurine and 70 mg l(-1) putrescine to improve the efficiency of organogenesis. Detection of the neomycin phosphotransferase gene, the presence of high levels of beta- glucuronidase (GUS) transcripts and enzyme activity, and the histochemical localization of GUS confirmed the genetic transformation of S. buergeriana. This work demonstrates the potential of using A. tumefaciens to efficiently transfer foreign genes into a commercially and culturally important Oriental medicinal plant.

PMID: 12910369 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

References: • Modern Herbal. M Grieves.

• Energetics of Western Herbs: Holmes.3rd Edition.

• Health Canada Sante Canada http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hpfb-dgpsa/nhpd-dpsn/mono_figwort_e.html

http://www.phytotherapies.org/monograph_detail.cfm?id=196

• PubMed Medline - PMID: 11807962 - PMID: 12910369





Comments