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(Burke, Parker) Addictive Disorders Treatment Program, G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery ... Effectiveness of community-based treatment for problem gambling: A ...
GAMBLING 2008 <285> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008422573 Authors  Wickwire Jr. E.M. Burke R.S. Brown S.A. Parker J.D. May R.K. Institution   (Wickwire Jr.) Behavioral Sleep Medicine Program, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD, United States.   (Burke, Parker) Addictive Disorders Treatment Program, G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery Veterans Affairs Medical Center, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, United States.   (Brown) Department of Psychology, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls, IA, United States.   (May) Department of Psychology, Marietta College, Marietta, OH, United States.   (Burke) Addictive Disorders Treatment Program (116A4), G. V. (Sonny) Montgomery, Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 1500 East Woodrow Wilson Drive, Jackson, MS 39216, United States.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Psychometric evaluation of the National Opinion Research Center DSM-IV Screen for Gambling Problems (NODS). Source   American Journal on Addictions.  17(5)(pp 392-395), 2008. Date of Publication: September 2008. Publisher   Informa Healthcare Abstract   The present study examined the reliability, validity, and clinical utility of a brief self-report measure of gambling behavior, the National Opinion Research Center DSM-IV Screen for Gambling Problems (NODS). Participants were 157 consecutively enrolled male military veterans taking part in substance use disorder treatment. The NODS displayed good internal consistency. Concurrent and discriminant validity were demonstrated by comparing scores on the NODS to scores on the South Oaks Gambling Screen and to a measure of medical problems, respectively. Overall, the NODS appears to be a reliable, valid, and clinically useful measure of gambling problems among patients in substance use disorder treatment programs. Copyright copyright American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry. ISSN  1055-0496 Publication Type  Journal: Article Journal Name  American Journal on Addictions Volume  17 Issue Part  5 Page  392-395 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  September 2008

GAMBLING 2008 <367> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008328964 Authors  Toneatto T. Dragonetti R. Institution   (Toneatto, Dragonetti) Center for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.   (Toneatto) Clinical Research Department, Center for Addiction and Mental Health, 33 Russell St., Toronto, ON M5S 2S1, Canada.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Effectiveness of community-based treatment for problem gambling: A quasi- experimental evaluation of cognitive-behavioral vs. twelve-step therapy. Source   American Journal on Addictions.  17(4)(pp 298-303), 2008. Date of Publication: July 2008. Publisher   Informa Healthcare Abstract   With the increasing availability of gambling throughout North America, there is interest in developing more effective treatments. This study compares the effectiveness of two brief outpatient treatments for problem gambling: eight sessions of Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (n = 65) and eight sessions of a twelve-step treatment-oriented approach based on the first five steps of Gamblers Anonymous (n = 61). There were no baseline group differences on gambling-relevant variables. Twelve months post-treatment showed no group differences on key gambling variables (eg, frequency, abstinence rates, money wagered) in an analysis of completers. Participants who attended more sessions and chose an initial abstinent treatment goal appeared to achieve better outcomes. Copyright copyright American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry. ISSN  1055-0496 Publication Type  Journal: Article Journal Name  American Journal on Addictions Volume  17 Issue Part  4 Page  298-303 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  July 2008

GAMBLING 2008 <390> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008367230 Authors  Lejuez C.W. Potenza M.N. Institution   (Lejuez) Department of Psychology, Center for Addictions, Personality, and Emotion Research, University of Maryland, College Park, MD 20742, United States.   (Potenza) Department of Psychiatry and Child Study Center, Yale University School of Medicine, Connecticut Mental Health Center, New Haven, CT 06519, United States.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Expanding the range of vulnerabilities to pathological gambling: A consideration of over-fast discounting processes. Source   Behavioral and Brain Sciences.  31(4)(pp 452-453), 2008. Date of Publication: August 2008. Publisher   Cambridge University Press Abstract   Redish et al. present a compelling, interdisciplinary, unified framework of addiction. The effort to integrate pathological gambling is especially important, but only the vulnerability of misclassifying situations is described in detail as being linked directly to this disorder. This commentary focuses on further developing the comprehensiveness of this framework for pathological gambling using over-fast discounting as an illustrative example. copyright 2008 Cambridge University Press. ISSN  0140-525X Publication Type  Journal: Note Journal Name  Behavioral and Brain Sciences Volume  31 Issue Part  4 Page  452-453 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  August 2008

GAMBLING 2008 <398> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008367222 Authors  Coventry K.R. Institution   (Coventry) Cognition and Communication Research Centre, School of Psychology and Sport Sciences, University of Northumbria at Newcastle, Newcastle-Upon-Tyne NE1 8ST, United Kingdom.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Gambling and decision-making: A dual process perspective. Source   Behavioral and Brain Sciences.  31(4)(pp 444-445), 2008. Date of Publication: August 2008. Publisher   Cambridge University Press Abstract   The consideration of gambling as a decision-making disorder may fail to explain why the majority of people gamble, yet only a small percentage of people lose control of their behaviour to the point where their gambling becomes problematic. The application of dual process theories to gambling addiction offers a means of explaining the differences between "normal" and "problem" gambling, augmenting the multiple vulnerabilities proposed by Redish et al. copyright 2008 Cambridge University Press. ISSN  0140-525X Publication Type  Journal: Note Journal Name  Behavioral and Brain Sciences Volume  31 Issue Part  4 Page  444-445 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  August 2008

GAMBLING 2008 <448> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008288777 Authors  Stewart S.H. Zack M. Institution   (Stewart) Department of Psychiatry, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.   (Stewart) Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada.   (Zack) Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.   (Zack) Department of Pharmacology, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.   (Zack) Department of Public Health Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada.   (Stewart) Department of Psychology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 4J1, Canada.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Development and psychometric evaluation of a three-dimensional Gambling Motives Questionnaire. Source   Addiction.  103(7)(pp 1110-1117), 2008. Date of Publication: Jul 2008. Abstract   Aims: This study was designed to develop and evaluate a self-report measure of gambling motives. Participants: A community-recruited sample of 193 gamblers (70% male; mean age = 35.5 years) were selected to fill two groups according to scores on the South Oaks Gambling Screen: probable pathological gamblers (PPG; n = 154) and non-pathological gamblers (NPG; n = 39). Measures: Participants completed a novel 15-item measure of gambling motives called the Gambling Motives Questionnaire (GMQ), which was modeled after the original Drinking Motives Questionnaire, as well as a variety of gambling behavior and problem criterion measures. Results: An exploratory principal components analysis revealed three intercorrelated factors tapping enhancement (ENH), coping (COP), and social (SOC) motives, respectively. Each GMQ subscale showed good internal consistency (alphas > 0.80). The PPG group scored higher on all three scales than the NPG group, with larger differences for ENH and COP. In line with the clinical literature, PPG women scored higher than PPG men on the COP subscale but also, unexpectedly, on the SOC subscale. In concurrent validity analyses, ENH consistently predicted greater gambling behavior, and COP and ENH consistently predicted more severe gambling problems. With gambling behavior levels controlled, only COP remained a significant predictor of gambling problem severity. Finally, gender interacted with gambling motives in predicting gambling problem severity: COP predicted gambling problems more strongly in women, whereas ENH predicted gambling problems more strongly in men. Conclusions: The GMQ appears to be a promising tool for both research and clinical applications with problem gamblers. copyright 2008 The Authors. ISSN  0965-2140 Publication Type  Journal: Article Journal Name  Addiction Volume  103 Issue Part  7 Page  1110-1117 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  Jul 2008

GAMBLING 2008 <457> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008329865 Authors  Korman L. Collins J. Littman-Sharp N. Skinner W. McMain S. Mercado V. Institution   (Korman) British Columbia Mental Health and Addiction Services, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.   (Collins) Research and Networks, British Columbia Mental Health and Addiction Services, Vancouver, BC, Canada.   (Littman-Sharp, Skinner, McMain, Mercado) Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Randomized control trial of an integrated therapy for comorbid anger and gambling. Source   Psychotherapy Research.  18(4)(pp 454-465), 2008. Date of Publication: Jul 2008. Abstract   This study evaluated an integrated treatment for comorbid problem gambling, anger, and substance use. Problem gamblers with comorbid anger problems (N=42), half of whom also had substance use disorders, were randomized to either a 14-week integrated treatment targeting anger and addictions (i.e., both gambling and substance use) or a specialized treatment-as-usual (TAU) for gambling and substance use. Participants were assessed at baseline (Tl), 14 weeks (T2), and 12 weeks follow-up (T3). Relative to the TAU, participants in the integrated anger and addictions treatment reported significantly less gambling at T2 and T3 and less trait anger and substance use at T3. Findings suggest that it is important to screen gambling clients for the presence of comorbid anger and substance use problems and that, when present, these problems need to be addressed concurrently in gambling treatment in order to optimize treatment outcomes. ISSN  1050-3307 Publication Type  Journal: Article Journal Name  Psychotherapy Research Volume  18 Issue Part  4 Page  454-465 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  Jul 2008

GAMBLING / CHILDREN AND YOUNG PEOPLE 2008 <600> Database  EMBASE Accession Number  2008174860 Authors  Martins S.S. Storr C.L. Ialongo N.S. Chilcoat H.D. Institution   (Martins, Storr, Ialongo, Chilcoat) Department of Mental Health, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, United States.   (Chilcoat) GlaxoSmithKline Worldwide Epidemiology, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States.   (Martins) Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Department of Mental Health, 624 N. Broadway, Baltimore, MD 21205-1900, United States.  Country of Publication   United Kingdom Title   Gender differences in mental health characteristics and gambling among African-American adolescent gamblers. Source   American Journal on Addictions.  17(2)(pp 126-134), 2008. Date of Publication: Mar 2008. Abstract   This study explores gender differences in lifetime and recent substance use/internalizing behavior, childhood externalizing behavior, and gambling preferences among African-American youth gamblers. Data are from a prospective study of a community sample of 452 urban African-American youths who began at entry into first grade and were followed for ten years. Gambling was associated with high teacher ratings of childhood externalizing behaviors among males and with high parent ratings of childhood impulsivity and hyperactivity among both genders. Internalizing behavior was associated with female gambling. No male-female differences in substance use/lifetime conduct disorder among gamblers were noted. Gambling preferences/frequency differed across genders. Copyright copyright American Academy of Addiction Psychiatry. ISSN  1055-0496 Publication Type  Journal: Article Journal Name  American Journal on Addictions Volume  17 Issue Part  2 Page  126-134 Year of Publication  2008 Date of Publication  Mar 2008

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