KINDS OF SENTENCES Simple Sentences Compound Sentences ...

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A complex sentence contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. (dependent clauses usually begin with a subordinate conjunction ...
KINDS OF SENTENCES Simple Sentences A simple sentence has one independent clause. The President flew to Camp David. (one subject, one predicate) subject

predicate

A simple sentence can also have a compound subject and/or a compound predicate. The President and his advisors flew to Camp David and began work on the subject. compound subject

compound predicate

It is still only one independent clause.

Compound Sentences A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses joined by coordinating conjunctions (for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so), semicolons, or a semicolon followed by a conjunctive adverb (transition). The new art show opened today, and the crowd was immense. independent clause

independent clause

The new art show opened today; the crowd was immense. independent clause

independent clause

Complex Sentences A complex sentence contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses (dependent clauses usually begin with a subordinate conjunction such as after, although, as, because, before, if, since, though, unless, until, when, whenever, where, wherever, while). When the new art show opened at the museum, the crowd was immense. dependent clause

independent clause

A comma is used after a dependent clause that introduces an independent clause. The crowd was immense when the new art show at the museum opened. independent clause

dependent clause

No comma is necessary when the independent comes first

Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence is a compound sentence with one or more independent clauses. When the play ended, the curtain closed, and the audience applauded. dependent clause

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