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Ratification of Maritime Law Instruments. As at . 15 January 2009, the signatories and contracting States to the following instruments were (additions since 19 July ...


Ratification of Maritime Law Instruments

As at 15 January 2009, the signatories and contracting States to the following instruments were (additions since 19 July 2007 are indicated in bold):

1989 Salvage Convention

The Convention entered into force on 14 July 1996.

Signatories: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Mexico, Netherlands, Nigeria, Norway, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, USSR (now Russian Federation), United Kingdom and United States.

Contracting States: Albania, Australia, Azerbaijan, Belgium, Bulgaria, Canada, China, Congo, Croatia, Denmark, Dominica, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Greece, Guinea, Guyana, Iceland, India, Iran, Ireland, Italy, Jordan, Kenya, Kiribati, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Poland, Romania, Russian Federation, St Kitts and Nevis, Saudi Arabia, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic, Tonga, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, USA, Vanuatu.

1990 Protocol to the 1974 Athens Passenger Convention

The Protocol will enter into force 90 days following the date on which 10 States have expressed their consent to be bound by it.

Signatories: Germany, Switzerland

Contracting States: Albania, Croatia, Egypt, Luxembourg, Spain, Tonga.

2002 Protocol to the 1974 Athens Convention

The Protocol will enter into force 12 months following the date on which 10 States have expressed their consent to be bound by it.

Signatories: Finland, Germany, Norway, Sweden, Spain, United Kingdom (all subject to ratification/acceptance).

Contracting States: Albania, Latvia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Syrian Arab Republic.



1992 Protocols to the 1969/1971 Conventions on Oil Pollution Liability and Compensation

Both Protocols entered into force on 30 May 1996 for the initial 10 (in the case of CLC) and 8 (in the case of the Fund) Contracting States. The Protocols enter into force for other States one year after the date on which they deposited their instrument of ratification. The entry into force dates are shown in brackets next to those States which have deposited instruments of ratification but for which the Protocols are not yet in force.

Signatories: Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Monaco, Morocco, Norway, Poland, Sweden.

Contracting States: Albania, Algeria, Angola, Antigua & Barbuda, Argentina, Australia, Azerbaijan*, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Cambodia, Cameroon, Canada, Cape Verde, Chile*, China (including HKSAR)**, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Cook Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Djibouti, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Egypt*, El Salvador*, Estonia, Fiji, Finland, France, Gabon, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Grenada, Guinea, Hungary, Iceland, Iran (Islamic Republic of) (CLC Protocol: 24 October 2008, Fund Protocol: 5 November 2009), India, Indonesia*, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jamaica, Japan, Kenya, Kiribati, Kuwait*, Latvia, Lebanon*, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Madagascar, Malaysia, Maldives, Malta, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Mexico, Moldova*, Monaco, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan*, Panama, Papua New Guinea, Peru*, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Romania*, Russian Federation, St Lucia, St Kitts and Nevis, St Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Saudi Arabia*, Seychelles, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Solomon Islands*, South Africa, Spain, Sri Lanka, Sweden, Switzerland, Syrian Arab Republic*, Tonga, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Tuvalu, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United Republic of Tanzania, Uruguay, Vanuatu, Venezuela, Viet Nam* Yemen*.

(*CLC Protocol only)

(**China declared that the 1992 Fund Protocol would be applicable to the Hong Kong, China, Special Administrative Region only)

2003 Protocol to the 1992 Fund Convention (Supplementary Fund)

Only States parties to the 1992 Fund Convention may ratify the Protocol. The Protocol entered into force on 3 March 2005.

Signatories: France, Spain, Slovenia (all subject to ratification).

Contracting States: Barbados, Belgium, Croatia, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Latvia, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom.

1993 Convention on Maritime Liens and Mortgages

The Convention entered into force on 5 September 2004

Signatories: Brazil, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Guinea, Morocco, Norway, Paraguay, Sweden, Tunisia.

Contracting States: Ecuador, Estonia, Lithuania, Monaco, Nigeria, Peru, Russian Federation, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic, Tunisia, Ukraine, Vanuatu.

International Convention on Liability and Compensation for Damage in Connection with the Carriage of Hazardous and Noxious Substances by Sea, 1996 (HNS Convention)

The Convention will enter into force 18 months after the date on which the following conditions are fulfilled:

• at least 12 States, including 4 States each with not less than 2 million units of gross tonnage, have expressed their consent to be bound by it; and

• persons in such States who would be liable to contribute to the HNS Fund general account have received during the preceding calendar year a total quantity of at least 40 million tonnes of contributing cargo.

Signatories: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom (all subject to ratification).

Contracting States: Angola, Cyprus, Hungary, Liberia, Lithuania, Morocco, Russian Federation, St Kitts and Nevis, Samoa, Sierra Leone, Slovenia, Syrian Arab Republic, Tonga

Protocol of 1996 to amend the Convention on Limitation of Liability for Maritime Claims, 1976 (1996 LLMC Convention)

The Protocol entered into force on 13 May 2004.

Signatories: Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, United Kingdom (all subject to ratification).

Contracting States: Albania, Australia, Bulgaria, Canada, Cook Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Jamaica, Japan, Hungary, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia, Malta, Marshall Islands, Norway, Romania, Russian Federation, Samoa, Sierra Leone, St. Lucia, Spain, Sweden, Syrian Arab Republic, Tonga, Tuvalu, United Kingdom.

International Convention on Arrest of Ships, 1999

The Convention will enter into force 6 months following the date on which 10 States have expressed their consent to be bound by it.

Signatories: Bulgaria, Denmark, Ecuador, Finland, Norway, Pakistan (all subject to ratification).

Contracting States: Algeria, Bulgaria, Estonia, Latvia, Liberia, Spain, Syrian Arab Republic.

International Convention on Civil Liability for Bunker Oil Pollution Damage, 2001

The Convention entered into force on 21 November 2008 for the initial 18 Contracting States. The Convention will enter into force for other States three months after the date on which they deposited their instrument of ratification. The entry into force dates are shown in brackets next to those States which have deposited instruments of ratification but for which the Convention is not yet in force.

Signatories: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Denmark, Finland, Italy, Germany, Norway, Spain, Sweden, United Kingdom (all subject to ratification).

Contracting States: Antigua and Barbuda (19 March 2009), Bahamas, Bulgaria, China (9 March 2009), Cook Islands, Croatia, Cyprus, Denmark, Estonia, Finland (18 February 2009), Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland (23 March 2009), Jamaica, Latvia, Liberia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malaysia (12 February 2009), Malta (12 February 2009), Marshall Islands, Norway, Poland, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines (26 February 2009), Samoa, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Slovenia, Spain, Tonga, Tuvalu (12 April 2009), United Kingdom, Vanuatu.

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