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Dfib ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb 17. Bcgjkmpjdfybt gthtdjlxbrf ghb vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb 21. Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf 27. Rjulf ytj,[jlbvj j,hfofnmcz r dhfxe ,tp ghjvtlktybz 37.
Gjcj,bt gj vtlbwbycrjve j,cke;bdfyb/ lkz ,t;tywtd

1997 u.

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[Book title]

Cgbcjr kbw> dytcib[ cdjq drkfl d yfgbcfybt 'njq rybub% Gfvtkf LbVtj> gjvjoybr herjdjlbntkz ghjuhfvvs> Wtynh Ghbrkflyjq Kbyudbcnbrb> Dfibyunjy> jrheu Rjkev,bz. Vfhbyf "kbzi> fccbcntyn dhfxf> Wtynh Pljhjdmz yf ek. Neb> ,jkmybwf Vfeyn-Cbyfq> Xbrfuj. V'hb Af,hb> gcb[jkju> ghjuhfvvf lkz ,t;tywtd bp rjvgfybz `{tkc Fenhbx> Byr.$> Xbrfuj> J,(tlbytybt `{fhnkfyl$. "ldfhl Ubkvjh> fccbcntyn dhfxf> pfd. gj vtlbwbycrjq xfcnb> Wtynh Pljhjdmz yf ek. Neb> ,jkmybwf Vfeyn-Cbyfq> Xbrfuj. Rfqbyu {fyu> rjjhlbyfnjh ghjuhfvvs `Pljhjdmt ,t;tywtd$> infn Vbyytcjnf. Ibhkb Kbypb> lbgkjvbhjdfyyfz vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf> rjjhlbyfnjh ghjuhfvvs `Pljhjdmt ,t;tywtd$> Jnltk Plhfdjj[hfytybz uhfacndf Rer> Jer Gfhr. Lfkvf V. Ghfpyjdcrb> flvbybcnhfnjh Jnltkf Plhfdjj[hfytybz> Wtynh Pljhjdmz> hfqjy Fgnfey> Xbrfuj. Rfhby Hecxt> flvbybcnhfnjh ghjuhfvvs eckeu vtlbwbycrb[ gthtdjlxbrjd ghb Jnltkt Plhfdjj[hfytybz> rjvgfybz `{tkc Fenhbx$> Byr.> Xbrfuj> J,(tlbytybt `{fhnkfyl$. Dtylb K. Cbutk> gfhnyth> Rjycekmnfnbdyfz ghfrnbrf `Vbkktybz$> Xbrfuj. L;jfyyf Ce> lbgkjvbhjdfyysq cjwbfkmysq hf,jnybr> rjjhlbyfnjh j,hfpjdfntkmyjq ghjuhfvvs VFF> `Pljhjdmt ;tyoby$> Dmtnyfvcrfz Fccjwbfwbz infnf Bkkbyjqc> Xbrfuj. Gthtxtym kbw> rjnjhsv vs ghbyjcbv jcj,e/ ,kfujlfhyjcnm% Ljrnjh "ldby <. Cbkmdthvfy> rjjhlbyfnjh ghjuhfvvs lkz ,t;tywtd infnf Bkkbyjqc> gj xmtq bybwbfnbdt ,skf yfgbcfyf 'nf rybuf> b rjnjhsq zdkztncz ukfdysv cnjhjyybrjv ghjtrnjd gj jpyfrjvktyb/ ,t;tywtd c cbcntvjq vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[. Ljrnjh {j K. Nhfy> flvbybcnhfnjh ghjuhfvvs gthdbxyjuj jcvjnhf ,t;tywtd> rjnjhfz dytckf cdjq drkfl d 'njn ghjtrn b ,skf tuj herjdjlbntktv. Rfhjk lbgkjvbhjdfyyfz vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf> pfvtcnbntkm eghfdkz/otuj cke;,s ghjabkfrnbrb jcnhs[ pf,jktdfybq Jnltkf Plhfdjj[hfytybz infnf Vbyytcjnf> rjnjhfz zdkzkfcm rjycekmnfynjv ghjtrnf> b hfphf,jnfkf ukfds cjlth;fybz ,eleotq rybub. Leukfc A. Ubkmpjd> cgtwbfkbcn gj j,extyb/ zpsrfv d Dfibyunjyt> jrheu Rjkev,bz> rjnjhsq gjvjufk htlfrnbhjdfnm herjgbcm. iii

Vs nfr;t ghbyjcbv ,kfujlfhyjcnm ntv> rnj xbnfk b htwtypbhjdfk herjgbcm% Vfhbz Hjr Dfkkb Rjkktl;. L;jFyy Xbfrekfc> Wtynh vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz lkz vtymibycnd> Jnltk J,otcndtyyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz> infn Bkkbyjqc. L;tyybath Rjrhfy> Jnltk J,otcndtyyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz> infn Vfccfxectnc. ?ybc P. Ufkmcrb> Tdhtqcrfz Atlthfwbz Gtjhbb. Vt;yfwbjyfkmyfz ghjuhfvvf plhfdjj[hfytybz> Cb'nk> infn Dfibyunjy. Rfhjk Ujkmlafh,> Tdhtqcrfz Atlthfwbz d Cghbyuabklt. C'v {fep[jklth> Jnltk Plhfdjj[hfytybz> infn Nt[fc. Vtkbyf Rfyj> Vt;wthrjdyfz cke;,f lkz ,t;tywtd b bvvbuhfynjd. Aejyu N. Yuj> Jnltk Plhfdjj[hfytybz> infn Nt[fc. Y'ycb Rdby> Rfv,jl;bqcrfz Fccjwbfwbz> infn Bkkbyjqc. Jnltk Plhfdjj[hfytybz u. Ym/ Qjhrf. {fkbyf Cpfhrjdcrb> Gjkmcrj-Fvthbrfycrfz Fccjwbfwbz. Nfv Dtq> Wtynh VFF lkz ,t;tywtd> Djcnjxysq Bkkbyjqc. Ifhb Dbkcjy> Jnltk Plhfdjj[hfytybz jrheuf Rbyu> Cb'nk> infn Dfibyunjy. Ajnjuhfabb dsgjkytys Wtynhjv Ghbrkflyjq Kbyudbcncrb b ghjuhfvvjq lkz ,t;tywtd> f nfr;t Wtynhjv Pljhjdmz d hfqjyt Fgnfey> ujhjl Xbrfuj. Jajhvktybt> j,kj;rf b ghjbpdjlcndj abhvs `CFUFHN$.

iv

Ddtltybt

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Gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt

3

Exht;ltybz> ghtljcnfdkz/obt vtlbwbycrbt eckeub

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Fvthbrfycrfz cbcntvf plhfdjj[hfytybz

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Dfib ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb

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Bcgjkmpjdfybt gthtdjlxbrf ghb vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb

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Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf 27 Rjulf ytj,[jlbvj j,hfofnmcz r dhfxe ,tp ghjvtlktybz 37 Ktxtybt cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybq 43 Rfr ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf 47 Ghjabkfrnbxtcrbt vths

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Gcb[bfnhbxtcrfz gjvjom 57 Ult vj;yj gjkexbnm gjvjom 63

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vi

Ddtltybt [Book title]

Vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[> dthjznyj> jxtym jnkbxftncz jn njuj> r xtve Ds ghbdsrkb d cdjtq cnhfyt. Gjcj,bt> rjnjhjt vs ghtlkfuftv> gjvj;tn Dfv b Dfitq ctvmt gjpyfrjvbnmcz c fvthbrfycrjq cbcntvjq vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz lkz njuj> xnj,s Ds vjukb ghbyznm ghfdbkmyjt htitybt> tckb Dfv gjyflj,bncz vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom. D rybut hfccrfpsdftncz j njv> relf cktletn j,hfofnmcz d ckexft> tckb gjyflj,bncz vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom. Pltcm Ds yfqltnt jgbcfybt ghjuhfvv ujcelfhcndtyyjq cjwbfkmyjq gjvjob> f nfr;t htcehcjd> rjnjhsvb hfcgjkfuftn Dfif j,obyf. Gjcj,bt lftn jcyjdye/ byajhvfwb/ j vtlbwbycrjv cnhf[jdfybb. D ytv nfr;t j,(zcyztncz rfr j,ofnmcz c dhfwjv b rfr ghb 'njv gjkmpjdfnmcz eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrf. Gjcrjkmre yb jlyj gjcj,bt yt vj;tn lfnm gjkyjq byajhvfwbb> Dfv cktletn hfccghfibdfnm jrhe;f/ob[> f nfr;t pflfdfnm rfr vj;yj ,jkmit djghjcjd hf,jnybrfv njq jhufybpfwbb> rjnjhfz gjvjuftn Dfv d ecnhjqcndt yf yjdjv vtcnt. Jxtym df;yj epyfnm> ult gjkexbnm byajhvfwb/ j vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb. Gjujdjhbnt c hf,jnybrfvb futycndf b hfccghjcbnt b[ j ljgjkybntkmys[ bcnjxybrf[ byajhvfwbb b gjvjob d njv hfqjyt> ult Ds ;bdtnt.

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Gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt [Book title]

Dcrjht gj ghbtplt d infn Bkkbyjqc> futycndj> zdkz/ottcz Dfibv cgjycjhjv> bkb xktys ctvmb> rjnjhst pf Dfc gjhexbkbcm> ljk;ys pfgbcfnm Dfc b Dfie ctvm/ yf ghbtv r dhfxe> lkz njuj> xnj,s Ds ghjikb gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt. Tckb Ds ;bdtnt d Xbrfuj> Ds ghjqltnt j,cktljdfybt d ,kb;fqitv vtlbwbycrjv wtynht> rjnjhsq jnyjcbncz r Xbrfucrjve Jnltke Yfhjlyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz> kb,j d gjkbrkbybrt yf ekbwt Neb ghb ,jkmybwt Vfeyn-Cbyfq. Tckb Ds ;bdtnt d lheujq xfcnb infnf Bkkbyjqc> hf,jnybrb futycndf> zdkz/otujcz Dfibv cgjycjhjv> crf;en Dfv> ult vj;yj ghjqnb vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt.

Wtkm gthdbxyjuj vtlbwbycrjuj j,cktljdfybz "nj j,cktljdfybt ,eltn ,jktt gjkysv gj chfdytyb/ c ntv> rjnjhjt Ds ghjikb gthtl bvvbuhfwbtq. Wtkm j,cktljdfybz cjcnjbn d njv> xnj,s j,yfhe;bnm b bpktxbnm k/,e/ ,jktpym> jcj,tyyj ne> rjnjhfz vj;tn gjvtifnm Dfv ecnhjbnmcz yf hf,jne> f nfr;t ghtljndhfnbnm hfcghjcnhfytybt k/,juj pfhfpyjuj pf,jktdfybz. Vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb rkbybrb cj,then dc/ ytj,[jlbve/ byajhvfwb/ b pfgjkyzn dct ajhvs> rjnjhst nht,e/ncz ghb ecnhjqcndt yf hf,jne b lkz gjctotybz rehcjd fyukbqcrjuj zpsrf (ESL) bkb rehcjd lkz gjkextybz ghjatccbjyfkmys[ yfdsrjd. 3

Rfr ,eltn ghj[jlbnm j,cktljdfybt* Gthdbxyjt j,cktljdfybt cjcnjbn bp j,otuj jcvjnhf> kf,jhfnjhys[ fyfkbpjd> ghjdthrb Dfitq bcnjhbb ,jktpyb b ghbdbdjr. Rjulf Ds ghbqltnt yf ghbtv r dhfxe> jy ghjdthbn Dfie bcnjhb/ ,jktpyb b ghbdbdrb> rjnjhst ,skb cltkfys lj ghbtplf d CIF. Ljrnjh b vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb ghjbpdtlen jcvjnh> ghjdthzn rhjdzyjt lfdktybt> phtybt> gekmc b lheubt aeyrwbb jhufybpvf. Dfc cghjczn j njv> rfrbt ,jktpyb Ds gthtytckb d ghjikjv. Djpvj;yj> c Dfvb gj,tctle/n j rehtybb b egjnht,ktybb fkrjujkz. Ds ljk;ys ,eltnt clfnm rhjdm> vjxe b j,hfpws rfkf yf kf,jhfnjhyjt bccktljdfybt yf ghtlvtn utgfnbnf b yfkbxbz rbitxys[ gfhfpbnjd. D pfrk/xtybt> Dfv cltkf/n ghj,e yf ne,threktp b ytljcnf/obt ghbdbdrb. Ltnb ljk;ys clfnm fyfkbp yf yfkbxbt cdbywf d rhjdb. Tckb d ghjwtcct j,cktljdfybz e Dfc ,eltn j,yfhe;tyj pf,jktdfybt> Dfv ghbltncz gjqnb d lheue/ rkbybre lkz ktxtybz. Yfghbvth> d ujhjlt Xbrfuj Dfc vjuen yfghfdbnm yf ktxtybt d vtlbwbycrbq Wtynh d hfqjyt Fgnfey bkb d ,jkmybwe uhfacndf Rer.

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Gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt

D lheub[ xfcnz[ infnf Bkkbyjqc Dfc> dthjznyj> yfghfdzn d rkbybre Jnltkf Yfhjlyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz bkb lheujt vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt gj vtcne ;bntkmcndf.

Rfre/ gjvjom vj;tn jrfpfnm gthcjyfk> ghjbpdjlzobq gthdbxysq jcvjnh* Vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb> rjnjhst ,elen pfybvfnmcz Dfibv j,cktljdfybtv> vjuen jndtnbnm yf vyjubt djghjcs j ghjwtlehf[ b kf,jhfnjhys[ bccktljdfybz[. Jyb nfr;t vjuen gjvjxm Dfv b Dfitq ctvmt gjkexbnm dscjrjrdfkbabwbhjdfyyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt. Tckb Ds yt ujdjhbnt gj-fyukbqcrb> futycndj> gjvjuf/ott Dfv d ecnhjqcndt> cjj,obn d vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt> ult Ds ,eltnt ghj[jlbnm gthdbxyjt j,cktljdfybt> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbv gthtdjlxbr. D 'njv ckexft jyb vjuen pfghjcbnm gthtdjlxbrf> rjnjhsq ,eltn gjvjufnm Dfv yf ghbtvt e dhfxf. Gthtdjlxbr ,eltn gthtdjlbnm j,(zcytybz dct[ ghjwtleh> rjnjhst Ds ljk;ys ghjqnb> b gjvj;tn Dfv ghb ghj[j;ltybb vtljcvjnhf. cnh. 21-26 .

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Xnj ye;yj ghbytcnb c cj,jq yf gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt* D ltym> rjulf Ds ghbqltnt yf ghbtv> Dfv cktletn ghbytcnb c cj,jq gfrtn> rjnjhsq Ds gjkexbkb d Vt;leyfhjlyjq Vbuhfwbjyyjq Jhufybpfwbb [email protected] lj ghbtplf d CIF. "njn gfrtn cjlth;bn lfyyst j vtlbwbycrjv j,cktljdfybb> rjnjhjt Ds ghjikb gthtl bvvbuhfwbtq d CIF. Ghbytcbnt nfr;t dct ktrfhcndf> rjnjhst Ds ghbybvftnt> gfcgjhn bkb rfhnjxre I-94 b lheubt ljrevtyns> rfcf/obtcz Dfituj pljhjdmz.

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Exht;ltybz> [Book title] ghtljcnfdkz/obt vtlbwbycrbt eckeub

D infnt Bkkbyjqc vj;yj gjkexbnm vtlbwbycrbt eckeub d hfpkbxys[ vtcnf[.
Jnltks Yfhjlyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz drk/xfz ghbdbdrb b kf,jhfnjhyst bccktljdfybz> f nfr;t ktxtybt pfhfpys[ pf,jktdfybq> nfrb[ rfr ne,threktp. Hjlbntkb ljk;ys epyfnm> ltkf/n kb ghbdbdrb ltnzv d Jnltkt Yfhjlyjuj Plhfdjj[hfytybz. Dct ltnb> rjnjhst htubcnhbhe/ncz lkz j,extybz d j,otj,hfpjdfntkmyjq irjkt> ljk;ys ghtlcnfdbnm dsgbcre cltkfyys[ hfytt ghbdbdjr. "nb eckeub kb,j ,tcgkfnyst> kb,j jxtym ytljhjubt. J,otcndtyyst rkbybrb bkb hfqjyyst wtynhs pljhjdmz Abyfycbhetvst ujcelfhcndtyysvb bkb xfcnysvb jhufybpfwbzvb> 'nb vtlbwbycrbt exht;ltybz j,cke;bdf/n vyjub[ dyjdm ghb,sdib[ d infn Bkkbyjqc. nfrbt rfr Vtlbrtql bkb VtlbGkfy Gkfc. Gfwbtyns> yt bvt/obt vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> j,sxyj gkfnzn pf eckeub d pfdbcbvjcnb jn cdjtuj lj[jlf> n.t. j,otcndtyyst rkbybrb ,then vtymie/ gkfne c k/ltq vfkjjgkfxbdftvs[ bkb ythf,jnf/ob[. 7

Xfcnyst dhfxb Ytrjnjhst dhfxb bvt/n xfcnyst rf,bytns. Lheubt hf,jnf/n d xfcnys[ rkbybrf[ bkb uheggf[ c lheubvb dhfxfvb. Vyjubt dhfxb nht,e/n jn gfwbtynjd gjlndth;ltybz b[ gkfnt;tcgjcj,yjcnb> rjulf jyb gthdsq hfp ghb[jlzn yf ghbtv. Gfwbtyns vjuen gkfnbnm pf eckeub gjchtlcndjv cdjtuj vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> rfhnjxrjq Vtlbrtql> yfkbxysvb bkb rhtlbnyjq rfhnjxrjq. d jcyjdyjv> j,hfof/ncz k/lb> ye;lf/obtcz d jgthfwbb bkb d ktxtybb nz;tks[ pf,jktdfybq. Jlyfrj> dhfxb nfr;t gjcskf/n d ,jkmybws gfwbtynjd> tckb bv ye;yj cltkfnm cgtwbfkmyst ntcns bkb jyb ljk;ys yf[jlbnmcz gjl yf,k/ltybtv. D ,jkmybwf[ nfr;t ghbybvf/n hjls. Ktxtybt d ,jkmybwf[ xhtpdsxfqyj ljhjujt b ,jkmybws nht,e/n gjlndth;ltybt yfkbxbz vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz bkb cgjcj,yjcnb jgkfnbnm ,jkmybxyst eckeub. J,otcndtyyst ,jkmybws ,jkmie/ xfcnm abyfycbhjdfybz gjkexf/n bp yfkjujdjuj ajylf ujcelfhcndf. Xfcnyst ,jkmybws yt bvt/n nfrjq gjllth;rb. "nb ldf dblf ,jkmybw vjuen jnkbxfnmcz gj cnjbvjcnb eckeu b gj ghfdbkfv ghtljcnfdktybz ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob.

8

Exht;ltybz> ghtljcnfdkz/obt vtlbwbycrbt eckeub

Geyrns ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob Geyrns ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob> j,sxyj> yf[jlzncz ghb ,jkmybwf[. C/lf j,hfof/ncz d 'rcnhbvfkmys[ cbnefwbz[> rjulf gjvjom ljk;yf ,snm jrfpfyf ytvtlktyyj> bkb d ckexft> tckb ;bpym ,jkmyjuj yf[jlbncz gjl euhjpjq. Yt cktletn j,hfofnmcz d geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob> tckb ;bpyb ,jkmyjuj ybxtuj yt euhj;ftn. Yfghbvth> ghb nfrb[ pf,jktdfybz[> rfr ghjcnelf bkb uhbgg. D geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob ytn ytj,[jlbvjcnb pdjybnm pfhfytt> xnj,s yfpyfxbnm dhtvz ghbtvf> yj ;lfnm ghbtvf> djpvj;yj> ghbltncz ljkuj. D geyrnt ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob ghb j,otcndtyyjq ,jkmybwt Dfv ljk;ys jrfpfnm gjvjom> tckb lf;t e Dfc ytn vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz bkb ytljcnfnjxyj chtlcnd lkz egkfns pf eckeub. Gjckt njuj> rfr Dfv jrfpfkb gthde/ gjvjom> hf,jnybrb ,jkmybws gjvjuen Dfv yfqnb genb jgkfns vtlbwbycrb[ cxtnjd.

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Vfibyf crjhjq gjvjob Tckb Dfv ytj,[jlbvf vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom ytvtlktyyj> b ytn ybrfrjuj lheujuj genb ljcnfdbnm ,jkmyjuj bkb gjkexbdituj nhfdve xtkjdtrf d geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob> Ds vj;tnt djcgjkmpjdfnmcz vfibyjq crjhjq gjvjob lkz nhfycgjhnbhjdrb ,jkmyjuj b jrfpfybz tve vtlbwbycrjq gjvjob. J,sxyj> pf gthtdjpre ,jkmyjuj d nfrjq vfibyt dpsvftncz gkfnf> rjnjhe/ Ds ljk;ys dytcnb gjckt njuj> rfr Dfv ,elen ghtljcnfdktys eckeub.

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Fvthbrfycrfz cbcntvf [Book title] plhfdjj[hfytybz

D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt yt ghtljcnfdkztncz ujcelfhcndjv fdnjvfnbxtcrb. Ds cfvb> f yt ghfdbntkmcndj> jndtncndtyys pf jgkfne vtlbwbycrb[ eckeu. "nj> dthjznyj> jxtym jnkbxftncz jn njuj> r xtve Ds b Dfif ctvmz ghbdsrkb. Vyjubt fvthbrfyws gkfnzn pf vtlbwbycrbt eckeub c gjvjom/ vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> rjnjhjt jyb gjregf/n kb,j xthtp cdjtuj hf,jnjlfntkz> kb,j cfvb. Vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt 'nj nfrfz cbcntvf> rjulf Ds gkfnbnt jghtltktyye/ cevve cnhf[jdjq rjvgfybb> j,sxyj t;tvtczxyj. Cj cdjtq cnjhjys> cnhf[jdfz rjvgfybz jgkfxbdftn gjkyjcnm/ bkb xfcnbxyj vtlbwbycrbt cxtnf pf Dfit ktxtybt. Cnhf[jdfybt nfr;t gjvjuftn gkfnbnm pf gthtjlbxtcrbt dbpbns r dhfxe bkb> ghb ytj[jlbvjcnb> pf ujcgbnfkbpfwb/.

Ujcelfhcndtyyst ghjuhfvvs vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz Ujcelfhcndtyyst exht;ltybz j,tcgtxbdf/n ,tcgkfnysv vtlbwbycrbv cnhf[jdfybtv ytrjnjhst rfntujhbb k/ltq yf jghtltktyysq gthbjl dhtvtyb. Yfghbvth> dyjdmghb,sdib[ ,t;tywtd> gj;bks[ k/ltq b bydfkbljd> f nfr;t ltntq> rjnjhst gjkexf/n gjvjom gj ujcelfhcndtyyjq ghjuhfvvt. Rjulf Ds ghbtp;ftnt d Cjtlbytyyst Infns> vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt ghtljcnfdkztncz Dfv xthtp ujcelfhcndtyye/ ghjuhfvve> rjnjhfz yfpsdftncz $Vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom lkz ,t;tywtd$. "nf ghjuhfvvf gjvjuftn ,t;tywfv> rfr jlbyjrbv> nfr b ctvtqysv> yj yt bvt/obv ltntq> jgkfxbdfnm vtlbwbycrbt eckeub d gthdst djctvm vtczwtd ght,sdfybz d CIF. Futycndj> ghbyzditt Dfc> gjvj;tn Dfv gjlfnm pfzdktybt yf gjkextybt ghjuhfvvs $Vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom lkz ,t;tywtd$. Dfv ye;yj ,eltn pfgjkybnm ajhvs b bpexbnm bycnherwbb. Jxtym df;yj cktljdfnm dctv ghfdbkfv ghjuhfvvs lkz njuj> xnj,s Ds b Dfif ctvmz cvjukb gjkexbnm dscjrjrfxtcndtyyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt.

11

Ujcelfhcndtyyfz ghjuhfvvf> rjnjhfz ghtljcnfdkztn dhtvtyye/ gjvjom lkz ,t;tywtd> yfpsdftncz Vtlbrtql bkb> d infnt Bkkbyjqc> VtlbGkfy Gkfc. Ceotcnde/n jxtym cnhjubt ghfdbkf gjkextybz gjvjob gj ghjuhfvvt VtlbGkfy Gkfc. Futycndj> zdkz/ottcz Dfibv cgjycjhjv> vj;tn gjvjxm Dfv dszcybnm bvttnt kb Ds ghfdj yf 'ne ghjuhfvve. "nj pfdbcbn jn Dfituj bvvbuhfwbjyyjuj cnfnecf> ctvtqyjuj gjkj;tybz> jn njuj> rfr ljkuj Ds ghj;bdftnt d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[> f nfr;t jn Dfituj lj[jlf. Tckb gj 'nbv rhbnthbzv Ds gjl[jlbnt gjl lfyye/ ghjuhfvve> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ,eltn pfgjkybnm cjjndtncnde/obt ajhvs d Jnltkt Cjwbfkmyjq Gjvjob infnf Bkkbyjqc. Pfntv Ds gjkexbnt vtlbwbycre/ rfhnjxre> rjnjhe/ Ds ljk;ys ,eltnt ghbyjcbnm c cj,jq yf ghbtv r dhfxe.
Rfr hf,jnftn ghjuhfvvf VtlbGkfy Gkfc* VtlbGkfy Gkfc - 'nj dbl vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> rjnjhsq cdzpfy c gkfyjv $Eghfdkztvjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt.$ Dfi ktxfobq dhfx jndtxftn pf eghfdktybt Dfibv vtlbwbycrbv j,cke;bdfybtv. Dvtcnt c rfhnjxrjq vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz VtlbGkfy Gkfc Ds gjkexbnt cgbcjr cnhf[jds[ rjvgfybq> d[jlzob[ d cbcntve $Eghfdkztvjt

12

Fvthbrfycrfz cbcntvf plhfdjj[hfytybz

vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt.$ Rjvgfybb> d[jlzobt d 'ne cbcntve> yfpsdf/ncz jhufybpfwbb> rjynhjkbhe/obt hfc[jls yf vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt bkb YVJ !"qx"[email protected] Ds ljk;ys ds,hfnm jlye bp 'nb[ rjvgfybq. Pfntv> ds,hfyyfz Dfvb cnhf[jdfz rjvgfybz> lfcn Dfv cgbcjr dhfxtq> zdkz/ob[cz exfcnybrfvb tt gkfyf. Ds ds,bhftnt bp 'njuj cgbcrf dhfxf> rjnjhsq ,eltn Dfibv ktxfobv dhfxjv. Tckb Ds yt ds,thtnt ct,t dhfxf> rjvgfybz cfvf Dfv tuj yfpyfxbn. Cjukfcyj ghfdbkfv cnhf[jdjq rjvgfybb> tckb Ds pf,jktkb> Dfv ye;yj cltkfnm ghbdbdrb> bkb lkz ktxtybz [hjybxtcrjuj pf,jktdfybz> Ds ljk;ys cyfxfkf j,hfnbnmcz r cdjtve ktxfotve dhfxe. Tckb Dfi ktxfobq dhfx cxbnftn> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ghjqnb j,cktljdfybt e cgtwbfkbcnf> jy lfcn Dfv r ytve yfghfdktybt. Jxtym df;yj pyfnm> rfrbt eckeub ,elen jgkfxtys Dfitq cnhf[jdjq rjvgfybtq. Jxtym df;yj> nfr;t> cktljdfnm dctv ghfdbkfv ghjuhfvvs VtlbGkfy Gkfc> xnj,s rjvgfybz pfgkfnbkf pf dct eckeub> rjnjhst Ds gjkexbkb. Tckb Ds j,hfnbntcm r lheujve dhfxe> yt j,ujdjhbd 'nj ghtldfhbntkmyj cj cdjbv ktxfobv dhfxjv> rjvgfybz vj;tn yt jgkbnbnm Dfib vtlbwbycrbt cxtnf.

13

Rfr ds,hfnm rjvgfyb/> d[jlzoe/ d cbcntve $eghfdkztvjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt$* Gjcrjkmre rjvgfybb> d[jlzobt d 'ne cbcntve> pfhf,fnsdf/n yf 'njv ltymub> jyb cnfhf/ncz ghbdktxm rfr vj;yj ,jkmit rkbtynjd. Ytcrjkmrj nfrb[ rjvgfybq vjuen ghtlkj;bnm Dfv cdjb eckeub. gjcjdtneqntcm c hf,jnybrfvb futycndf> gjvjuf/otuj Dfv> hfccghjcbnt k/ltq d cdjtq 'nybxtcrjq j,obyt> cghjcbnt e xktyjd Dfitq ctvmb bkb e hf,jnybrjd Jnltkf Cjwbfkmys[ Eckeu> rfrjq bp ghtlkfuftvs[ gkfyjd zdkztncz yfb,jktt gjl[jlzobv lkz Dfc. Djghjcs> rjnjhst ;tkfntkmyj vtlbwbycrjuj gkfyf%

pflfdfnm

ghb

ds,jht

¤ Ujdjhbn kb dhfx> zdkz/obqcz exfcnybrjv 'njuj gkfyf> yf vjtv hjlyjv zpsrt* ¤ Lfktrj kb jn vjtuj ljvf yf[jlbncz rf,bytn dhfxf b ,jkmybwf* ¤ Bltn kb nelf j,otcndtyysq nhfycgjhn* ¤ Ye;yj kb vyt cfvjve gkfnbnm pf vtlbwbycrbt eckeub b crjkmrj* ¤ Vjue kb z> ghb ;tkfybb> gjvtyznm dhfxf* ¤ Relf vyt j,hfnbnmcz c ;fkj,jq> tckb gkfy vyt yt gjyhfdbncz* D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ e Dfc tcnm ghfdj ujdjhbnm j njv> xnj Dfc ,tcgjrjbn> jcj,tyyj> tckb 'nj rfcftncz ktxtybz> b tckb jyj yt cjjndtncndetn Dfibv j;blfybzv b zdkztncz ytfltrdfnysv. Tckb e Dfc djpybrytn ghj,ktvf c vtlbwbycrjq cnhf[jdjq rjvgfybtq bkb c Dfibv ktxfobv dhfxjv> Ds vj;tnt gjlfnm ;fkj,e. Ghb 'njv> Ds yt gjnthztnt cdjb ghbdtktubb b yt ,eltnt yfrfpfys pf ;fkj,e.

Vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt xthtp hf,jnjlfntkz Vyjubt gjregf/n vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt xthtp cdjtuj hf,jnjlfntkz. J,sxyj> hf,jnjlfntkm ghtlkfuftn gkfy nbgf $eghfdkztvjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt$. Jlyfrj> ,sdf/n nfr;t b lheubt ajhvs cnhf[jdfybz. Gjujdjhbnt d Jnltkt

14

Fvthbrfycrfz cbcntvf plhfdjj[hfytybz

rflhjd j, fkmnthyfnbdys[ dfhbfynf[ b gjghjcbnt gbcmvtyye/ byajhvfwb/ j hfpkbxys[ gkfyf[. Cghjcbnt e Dfib[ cjnhelybrjd> rfrjt vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt jyb bcgjkmpe/n b xnj bv ,jkmit yhfdbncz. Cghjcbnt cjdtnf e hf,jnybrjd futycndf> gjvjuf/otuj Dfv d ecnhjqcndt> e xktyjd ghbukfcbditq Dfc ctvmb. Bpexbnt dct djpvj;yst dfhbfyns> xnj,s vj;yj ,skj ghbyznm ghfdbkmyjt htitybt j njv> xnj kexit lkz Dfc b Dfitq ctvmb. Vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt> rjnjhjt Ds gjkexftnt yf hf,jnt> j,sxyj yt ,sdftn ,tcgkfnysv. Hf,jnybr b hf,jnjlfntkm ltkzn hfc[jls gj ghbj,htntyb/ vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz. Rf;lsq vtczw hf,jnjlfntkm gkfnbn cdj/ xfcnm cnjbvjcnb vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> f e hf,jnybrf dscxbnsdf/n tuj ljk/ bp xtrf !pfhf,jnyjq [email protected] "njn gkfnt; yfpsdftncz gkfnjq pf cnhf[jdfybt. "nj dbl ghtldfhbntkmyjq jgkfns pf cnjbvjcnm vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz> rjnjhjt> djpvj;yj> gjyflj,bncz gjp;t> tckb Ds pf,jkttnt. D ljgjkytybt r ghtldfhbntkmyjq jgkfnt> Ds> dthjznyj> ,eltnt ljgkfxbdfnm pf dbpbn r dhfxe bkb ghb gjregrt ktrfhcnd d fgntrt. J,sxyj 'nj yt,jkmifz ljgkfnf - 10 ljkkfhjd pf dbpbn b 5 ljkkfhjd ghb gjregrt ktrfhcnd. Vtlbwbycrfz cnhf[jdfz rjvgfybz j,sxyj jgkfxbdftn cxtn gjkyjcnm/> f Ds dyjcbnt ljgkfne b ne cevve> rjnjhe/ Ds dsgkfxbdftnt rf;lsq vtczw pf vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt. 15

Lheubt genb jgkfns pf vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt Tckb Ds yt hf,jnftnt> bkb Dfi hf,jnjlfntkm yt ghtlkfuftn Dfv vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt> b Ds yt gjl[jlbnt gjl ujcelfhcndtyye/ ghjuhfvve vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz> Ds vj;tnt bcgjkmpjdfnm lheubt djpvj;yjcnb. Vj;yj gjqnb d j,otcndtyye/ rkbybre bkb ,jkmybwe> rjnjhst hfphtifn Dfv gkfnbnm pf eckeub d pfdbcbvjcnb jn Dfituj lj[jlf. Ds ljk;ys ,eltnt gjlndthlbnm ljrevtynfkmyj Dfi lj[jl> yfghbvth> ghtljcnfdbd Dfi gjcktlybq xtr c vtcnf hf,jns. Dfc nfr;t cghjczn j cjcnfdt ctvmb. Bvtz 'ne byajhvfwb/> Dfv gjlcxbnf/n cevve> rjnjhe/ Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ,eltn pfgkfnbnm. D nfrb[ vtlbwbycrb[ exht;ltybz[> rjnjhst gjkexf/n abyfycjde/ gjllth;re jn ujcelfhcndf> Ds cvj;tnt gjkexbnm ytrjnjhst ,tcgkfnyst vtlbwbycrbt eckeub> tckb e Dfc ytn djpvj;yjcnb pf yb[ pfgkfnbnm. Lheubvb ckjdfvb> tckb Ds bkb xkty Dfitq ctvmb cthmtpyj ,jkmys b ytj,[jlbvj ktxtybt> 'nb vtlbwbycrbt exht;ltybz gjvjuen Dfv. Gjghjcbnt e hf,jnybrjd futycndf> rjnjhjt Dfv gjvjuftn> bkb e ctvmb-cgjycjhf> yfqnb lkz Dfc cgbcjr j,otcndtyys[ rkbybr bkb ,jkmybw d njv hfqjyt> ult Ds ;bdtnt. D ckexft> tckb Dfv ye;yf chjxyfz vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom> Ds vj;tnt j,hfnbnmcz d geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob ghb k/,jq ,jkmybwt. Cjukfcyj pfrjye> k/,fz ,jkmybwf ljk;yf jrfpfnm Dfv chjxye/ gjvjom> ytpfdbcbvj jn njuj> bvttnt kb Ds vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt bkb ytn. Gjckt njuj> rfr Dfv jrfpfkb ytjnkj;ye/ gjvjom> gthcjyfk ,jkmybws gjvj;tn Dfv yfqnb genb jgkfns pf eckeub> rjnjhst Ds gjkexbkb. Pfgjvybnt nfr;t> xnj> tckb e Dfc tcnm vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt> jxtym df;yj gjpdjybnm d cnhf[jde/ rjvgfyb/ ytvtlktyyj b cjj,obnm bv j dbpbnt d geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob. Tckb Ds yt cltkftnt 'njuj d ntxtybt 24 xfcjd> Dfif cnhf[jdfz rjvgfybz vj;tn yt pfgkfnbnm pf 'njn dbpbn.

16

Dfib ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb [Book title]

Fvthbrfyws jxtym dscjrj wtyzn ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb xtkjdtrf. D j,kfcnb vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz Dfib ghfdf yfpsdf/ncz ghfdf gfwbtynf. "nj jpyfxftn> xnj r Dfv ljk;ys jnyjcbnmcz gj cghfdtlkbdjcnb. D nj ;t cfvjt dhtvz> e Dfc tcnm j,zpfyyjcnb - pf,jnbnmcz j cdjtv pljhjdmt. Tckb Ds pyftnt> rfrjds Dfib ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb> Ds yf genb r pljhjdjq ;bpyb d Fvthbrt.

Ghfdf gfwbtynf D infnt Bkkbyjqc Ds bvttnt ghfdj gjkexfnm vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt ytpfdbcbvj jn Dfituj djphfcnf> gjkf bkb hfcs. Ds bvttnt ghfdj yf gjkextybt ktxtybz lf;t> tckb e Dfc ytn vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz. Ds nfr;t bvttnt ghfdj gjujdjhbnm c vtlbwbycrbvb hf,jnybrfvb> ghtljcnfdkz/obvb Dfv vtlbwbycrbt eckeub> b gjghjcbnm gthtdtcnb Dfc> gj ;tkfyb/> d lheujt vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt. Ds nfr;t bvttnt ghfdj pyfnm j dct[ ,jkmybxys[ hfc[jlf[> ghfdbkf[ b ghtlgbcfybz[> f nfr;t j njv> rfr gjlfdfnm ;fkj,s. Tckb Ds yt ujdjhbnt gj-fyukbqcrb> e Dfc tcnm ghfdj djcgjkmpjdfnmcz eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrf> rjulf Ds bltnt d ,jkmybwe> rkbybre bkb gcb[bfnhbxtcrjt jnltktybt. !Ldf pfrjyf ufhfynbhe/n Dfit ghfdj yf ghtljcnfdktybt gthtdjlxbrf - Geyrn 4 $Frnf j uhf;lfycrb[ ghfdf[ CIF$ pf 1964 ujl b $Frn infnf Bkkbyjqc j zpsrjdjq gjvjob$ pf 1994 [email protected] 17

Ytrjnjhst vtlbwbycrbt exht;ltybz gjkmpe/ncz eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrf gj ntktajye. Lheubt> bcgjkmpe/n hf,jnybrjd cdjtuj exht;ltybz bkb djkjynthjd> ujdjhzob[ yf lde[ zpsrf[. Ytrjnjhst exht;ltybz yfybvf/n ghjatccbjyfkmyj gjlujnjdktyys[ vtlbwbycrb[ gthtdjlxbrjd. Dfv yt ye;yj gkbnbnm pf 'nb eckeub> b e Dfc ytn ytj,[jlbvjcnb yf[jlbnm b ghbdjlbnm cdjtuj gthtdjlxbrf. Ds dctulf bvttnt ghfdj> d ghjwtcct ktxtybz> nht,jdfnm r ct,t edf;bntkmyjuj b ljcnjqyjuj jnyjitybz. Dcz byajhvfwbz> rjnjhe/ Ds lftnt dhfxe> cnhjuj rjyabltywbfkmyf. "nj pyfxbn> xnj dhfxfv yt gjpdjktyj ltkbnmcz byajhvfwbtq c lheubvb k/lmvb> rjnjhst yt ghbybvf/n exfcnbz d Dfitv ktxtybb. Tckb Dfv ghtlcnjbn jgthfwbz> Ds> ght;lt dctuj> ljk;ys lfnm yf 'nj gbcmvtyyjt cjukfcbt. E Dfc nfr;t tcnm ghfdj jnrfpfnmcz jn k/,juj ktxtybz. Tckb Ds edthtys> xnj Dfib ghfdf yt cj,k/lf/ncz> Ds ljk;ys rjve-nj j, 'njv crfpfnm. Ljgjkybntkmye/ byajhvfwb/ j nt[> rnj vj;tn gjvjxm Dfv> Ds yfqltnt d ukfdt $Ult vj;yj gjkexbnm gjvjom$ yf cnh. 63-65.

18

Dfib ghfdf b j,zpfyyjcnb

J,zpfyyjcnb gfwbtynf D ljgjkytybt r Dfibv ghfdfv gfwbtynf> e Dfc bvt/ncz df;yst j,zpfyyjcnb. Tckb Ds ,tpjndtncndtyyj jnyjcbntcm r cdjtve vtlbwbycrjve j,cke;bdfyb/> Ds> gj dctq dthjznyjcnb> yt gjkexbnt [jhjituj ktxtybz. Yb;t cktletn jgbcfybt df;ys[ j,zpfyyjcntq gfwbtynf% ¤ Yf dct vtlbwbycrbt dbpbns ye;yj ghb[jlbnm djdhtvz. ¤ Gjpdjybnt d rf,bytn dhfxf> tckb Ds yt vj;tnt ghbqnb yf ghbtv. ¤ Ghtljcnfdmnt gjkye/ b ghfdbkmye/ byajhvfwb/ j Dfitv pljhjdmt d yfcnjzott dhtvz. Hfccrf;bnt j gthtytctyys[ pf,jktdfybz[> j ujcgbnfkbpfwbz[> ghbybvftvs[ ktrfhcndf[ b j,j dctv> jnyjczotvcz r Dfitve pljhjdm/. ¤ Cghjcbnt e dhfxf rfr ghbybvfnm ghjgbcfyyjt ktrfhcndj. !Cghjcbnt% $Rfre/ ljpe cktletn ghbybvfnm b rfr xfcnj*[email protected] ¤ Cktleqnt njve gkfye ktxtybz> rjnjhsq gjhtrjvtyljdfk Dfv dhfx> f nfr;t dctv ghfdbkfv b bycnherwbzv ghb ktxtybb d ,jkmybwt. ¤ Cjj,obnt Dfitve dhfxe> tckb Ds xnj-kb,j yt gjybvftnt bkb yt ;tkftnt cktljdfnm tuj ghtlgbcfybzv. ¤ Cnfhfqntcm rfrbv-kb,j j,hfpjv pfgkfnbnm pf vtlbwbycrbt eckeub> rjnjhst Ds gjkexbkb.

19

20

Bcgjkmpjdfybt gthtdjlxbrf [Book title] ghb vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb

C vjvtynf ghbtplf d infn Bkkbyjqc Ds> dthjznyj> e;t gjkmpjdfkbcm eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrjd. "nj vju ,snm Dfi dtleobq d futycndt> gjvjuf/otv Dfv d ecnhjqcndt> ujdjhzobq yf lde[ zpsrf[> rjnjhsq lfk Dfv byajhvfwb/ j nhfycgjhnt bkb ecnhjqcndt yf hf,jne. "nj vju ,snm> ujdjhzobq yf lde[ zpsrf[ vtlbwbycrbq hf,jnybr> rjnjhsq> djpvj;yj> cjghjdj;lfk Dfc yf gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt bkb gjvjufk Dfv yf ghbtvt e dhfxf. Tckb Dfv ye;yj gjujdjhbnm c dhfxfvb j ktxtybb> Dfv ytj,[jlbv gthtdjlxbr> rjnjhsq pyfrjv c vtlbwbycrjq nthvbyjkjubtq. "nj xtkjdtr> rjnjhsq jxtym [jhjij ujdjhbn rfr gj-fyukbqcrb> nfr b yf Dfitv hjlyjv zpsrt> b rjnjhsq ghjitk cgtwbfkmyjt j,extybt gj vtlbwbycrjq nthvbyjkjubb. Gthtdjlbnm vtlbwbycre/ nthvbyjkjub/ b vtlbwbycre/ byajhvfwb/ jxtym ckj;yj. "nf hf,jnf nht,etn cgtwbfkmys[ pyfybq.

Gthtdjlxbr> hf,jnf/obq d cbcntvt vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz Gjcrjkmre gthtdjlxbrb> hf,jnf/obt d cbcntvt vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz> ghjikb cgtwbfkmye/ gjlujnjdre> jyb jxtym njxyj gthtdtlen Dfv nj> xnj crf;tn dhfx b vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb b dct> j xtv Ds hfccrf;tnt dhfxe. Jyb nfr;t gjvjuen Dfv pfgbcfnmcz yf gjcktle/obq ghbtv r dhfxe.

21

Dcz byajhvfwbz j cjcnjzybb Dfituj pljhjdmz cnhjuj rjyabltywbfkmyf. "nj pyfxbn> xnj gthtdjlxbrb> hf,jnf/obt c Dfvb> yt bvt/n ghfdf ujdjhbnm j Dfitv pljhjdmt bkb ktxtybb c rtv ,s nj yb ,skj. Jyb lf;t yt bvt/n ghfdf ujdjhbnm j njv> xnj Ds gjctofkb vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt. Pflfxf gthtdjlxbrf pfrk/xftncz d njv> xnj,s Ds b Dfi ljrnjh gjybvfkb lheu lheuf c ghtltkmyjq njxyjcnm/. "nj pyfxbn> xnj gthtdjlxbrb> hf,jnf/obt d cbcntvt vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz> yt ljk;ys dscrfpsdfnm cdjtuj vytybz b yfdzpsdfnm cdjb bltb. Gthtdjlxbre yt cktletn lfdfnm Dfv cjdtns bkb jndtxfnm yf djghjcs j cjcnjzybb Dfituj pljhjdmz. Dfitq j,zpfyyjcnm/ zdkztncz pflfdfnm dhfxe djghjcs j Dfib[ pf,jktdfybz[ bkb ktxtybb> tckb Ds xnj-kb,j yt gjyzkb. Dfv nfr;t yt cktletn levfnm> xnj vtlbwbycrbq gthtdjlxbr gjvj;tn Dfv c abyfycjdsvb djghjcfvb> ,eltn djpbnm Dfc yf ghbtv r dhfxe> gjvjufnm Dfv pfrfpsdfnm nhfycgjhn lkz gjtplrb d ,jkmybwe b bp ,jkmybws bkb ,eltn gjctobnm Dfc yf ljve> xnj,s ghjcktlbnm pf Dfibv dspljhjdktybtv. Tckb Ds j,oftntcm c dhfxjv xthtp gthtdjlxbrf> cktleqnt 'nbv cjdtnfv% ¤ Dctulf pflfdfqnt djghjcs> tckb Ds yt gjyzkb xnj-kb,j> bkb byajhvfwbz> rjnjhe/ Ds gjkexbkb yt zcyf lkz Dfc. Gthtdjlxbr gthtdtltn Dfib djghjcs dhfxe bkb lheubv vtlbwbycrbv hf,jnybrfv. 22

Bcgjkmpjdfybt gthtdjlxbrf ghb vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb

¤ Ujdjhbnt ytgjchtlcndtyyj c dhfxjv> f yt c gthtdjlxbrjv. ¤ Gjghjcbnt gthtdjlxbrf pfgbcfnm lkz Dfc dc/ byajhvfwb/ j ktrfhcndf[> rjnjhst Dfv ghjgbcfk dhfx> bkb htrjvtlfwbb gj ktxtyb/. ¤ Yt ujdjhbnt gthtdjlxbre njuj> xnj Ds yt [jnbnt> xnj,s pyfk dhfx. Jn gthtdjlxbrf nht,etncz gjdnjhznm dct> xnj ujdjhbnt Ds b dhfx. ¤ Yt pflfdfqnt gthtdjlxbre vtlbwbycrb[ djghjcjd d jncencndbt vtlbwbycrjuj hf,jnybrf. ¤ Yt cghfibdfqnt gthtdjlxbrf j tuj vytybb. Gthtdjlxbr yt bvttn ghfdf lfdfnm cjdtns. ¤ Yt ghjcbnt gthtdjlxbrf gjvjxm Dfv ghbyznm htitybt.

Rfr cltkfnm pfghjc j gthtdjlxbrt Njn> rnj pfgbcsdftn Dfc yf ghbtv r dhfxe> ljk;ty j,zpfntkmyj crfpfnm ctrhtnfh/ bkb dhfxe> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbvf gjvjom gthtdjlxbrf. Tckb Ds yt pfrfpfkb gthtdjlxbrf d vjvtyn pfgbcb r dhfxe> Dfv> djpvj;yj> ghbltncz ;lfnm gjrf yt jcdj,jlbncz gthtdjlxbr bkb yfpyfxbnm ghbtv yf lheujq ltym. Rfhnjxrf> rjnjhfz ghbdjlbncz yb;t> j,(zcyztn Dfit ghfdj bvtnm gthtdjlxbrf. Gjghjcbnt hf,jnybrjd futycndf> gjvjuf/otuj Dfv> bkb 'nybxtcre/ jhufybpfwb/ lfnm Dfv nfre/ rfhnjxre yf fyukbqcrjv b yf Dfitv hjlyjv zpsrt lj njuj> rfr Ds gjqltnt yf ghbtv r dhfxe. Tckb d futycndt ytn 23

nfrjq rfhnjxrb> gjrf;bnt bv 'njn j,hfptw b gjghjcbnt gthtdtcnb rfhnjxre yf Dfi hjlyjq zpsr. Lkz gjkextybz ljgjkybntkmyjq byajhvfwbb pdjybnt d Jabc gj Uhf;lfycrbv Ghfdfv Fvthbrfycrjuj Jnltkf Plhfdjj[hfytybz b Cjwbfkmys[ Eckeu gj ntktajye [email protected]

Gthtdjl Vtyz pjden%____________________________. Z [jxe djcgjkmpjdfnmcz eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrf> rjnjhjuj> gj pfrjye> ljk;ys vyt ghtljcnfdbnm. Cjukfcyj `Frne infnf Bkkbyjqc j zpsrjdjq gjvjob$ !pf 1993 [email protected] b geyrne 6 `Frnf j uhf;lfycrb[ ghfdf[$> z bvt/ ghfdj gjkmpjdfnmcz eckeufvb gthtdjlxbrf> xnj gjvj;tn j,otyb/> cdzpfyyjve c vjbv pljhjdmtv b pfobnbn vjt ghfdj ghbyznm j,jcyjdfyyjt htitybt. "nb pfrjys j,eckfdkbdf/n njn afrn> xnj vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt ljk;yj j,tcgtxbnm vtyz eckeufvb rdfkbabwbhjdfyyjuj gthtdjlxbrf ,tcgkfnyj. Jn vtyz yt vjuen nht,jdfnm ghtljcnfdktybz cdjtuj gthtdjlxbrf !yfghbvth> xktyjd ctvmb bkb [email protected]

24

Bcgjkmpjdfybt gthtdjlxbrf ghb vtlbwbycrjv j,cke;bdfybb

Yb;t ghbdjlbncz rfhnjxrf yf fyukbqcrjv zpsrt.

My name is ____________________________. I am requesting an interpreter which by law must be provided to me. Under the provisions of the Illinois Language Assistance Services Act (1993) and Title VI of the Civil Rights Act, I am entitled to language assistance services that facilitate communication around my health needs and which protect my right to make informed decisions. These laws stipulate that the health provider is required to provide me with qualified interpretation services at no additional cost. I cannot be required to supply my own interpreter (i.e., family or friend).

Gjrf;bnt 'ne rfhnjxre ctrhtnfh/ d ghbtvyjq dhfxf> rjulf Ds ghbltnt yf ghbtv.

Bcgjkmpjdfybt lheptq bkb hjlcndtyybrjd d rfxtcndt gthtdjlxbrjd Ytcvjnhz yf nj> xnj pfrjy ghtlecvfnhbdftn ghtljcnfdktybt eckeu gthtdjlxbrf vtlbwbycrbvb exht;ltybzvb> ytrjnjhst exht;ltybz 'njuj yt ltkf/n. Jyb ghtlgjkfuf/n> xnj Ds ghbdtltnt c cj,jq xktyf ctvmb bkb lheptq> rjnjhst ,elen gthtdjlbnm lkz Dfc. Jlyfrj> bcgjkmpjdfybt eckeu xktyjd ctvmb bkb lheptq d rfxtcndt gthtdjlxbrjd> vj;tn gjvtifnm Dfv gjkexbnm [jhjitt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt> gjcrjkmre Dfib lhepmz bkb hjlcndtyybrb> djpvj;yj> yt bvt/n cgtwbfkmys[ yfdsrjd b pyfybq> rjnjhst nht,e/ncz ghb gthtdjlt vtlbwbycrjq nthvbyjkjubb. Jyb vjuen ljgecnbnm jib,rb ghb gthtdjlt> cgjcj,yst ghbdtcnb r ytghfdbkmyjq gjcnfyjdrt lbfuyjpf bkb lheubv ghj,ktvfv. Jyb nfr;t vjuen ,snm ckbirjv 'vjwbjyfkmys bkb lj,fdbnm 25

xnj-kb,j r njve> xnj Ds crfpfkb> xnj vj;tn ghbdtcnb r ytghfdbkmyjve lbfuyjcnbhjdfyb/ bkb jib,rfv d ds,jht vtnjljd ktxtybz. Lhepmz b hjlcndtyybrb yt dctulf cvjuen crfpfnm Dfv gkj[e/ yjdjcnm> jyb nfr;t vjuen yt cjj,obnm Dfv j lbfuyjpt b gkfyf[ ktxtybz. Ybrjulf ytkmpz bcgjkmpjdfnm ltntq rfr gthtdjlxbrjd d vtlbwbycrb[ exht;ltybz[. "nj cnfdbn rfr Dfc> nfr b ht,tyrf d pfnhelybntkmyjt gjkj;tybt.

Xnj ltkfnm tckb ytn gthtdjlxbrf* Tckb Dfv crfpfkb d ,jkmybwt> xnj Ds ljk;ys ghbdtcnb cdjtuj gthtdjlxbrf> crf;bnt ctrhtnfh/ d ghbtvyjq> xnj gj pfrjye ,jkmybwf ljk;yf Dfv tuj ghtljcnfdbnm. Tckb jyb yfcnfbdf/n yf njv> xnj Ds ljk;ys ghbdtcnb cdjtuj gthtdjlxbrf> gjpdjybnt d futycndj> rjnjhjt Dfv gjvjuftn d ecnhjqcndt> bkb d Dfie 'nybxtcre/ jhufybpfwb/ b gjghjcbnt b[ gjpdjybnm pf Dfc d ,jkmybwe. Tckb ,jkmybwf jnrfpsdftncz ghtljcnfdbnm Dfv gthtdjlxbrf> gjghjcbnt rjuj-yb,elm gjvjxm Dfv gjlfnm ;fkj,e d Jabc gj Uhf;lfycrbv Ghfdfv gj ntktajye. [email protected] 353-5999 bkb cltkfqnt 'nj cfvb. Erfpsdfnm bvz ghb gjlfxt ;fkj,s ytj,zpfntkmyj. :fkj,f yt ghbxbybn Dfv ybrfrb[ ytghbznyjcntq d ,eleotv ghb gjkextybb vtlbwbycrjuj j,cke;bdfybz. Dfv yt vjuen jnrfpfnm d ghbtvt b ktxtybb njkmrj gjnjve> xnj Ds yt ujdjhbnt gj-fyukbqcrb. Tckb Ds yt gjlflbnt ;fkj,e d Jabc gj Uhf;lfycrbv Ghfdfv> Ds> djpvj;yj> yt gjkexbnt njuj j,cke;bdfybz> rjnjhjt Ds ljk;ys gjkexbnm.

26

Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf [Book title]

Ghbtv e dhfxf d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[> dthjznyj> jxtym jnkbxftncz jn njuj> r xtve Ds ghbdsrkb d cdjtq cnhfyt. Cfvb fvthbrfyws> ds,bhfz dhfxf> ljk;ys ghjlevfnm vyjubt djghjcs. R njve ;t> fvthbrfycrbt dhfxb ghtlgjkfuf/n> xnj Ds gjlhj,yj hfccrf;bnt bv cdj/ bcnjhb/ ,jktpyb. D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[> lkz njuj> xnj,s gjkexbnm cfvjt kexitt vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj exbnsdfnm hfpkbxyst afrnjhs ghb pfgbcb yf ghbtv r dhfxe> dj dhtvz ghbtvf b gjckt ytuj.

Ds,jh dhfxf Ytcvjnhz yf nj> bvttnt kb Ds vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt bkb ytn> jxtym df;yj yfqnb dhfxf> rjnjhjve Ds b Dfif ctvmz ,eltnt ljdthznm. Kexit dctuj ds,hfnm jlyjuj dhfxf> xnj,s jy vju cktlbnm pf cjcnjzybtv Dfituj pljhjdmz b Dfibvb ye;lfvb> b xnj,s Ds ,skb gjl tuj gjcnjzyysv yf,k/ltybtv.

27

Dfv ytj,[jlbvj exbnsdfnm cktle/obt afrnjhs ghb ds,jht dhfxf% ¤ Tcnm kb e Dfib[ hjlys[> lheptq b cjcke;bdwtd dhfx> rjnjhjuj jyb ,s vjukb Dfv gjhtrjvtyljdfnm* ¤ Ghbybvftn kb 'njn dhfx Dfie vtlbwbycre/ cnhf[jdre* ¤ Vj;tn kb dhfx [email protected] ghbyznm dct[ xktyjd Dfitq ctvmb* ¤ Kturj kb lj,hfnmcz lj rf,bytnf dhfxf* irjkt bkb Dfitq hf,jnt* ¤ Rfrbt e dhfxf xfcs ghbtvf* Tcnm kb dtxthybt xfcs ghbtvf b ghbtv d ds[jlyst lyb* ¤ C rfrjq ,jkmybwtq cdzpfy dhfx* c rfrjq ,jkmybwtq cdzpfy dhfx b ult yf[jlbncz 'nf ,jkmybwf. ¤ Tckb Ds yt ujdjhbnt ,tukj gj-fyukbqcrb> ujdjhbn kb dhfx yf Dfitv hjlyjv zpsrt> tcnm kb e ytuj rdfkbabwbhjdfyysq gthtdjlxbr*

Dhfxb> vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt b vtlbwbyf d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ dhfxb ghbybvf/n ,jkmys[> dthjznyj> gj-lheujve> xtv dhfxb e Dfc yf hjlbyt. "nj vj;tn gjrfpfnmcz Dfv cnhfyysv> yj dct 'nj xfcnm ghjwtccf ghbdsrfybz r ;bpyb d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[. Nbgs dhfxtq% Dhfxb d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ cgtwbfkbpbhe/ncz d hfpkbxys[ j,kfcnz[. Jlyfrj> jcyjdyjq nbg dhfxf - 'nj dhfx-nthfgtdn bkb ktxfobq dhfx. Jcnfkmyst dhfxb zdkz/ncz cgtwbfkbcnfvb d nfrb[ j,kfcnz[> rfr ,jktpyb cthlwf> ltncrbt ,jktpyb bkb ubytrjkjubz. Tckb Dfv ytj,[jlbvs cgtwbfkmyst fyfkbps bkb ktxtybt> Dfi ktxfobq dhfx yfghfdbn Dfc r cgtwbfkbcne. Lheubt vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb% Rjulf Ds ghbltnt r dhfxe yf ghbtv d rkbybre> ,jkmybwe bkb d tuj rf,bytn> Ds nfr;t dcnhtnbntcm c lheubvb vtlbwbycrbvb hf,jnybrfvb.

28

Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf

Fccbcntyns dhfxf b vtlbwbycrbt ctcnhs yt zdkz/ncz dhfxfvb> yj jyb gjkexbkb ibhjrjt vtlbwbycrjt j,hfpjdfybt> gj'njve vjuen cnfdbnm hzl lbfuyjpjd b ghjgbcsdfnm ktrfhcndf. Vtlbwbycrbq fccbcntyn gjvjuftn dhfxe d gjdctlytdyjq hf,jnt. Kf,jhfyn dsgjkyztn kf,jhfnjhyst ghjwtlehs> nfrbt rfr htynuty b dpznbt rhjdb yf fyfkbp. Vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb gjvjuf/n Dfv gjyznm Dfi lbfuyjp b j,(zcyz/n rfr Dfv kexit gjpf,jnbnmcz j cdjtv pljhjdmt. Bcnjhbz ,jktpyb% Dhfxb b vtlbwbycrbt ctcnhs d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ j,zpfys pyfnm bcnjhb/ ,jktpyb cdjb[ gfwbtynjd lj yfxfkf ktwtybz. D ghjwtcct ghbtvf jyb pflflen Dfv djghjcs j njv> xtv Ds ,jktkb d ghjikjv> j pljhjdmt xktyjd Dfitq ctvmb b j vyjujv lheujv. Ytrjnjhst djghjcs vjuen ,snm uke,jrj kbxysvb> yj yb dhfx> yb vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf yt [jnzn Dfc j,bltnm. Xtv ,jkmit dhfx bkb vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf pyftn j Dfitv pljhjdmt> ntv e yb[ ,jkmit djpvj;yjcnb gjcnfdbnm ghfdbkmysq lbfuyjp b ktxbnm Dfib pf,jktdfybz.

29

Yf,k/ltybt pf gfwbtynjv% Dhfxb d Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ ljk;ys yf,k/lfnm pf gfwbtynfvb> bvt/obvb [hjybxtcrbt pf,jktdfybz !yfghbvth> dscjrjt rhjdzyjt [email protected] Dfv> djpvj;yj> yt jxtym elj,yj ghb[jlbnm yf ghbtv r dhfxe xfcnj> yj 'nj cfvsq kexibq genm r dspljhjdktyb/. Ktrfhcndf gj htwtgne dhfxf% D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[ ceotcndetn vyjuj ktrfhcnd> rjnjhst Ds yt vj;tnt regbnm ,tp htwtgnf dhfxf. Dhfx ljk;ty dyfxfkt jcvjnhtnm gfwbtynf> pfntv ghjgbcfnm ktrfhcndj. Tcnm ktrfhcndf yt cbkmyjltqcnde/obt> rjnjhst vj;yj regbnm ,tp htwtgnf. ! xnj gfwbtyn ,eltn ghbybvfnm frnbdyjt exfcnbt d ktxt,yjv ghjwtcct b ,eltn pflfdfnm tve djghjcs. Gjcnfhfqntcm dszcybnm e dhfxf dct nj> xnj Ds yt gjybvftnt bkb nj> c xtv Ds yt cjukfcys.

30

Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf

Pfgbcm yf ghbtv r dhfxe Lkz njuj> xnj,s gjgfcnm yf ghbtv r dhfxe> ytj,[jlbvj gjpdjybnm d ghbtvye/ dhfxf b yfpyfxbnm ltym b dhtvz ghbtvf. Dhfxb yf ljvfiybt dbpbns yt [jlzn. Ghb yfpyfxtybb dhtvtyb dcnhtxb c dhfxjv Ds hfpujdfhbdftnt c htubcnhfnjhjv bkb c ctrhtnfhtv> f yt c dhfxjv. Rjulf Ds pfgbcsdftntcm yf ghbtv r dhfxe> cktleqnt cjdtnfv> ghbdtltyysv yb;t% ¤ Yfpjdbnt cdjt bvz b afvbkb/. ¤ Cghjcbnt ghbybvftn kb dhfx Dfit vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[jdfybt !Vtlbrtql bkb xfcnyjt vtlbwbycrjt cnhf[[email protected] ¤ Hfccrf;bnt htubcnhfnjhe j cdjb[ cbvgnjvf[ b rfr lfdyj jyb e Dfc gjzdbkbcm. ¤ Tckb Ds ct,z jxtym gkj[j xedcndetnt b ye;lftntcm d 'rcnhtyyjq gjvjob> crf;bnt j, 'njv htubcnhfnjhe. Ltkj d njv> xnj gjgfcnm yf ghbtv r dhfxe d njn ;t ltym> j,sxyj> dhzl kb djpvj;yj. Yj> tckb e Dfc djpybrkf cthmtpyfz vtlbwbycrfz ghj,ktvf> nht,e/ofz chjxyjq rjycekmnfwbb ktxfotuj dhfxf> nfrfz djpvj;yjcnm Dfv> crjhtt dctuj> ,eltn ghtljcnfdktyf d gjhzlrt bcrk/xtybz.

31

¤ Tckb e Dfc ytn ytj,[jlbvjcnb dcnhtnbnmcz c dhfxjv d njn ;t ltym> yj Dfv ye;ty vtlbwbycrbq cjdtn> gjghjcbnt htubcnhfnjhf cjtlbybnm Dfc c vtlbwbycrjq ctcnhjq. ¤ Gjdnjhbnt htubcnhfnjhe lfne> dhtvz b vtcnj ghbtvf> xnj,s e,tlbnmcz> xnj Ds pfgbcfkb ghfdbkmye/ byajhvfwb/. ¤ Edtljvbnt ctrhtnfhz> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbv gthtdjlxbr yf ghbtvt e dhfxf. ¤ Yt ghjcbnt lfnm Dfv fynb,bjnbrb bkb lheubt ktrfhcndf> nht,e/obt htwtgnf. Ljrnjh dyfxfkt ljk;ty jcvjnhtnm Dfc.

Gjlujnjdrf r ghbtve e dhfxf Lj njuj> rfr Ds gjqltnt yf ghbtv r dhfxe> Dfv cktletn gjlujnjdbnmcz r jndtnfv yf djghjcs gj bcnjhbb Dfitq ,jktpyb. Yfqlbnt dct ljrevtyns b pfgbcb. Gjlujnjdmntcm r jgbcfyb/ dct[ Dfib[ cbvgnjvjd b hfccrf;bnt rfr lfdyj jyb e Dfc yf,k/lf/ncz. Ghbytcbnt c cj,jq dct ktrfhcndf> rjnjhst Ds ghbybvftnt> drk/xfz ktrfhcndf bp nhfd> xnj,s dct 'nj gjrfpfnm dhfxe. Ghbytcbnt c cj,jq nfr;t rfhnjxrb Vtlbr'h b Vtlbrtql> bkb rfhnjxre k/,juj lheujuj vtlbwbycrjuj cnhf[jdfybz. Ghbytcbnt c cj,jq nfr;t ,kjryjn b hexre> xnj,s vj;yj ,skj pfgbcfnm dct rjvvtynfhbb b htrjvtylfwbb dhfxf. Ds vj;tnt cyznm rjgb/ ajhvs $Pfgbcm vjb[ vtlbwbycrb[ lfyys[$> rjnjhe/ Ds yfqltnt d rjywt 'njq ukfds> b ghbytcbnt tt c cj,jq yf ghbtv. Tckb Ds jgfplsdftnt yf ghbtv> gjpdjybnt d ghbtvye/ b cjj,obnt j, 'njv ctrhtnfh/. Tckb Dfv ytj,[jlbvj jnvtybnm dbpbn> gjpdjybnt d ghbtvye/ dhfxf> gj vtymitq vtht> pf ltym lj ghbtvf b crf;bnt j, 'njv.

32

Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf

Dj dhtvz ghbtvf Vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf bkb dhfx pflflen Dfv hzl djghjcjd j cjcnjzybb Dfituj pljhjdmz b pf,jktdfybz[> gthtytctyys[ d ghjikjv. Ytrjnjhst djghjcs vjuen dspdfnm e Dfc xedcndj cveobybz> yj pflfxf vtlbwbycrb[ hf,jnybrjd cjcnjbn d njv> xnj,s gjkyjcnm/ gjyznm cjcnjzybt Dfituj pljhjdmz b jghtltkbnm Dfib ye;ls. Jgbibnt dct cbvgnjvs> yfxbyfz c cfvs[ cthmtpys[. Djpvj;yj> Dfv ,eltn yt cjdctv elj,yj ujdjhbnm c vtlbwbycrjq ctcnhjq bkb dhfxjv j Dfib[ cbvgnjvf[> yj Ds ljk;ys hfccrfpfnm j dct[ cdjb[ vtlbwbycrb[ ghj,ktvf[> lkz njuj> xnj,s bp,t;fnm gjdnjhyjuj dbpbnf. Hfccrf;bnt nfr;t> rfr lfdyj e Dfc 'nb cbvgnjvs> rfr xfcnj jyb gjdnjhz/ncz> bcgsnsdftnt kb Ds b[ gjcnjzyyj bkb c gththsdfvb. Jgbibnt jn xtuj Dfit cjcnjzybt ekexiftncz bkb e[eliftncz. Gj djpvj;yjcnb> lfqnt bcxthgsdf/oe/ byajhvfwb/> xnj,s ljrnjh vju gjcnfdbnm ghfdbkmysq lbfuyjp. Pfntv dhfx jcvjnhbn Dfc. Dfv> gj dctq dthjznyjcnb> ye;yj ,eltn hfpltnmcz> lf;t tckb Ds ghbltnt gj gjdjle uhbggf bkb ghjcnels. Dthjznyj> d Dfitq cnhfyt dhfx chfpe gjcnfdbk ,s lbfuyjp b crfpfk ,s Dfv> rfrjt ktxtybt ghtlghbybvfnm> xnj,s dspljhjdtnm. D Cjtlbytyys[ Infnf[> jlyfrj> dhfxb j,sxyj gjcskf/n cyfxfkf yf kf,jhfnjhyjt bccktljdfybt> xnj,s gjkexbnm df;ye/ vtlbwbycre/ byajhvfwb/> rjnjhe/ ytkmpz gjkexbnm ghb dbpefkmyjv j,cktljdfybb. J,sxyj dhfxb yt ghjgbcsdf/n ktrfhcndf> gjrf jyb njxyj yt e,tlzncz> xnj c Dfvb ghjbc[jlbn. Yt levfqnt> xnj yf rf;ljv ghbtvt dhfx ,eltn dsgbcsdfnm Dfv htwtgn. Gjghjcbnt dhfxf bkb vtlctcnhe gjdnjhbnm dct bycnherwbb b htrjvtylfwbb> xnj,s e,tlbnmcz> xnj Ds dct gjyzkb. Pfgbibnt dc/ byajhvfwb/ b htrjvtylfwbb dhfxf. Yt j;blfqnt> xnj dspljhjdktybt jn k/,jq ,jktpyb yfcnegbn chfpe.

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Vyjubt pf,jktdfybz gthtcnfyen ,tcgjrjbnm Dfc gjckt rhfnrjdhtvtyyjuj ghbtvf ktrfhcnd. Jlyfrj> tcnm [hjybxtcrbt pf,jktdfybz bkb gjcnjzyyst cjcnjzybz> nfrbt rfr dscjrjt rhjdzyjt lfdktybt bkb lbf,tn> rjnjhst nht,e/n ktxtybz vtczwfvb> ujlfvb> f byjulf b d ntxtybt dctq ;bpyb. Tckb dhfx ujdjhbn> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbvj lkbntkmyjt ktxtybt> 'nj yt pyfxbn> xnj jy ytrjvgtntynty bkb gsnftncz pfhf,jnfnm yf Dfc ,jkmit ltytu. "nj njkmrj jpyfxftn> xnj Dfit pf,jktdfybt yt vj;tn ,snm dsktxtyj pf ytcrjkmrj lytq.

Gjckt ghbtvf e dhfxf Cktleqnt dctv bycnherwbzv> rjnjhst Dfv lfk dhfx b vtlbwbycrfz ctcnhf. Ghbybvfqnt dct ktrfhcndf gj ghtlgbcfyb/ dhfxf. Tckb ktrfhcndj dspsdftn gj,jxyst zdktybz bkb> tckb Ds joeoftnt yjdst cbvgnjvs> ytvtlktyyj pdjybnt dhfxe. Yt ghtrhfofqnt ghbtv ktrfhcnd> lf;t tckb Ds gjxedcndetnt ct,z kexit. Yt ghbybvfqnt lheub[ ktrfhcnd> gjrf yt gjcjdtnetntcm c dhfxjv. "nj jnyjcbncz nfr;t r ktrfhcndfv bp nhfd> rjnjhst vjuen cjplfdfnm ghj,ktvs> tckb b[ ghbybvfnm c lheubvb ktrfhcndfvb.

34

Yf ghbtvt e dhfxf

Pfgbcm vjb[ vtlbwbycrb[ lfyys[ Dj dhtvz ghbtvf Ds vj;tnt gjkmpjdfnmcz 'njq ajhvjq> d rjnjhjq cjlth;fncz cdtltybz j Dfitv pljhjdmt b pljhjdmt Dfitq ctvmb. Ds vj;tnt cfvb pfgbcfnm 'ne byajhvfwb/ bkb Ds vj;tnt gjghjcbnm Dfituj ljrnjhf pfgjkybnm 'ne ajhve lkz Dfc. 1. Lfnf ghbtvf_____________________________________ Afvbkbz dhfxf b vtlbwbycrjq ctcnhs> rjnjhst vtyz ghbyzkb _____________________________________________________________________ Yjvth b[ ntktajyf !

@__________________________

2. Rfrbt e vtyz cbvgnjvs* ________________________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Ye;yj kb vyt cltkfnm rfrbt-kb,j kf,jhfnjhyst fyfkbps* ____lf ____ytn Tckb lf> nj rfrbt* Relf vyt ye;yj gjqnb> xnj,s clfnm fyfkbps*_____________________________________________________________________ Rjve gjpdjybnm> xnj,s epyfnm j htpekmnfnf[*_________________________________________________________________________ Yjvth ntktajyf [email protected]______________________________ Rjulf vyt cktletn gjpdjybnm*_________________________________________ 4. Rfrjq e vtyz lbfuyjp* ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Cktletn kb vyt ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf* ____lf ____ytn Tckb lf> nj rfrbt* f.___________________________________ Gj htwtgne ____ Yt ghjgbcfyyst ,.___________________________________ Gj htwtgne ____ Yt ghjgbcfyyst d.___________________________________ Gj htwtgne ____ Yt ghjgbcfyyst Tcnm kb cgtwbfkmyst htrjvtylfwbb gj ghbtve ktrfhcnd* Tcnm kb gj,jxyst zdktybz> j rjnjhs[ z ljk;ty pyfnm* ____lf ____ytn Tckb lf> nj rfrbt*_______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________

35

6. Xnj tot vyt cktletn ltkfnm cfvjve> xnj,s dspljhjdtnm* Gbnfybt-lbtnf: ___________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Vthjghbznbz eghf;ytybz:_________________________________ ________________________________________________________ Lheubt htrjvtylfwbb: ___________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 7. Rjulf z gjxedcnde/ ct,z kexit*___________________________ 8. Gjxtve z pf,jktk* Rfr ghtlj[hfybnm ct,z jn ,jktpyb cyjdf*__________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________ 9 . Ytj,[jlbvj kb vyt yfpyfxbnm lheujq dbpbn r dhfxe* __lf __ytn Tckb lf> nj rjulf* _____________________________________ Afvbkbz ljrnjhf: _______________________________________ Yjvth ntktajyf: (______)________________________________

36

Rjulf ytj,[jlbvj j,hfofnmcz r dhfxe ,tp ghjvtlktybz

Lkz njuj> xnj,s gjkexbnm cjjndtncnde/oe/ vtlbwbycre/ gjvjom> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj gjyznm hfpybwe vt;le rhbnbxtcrbvb cbnefwbzvb> rjulf ;bpyb xtkjdtrf euhj;ftn jgfcyjcnm> chjxysvb ghj,ktvfvb cj pljhjdmtv b j,sxysvb vtlbwbycrbvb ghj,ktvfvb.

Rfr jghtltkbnm ytj,[jlbvjcnm ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob Tckb Dfif ;bpym bkb ;bpym Dfib[ ,kbprb[ d jgfcyjcnb> ytj,[jlbvf ytvtlktyyfz vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom hf,jnybrjd $Cbcntvs ytjnkj;yjq vtlbwbycrjq gjvjob$. D 'njv ckexft r Dfv ghbik/n vfibye ytjnkj;yjq vtlbwbycrjq gjvjob. Vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb yfxyen jrfpsdfnm gjvjom ,jkmyjve bkb gjkexbditve nhfdve xtkjdtre ytvtlktyyj gjckt ghb,snbz b ,elen ghjljk;fnm 'nj ltkfnm yf genb cktljdfybz d ,jkmybwe. Yb;t ghbdjlzncz ghbvths cbnefwbq> rjnjhst vjuen cxbnfnmcz euhj;f/obvb ;bpyb% ¤ Gjdnjhz/obtcz ghbcnegs ,jkb d uhelyjq rktnrt> cjghjdj;lf/obtcz j,bkmysv gjnjjnltktybtv b gj[jkjlfybtv her> kb,j ,jkm d uhelyjq rktnrt bkb xedcndj lfdktybz d ytq> lkzobtcz ,jktt 15 vbyen. ¤ Eleimt d htpekmnfnt gjgflfybz gbob d ls[fntkmyst genb. ¤ Gjnthz cjpyfybz.

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¤ Jcnfyjdrf ls[fybz bkb pfnhelytyyjt ls[fybt. ¤ Ghtlgjkfuftvjt jnhfdktybt bkb ghbtv ckbirjv ,jkmijq ljps ktrfhcndf. ¤ Gjgsnrf cfvje,bqcndf. ¤ Cthmtpyst nhfdvs bkb cbkmyjt rhjdjntxtybt. ¤ Ytghtrhfof/obtcz rjydekmcbb. ¤ Dytpfgyjt jytvtybt bkb gfhfkbx herb> yjub bkb jlyjq cnjhjys ntkf. ¤ Dytpfgyfz htprfz ujkjdyfz ,jkm> jcj,tyyj tckb jyf cjghjdj;lftncz ,jkm/ d j,kfcnb pfnskrf bkb gjvenytybtv cjpyfybz.

Rfr gjkexbnm ytjnkj;ye/ gjvjom D ,jkmibycndt hfqjyjd> lkz njuj> xnj,s cdzpfnmcz c $Cbcntvjq ytjnkj;yjq vtlbwbycrjq gjvjob$> ye;yj yf,hfnm yjvth 911. D ytrjnjhs[ hfqjyf[ Dfv> djpvj;yj> ghbltncz yf,hfnm $0$> cdzpfnmcz c jgthfnjhjv b cjj,obnm tve j njv> xnj Dfv ytj,[jlbvf ytjnkj;yfz vtlbwbycrfz gjvjom. Cnfhfqntcm ujdjhbnm cgjrjqyj b jnxtnkbdj> xnj,s jgthfnjh gjyzk Dfc. Yfpjdbnt bvz b afvbkb/ ,jkmyjuj> tuj djphfcn> jgbibnt tuj cjcnjzybt. Yfpjdbnt nfr;t flhtc> relf ye;yj gjckfnm vfibye crjhjq gjvjob.

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Rjulf ytj,[jlbvj j,hfofnmcz r dhfxe ,tp ghjvtlktybz

Rfr jghtltkbnm> xnj vtlbwbycrfz ghj,ktvf chjxyfz Chjxyst vtlbwbycrbt ghj,ktvs yt euhj;f/n ;bpyb ,jkmyjuj> yj cjcnjzybt pljhjdmz ,jkmyjuj ljcnfnjxyj cthmtpyj> b ktxbnm tuj ye;yj ,tpjnkfufntkmyj. Yb;t ghbdjlzncz ghbvths vtlbwbycrb[ ghj,ktv> rjnjhst cxbnf/ncz chjxysvb% ¤ Dscjrfz ntvgthfnehf> jcj,tyyj e ht,tyrf - 104F !39>5˚[email protected] jhfkmyfz bkb 104F !40˚[email protected] htrnfkmyfz e ltntq vkfltyxtcrjuj djphfcnf> rjnjhfz yt cyb;ftncz lf;t ghb gjvjob ktrfhcndf fwtnfvbyjaty [email protected]> rjnjhjt ,jkmyjq ghbybvftn rf;lst 4 xfcf d ljpt> cjjndtncnde/otq tuj djphfcne b dtce. ¤ Ytghtrhfof/obtcz hdjnf b gjyjc> jcj,tyyj e ltntq b gj;bks[ k/ltq. Lkbntkmyfz hdjnf b gjyjc vjuen dspdfnm j,tpdj;bdfybt jhufybpvf> xnj vj;tn ghbdtcnb r cthmtpysv gjcktlcndbzv. ¤ Rfitkm c rhjdm/. ¤ Hdjnf c rhjdm/ bkb c xtv-nj gj[j;bv yf rjatqye/ ueoe. ¤ Evthtyyfz> gtht[jlzofz d cbkmye/ pe,yfz bkb ujkjdyfz ,jkm> rjnjhe/ yt cybvf/n nfrbt ktrfhcndf rfr b,eghjaty [email protected] bkb fwtnfvbyjaty [email protected] ¤ Ytghj[jlzofz> ecbkbdf/ofzcz ,jkm d ;bdjnt.

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¤ Yfheitybt evcndtyyjuj djcghbznbz% ,jkmyjq yt pyftn ult jy yf[jlbncz bkb yt epyftn pyfrjvs[ k/ltq. ¤ Htprfz> gekmcbhe/ofz ujkjdyfz ,jkm c pfnevfytyysv phtybtv. ¤ K/,jt pf,jktdfybt> rjnjhjt e[eliftncz. ¤ Dytpfgyjt bpvtytybt phtybz> rfr yfghbvth> gjzdktybt ldjtybz d ukfpf[. "nj gthtxtym ytrjnjhs[ jxtdblys[ vtlbwbycrb[ ghj,ktv> rjnjhst nht,e/n ytvtlktyyjq vtlbwbycrjq gjvjob. Tckb e Dfc tcnm ghj,ktvf cj pljhjdmtv> yt djitlifz d ghbdtltyysq dsit gthtxtym> b Ds yt dgjkyt edthtys xnj 'nj> cxbnfqnt 'nj chjxyjq ghj,ktvjq. Tckb e Dfc tcnm chjxyfz ghj,ktvf cj pljhjdmtv> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj gjpdjybnm cdjtve dhfxe bkb> ;tkfntkmyj> d nj vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt> ult Ds ghj[jlbkb gthdbxyjt vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt. Tckb 'nj cltkfnm ytdjpvj;yj> Dfv ye;yj gjt[fnm d geyrn ytjnkj;yjq gjvjob ghb ,jkmybwt. D 'njv djghjct Dfv vj;tn gjvjxm futycndj> gjvjuf/ott Dfv d ecnhjqcndt. Ltyt;yst djghjcs yt ljk;ys jcnfyfdkbdfnm Dfc jn j,hfotybz pf vtlbwbycrjq gjvjom/ ghb cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybz[.
40

Rjulf ytj,[jlbvj j,hfofnmcz r dhfxe ,tp ghjvtlktybz

J,sxyst vtlbwbycrbt ghj,ktvs J,sxyst vtlbwbycrbt ghj,ktvs - 'nj nfrbt ghj,ktvs> rjnjhst yt euhj;f/n ;bpyb b yt nht,e/n ytvtlktyyjuj ktxtybz. C/lf d[jlzn bvveybpfwbz [email protected]> ktxtybt ghjcnelys[ pf,jktdfybq> j,ott j,cktljdfybt ltntq bkb gjdnjhyst dbpbns r dhfxe gfwbtynjd> cnhflf/ob[ [hjybxtcrbvb pf,jktdfybzvb. "nbv ghj,ktvfv eltkztncz dybvfybt dj dhtvz gkfyjds[ !j,sxys[@ dbpbnjd r dhfxe.

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42

Ktxtybt cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybq [Book title]

Ktxtybt pfhfpys[ pf,jktdfybq R cthmtpysv vtlbwbycrbv ghj,ktvfv jnyjczncz> dj-gthds[> pfhfpyst pf,jktdfybz> gjcrjkmre jyb vjuen gthtlfdfnmcz jn jlyjuj xtkjdtrf lheujve. Dj-dnjhs[> 'nj nfr;t [hjybxtcrbt pf,jktdfybz> rjnjhst nht,e/n lkbntkmyjuj ktxtybz. Pfhfpyst pf,jktdfybz gthtlf/ncz xthtp% ¤ djple[ ghb ls[fybb ¤ ck/ye ¤ gjkjdsv gentv Ghb gthdbxyjv jcvjnht Ds ghjqltnt j,cktljdfybt yf yfkbxbt pfhfpys[ pf,jktdfybq> nfrb[ rfr ne,threktp> utgfnbn b yfkbxbt rbitxys[ gfhfpbnjd. Tckb dhfx j,yfhe;bn e Dfc jlyj bp 'nb[ pf,jktdfybq> bkb e ytuj djpybryen gjljphtybz> xnj e Dfc 'nj pf,jktdfybt bvttncz> Dfv ghtlkj;fn gjqnb d jlyj bp j,otcndtyys[ vtlbwbycrb[ exht;ltybq lkz ktxtybz b j,cktljdfybz.

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Pf,jktdfybt ne,threktpjv% Vyjubt ,t;tyws ghbtp;f/n bp cnhfy> ult ne,threktp - 'nj j,sxyjt zdktybt. Tckb ne,threktp yt j,yfhe;ty b yt gjldth;ty ytvtlktyyjve ktxtyb/> Ds vj;tnt pfhfpbnm lheub[ k/ltq bkb gjub,yenm cfvb. Lkz ghjdthrb yf yfkbxbt ne,threktpf ghtlecvjnhtys cgtwbfkmyst fyfkbps> nfrbt rfr% ¤ Rj;yfz ghj,f [email protected] Yt,jkmijt rjkbxtcndj ,frnthbq ddjlbncz gjl rj;e% Tckb> gj bcntxtybb 48 xfcjd> rj;f gjrhfcyttn b gjzdbncz dsgerkjcnm hfpvthjv ghbvthyj 10 vv> 'nj jpyfxftn> xnj htfrwbz yf rj;ye/ ghj,e e Dfc gjkj;bntkmyfz. Dfv ghbltncz ghjqnb tot ytcrjkmrj bccktljdfybq> xnj,s ecnfyjdbnm> frnbdyfz e Dfc ajhvf ne,threktpf bkb ytn> f nfr;t lkz gjkextybz ktxtybz. ¤ Htynuty uhelyjq rktnrb% Htynuty uhelyjq rktnrb gjrf;tn yfkbxbt bkb jncencndbt pf,jktdfybz. ¤ Bccktljdfybt vjrhjns% Yfb,jktt yflt;ysv lbfuyjcnbxtcrbv chtlcndjv yfkbxbz ne,threktpf zdkztncz kf,jhfnjhyjt bccktljdfybt vjrhjns ,jkmyjuj. Tckb ghj,f yf ne,threktp ,eltn gjkj;bntkmyjq> Dfv ghtlkj;fn> kb,j ltkfnm htynuty uhelyjq rktnrb t;tujlyj> kb,j ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf> xnj,s ghtljndhfnbnm pf,jktdfybt frnbdyjq ajhvjq ne,threktpf. Tckb dhfx lftn Dfv ds,jh> e,tlbntcm d njv> xnj jy jndtnbk yf dct Dfib djghjcs. Pf,jktdfybt Utgfnbn $D$ vj;tn ghbdtcnb r hfre gtxtyb> gtxtyjxyjq ytljcnfnjxyjcnb b lf;t r cvthntkmyjve bc[jle. "nj pf,jktdfybt hfcghjcnhfyztncz xthtp rhjdm bkb abpbjkjubxtcrbt ;blrjcnb> cjlth;fobt rhjdm> b zdkztncz rhfqyt pfhfpysv. Tckb j,cktljdfybt yf utgfnbn $D$ lfkj gjkj;bntkmysq htpekmnfn e Dfc bkb e rjuj-yb,elm bp Dfib[ ,kbprb[> nj dct xktys ctvmb ljk;ys ,elen ghjqnb fyfkbp yf yfkbxbt pf,jktdfybz. Xktyfv ctvmb> e rjnjhs[ yt j,yfhe;tyj pf,jktdfybt> ghtlkj;fn cltkfnm ghbdbdre> lkz njuj> xnj,s ghtlj[hfybnm b[ jn pf,jktdfybz utgfnbnjv $D$.

44

Ktxtybt cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybq

Rbitxyst gfhfpbns% Tckb kf,jhfnjhysq fyfkbp gjrf;tn yfkbxbt rbitxys[ gfhfpbnjd d cnekt> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ,eltn ghbyznm rehc ktxtybz.

{hjybxtcrbt pf,jktdfybz Pf,jktdfybz> rjnjhst nht,e/n lkbntkmyjuj ktxtybz> gjcnjzyyjuj yf,k/ltybz b e[jlf> yfpsdf/ncz [hjybxtcrbvb. R ybv jnyjczncz% lbf,tn> cthltxyj-cjcelbcnst pf,jktdfybz> fcnvf> hfr. Byjulf nhelyj gjyznm ghbxbye ds,jhf dhfxjv njuj bkb byjuj vtnjlf ktxtybz bkb yfpyfxtybt nt[ bkb bys[ ktrfhcnd ghb ytrjnjhs[ [hjybxtcrb[ pf,jktdfybz[. Dhfx vj;tn lf;t gjhtrjvtyljdfnm Dfv bpvtybnm cnbkm ;bpyb bkb lbtne. Lbf,tn - 'nj pf,jktdfybt> rjnjhjt djpybrftn d htpekmnfnt njuj> xnj jhufybpv yt vj;tn ecdjbnm b bcgjkmpjdfnm uk/rjpe !dbl cf[[email protected] "nj dtltn r yfrjgktyb/ uk/rjps d rhjdb b vj;tn cnfnm ghbxbyjq cthmtpys[ ghj,ktv cj pljhjdmtv> nfrb[ rfr gjnthz phtybz> ythdyjt bcnjotybt> gkj[fz wbhrekzwbz rhjdb. tckb jyb cnhjuj cktle/n bycnherwbzv dhfxf jnyjcbntkmyj lbtns> ktrfhcnd b htuekzhyjuj gjctotybz dhfxf. Cntyjrfhlbz !Uhelyfz ;f,[email protected] - 'nj pf,jktdfybt rhjdtyjcys[ cjceljd cthlwf> xnj zdkztncz ghbxbyjq ,jkb d j,kfcnb uhelyjq rktnrb. cnhflf/obv 'nbv ytleujv> ytj,[jlbvj ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf> xfcnj gjctofnm dhfxf> bpvtybnm cnbkm ;bpyb> f bvtyyj> gjnht,kznm pljhjde/ gboe> ,hjcbnm rehbnm b pfybvfnmcz abpbxtcrbvb eghf;ytybzvb.

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Dscjrjt rhjdzyjt lfdktybt> nfr;t yfpsdftncz ubgthnjybtq b vj;tn ,snm ghbxbyjq cvthnb jn bycekmnf bkb byafhrnf lf;t e k/ltq> rjnjhst ghtrhfcyj ct,z xedcnde/n. Nfr;t rfr ,jkmyst> cnhflf/obt lbf,tnjv> k/lb c dscjrbv rhjdzysv lfdktybtv> j,sxyj> vjuen bp,t;fnm e[elitybz cdjtuj cjcnjzybz> tckb jyb cnhjuj cktle/n bycnherwbzv dhfxtq jnyjcbntkmyj lbtns> ktrfhcnd b htuekzhyjuj gjctotybz dhfxf.

46

[Book title] Rfr ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf

D CIF ceotcndetn ldf nbgf ktrfhcndtyys[ ghtgfhfnjd. Ytrjnjhst ghtgfhfns> nfrbt rfr fcgbhby> ghjnbdjghjcnelyst chtlcndf b chtlcndf lkz e[jlf pf rj;tq> Ds vj;tnt ghbj,htcnb d cegthvfhrtnf[ b fgntrf[ ,tp htwtgnf dhfxf. Lheujq dbl ghtgfhfnjd - 'nj ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> jngecrftvst gj htwtgne. Únb ktrfhcndf vj;yj ghbj,htcnb njkmrj d fgntrf[ b jyb ljk;ys ,snm ghjgbcfys dhfxjv. Ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns - 'nj 'aatrnbdyjt chtlcndj lkz ktxtybz hfpkbxys[ pf,jktdfybq> yj> d nj;t dhtvz> jyb vjuen ,snm jgfcysvb lkz pljhjdmz b lf;t lkz ;bpyb> tckb ghbvtyz/ncz yt gj yfpyfxtyb/ bkb d ckbirjv ,jkmib[ rjkbxtcndf[.

Ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> jngecrftvst ,tp htwtgnf Ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> jngecrftvst ,tp htwtgnf> j,sxyj ghbvtyz/ncz ghb ktxtybb yt jxtym cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybq. Tckb Ds cnhflftnt cthmtpysv> [hjybxtcrbv pf,jktdfybtv bkb e;t ghbybvftnt lheubt ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> ghjgbcfyyst dhfxjv> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ghjrjycekmnbhjdfnmcz c dhfxjv gthtl ntv> rfr ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf> jngecrftvst ,tp htwtgnf. rjhvzobt vfnthb b k/lb> cnhflf/obt fkkthubxtcrbvb pf,jktdfybzvb> nfr;t ljk;ys ghjrjycekmnbhjdfnmcz c dhfxjv. Tckb ghb ghbtvt ktrfhcnd e Dfc djpybrf/n rfrbt-

47

kb,j ghj,ktvs> gjpdjybnt cdjtve dhfxe. Ghb gjregrt ktrfhcnd> jngecrftvs[ ,tp htwtgnf> nofntkmyj bpexbnt 'nbrtnre !tckb Ds pfnhelyztntcm ghjxtcnm> xnj nfv yfgbcfyj> gjghjcbnt rjuj-kb,j Dfv [email protected] Ghjdthmnt yfpdfybt ghtgfhfnf> bpexbnt byuhtlbtyns> htrjvtyletve/ ljpe> chjr [hfytybz b djpvj;yst gj,jxyst 'aatrns> rjnjhst vjuen djpybryenm e ytrjnjhs[ k/ltq. Yt ghbybvfqnt ktrfhcndj d rjkbxtcndf[> ,jkmib[ xtv htrjvtyletvfz ljpf. Tckb cjcnjzybt Dfituj pljhjdmz yt ekexibkjcm gjckt ghbtvf htrjvtyljdfyyjuj rjkbxtcndf ktrfhcndtyyjuj ghtgfhfnf> gjpdjybnt cdjtve dhfxe.

Ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> jngecrftvst gj htwtgne dhfxf "nb ktrfhcndf pfrfpsdf/ncz cgtwbfkmyj lkz Dfc gj htwtgne dhfxf. Gthtl ntv rfr ghjgbcfnm Dfv ktrfhcndf> ljrnjh j,cktletn Dfc b> djpvj;yj> yfpyfxbn jghtltktyyst fyfkbps. Lkz yfb,jktt ecgtiyjuj ktxtybz> ljrnjh ljk;ty gjkyjcnm/ gjybvfnm Dfib vtlbwbycrbt ghj,ktvs. tckb Ds gjcktletnt cktle/obv htrjvtylfwbzv% ¤ Ghbytcbnt yf ghbtv r dhfxe dct ktrfhcndtyyst ghtgfhfns> rjnjhst Ds ghbybvftnt& rfr ktrfhcndf> jngecrftvst ,tp htwtgnf> nfr b dsgbcfyyst Dfv ktrfhcndf> lf;t tckb jyb ,skb dsgbcfys lheubv dhfxjv. 48

Rfr ghbybvfnm ktrfhcndf

¤ Ybrjulf yt ghbybvfqnt ktrfhcndf> ghjgbcfyyst rjvenj lheujve !xktyfv Dfitq ctvmb> lhepmzv bkb cjctlzv[email protected] ¤ Tckb Ds ghbybvftnt fynb,bjnbrb> Ds vj;tnt gjxedcndjdfnm ct,z kexit lf;t yt pfrjyxbd rehc ktxtybz. Jxtym df;yj yt ghtrhfofnm ghbtv 'nb[ ghtgfhfnjd. Ytpfrjyxtyyjt ktxtybt fynb,bjnbrfvb yt e,(tn ,frnthbb> dspdfdibt pf,jktdfybt> b dspjdtn njkthfynyjcnm r lfyyjve ktrfhcndtyyjve ghtgfhfne> dcktlcndbt xtuj 'njn ghtgfhfn yt cvj;tn ,snm bcgjkmpjdfy lkz Dfituj ktxtybz d ,eleotv. Yt [hfybnt fynb,bjnbrb lkz gjdnjhyjuj bcgjkmpjdfybz. Hfpkbxyst pf,jktdfybz dspsdf/ncz hfpkbxysvb ghbxbyfvb. Rf;ljt pf,jktdfybt nht,etn cgtwbabxtcrjuj ktxtybz. Dctulf cktleqnt htrjvtylfwbzv Dfituj dhfxf.

49

50

Ghjabkfrnbxtcrbt vths [Book title]

Lkz ghtleght;ltybz pf,jktdfybz jxtym df;yj dszdbnm ghj,ktvs yf hfyytq cnflbb. Yt jnrkflsdfqnt dbpbn r dhfxe lj njuj vjvtynf> rjulf Ds gjxedcndetnt ct,z jxtym gkj[j. Vyjubt k/lb gjkfuf/n> xnj tckb jyb xedcnde/n ct,z pljhjdsvb> e yb[ ytn ghbxby lkz dbpbnf r dhfxe. Jlyfrj> ghb ytrjnjhs[ pf,jktdfybz[> xtkjdtr vj;tn yt pfvtnbnm ghbpyfrjd ,jktpyb lj njuj vjvtynf> rjulf pf,jktdfybt cnfytn e;t jxtym cthmtpysv. Dhfxb vjuen dszdbnm ghbpyfrb ,jktpyb yf jxtym hfyyb[ cnflbz[ c gjvjom/ hfpkbxys[ vtlbwbycrb[ fyfkbpjd. Dcktlcndbt njuj> xnj hfyybt cnflbb pf,jktdfybz j,sxyj ktuxt gjllf/ncz ktxtyb/> ytj,[jlbvj htuekzhyj ghj[jlbnm vtlbwbycrjt j,cktljdfybt> drk/xfz fyfkbps yf hfpkbxyst pf,jktdfybz.

Df;yst vtlbwbycrbt bccktljdfybz [email protected] Dphjcksv k/lzv df;yj htuekzhyj ltkfnm cktle/obt vtlbwbycrbt ntcns% Rhjdzyjt lfdktybt. Rhjdzyjt lfdktybt ytj,[jlbvj bpvthznm> gj rhfqytq vtht> rf;lst ldf ujlf bkb xfot> tckb jyj gjdsityj. Rjynhjkm yfl Dfibv rhjdzysv lfdktybtv gjvj;tn ghtljndhfnbnm pf,jktdfybz cthlwf> bycekmn b pf,jktdfybz gjxtr. Gjdsityyjt rhjdzyjt lfdktybt yt ktxbncz> yj tuj vj;yj htuekbhjdfnm c gjvjom/ bpvtytybz

51

lbtns> gjnthb dtcf b> ghb ktrfhcndtyys[ ghtgfhfnjd.

ytj,[jlbvjcnb>

ghbtvf

{jktcnthby. Ghjdthzqnt Dfi ehjdtym [jktcnthbyf gj rhfqytq vtht rf;lst gznm ktn. Dscjrbq ehjdtym [jktcnthbyf j,sxyj zdkztncz cktlcndbtv egjnht,ktybz d gboe ,jkmijuj rjkbxtcndf ;bdjnyjuj ;bhf> cjlth;fotujcz d nfrb[ ghjlernf[> rfr zqwf> vzcj> vfckj> ckbdrb b wtkmyjt vjkjrj. Nfrjt gbnfybt vj;tn ghbdtcnb r gjzdktyb/ fnthjcrkthjpf !pfregjhrf fhnthbq ;bhjdsvb jnkj;[email protected]> dspsdf/otuj cthltxyst pf,jktdfybz b lheubt cthmtpyst ghj,ktvs. Tckb e Dfc gjdsityysq ehjdtym [jktcnthbyf> Dfi ljrnjh vj;tn gjcjdtnjdfnm Dfv> rfr tuj cybpbnm gentv bpvtytybz lbtns> gjnthb dtcf bkb c gjvjom/ ktrfhcndtyys[ ghtgfhfnjd. Lbf,tn. Dfv ytj,[jlbvj htuekzhyj ghjdthznmcz yf yfkbxbt $lbf,tnf dphjcks[$> jcj,tyyj> tckb e Dfc bp,snjxysq dtc. Tckb htpekmnfns fyfkbpf gjrf;en> xnj e Dfc tcnm lbf,tn> Dfv ,eltn ytj,[jlbvj crjhhtrnbhjdfnm cdj/ lbtne b> dthjznyj> yfxfnm ktrfhcndtyye/ nthfgb/. Dfv> nfr;t> ,eltn ytj,[jlbvj xfcnj ghj[jlbnm ghjdthre e dhfxf. gthtlfdftvst gjkjdsv gentv. Tckb Ds bkb Dfi gjkjdjq gfhnyth dtkb bkb dtltnt gjkjde/ ;bpym ,jktt> xtv c jlybv xtkjdtrjv> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj ghjdthbnmcz yf yfkbxbt pf,jktdfybq> gthtlfdftvs[ gjkjdsv gentv> nfrb[ rfr CGBL> cbabkbc> ujyjhhtz b nhb[jvjyjp. "nb pf,jktdfybz> tckb b[ yt ktxbnm> vjuen ghbdtcnb r cthmtpysv jckj;ytybzv. Ytrjnjhst pf,jktdfybz> nfrbt rfr CGBL> vjuen pfrjyxbnmcz lf;t ktnfkmysv bc[jljv.

Df;yst vtlbwbycrbt j,cktljdfybz [email protected] lkz ;tyoby Cfvjghjdthrf yf yfkbxbt jge[jkb d uhelb b vfvvjuhfvvf. Ghbvthyj e 1#10 xfcnb dct[ ;tyoby vj;tn hfpdbnmcz hfr uhelb. Gjchtlcndjv cfvjghjdthrb uhelb b vfvvjuhfvvs jge[jkb vjuen ,snm j,yfhe;tys yf jxtym hfyyb[ cnflbz[> lj njuj> rfr jyb hfcghjcnhfyzncz yf lheubt xfcnb ntkf. Dfi dhfx vj;tn gjrfpfnm Dfv rfr ltkfnm

52

Ghjabkfrnbxtcrbt vths

cfvjghjdthre uhelb. Vfvvjuhfvvf - 'nj htynutyjdcrjt j,cktljdfybt uhelb> rjnjhjt vj;tn jghtltkbnm yfkbxbt hfrf lf;t njulf> rjulf jge[jkm yfcnjkmrj vfkf> xnj jyf yt ghjoegsdftncz> b rjulf jyf vj;tn ,snm kturj dsktxtyf. Vyjubt ;tyobys dgthdst ltkf/n vfvvjuhfvve gjckt 40-rf ktn. Gjckt 50-nb ktn ytj,[jlbvj j,cktljdfnmcz htuekzhyj. Ubytrjkjubxtcrbq vfpjr. Dfv ytj,[jlbvj htuekzhyj clfdfnm vfpjr yf fyfkbp. "njn ghjcnjq fyfkbp cgfc vyjuj ;bpytq> nfr rfr gjpdjkbk jghtltkbnm yfkbxbt hfrf itqrb vfnrb yf hfyyb[ cnflbz[> njulf> rjulf jy vj;tn ,snm yfb,jktt kturj dsktxty. Fyfkbp ghtlcnfdkztn cj,jq dpznbt vfprf c itqrb vfnrb lkz ghjdthrb rktnjr yf jnrkjytybt jn yjhvs. Rfr xfcnj ytj,[jlbvj ltkfnm 'njn fyfkbp> pfdbcbn jn Dfituj djphfcnf b hzlf lheub[ afrnjhjd. Dfv ytj,[jlbvj 'nj ltkfnm gj rhfqytq vtht hfp d nhb ujlf.

Df;ysq vtlbwbycrbq fyfkbp lkz ve;xby Ghjcnfnf. Hfr ghtlcnfntkmyjq ;tktps - 'nj yfb,jktt xfcnj dcnhtxf/ottcz hfrjdjt pf,jktdfybt e fvthbrfycrb[ ve;xby. Dctv ve;xbyfv r 50-nb ujlfv ytj,[jlbvj ghj[jlbnm htuekzhyjt j,cktljdfybt ghjcnfns. Hfr ghjcnfns vj;tn ,snm j,yfhe;ty c gjvjom/ htrnfkmyjuj j,cktljdfybz> f nfr;t c gjvjom/ fyfkbpf PSA> bpvthz/otuj ehjdtym jghtltktyyjuj ,tkrf d jhufybpvt ve;xbys. 53

Bvveybpfwbz [email protected] dphjcks[ b ltntq Tckb Ds [jnbnt evtymibnm hbcr pf,jktdfybz uhbggjv> Dfv cktletn ltkfnm t;tujlyst ghbdbdrb ghjnbd 'njuj pf,jktdfybz. D djphfcnt ,kbprjv r 65-nb ujlfv ytj,[jlbvj nfr;t ltkfnm ghbdbdre jn gytdvjybb. Tckb e Dfc ,jkmyjt cthlwt b djj,ot ckf,jt pljhjdmt> njulf jxtym df;yj lkz Dfc ltkfnm 'ne ghbdbdre d ,jktt vjkjljv djphfcnt. Dphjcksv nfr;t ytj,[jlbvj ltkfnm ghbdbdrb lkz ghtljndhfotybz cthmtpys[ pf,jktdfybq. Rf;lst 10 ktn ytj,[jlbvj ltkfnm ghbdbdrb ghjnbd cnjk,yzrf b lbanthbb. Nfr;t> gjckt 65-nb ktn> bkb tckb e Dfc ckf,jt pljhjdmt> Dfv ytj,[jlbvj rf;lsq ujl ltkfnm ghbdbdrb jn gytdvjybb b uhbggf.

Gjllth;fybt pljhjdjuj j,hfpf ;bpyb Vyjubt vtlbwbycrbt bccktljdfybz gjrfpfkb> xnj jghtltktyyst ghbdsxrb b dbls ltzntkmyjcnb vjuen dkbznm yf cjcnjzybt pljhjdmz. Rehtybt. Tckb Ds rehbnt> gjcnfhfqntcm ,hjcbnm. "nj jxtym df;yj lkz cj[hfytybz Dfituj pljhjdmz. Cghjcbnt Dfituj dhfxf j ghjuhfvvf[> rjnjhst vjuen gjvjxm Dfv ,hjcbnm rehbnm. Abprekmnehf. Abpbxtcrbt eghf;ytybz b hfpkbxyst dbls abpbxtcrjq frnbdyjcnb gjvjuen dfv xedcndjdfnm ct,z kexit b gjllth;bdfnm jgnbvfkmysq dtc. Eghf;ytybz nfr;t gjvjuf/n htuekbhjdfnm rhjdzyjt lfdktybt> ehjdtym [jktcnthbyf b erhtgkz/n cthlwt b vsiws. Pljhjdjt gbnfybt. Ghfdbkmyjt gbnfybt gjvj;tn Dfv ghj;bnm ljkue/> pljhjde/ ;bpym. Vyjubt ,jktpyb> nfrbt rfr lbf,tn> cthltxyst ,jktpyb b dscjrjt rhjdzyjt lfdktybt> vjuen ,snm ghtljndhfotys bkb crjhhtrnbhjdfys c gjvjom/ ghfdbkmyjq lbtns. Gjcnfhfqntcm egjnht,kznm gboe c ybprbv cjlth;fybtv ;bhf> cf[fhf b cjkb. Htrjvtyletncz egjnht,kznm d gboe vyjuj jdjotq> ahernjd b pthyjds[ ghjlernjd> nfrb[ rfr [kjgmz b [kt,.

54

Ghjabkfrnbxtcrbt vths

Fkrjujkmyst yfgbnrb. Tckb Ds egjnht,kztnt fkrjujkmyst yfgbnrb> cnfhfqntcm yt yt gbnm ckbirjv vyjuj. :tyobyfv yt htrjvtyletncz egjnht,kznm ,jktt jlyjuj fkrjujkmyjuj yfgbnrf d ltym> f ve;xbyfv - ,jktt lde[. gkfybhe/obt ,thtvtyyjcnm d ,kb;fqitv ,eleotv> yt ljk;ys egjnht,kznm fkrjujkmyst yfgbnrb.

E[jl pf pe,fvb Lkz ghtleght;ltybz cnjvfnjkjubxtcrb[ pf,jktdfybq jxtym df;yj gjllth;bdfnm xbcnjne pe,jd b ltcty b htuekzhyj gjctofnm pe,yjuj dhfxf. "nj jcj,tyyj df;yj pltcm> d Fvthbrt> ult cnjvfnjkjubxtcrjt j,cke;bdfybt jxtym ljhjuj b> j,sxyj> yt gjrhsdftncz cnhf[jdfybtv. Vyjubv k/lzv rf;tncz> xnj tckb pe, yt ,jkbn> tuj yt yflj ktxbnm. R cj;fktyb/> tckb Ds ,eltnt ;lfnm gjrf e Dfc pf,jkbn pe,> ktxtybt ,eltn yfvyjuj ,jktt ckj;ysv b ljhjujcnjzobv. Htynuty vj;tn gjvjxm cnjvfnjkjue j,yfhe;bnm ghj,ktvs yf hfyyb[ cnflbz[> rjulf ktxtybt vj;tn ,snm ,jktt ghjcnsv b ltitdsv.

55

Ceotcndetn ytcrjkmrj cgjcj,jd gjkextybz ytljhjujuj cnjvfnjkjubxtcrjuj j,cke;bdfybz. D Dfitv vtcnyjv Jnltkt Plhfdjj[hfytybz gjghjcbnt byajhvfwb/ j cnjvfnjkjubxtcrb[ gjkbrkbybrf[ b ghjuhfvvf[ cj cyb;tyyjq gkfnjq. Vyjubt cnjvfnjkjubxtcrbt afrekmntns d eybdthcbntnf[ j,cke;bdf/n ,jkmys[ pf yt,jkmie/ gkfne. Gjcnfhfqntcm yfqnb cnjvfnjkjuf> rjnjhsq gjpdjkbn Dfv gkfnbnm yt,jkmie/ cevve gjvtczxyj. Rfhbtc - 'nj jcyjdyfz ghbxbyf gjdht;ltybz b gjnthb pe,jd d ltncrjv b /yjitcrjv djphfcnt. Pf,jktdfybz ltcty zdkz/ncz jcyjdyjq ghbxbyjq gjnthb pe,jd e dphjcks[. Yb;t ghbdtltys htrjvtylfwbb> rfr cj[hfybnm pe,s pljhjdsvb% ¤ Yt egjnht,kzqnt d gboe vyjuj ckflrjuj> jcj,tyyj vt;le ghbtvfvb gbob. ¤ Xbcnbnt pe,s gjckt rf;ljq tls. Htrjvtyletncz gjk,pjdfnmcz vzurjq pe,yjq otnrjq b gfcnjq> cjlth;fotq anjh. ¤ T;tlytdyj gjkmpeqntcm ybnrjq lkz elfktybz jcnfnrjd gbob c ltcty. ¤ Htuekzhyj ghj[jlbnt jcvjnh b xbcnre pe,jd e pe,yjuj dhfxf> xnj vj;tn dszdbnm ghj,ktvs lj njuj> rfr jyb cnfyen cthmtpysvb.

56

[Book title] Gcb[bfnhbxtcrfz gjvjom

Cbcntvf gcb[bfnhbxtcrjq gjvjob d CIF> djpvj;yj> jxtym jnkbxftncz jn njq> rjnjhfz ,skf d Dfitq cnhfyt. Dj vyjub[ cnhfyf[ cxbnftncz> xnj tckb Ds gjkmpetntcm eckeufvb gcb[bfnhf> nj Ds $cevfcitlibq$ bkb cnhflftnt [hjybxtcrbv gcb[bxtcrbv pf,jktdfybtv. D CIF> jlyfrj> ceotcndetn vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt yt njkmrj lkz nt[ k/ltq> rjnjhst cnhflf/n [hjybxtcrbvb gcb[bxtcrbvb pf,jktdfybzvb> yj nfr;t b lkz nt[> rjnjhst ytfltrdfnyj htfubhe/n yf ckj;yst ;bpytyyst cbnefwbb. "nb ghj,ktvs xfcnj vjuen ,snm crjhhtrnbhjdfys rhfnrbv rehcjv vtlbrfvtynjpyjuj ktxtybz bkb gcb[jnthfgbtq. Tckb Ds cnhflftnt gcb[bxtcrbv pf,jktdfybtv> rjnjhjt d ghjikjv nht,jdfkj ujcgbnfkbpfwbb bkb vtlbrfvtynjpyjuj ktxtybz> cjj,obnt j, 'njv dhfxe dj dhtvz gthdbxyjuj j,cktljdfybz. Tckb e Dfc cj[hfybkbcm egfrjdrb bp-gjl ktrfhcnd bkb dsgbcrb jn dhfxtq> jxtym df;yj gjrfpfnm b[ Dfitve dhfxe> lf;t tckb jyb yt yf fyukbqcrjv zpsrt. Rdfkbabwbhjdfyysq vtlbwbycrbq gthtdjlxbr cvj;tn gjvjxm dhfxe gjyznm> xnj nfv yfgbcfyj. Tckb Ds cnhflftnt [hjybxtcrbv gcb[bxtcrbv pf,jktdfybtv> jxtym df;yj yt ghthsdfnm ktxtybz.

57

"vjwbjyfkmyst ghj,ktvs b gjkextybt gjvjob Ntgthm> rjulf Ds gthtt[fkb d Bkkbyjqc> Dfif ;bpym dj vyjujv bpvtybkfcm. Ds gjrbyekb Dfi ljv b> djpvj;yj> hfccnfkbcm c ,kbprbvb k/lmvb. Ds et[fkb bp cnhfys> ult Ds pyfkb zpsr> nhflbwbb b j,sxfb. Lf;t gjybvfz> xnj Dfv ,skj ytj,[jlbvj gjrbyenm cdj/ cnhfye b gthtt[fnm d CIF d rfxtcndt ,t;tywf> Ds> dthjznyj> gtht;bdftnt gj gjdjle gthttplf> xnj zdkztncz cjdthityyj yjhvfkmyjq htfrwbtq. Ytrjnjhst ,t;tyws ghb,skb d CIF c vtxnjq j yjdjq> ,jktt kturjq b ,tpjgfcyjq ;bpyb b yflt;lfvb yf eljdktndjhtybt dct[ cdjb[ vfnthbfkmys[ gjnht,yjcntq. D htfkmyjq ;bpyb> gthttpl b j,ecnhjqcndj yf yjdjv vtcnt 'nj jxtym ckj;ysq ghjwtcc. Ytj,[jlbvj flfgnbhjdfnmcz r yjdjq ;bpytyyjq cbnefwbb. Htfkbb j,ecnhjqcndf yf yjdjv vtcnt dspsdf/n vyj;tcndj hfpyjj,hfpys[ xedcnd b 'vjwbq% hfpjxfhjdfybt> uhecnm> pkjcnm> jlbyjxtcndj> cnhf[> cvzntybt b> byjulf> jnxfzybt. Djpvj;yj> Ds bcgsnfkb dct bkb ytrjnjhst bp 'nb[ xedcnd> bkb lheubt cbkmyst xedcndf b 'vjwbb. "nb xedcndf zdkz/ncz pfrjyjvthyjq xfcnm/ ;bpytyyjuj jgsnf xtkjdtrf.

58

Gcb[bfnhbxtcrfz gjvjom

Ytrjnjhst joeotybz vjuen ,snm jxtym lbcrjvajhnysvb bkb ghbdjlzobvb d pfvtifntkmcndj b> rjulf jyb eceue,kz/ncz> j yb[ cnfyjdbncz nhelyj ujdjhbnm. Xfcnj 'nb joeotybz cjghjdj;lf/ncz abpbxtcrbvb cbvgnjvfvb b gthtvtyfvb d gjdtltybb> f byjulf lf;t ghj,ktvfvb ghb dsgjkytybb ghbdsxys[ pflfybq. J,sxyj k/lb yt [jnzn ujdjhbnm c lheubvb j gthtgjkyz/ob[ b[ xedcndf[ bp-pf yt;tkfybz b[ j,htvtyznm> ,snm ytghfdbkmyj gjyznsvb> f nfr;t bp-pf yt;tkfybz ;fkjdfnmcz. D nfrjq cbnefwbb> njkmrj ghjatccbjyfkmyj gjlujnjdktyysq vtlbwbycrbq hf,jnybr vj;tn Dfv gjvjxm. ,jkmibycndj k/ltq j,hfofkbcm r ,kbprbv> lhepmzv> edf;ftvsv xktyfv j,obys bkb htkbubjpysv kblthfv. Gthttpl d CIF d rfxtcndt ,t;tywtd xfcnj kbiftn b[ nt[ k/ltq> rjnjhst gjvjufkb bv d ghjikjv. Tckb e Dfc tcnm rfrbt-kb,j bp ghbdtltyys[ yb;t ghj,ktv> hfccrf;bnt j, 'njv rjve-yb,elm> rnj cvj;tn Dfv gjvjxm.

Ghj,ktvs cj cyjv ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb ecyenm yjxm/ ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb cgfnm dc/ yjxm lj enhf ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb ecyenm gjckt ghj,e;ltybz yjxm/ ¤ ghj,e;ltybt gjchtlb yjxb jn gkj[b[ cyjd bkb rjivfhjd Ghj,ktvs c fggtnbnjv ¤ jncencndbt xedcndf ujkjlf ¤ tlbnt njkmrj njulf> rjulf rnj-nj Dfc pfcnfdkztn 'nj ltkfnm ¤ gjnthz dtcf ¤ gjcnjzyyjt xedcndj ujkjlf ¤ tlbnt ,jkmit> xtv ye;yj ¤ ghb,fdktybt d dtct

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Ytdhjkjubxtcrbt ghj,ktvs ¤ xedcndj dyenhtyytq lhj;b ¤ nhtvjh ¤ gjdsityyfz gjnkbdjcnm ¤ cbkmyjt cthlwt,btybt ¤ c;bvfybt bkb nz;tcnm d uhelb ¤ joeotybt> xnj Ds pfls[ftntcm ¤ joeotybt yt[dfnrb djple[f ¤ joeotybt> xnj xnj-nj gjkptn gj rj;t ¤ xedcndj> xnj Ds evbhftnt Ghj,ktvs c yfcnhjtybtv ¤ gjcnjzyyjt xedcndj uhecnb ¤ ghbcnegs gkfxf ¤ gjdsityyfz hfplhf;bntkmyjcnm ¤ cgjhbnt b rhbxbnt yf k/ltq> rjnjhs[ Ds dblbnt rf;lsq ltym ¤ ;tkfybt jlbyjxtcndf ,jktt> xtv rjulf-kb,j ¤ gjcnjzyyjt dpls[fybt ¤ xedcndj dyenhtyytuj jytvtybz> rfr ,elnj e Dfc ytn ,jkmit ybrfrb[ xedcnd ¤ xedcndj ,tpyflt;yjcnb> rfr ,elnj ybrnj b ybxnj yt vj;tn Dfv gjvjxm ¤ ;tkfybt evthtnm ¤ vsckb j cfvje,bqcndt ¤ yt;tkfybt dcnfdfnm enhjv> xnj,s ltkfnm ytj,[jlbvst ltkf ¤ yt;tkfybt ltkfnm ghjcnst> t;tlytdyst ltkf

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Gcb[bfnhbxtcrfz gjvjom

Ghj,ktvs c vsiktybtv ¤ pf,sdxbdjcnm ¤ rkfltnt dtob yt yf cdjb vtcnf ¤ pf,sdftnt pfrfyxbdfnm yfxfnst ltkf ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb pfgjvybnm pyfrjve/ byajhvfwb/ ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb dsgjkyznm ghjcnst bkb pyfrjvst pflfybz bp-pf ytljcnfnrf dybvfybz ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb xbnfnm> cvjnhtnm ntktdbpjh bkb ckeifnm hflbj bp-pf ytljcnfnrf dybvfybz bkb bp-pf njuj> xnj Ds yt vj;tnt cbltnm yf jlyjv vtcnt ¤ yt d cjcnjzybb exbnmcz bkb pfgjvbyfnm yjde/ byajhvfwb/ ¤ ytrjynhjkbhetvst vsckb b djcgjvbyfybz ¤ cksibnt cner d ldthm> yj nfv ybrjuj ytn ¤ gjnthz xedcndf dhtvtyb ¤ gjnthz jhbtynfwbb d ghjcnhfycndt

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Tckb e Dfc bkb e xktyjd Dfitq ctvmb tcnm rfrbt-kb,j bp dsitghbdtltyys[ ghj,ktv> Ds ljk;ys gjujdjhbnm j, 'njv c Dfibv dtleobv bkb c dhfxjv. "nb xedcndf b 'vjwbjyfkmyst htfrwbb - yjhvfkmyst jnrkbrb yf cj,snbz> ghjbc[jlbdibt c Dfvb d Dfitq cnhfyt> yf Dfi gthttpl d CIF d rfxtcndt ,t;tywtd> yf Dfit j,ecnhjqcndj pltcm. D infnt Bkkbyjqc bvt/ncz cgtwbfkmyst ghjuhfvvs gjvjob ,t;tywfv> bcgsnsdf/obv gjlj,yst 'vjwbjyfkmyst ghj,ktvs. D nfrb[ ghjuhfvvf[ hf,jnf/n cgtwbfkmyj j,extyyst k/lb> gjybvf/obt Dfib nhflbwbb b j,sxfb. Djpvj;yj Ds bcgsnfkb vyjuj cnhflfybq b ghjljk;ftnt b[ bcgsnsdfnm gj ctq ltym. Tckb Ds bcgsnsdftnt t;tlytdyst 'vjwbjyfkmyst ghj,ktvs> hfccrf;bnt j, 'njv rjve-yb,elm. "nj gjvj;tn Dfv gjkexbnm ytj,[jlbve/ gjvjom b crjhtt dthyenmcz r yjhvfkmyjq ;bpyb.

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[Book title] Ult vj;yj gjkexbnm gjvjom

D rkbybrf[> Jnltkf[ Plhfdjj[hfytybz b ,jkmybwf[ bvt/ncz cgtwbfkmyj gjlujnjdktyyst k/lb> rjnjhst vjuen Dfv gjvjxm c Dfibvb vtlbwbycrbvb ghj,ktvfvb. Yf gthdbxyjv vtlbwbycrjv j,cktljdfybb> djpvj;yj> Ds dcnhtnbnt vtlbwbycrjuj hf,jnybrf> ujdjhzotuj yf Dfitv zpsrt. Tckb Ds cnhflftnt cthmtpysv pf,jktdfybtv b ye;lftntcm d ujcgbnfkbpfwbb> cgtwbfkmyst kbwf> ghtlcnfdbntkm bynthtcjd gfwbtynjd bkb pfobnybr bynthtcjd gfwbtynjd> cvjuen Dfv gjvjxm. Rf;lsq bp yb[ ghtljcnfdkztn cdjb eckeub b j,kflftn jghtltktyysvb yfdsrfvb. Vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb> ujdjhzobt yf Dfitv zpsrt> gjvjuf/n Dfv c hfpkbxysvb ghj,ktvfvb> jnyjczobvbcz r vtlbwbycrjve j,cke;bdfyb/. Yfghbvth> nfrjq vtlbwbycrbq hf,jnybr vj;tn gjvjxm Dfv c nhfycgjhnbhjdrjq d bkb bp vtlbwbycrjuj exht;ltybz> gjvjxm yfpyfxbnm Dfi cktle/obq dbpbn r dhfxe bkb yfdtcnbnm Dfc yf ljve> xnj,s ghjcktlbnm pf ghbtvjv ktrfhcnd bkb Dfibv j,obv cjcnjzybtv. Ghtlcnfdbntkm gfwbtynjd hf,jnftn c Dfvb> xnj,s eljcnjdthbnmcz> xnj Ds eljdktndjhtys gjkextyysv vtlbwbycrbv j,cke;bdfybtv. Tckb e Dfc tcnm djghjcs j, jgkfnt cxtnjd pf vtlbwbycrjt j,cke;bdfybt bkb ghj,ktvs c nhfycgjhnbhjdrjq d vtlbwbycrjt exht;ltybt> nfrjq ghtlcnfdbntkm vj;tn Dfv gjvjxm.

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Gjvbvj vtlbwbycrb[ hf,jnybrjd b ghtlcnfdbntktq bynthtcjd gfwbtynjd> d Dfitq j,obyt bvttncz vyjuj lheub[ bcnjxybrjd> ult Ds vj;tnt gjkexbnm gjvjom. J ytrjnjhs[ bp 'nb[ bcnjxybrjd> nfrb[ rfr hf,jnybrb Futycndf> rjnjhjt gjvjuftn Dfv d j,ecnhjqcndt b vtlbwbycrbt hf,jnybrb Jnltkf Plhfdjj[hfytybz> Ds ghjxbnfkb d ghtlsleob[ ukfdf[ 'njq rybub. Hf,jnybrb Futycndf Cjwbfkmyjuj J,tcgtxtybz b 'nybxtcrb[ jhufybpfwbq nfr;t> djpvj;yj> cvjuen Dfv xtv-kb,j gjvjxm. Yb;t ghbdtlty cgbcjr ytrjnjhs[ jhufybpfwbq cjwbfkmyjuj j,tcgtxtybz> jhufybpfwbq> gjvjuf/ob[ d j,ecnhjqcndt b 'nybxtcrb[ jhufybpfwbq% Bosnian Refugee Center 4750 North Sheridan, #353 Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 506-1179 Cambodian Association of Illinois 1105 West Lawrence, #201 Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 878-7090 Catholic Charities of the Archdiocese of Chicago 126 North Desplaines Chicago, IL 60661 (312) 427-7078 Chicago Health Outreach, Inc. 1015 West Lawrence Chicago, IL 60604 (773) 275-2586

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Chinese Mutual Aid Association 1016 West Argyle Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 784-2900 East Central Illinois Refugee Mutual Assistance Center 302 South Birch St. Urbana, IL 61801 (217) 344-8455 Elgin YWCA Refugee Project 220 East Chicago Elgin, IL 60120 (847) 742-7930 Ethiopian Community Association of Chicago 4750 North Sheridan, Suite 249 Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 728-0303

Ult vj;yj gjkexbnm gjvjom

Immigrant/Refugee Area Health Education Center 4753 N. Broadway, Suite 500 Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 275-4773 Interchurch Refugee and Immigration Ministries 4753 North Broadway, Suite 401 Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 989-5647 Jewish Family and Community Services One South Franklin, 4th Floor Chicago, IL 60606 (312) 346-6700 Jewish Federation of Peoria 5901 N. Prospect Road, Suite 203 Junction City, IL 61614 (309) 689-0063 Polish American Association 3834 North Cicero Chicago, IL 60641 (773) 282-8206 Rock Valley College Refugee Assistance Center 3301 North Mulford Rd. Rockford, IL 61101 (815) 654-4474

Southeast Asia Center 1124 West Ainslie Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 989-6927 Springfield Jewish Federation 730 East Vine Street Springfield, IL 62703 (217) 528-3446 Travelers and Immigrants Aid 4750 North Sheridan, 3rd Floor, Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 271-1073 Vietnamese Association of Illinois 5252 North Broadway, 2nd Floor Chicago, IL 60640 (773) 728-3700 World Relief Corporation 3507 West Lawrence, 2nd Floor Chicago, IL 60625 (312) 583-9191 World Relief Corporation/ Dupage 1028 College Ave., Suite A Wheaton, IL 60817 (630) 462-7566

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