Windows Server 2016 Storage

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Server/CAL. WS CAL+RDS CAL. Windows Storage. Server 2016. For dedicated OEM storage solutions. Available in. Standard and Workgroup editions through ...
Windows Server 2016 Neuerungen im Bereich Storage, Networking, Security

Bernd Sailer Lizenz- und Technologieberater [email protected] http://www.skilllocation.com

Überblick Serververwaltung und -automatisierung

Virtualisierung

Storage

Networking

Clusters / Availability

Web- und Anwendungsplattform

Security & Compliance

Better Together mit Windows 10

Neue Szenarien für Hybrid und Azure Stack

Windows Server 2016 Editionen Editions

Description

Windows Server

For highly virtualized data center and cloud

2016 Datacenter

environments

Windows Server

For physical or minimally virtualized environments

License

CAL

model

requirements

Per core

Per core/CAL

WS CAL

Per core

Per core/CAL

WS CAL

Licenses

2016 Standard For small businesses with up to 25 users and 50 Windows Server

devices. Essentials is a good option for customers

2016 Essentials

using the Foundation edition, which is not available

Specialty Per server

No CAL required Servers

for Windows Server 2016. Windows MultiPoint

Enables multiple users to access one computer;

Server 2016 Premium*

available only for Academic licensing.

Per server

Server/CAL

WS CAL+RDS CAL

Per server

OEM

No CAL required

Not applicable

Not applicable

Not applicable

For dedicated OEM storage solutions. Available in Windows Storage Standard and Workgroup editions through the Server 2016 OEM channel. Microsoft Hyper-V Free hypervisor download. Server 2016 Corporate customers can use the Windows Multipoint Premium Server role that will be available in Standard and Datacenter editions. Windows Server CALs and RDS CALs are required for Multipoint Server.

Windows Server 2016 Datacenter

Standard

Grundfunktionalität von Windows Server





OSEs / Hyper-V Container

unbegrenzt

•/2

Windows Server Container

unbegrenzt

unbegrenzt

Nano Server *





Neue Speicher-Funktionen, inklusive Storage Spaces Direkt und Speicher-Replika



Abgeschirmte virtuelle Maschinen und Host Guardian Service



Neuer Netzwerk-Stack



* Software Assurance is required to deploy and operate Nano Server in production.

Speicher und Netzwerk Software Defined Storage & Software Defined Networking

• •

Hot-Add: Speicher und Netzwerkkarten im laufenden Betrieb zu tauschen Network Controller-Rolle –



Storage-Policies QoS Quality of Service (Neu) – –



Richtlinien, um z.B. festzulegen, mit welcher Geschwindigkeit auf eine VM oder virtuelle Festplatte zugegriffen werden kann. Steuern der minimalen und maximalen Bandbreite der einzelnen Server beim Zugriff auf den Speicher

Storage Spaces Direct (Verbessert) – – –



Zentrale Sicht auf alle physischen und virtuellen Netzwerkkomponenten

Speicher zu einem virtuellen Pool (Storage Pooling) zusammenfassen und besser im Netzwerk verteilen. Jetzt auch auf verschiedene Server. Erlaubt Hyper-converged Storage (Compute und Storage gemeinsam) und Converged Storage (Compute und Storage separat) Software Defined Storage: für Private Cloud durch Industrie-Standard Servers mit lokalem Storage

Storage Replica –

Ein für die Notfallwiederherstellung-relevantes Storage-Feature, um Daten synchron zu halten.

Windows Server 2012 R2: Scale-out Fileserver Cluster und Hyper-V Cluster

Windows Server 2016 – File und Storage Services •

Storage Spaces Direct



Storage Replica



Storage Quality of Service



Deduplication

Storage Spaces Direct

• • •

• • • •

• • • •

Windows Server 2016 - Storage Spaces Direct

Storage Spaces Direct & Hyper-V

Storage Spaces Direct & Hyper-V

Storage Spaces Direct – Bereitstellungsoptionen

Windows Server 2016 TP4: Hyper-V und Storage Spaces Direct – Converged Szenario

V M 1

V M 2

Host 1

V M 3

V M 4

V M 5 Host 2

V M 6

V M 7

V M 8 Host 3

V M 9

Wahl zwischen Shared SAS und DAS

Unter der Haube • Deployment modes 1. Remote data access using Scale-Out File Server 2. Hyper-Converged

• File System (CSVFS with ReFS) • ReFS is the primary file system • Cluster-wide file system • Fast VHDX creation, expansion and checkpoints

• Storage Spaces • Scalable pool with all disk devices • Resilient virtual disk

• Software Storage Bus • Spans entire cluster • Leverages SMB3 and SMB Direct

• Servers with local disks • SATA, NVMe, SAS

1

2 SOFS Cluster Shared Volumes

Storage Spaces Storage Pool

VMs

Storage Replica (SR) •

Synchrone Replikation für die Datenspiegelung mit ausfallresistenten Volumes (Zero Data Loss) – –



zwischen einzelnen Servern eines Standorts für einen Failover-Cluster auf mehrere Standorte (Stretching)

Asynchrone Replikation bei hohen Distanzen/Latenzen mit der Möglichkeit des Datenverlusts – –



Storage

Server zu Server standortübergreifend Cluster zu Cluster

Kein Ersatz für Hyper-V Replica & kein Ersatz für Backup

Windows Server Technical Preview Storage Replica Guide

Windows Server 2016 - Storage Replica

Storage Replica - synchron Applications (local or remote) 1

5 2

Source Server Node (SR) t Data

4 2

Log

Destination Server Node (SR) t1

Data

3

Log

Storage Replica - asynchron Applications (local or remote) 1

3 4

Source Server Node (SR) t Data

6

2

Log

Destination Server Node (SR) t1

Data

5

Log

Recommendations for Synchronous • Network latency • ≤5ms round trip average • Assuming the light speed vacuum ideal, 5ms is ~1500km round trip • Reality: optical fiber reduces by ~35%, you cross switches, routers, firewalls, etc. • Financial limits, availability • End result: most customers end up 30-50km

• Network Bandwidth • ≥1 Gbps network - end to end - between servers is a starting point (Windows Server logo requires 1Gb NIC) • It depends on your IO and sharing of the pipe (SR may not be the only traffic for the DR site) • Learn your IOPS math (125MB/s of IO = ~1Gb/s network usage)

• Log volume performance and size • Flash (SSD, NVME, etc.) • Larger logs allow faster recovery from larger outages and less rollover, but cost space

Recommendations for Asynchronous

• Network latency • Doesn’t matter

• Network bandwidth • As much or as little as you need • Depends on your write IO

• Log volume performance and size • Same as previous slide

Windows Server 2016 – Software Defined & Cloud Scale Networking • •

• • •

Network Controller Hyper-V Virtual Switch • Network Function Virtualization (NFV) • Software Load Balancer (SLB) • Network Address Translation (NAT) • Datacenter Firewall RAS Gateway Standardisierte Protokolle Flexible Techniken zur Netzwerk Kapselung

• • • •

Converged Network Interface Card (NIC) Packet Direct Switch Embedded Teaming (SET) Network Monitoring

Virtuelle Maschinen schützen?!

Security & Compliance

PowerShell Skripte aus den Demos https://1drv.ms/f/s!AoxHIkWIAiVJjOp8FgAmAcOVA6wsLQ Videos auf Channel9 https://channel9.msdn.com/Blogs/windowsserver Storage Replica in Windows Server 2016 Technical Preview https://technet.microsoft.com/windows-server-docs/storage/storage-replica/storage-replica-windows-server-2016 Hyper-converged solution using Storage Spaces Direct in Windows Server 2016 https://technet.microsoft.com/windows-server-docs/storage/storage-spaces/hyper-converged-solution-using-storage-spacesdirect Testing Storage Spaces Direct using Windows Server 2016 virtual machines https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/clustering/2015/05/27/testing-storage-spaces-direct-using-windows-server-2016-virtualmachines/ Installieren und Konfigurieren der Datendeduplizierung https://msdn.microsoft.com/de-de/library/hh831434(v=ws.11).aspx Set up the cluster nodes for your file server https://technet.microsoft.com/de-de/library/mt271018(v=ws.11).aspx Use PowerShell to Add Domain Users to a Local Group https://blogs.technet.microsoft.com/heyscriptingguy/2010/08/19/use-powershell-to-add-domain-users-to-a-local-group/ Introducing Cloud Witness in Windows Server 2016 https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/clustering/2014/11/13/introducing-cloud-witness/ Configuring a File Share Witness on a Scale-Out File Server https://blogs.msdn.microsoft.com/clustering/2014/03/31/configuring-a-file-share-witness-on-a-scale-out-file-server/ Server to Server Storage Replication https://technet.microsoft.com/de-de/windows-server-docs/storage/storage-replica/server-to-server-storage-replication What's New in Hyper-V in Technical Preview https://technet.microsoft.com/library/dn765471.aspx

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Policies with PowerShell • •

# Deployment - Create policy (on File Server) New-StorageQosPolicy –CimSession FS -Name SilverVM -PolicyType MultiInstance -MaximumIops 200

• • •

# Deployment - Assign policy to VMs (on Hyper-V Host) $Policy = Get-StorageQosPolicy –CimSession FS -Name SilverVM Get-VM -Name VMName* | Get-VMHardDiskDrive | Set-VMHardDiskDrive –QoSPolicy $Policy

• •

# Monitoring - Retrieve all flows (on File Server) Get-StorageQosFlow

• •

# Monitoring - Retrieve flows using the policy (on File Server) Get-StorageQosPolicy -Name SilverVM | Get-StorageQosFlow

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